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Shipping lntelligence.

On Wednesday last arrived, from Hobart Town, which place she left the 4th instant, the schooner Emma Kemp. She brings no mail.

Same day arrived, from New Zealand, the

schooner Herald.

On Tuesday last sailed, on a speculative trip, the schooner Liberty.

The Countess of Harcourt and Denmark Hill, for the Isle of France, and the John Bull, for the sperm fishery, are announced to sail on Sunday next.

THE ALMORAH.-The promulgation of   the decision in Wednesday's Gazette, which the Lords of the Treasury, as well as the Commissioners of Customs, obtained from His Majesty's Advocate, Attorney, and Soli- citor General, relative to the illegal and absurd seizure of the Almorah, created most extra- ordinary interest. The Public always viewed this transaction as one of too daring a com- plexion to be illegal by the remotest possibility, and they seemed to have placed such implicit confidence in the dictum of the law-advisers, and in the courage of Captain Mitchell, of   the Slaney, that they at once concluded SIR   THOMAS BRISBANE'S Administration would have been consigned to proportioned disgrace, in consequence of the heavy loss which the   Government must have sustained, had Sir Thomas Brisbane exceeded his authority, and had his foes been armed with the   impenetrable shield of justice and truth. But the question is now decided as regards His Ma- jesty's Government, and Captain Mitchell, of the Slaney, and Captain Bremer, of the Tamar, -will have to pay-the one for his frolic, and the other for his audacity-at least a sum of about twenty thousand pounds ! ! !

Captain Bremer had to give security in Cal-   cutta, to answer all expenses, and all costs, and a very respectable House in that city, in our opinion, rather prematurely, became bondsman for Captain Bremer. The cargo, which cost Government five thousand pounds, not including the 80,000 or 100,000 dollars, -was sold for nine hundred pounds. The ex- penses attending the embassy out and return of Deputy Assistant Commissary General GOOD- SIR, to Calcutta alone, stands the Government in two thousand pounds; and the expenses which were incurred in Calcutta, we are informed, were enormous in the extreme ; by which it will appear that Captains Mitchell and Bremer, but especially the latter, will have reason to remember the Almorah as long as they breathe. As for the ultimate seizure of the ship, if the Honourable the East India Com- pany even were disposed to act with the utmost rigour, such is utterly impracticable, inasmuch   as the " twenty-four half chests of tea" were not   forthcoming ; and those parties who had seen the alleged chests, said to contain the supposed tea, when put to the test, could not tell whether they contained saw-dust or lawyers' wigs. Captain Boyd, therefore, will no more lose his ship than the Government have lost their specie and property ; and we have little doubt, had His Majesty's Law-Advisers only known that Captain Boyd had actually entered the said twenty-four chests of tea in his manifest, on his arrival, and that, too, in the face of a man of-war, it would have appeared, to their satis- faction, that the Commander of the Almorah had acted in ignorance of the statutes affecting the Honorable East India Company's Trade, and that there was no intention to defraud the said Company. We are bound in duty fur- ther to remark, upon a singular and very honourable trait in the high character of the East India Company. They posi- tively declined any interference in the business, though the Naval Heroes exerted their utmost influence in exciting the interposing arm of the Company. But the East India Govern- ment referred the parties to the Courts of Law, and had it not been for the ill-judged interference of Captain Bremer, of the Tamar,   the Almorah, with her valuable cargo, might have been in possession to this day, for aught we know, of the original seizors, since neither the Honorable East India Company, nor De- puty Commissary General Goodsir, the accre- dited Agent of the Australian Government, would take upon themselves to interfere with Lieutenant Matthews, and his prize. The

day of retribution, however, has arrived, of       which we are heartily glad; and we hope,   indeed have no doubt of it, if ever Captain     Mitchell or Bremer revisit Sydney Cove, that   they will find it most agreeable to their purse-   strings to act in concert with the Colonial   Authorities, and not unthinkingly oppose   themselves to the Representative of their     King. There is one advantage which these  

Gentlemen will experience, should they ever retire from their posts in the Navy, that they will still have the privilege, if they find it necessary, to continue in-THE FLEET !

Since we wrote the above, several Gentle- men have been congratulating us on the signal victory our man-of-war (the Gazette) has obtained over the revolutionary frigate (the Australian). The Public well know how we were persecuted by £2000 actions for libel at the alleged suit of Captain Mitchell, of the Slaney, and by criminal informations at the alleged instance of First Lieutenant Mat- thews. It is well known that nothing short of our ruin was meditated, because we were determined to advocate the measures of the Co- lonial Government against men, who exerted all their talents and influence to inconvenience and oppress the Authorities. Our triumph, therefore, is proportionably resplendent-we feel we have a right to the honours of a tri- umph-as, with our sling and our stone, we have defeated the legal and editorial Goliahs of our land. Notwithstanding all the light we have thrown upon this subject-in which the Slaney and the Almorah have been engaged-

we take the liberty of informing the inhabi- tants of Sydney, that a far greater LIGHT will be shed upon the transaction than has ever yet been seen, and we have little doubt that the Gazette Office will be as conspicuous,   THIS EVENING, 'for brilliancy of expression' as our learned friend, Dr. WARDELL, will consider it necessary ; and if our brother Editor should have leisure for half-an hour, he will meet with a welcome reception, as well as all those friends of the 'Sydney Gazette who are accustomed to be good-natured, and like to enjoy themselves after a well-fought and triumphant battle. Yes, yes, " THE

ALMORAH IS OFF ! ! !"

In our last number we expressed our regret that we were obliged to postpone the publica- tion of a document which had been forwarded to us with that view, containing an account of the recent "pedestrian Tour" that had been   arduously accomplished by that active and enterprising Commandant at Moreton Bay, Captain Logan, whose name we have before had occasion to notice with well-merited ap- probation. We shall not offer any comments on the merits of Captain Logan's researches at this moment, but will leave the Journal of that Gentleman to speak for itself, being well aware that the interest, which must be af- forded on the perusal, will abundantly recom- pence the Reader :—

JOURNAL of Captain Logan's  

pedestrian Tourr, in the neighbour- hood of Moreton Bay, in the month of June, 1827.

"June 7th.—Left the settlement at 4   o'clock in the morning, proceeded up the Brisbane, and arrived at the limestone hills, on the left branch, at 10 o'clock at night ;

distance, 57 miles.

"June 8th.—Sent the boat back to the   settlement, and proceeded overland ; directed my course S.S.W. in the direction of Mount Dumaresq ; the country very fine—a black vegetable mould, on a limestone bottom ; the timber consisted of several varieties of the eucalyptus, viz. iron bark, blue gum, box, apple tree, and a variety I have not hitherto seen, the trunk resembling iron bark, with a broad leaf. This tree is only found on the best soils—at a distance it very much resem- bles the cork tree ; at 2 o'clock came to the banks of the Brisbane ; the beauty of the spot, and the men being much fatigued, in- duced me to halt for the night ; distance this day, only 13 miles.

"June 9th.—Resumed my route at 8   o'clock ; the country for 8 miles superior to yesterday; shot two beautiful parrots (a new species), not hitherto found in the Colony ; came to a large swamp, several miles in ex- tent ; skirted it for some miles, and then crossed it ; came again on the Brisbane, run- ning N.E ; crossed it, and proceeded up the left bank ; approached Mount Dumaresq to- wards evening ; the country now exceeded, in beauty and fertility, any thing I had before seen ; in the bed of the river I found several

specimens of coal and crystal ; distance, 20

miles.

"June 10th.—Commenced this day's       journey at half-past 8 o'clock ; crossed a beautiful plain, two miles in width, and about three in length, very lightly timbered ; no preparation requisite for the ploughshare ; at half-past 9 o'clock entered a thick scrub, at the foot of Mount Dumaresq, which continues to the summit ; found several turkies, and a remarkable large pigeon, upwards of three pounds weight ; gained the top of the moun- tain at 3 o'clock ; I had a grand and extensive prospect ; the limestone hills bore N.N.E ; I had traversed the valley of the Brisbane 30 miles, and it appeared about the same in breadth ; I may safely rely that there is in this beautiful vale at least half a million of acres, excellently watered, and fit for any purpose to which it may be applied. I could likewise distinctly sen the windings of the Logan, through an extensive aud beautiful country eastward from Mount Dumaresq, and only se- parated from the valley I had quitted by mo- derately elevated ground. On descending the mountain, on the southern side, had to en- counter a difficult scrub, which I could not clear before sun-set ; luckily found water in a ravine, where I stopped for the night ; dis- tance this day, 12 miles.

"June 11th.—Resumed my descent through the scrub at 8 o'clock ; after much difficulty cleared it at 10 o'clock ; found a branch of the Logan at the base, running northward ; the river here passed through a large swampy plain, well adapted to graze cattle ; saw a large flock of emus, the first seen in the vi- cinity of Moreton Bay ; the course of the river making a detour to the west, left its banks, having changed my course to south, in the direction of Mount Shadforth, and after a few miles walk, re-crossed the Logan, which

flowed through a large plain ; the grass thereon being on fire, obliged me again to cross the river ; proceeded up the left bank for some miles ; the mountains, towering on each other on every side, reminded me of a Pyreneean valley ; at 4 o'clock killed a large kangaroo, which was very acceptable to the men ; distance, 25 miles.

"June 12th.—Continued my route to the       south ; the river branched into several streams ;   we were evidently near the source ; walked for some hours over a hilly country, admira-   bly adapted for grazing sheep ; came to a creek at the foot of Mount Shadforth, and shot an emu on the bank ; ascended the mountain, which was the most fatiguing part of the journey, it unfortunately began to rain on my reaching the summit, accompanied by a thick fog, which prevented me from having so ex- tensive a prospect as I expected. I was sur- rounded by mountains on all sides, but I could not get a view of Mount Warning ; to conti- nue my route to the southward would have been very diflicult, and would have protracted the journey beyond the time intended, I there- fore determined to steer eastward, and gain the low country ; descended the mountain to the eastward, and halted for the night in a native's encampment, which was very apro- pos, as the rain continued ; distance, 15

miles.

"June 13th.—Continued my route east-     ward, over a very diflicult and mountainous country ; at length perceived Mount Warning, direct in my course ; on approaching the base found the principal branch of the Logan ; the   stream was so rapid, I had some difficulty in passing ; encamped on the right bank, and im- mediately commenced to ascend, in hope of   reaching the summit, but could only gain a peak, not more than half-way to the top ; all attempts appeared hopeless at the east and north sides, and it would have detained me two days longer, to have made a detour to the westward, probably with as little chance of success ; I therefore returned to the encamp- ment, with the intention of proceeding on my journey in the morning ; distance, 14 miles.

"June 14.—Made another attempt to as- cend the mountain on the north side ; got to

the top of a peak, considerably higher than  

yesterday ; had a very extensive view ; found

Limestone Hills bore due north ; recommenced   my journey to the east ; proceeded for some

miles without much difficulty ; crossed another river, which washed the S.E. side of the   mountain, and united with the other a few miles below ; crossed some beautiful valleys, well

watered with mountain streams ; got into an   extensive scrub, which prevented me making

way to the east ; towards evening made a detour   to the N. to clear the scrub and got into an

open forest country, before sun-set ; distance,      

20 miles.

June 15th.—Started at sun-rise, proceeded east, passed through a fine hilly country co- vered with most luxuriant grass, to the top of the hills, the soil principally a black vegetable mould ; this part of the country is the best I have seen, either for sheep or cattle, and is most abundantly watered, each valley possess- ing a beautiful rivulet ; passed several consi- derable streams which unite with the Logan ; towards evening my route eastward was com- pletely terminated, by mountains covered with pine scrubs, to the summit ; perceiving a stream running north, I determined to follow its course for a few miles, for the purpose of finding a more even way to cross the moun- tains, to the sea coast ; distance, 25 miles.

June 16th.—Started N.E. over a hilly coun- try, somewhat inferior to yesterday, but well adapted to pasturage ; distance, 15 miles.

June 18th.—Ascended a ridge of moun- tains ; could see nothing but mountains to the eastward, covered with pine scrubs ; provisions were nearly exhausted, and the men's shoes worn out ; determined to steer northward, and join the settlement ; proceeded down the banks of a river, through a rich tract of country ; saw several kuigaroos, hut the dogs were so weak, they could not run them down ; fortu- nately before sun-set killed one ; stopped for the night ; distance, 20 miles.

June 18th.—Continued my route ; passed through a rich valley ; towards mid-day left the valley on my right ; my route now lay- over some rocky ridges, the worst country I   have passed through ; the men greatly fatigued ;

distance, 16 miles.

June 19th.—Continued north the first part   of the day, the country was very good ; much improved in appearance to that traversed yes- terday ; towards noon it became swampy ; at two o'clock arrived at the Logan, not ford-   able ; stopped for the night ; distance 20 miles.

June 20th.—Made several unsuccessful at-

tempts to cross the river ; moved up the bank

about 8 miles.

June 21st.—Proceeded up the river about two miles, crossed at a ledge of rocks, steered north for the settlement ; the soil principally a light sandy loam ; timbered with forest oak ;

a considerable number of swamps ; distance,

22 miles.

June 22d.—Recommenced my route for Brisbane Town, for a few miles through a swampy country ; towards mid-day arrived at Cowper's plains, and crossed Cane Creek ;     retched the Brisbane opposite the settlement

at 4 o'clock.

Extract of a Letter from Captain Logan,

Commandant at Moreton Buy, addressed to the Honorable Alexander M'Leay, Esquire, Colonial Secretary, and dated Moreton Bay, July 25, 1827.

"I proceeded up the Brisbane on the 7th     of June, as will appear by my Journal, which I beg leave to enclose, with the view     of heading the river lately discovered, reach- ing Mount Warning, and from thence taking

the most direct route to the Tweed. How   ever, I found it impossible, notwithstanding   every exertion to get through the thick scrubs which cover the mountains in that     direction ; I was, in consequence, obliged to return to the settlement without accom-   plishing the object of my journey. How    

ever I have much satisfaction in reporting that the Country through which I travelled   exceeded my most sanguine expectations,       and as everywhere extremely well watered ; and I have no doubt, whenever it may suit the views of Goverernment to open it for set-   tlers, it will be found the most desirable dis- trict for that purpose hitherto found in the Colony. After the sailing of the Wellington, I will take an opportunity of proceeding to the spot from whence I saw what I supposed to be the Tweed, and from thence endeavour to make a direct route. The distance did not appear to me to exceed 50 miles."

The AuiDahan,oí Wednesday, might vciy well be called a paper, bt t as for its being propei ly designated a iVtitv-paper is a pro- position w Inch we fl itly deny The hst page presented the " reprint of a leading ai tide of the 8th instant," and also furnished the ex- tract of an ai tide on the «Tree Press in India," windi has some time ago appealed m the columns of this Jouuiil. The leader was manufactured norn the îeprint of the 8th m stmt, and the gieafcr pait of the usidueof the second md thud page was occupied with Tastniman cxliacts, which we h id the plea- sure of fin niblin g the Public on Monday morning. We have often tho'ight thit the Auit alian, in many icspccts, was only the ghost of i newspaper, but th it of Wednesday hid not even the merit of comparison to a spectre. One thing is certain, that an Editorial lawjei-and one too, m Botany Biy-has pro ed one of the most m geni »us anim ils, amongst the scribbling fia terinty, that evr-r descended from good old f tther Adnu. Who would have evei thought, s ive Doctoi Wai dell, of re-mseiting \n his papei of one Wednesday, an ai title which had only appeared in ihe numbn on the pievious \A edncsday, and tint, too, mci ely foi the sake of manufacturing a leader ' The Doctor, it n appears, must hive been at his wita'end, foi - we never did before witness so much bare

ficed impudence pilmed on a Bntish Pilb- il he , but likely enough our learned friend had d got a hint of tho decision of the Almoiah e case, and therefore gave up, foi once in a ù. wiy, the Editorial îems to the grower of

Colonial tobat co, who, in the furner of the y smoke with which he is etei nally sun ounded,

conceived that the Reulers of the Auslialian ~ would have no objection to so sensible an arti

cle on the C mad is, which has as much refe d renee to New South Wales, as we tan be d said to have affinitj to Li >land, but likely e enough somebody had persuaded the Doctor

that it was a most admirable discussion

s that it was a popular question-and that j II the Ga ette had not sense or impudence 11 enough to attack so apparently impregnable a ' hold in public opinion ; and the Doctor upon " being constrained to cast a second glance to j wai ds the sweet babe of his own begetting,

conteived that there was something attractive in the little fondling's fe itures, and a pi oject was immediately entered into of thrusting the br it once more down the throats of the people. Let the Editor of the Australian be good enough to understand, if it were not for the articles which our Journal furnished on the important subject, on the 19th and 20th of Janu uy last, in which we had the honour of completely controverting all his idle theories on the question, we would again turn too, and ni good eai nest give the Doctor, and Ins twice inserted buitlmg, such a drilling ,ibno had never befoie experienced. We shall, however, at present, content ourselves by referring our Readeis to the Sydney Gazettes of the 19th and 20th of Jmuary list, wherein it will be found that the speculations of Dr. Wai dell ar*1 nothing but " vanity ind vexa- tion of spirit."

Wo hive been furnished with a statement of fact« in. replj to a letter which appeared in the Aiutralu n soni°tiiiu a¡,i>, bearing the signature of Alouzo, and although we h ive not complied with the wish of the wntei to ¡five his lUtir publicity, our reason is thit we have no desire to publish .my letter which should ippc.irin mother Journal Having so far explained our motives, we will proceed to give the statement ot our Lune-p uulcntin c lotlici form It appears, then, th it since the 1st ot July, 85 prisoners h ive been e ii

ployed on the sugir plantation at Port l\fai4]unrie horn the 1st of July, and th it the giound upon which the sugirwoiks »re erected his never laen known to be flooded Indeed so tar from the waters rising ten feet bom the surface ol the bank, there is merely a hollow about 30 icct wide, into which the waters flowed about two ye ira ago, but even then it Mas no more than six inches d ep

Respecting the establishment itself, it ha« been toron d nomine t'mi 31) months, during nine of which t'ieie were no more thui 20 men employed upon the

giound

The Austrili ui's correspondent h^s put the question, whit idtaulae.e hi-, the G nomment denved from this (slablisl went' Cut this is merely a tiiilinj, (jue» liol Io (lerne imiucdi ile 11 vantage was not tu bl expected, but fiat 'he View» ot Government will be rnahzed then e innot be a doubt, for 1 Lst mouth there weie up« uds of 25 hundred weight of sugar an I mo I isses uiiuutietiiipd dulv, not to speak of a water null which grinds lout tien bushels per hour W th the bare statement of the c Í lett, the public must be convinced of the excellent pohcj of the Government m coi

turning tJHUppoit an establishment which is certain to be o mimen ( idvantage to the Colony

Out of the nnnibei of pi soaers employed on the plantation, 5t t l«.ep in barracks, and the residue aie

II >ued to sleep out in huts as a reward foi goo 1 con

duct

In rt terence to the Agricultural Establishment, which tin 4u-.traliiis con t-.pondent lauds, «c are authormd to btate, that for three successive yeais it did not even jitld the amount of seed which was pat into the ground, and in fact even last yeai there wer« no less than 300 acres sown with meit> the pi o duce of wh eh was 7000 busneh, the weijjil of ta'h bin iel y trig ig M po nids Vlith respect to what his been usirted that the li id jichis two trops ol muz", and on or wh"\t annuilly, it is eij tal!) lalse with the other isscrtiois o' the An trilinis cot

respondent V\c would therefore rccoai neild our contemporaries ni lulu c to exert themselves to as ceitain tiets, it tin / hue any de ne to ii oíd b ing aeciwd ota wiliul pen cisiono tiuth

gun»»

The H iionbleMr M'Leay, on Wed nesd \, 'ispeited and inuslcicd the mile pi ia nem o boa d he M iib us, piepauito y to thei disent ni ition.tn distiibiition.

The promoteis of drunitic entertainment in Sydney, undei the auspices of Mr. Ham t Levy, seem to prosecute their design with considerable spirit. A Committee has been appointed, and the sum of tlOOO, in shares, at the rate of 120 each, is foithcomiiig ata moment's warning * everal meetings have been la ely held, and a respectful letter was, we understind, addressed to His Excellency the Governor, soliciting His sancMm and pa-« troi age for the undertaking His Lxcellency, as we are informed, has referred the matter to the Magistrates, and a memorial has been ac coi dingly prepared, addressed to the Bench, praying for a licence to institute, in the town of ¡sydney, a theatre upon a small scale.

We arc *o much accustomed to the catch- penny rant of the screaming bucketmonger, and his edgings into the barrack patronage a 'patronage that he has long and ardently sought after, and in a great measure ob- tained-that we can now look with a tolerable

degree of indifférence on his stale pretensions to superior wisdom.

In the last number of his radical rag he assumes that the Government Journals allege that Air. Peel's Act is unpopular in this Co- lony, and it is the first time we have heard ol' any such assertion having been made. He then goes on, in his usual clumsy manner, to recommend the Govern ou to do away with lickets-of-leavo altogether, and to substitute emancipations for them ; in the modest hope, no doubt, that if such a measure were to be adoj ted, ho would have his subscription list thereby increased. But we will throw away a little time to shew the crroncousness of Mr. Hall's views on this subject. He says, " We do not wish the Governor to have the

mere power of granting tickets-of-leave, be- cause, by so doing, any future malevolent Go- vernor, who gave way to petty resentments and personal malice, could ruin an employer of convicts (whether farmer or editor), by giving all Ins sorvauts tickets-of-leave at once, and then on the most frivolous pretences, and in a fit of spleen, recal the same servants to Government employ in a month afterwards. No. Let emancipations in future be given where tickets-of- leave are now bestowed. Let tickets for ever be done away with." No- thing, in our opinion, could more distinctly show the extreme fatuity of Mr. Hall, than the reason which he endeavours td lay down in these lines for doing away willi tickets-of leavc. Supposing that such a case could hap- pen, in which a Governor, in order to gratify his spleen, granted tickets-of-leave to the pri- soner servants of the object of his hostility, in order lo get them returned to Government la- bour, by what reasoning can it be shewn tha the substitution of emancipations would prevent the possibility of such an event oc- curring ? The Governor would still have it in his power tograrify his supposed spleen, by granting emancipations upon certain condi- tions, and diese conditions would be such, no doubt, as would entirely meet the object he

had in view.

It is a lucky circumstance for the prisoners that the Government are not so weak as to

. | suffer themselves to be influence I by the extra- it vagant no1 ions of Mr. Hall, who would cruelly x ' deprive them of an indulgence to which they ' j properly look forward as to an amelioration of 1 ' their condition. Do away with the tickots-of ), leave, and it is like making a man walk a long . ' and dreary road without the prospect of a

resting-place till he reaches the end of his

' journey. Besides, as a principle of expediency ' i for the moral improvement of the prisoners, ' t , leaving every other consideration out of the j question, it is highly desirable. In the period

which a prisoner has to serve, prior to re- ceiving the desired indulgence, he has an opportunity of approving1 himself worthy of it, and, if he be not an utterly irreclaimable character, he will obtain the promised good, whilst the mere fact of having adhered to a proper mode of conduct, for a number of years, will confer upon him very different habits to those which he had .formerly practised, and the likelihood is, that after having received his ticket, before the period expuvj tu.it ho should receive his emancipation, he will have acquired a sort of second nature, and his good conduct will be, not from the,hope of futuro in- dulgence, but from fixed principles founded on its uniform expediency. On board the hulks, where tho most rigid discipline has been kept up, so rigid, in fact, that a prisoner dare not utter an expression of the slightest indelicacy, reformation has been rarely effected, at least reformation of a permanent description. Good behaviour procures the prisoner a modification of his sentence, and at the end of the pre- scribed period, his morals receive, in general, a severe shock from the sudden transit on from a state of severe discipline, to one of unboun- ded liberty. The unfortunate wretch has formed no new associations ; on the contrary, those who had been his former friends, and who, from their respectability, might have been enabled to assist bim with fluir counsel, shun him; he returns to his former associates in guilt, and finally expiates his sins upon tho scaffold. How différent is the case with the prisoners in New South Wales ! Thuy are not exposed to these dangerous and oftentimes fatal transitions. Their rise in life is gradual, and natural. On receiving tickets-of-leave, their

merit brings them into notice and respectabi- j lity. The}' know that they hold their liberty ' on a precarious tenure, and that immorality on their part will deprive them of it for ever. This knowledge makes them doubly circum- spect in their conduct; this circumspection, tis we have already stated, recommends them to the good opinion of the virtuous, and the consciousness of this operating upon their minds, loads them to the desired goal of refor

mation. To exchange tlu present system, therefore, for the one which Mr. Had pro- poses, would be subversive of the interests of the prisoners themselves, and in mercy to them we trust they will ever enjoy tho benefits of that system which hat been wisely framed for their good. But this is not the only instance iu which 31r. Hall strives to effect their misery and degradation. Ho would have them to bo at the disposal of their masters as beasts of burden, for he says, " as to allowing- masters to assign their men ti their friends, as al,owed by Peel's Act, we see no great objection to it. Arbitrary governments say, that they are tho best judges of individual prosperity. Hence free governments avoid a meddling, officious interference with individuals, &c. The mean'Ug of all this is, that the Govern- ment are toexerciscno care over the prisoners, but to allow their masters to do with them precisely as they may think fit. Upon this j principle a master might sell or give away his

assigned servant as ho would a bullock, and ' tiie unfortunate slave would not dare to mur-

mur ; but we can quiet the minds of tho pri- soners on thi? head, as we have- proved, i. i former numbers, that the Act tolerates no such

j inhuman disposal of thom, and that they arc ! now, as much as formerly, under the protection

of a humano Government, winch will taie care that they sh ill bo exposed tono unnecessary sufferings. They will now bo enabled to j udge who aro their ri'al friends, and who aro uot, and will be able to appreciate the value of the advocacy of a man, who, under pretence of serving them, would bave them to be disposed of like dogs, without a single friend to inter | cede in theil4 beba f. But it shall ever be ou»

business to continue o detect and expose (o the laughter and dei ísion of the woild, those who would presume to add an unmerited pan»

to the silent indu loi ni at sufferer.

f

Wesleyan Missions.-In May, 18jG, the Reverend Messrs. Hutchinson an<¡ Thomas, Missionaries to Tongataboo, sailed, on the Elizabeth,Captain Powdi rcn, foi the Friendly Is ands, since which no du cet mtil« hgence has been leceived from them. \ Missionary Notice, howcvci, of Tebiuai v list, having come into our possession, we feel sin. cote pleasure in furnishing' the rphgious part of oui Community with the following ex.

ti act -

South Si v Missions-By the following E»tri | oui Rtadtia will pcrteivi til it Mi Thoura hum tacd upon his I thoms in Ion¿i (le command the following letter on hi-, voyage, d Ued June 1-ttli 182f», and finishes it on his ii t iv ti

" We trust we shall see oui way open unmig them, ind hive to acknowledge the goodness juJ  

talc ol tlie He-id of the Chuich

" Wc lia ve b-cn and still are led to exptct much fiom God We have seen his lund in otu appoint aient, in our picscrv ttio i, and in our sappoit, juJ

fioin his past iavouis, wc aie tntoutaged to trmtia

iliiu

" Wc do not go to Tongi ctyt cling th" wildernc i to become a iitnttiil field without libour and care, hut vv< go dt suing and pi lying to become th» honoured iiistiuineuts, m the hitiduf God, ot begin nmg t Chris nu Colony, tie mug iway the rubín h, bit ikiiiji up the ¿round, md tisting 11 the picciou. seed ot divint tiutb, which slnll spung- up, boa:

mut, and yield au abund mt harvest ot niiuioit.il

souls

" loth -We axe this d tj ibout two hundred mil j from 1 unga, hat e a line bietet, and cspetl tus»o

the land about Wednesdav

"7th-We caine in sight of Tonj;a, Tudu, t!¡ 23d of lune, but through bad weathei did not tun

to an anthoi until Wtducsday, 28th Wt heirj that Cb u Its Tindale was ali\ t, and living at Hi clog Wt thought to have gout to the same plate to anchor as the St IMiehitl, but liter wuims ibout a Ion,

time, ami eiiiounteriin, some he ivy squill j, wc wert obliL,id to stand oil ior lletfoo Wt ¡,ot inlplhgtiic! from shore the sine evening Chirit-, time

boaid, ind on the Walnesdiy lol lowing wt anelioud ni Mina Bin, winn the Ciptun lound go jil u thurat Puvious to oui imlioinig, Air Hutdim ion md imstll went on slioie, in ordei to hoc

nittiin¿o* titi Chu Is, iespettm^ our residing arno ij them liomwhttwt rould I mi ti oin Cb ii les, md othtis, rcsptttuig the Chief Mr Lawry lo ed Hit!

it w is not ad visible to 1,0 tb"ie, is he h id not kiiit his word He dd not bel) it ( well to the

touug

nitu lett with lum, but tate iluicd to kill them util«» did ut t "o ur ly

"Willum I Hided, wc wpre conducted bv Chirle» to the plicf \th"ie lit r\|ieiicd to m et the Chi

The Chut ip,ieued much pl( ised to ste in, ud tool» hold of hist one ol our h unis, nid then of tim ollur, iccompuiviug us to the lum-it ivhtic the meeting is to bi held When we nuvtd, we ill sat down on the mit, and tveie soon suirouiidiil by scoics ot the I\ itives 1Jii ni jims md pirl», rpe

bunns,and cocoa nuts, weit i)iou"lit ami uddtuur

feet

"Afin all bid |> u tiki ii, oin bus ness wistiron,M b«fore tin in iu this we wiri highly favoured

biting Chulés to mUiprtl, is hi seems m ester ol

tin J mgii ige

"We then gan tlictn lo undeistand tvli\ wecimc to their islmd , not Inciusc then lind wis better thin ours, ncitliti did we tome to join them i

their wai s but t t taint to te ich them to kum ni] to In- tin 1 or I, mil niinv ollur good thm^s llic Clint' ippt ired inucli pie 1st d, indsud, Lilka, (ttry good) When thev uiidtrstoud tint we bul k11 ti tends and oui country to come to them, uni tint it wis not tin tiistom in Engltud, lora Alinis'ci t» fight in w tr lime, they all ippt ired much pi \ei\ Wt then wished to know whether tiley wert tullun; lor us to live amongst tin ni, whethti tuet »oui

allow uito winship our Gil, wh tliei til \ »nil s ml us tin ¡i i lui »ii i ti t til, wlieiiier liu> would let us bite some lind to budd upon, md, wlutlur thev would piotctt us lud our property Tu il! which tin ducts mstvtrcd in the altiriuititf, uni le sud, tint respecting oí i wishing to le ive tlie jilaee, th it in case ot sickness or other eiu-.o, mien wt iinnht think it pioper to remote, he would Itt nt-go .and our property, tten to tilt mut on the door \\ mt t with the gît Ut st kindness and attention, au from ti bat wt h it e neon and he ml, we ti list ti it v are in our protidtutnl path A spot of ground hu been fiv d upon for i house indgirdui, ti here wc shall get the se i bree/" We arc living now ni itv tivc houses , but as soon as our goods are on shire, we shall be-¿in our hoiiic

"lhere ire two other Chiefs «ho wish Mwioi

aries to live with the u W t sent them um 1 hut, f

thev hch ived w< ii to us, when others t mit, we iiuull

stud oat to tile m "

S

Mr. Dunn, our present Chief Constable, is we have been informed, on the eve of retiring. He has been employed in the Police Estab.   lishment since the year 1811, and has con- ducted himself with the most exemplary zeal and fidelity in the discharge of his important duties. Impaired health, we understand, is  

cause of Mr. Dunn's retiring; but we have no doubt that His Excellency the Governor   will take his case into favourable considera-

tion.

A min, n imed Trancis, has been committed I

! to take Ins ti ni for the wilful murder of ap'r- J

son named Hook, at Hunter s-rivti.

A min, named Wilson, lately of Newcislliy Ins been fui y committed for trial, on a elm e ¡ of uttering a foi god order for the paymnnt)f money, with intent to defiaud Win." Carie'!

Esq.

1 wo other persons, ni mod Stpphrn md Wood, have also been forw irded from Ne« castle, for examination befoio the Spinel iiench, on suspicion of being concerned in ti

s uno foi gory. It appears that the prisoners came into a house in Newcastle, and hum» requested pen and ink, w ere observed lo le paiticularly engaged m wutmg on a shpof paper, upon which a witness distinctly sweab he obsei ved the name of " \Vm. Cuter."

FI uiagan, who was tiied «ind acquitted, on 'I uestfay last, on a ch irge of rape, was re cognized, shoitly after his discharge ft oin the Court, is a runaway from Port ¡Vlacqu u ic, and lodged in the gio . Ile had been residing it Richmond for sume time past, and imposed upon the i\ agis rates theic, by the exhibition

ot a false cei tificatc of freedom.

A gentleman I aving a pad that started, and bioke Ins wile's net kf u nei<>hbouiin£ squire told him he wished to pinchase it lor Ins w fe to i ide on. 'No,' said the other,

I will not sell this little fellow, because I intend to ma ry again.'

Ashoittimi binen, at Henbury chuich, 19 sons and daug tels ot a fannel named Williams, stood «ponsois at the baptism ot his 20th child. Mis. W. litely hvma 23d time, and all these «olive bim chu'

still live.

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