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NEW ROAD OFFICIALLY OPENED.
TRIBUTES TO DISCOVERER.
HISTORIC EVENT COMMEMORATED..
(By Our Special Eepresentative.)
«Let us hope that in the years to come, as thousands upon thousands of Australians use this mountain highway, built en- tirely by voluntary workers, tijey will pause to think that they are treading in the paths first trodden by the illustrious Allan Cun- ningham, one of the greatest of all Australian explorers, and one to whom Queensland is especially indebted; and that the-example of his life, given almost entirely to the service of this great land, will inspire in them higher ideals of nationhood, and a desire to themselves to do something notable to further its progress."
Standing in the midst of glorious mountain scenery, beside the cairn erected to the memory of Allan Cunningham at tho highest point of the new road from Brisbane to Warwick, in the shadow of the beetling crag of M t. Cordeaux, and facing a vista ' of wealth-produoing country which extended away north-east-
wards until it faded into haze at a distance of over 60 miles, Sir littleton Groom, K.C.M.G., K.C., himself a native-born pioneer of the Darling Downs, made this stirring appeal to Aus- tralian patriotism in the course of a speeoh when proposing the toast of "Our Country-Australia" on the occasion of the open- ing of the new road over Cunningham's Gap, which has been built as an enduring memorial to the work of the famous explorer whose name it bears, and Was opened on Saturday on the oc- casion of the centenary of his discovery of the Darling Downs.
When, ou Juno 11, 1827, Cunningham satv, from an eminence of tho northern ridge of the great dividing rnngo, .the 'gap in the mountains which how bears his name, he determined to exploro it as a possible route of cotquiunication be ttveen Hie Darling Downs and the coastal settlement at Moleton Ba). It was not until a year afterwards, however, that ho was able to explore the gap between Mt. Cordeaux and Mt. Mitoholl, * and to shoiv .that it offered a practicable avenue of communication between the coast and the rich elevated pasture lands to tho south-west. In tho early days of colonisation, however, it «-oa usual to follow the line of least resistance, and when it ivas discovered Uint it ivas possible, to skirt completely around the higher parts of the range at the expense of a. journey of about SO miles, the passage through tho ranges tvog discarded, and it remained neglected for almost one hundred jcais, until tho approach of tho centenar)' of CJunniifgham's discovery of tho D.irlim; Downs moved a body of uublic-spiritad citizens of that uren, to inaugúrate a scheme for the building of n road in the wako of CunningltainY- footsteps, and thereby to give definite shape to the vision which must hato possessed Hie mind's eye o£ tho explorer when ho first explored the gap.
THE MOUNTAIN ROAD.
Although a tremendous amount of work has been done on it, and n great deal of expense incuned hy those tvho have pioneered its construction, the road is still in au embryo state. Truly it is trnflkablc. ibut the trip from Brisbane to Warwick is not one that any motorist « ho is not thoroughly skilful could be advised to undertake. With the Spicer'.? Gap road, it, -.hares the disadvantages oí being difficult to negotiate in many places, while help ig always a long way away in
ease of emergency. From Brisbane the road to Aratula is good, but whon, a fetv mjlcs from this; township, the traok leaves tho roadway and winds through the foothills skirting the range, it be« coineg moro difficult, mid for about ton miles it abounds in steeper pinches than are to be found on the climb up the range proper. Fruin the Warwick end the- approach lo the Gap is lest- difficult. After about 28 miles of good road and track of a couple of miles through the scrub leads lo the top of the g.ip. There is very little climbing in thie section, the only dillicultics to bo surmounted being several creek crossing«, which will most likely be spanned by bridges in the near future. On account of the beautiful views it discloses, and its proximity to Warwick. Cunningham's Gap is sure to command great -respect as a picnic ground for Down« residents, but a great deal remain» ti) bo done before it can become a really
popular highway between Brishano and
The part of the road which has been built hy the road committee is- ' an «ngineerfng achievement, but it will need to bo given a deal of immediate atten- tion or it will certain disintegrate, and the result« of. all tim valuable work I ttJhie*h has hoon done will come to nought. At it i«, the foundation of a groat scenic highivay bus been laid by a lund of volun- tary workers at no expense to anybody ?but themselves, anel it is clearly the duty of others lo see that, the project is por (?evercd with until the road, «"liicb has been dedicated lo the memory of the great explorer, oeooince one of the State's most ' renowned high trays. The commit- tee has appealed to the Main Ronda Com- mission to elaborate the construction work, it-liich has been so nobly begwrrbiit it see-nti-- unlikely that ant' immediate help e-etn bo expected from this direction. It is immediate »Mention which the road needs, iintl so ¡t will be seen Unit the roiniuitteo'fi «*ork in not vot finished. However, the patriotic spirit which ha« made poevible the work already done, will probably seo the projeot carried to »
THE OPENING CEREMONY.
The clearing at the top of the gap pre- sented u gay appearance before tho open- ing ceremony. In front of the memorial cairn 'ivas u, table set for an al fresco luncheon, at it'hieh the notaulo visitors were to be entertained. From the cairn to the top of the- road ivas an avenue decorated with bunting and fronds of the beautiful vegetation «ith «hieb the »ur rounding 601*111} abounds. Through this avenue tho first car« to traverse the road «-ero to proceed. At 1-30 p.m. the Mayor of Warwick (Alderman Daniel Connolly) took the chair, and the lun- cheon commenced. After the toast of "Tho King" hnd been honoured, ."the 'toast, of "Our Country-Australia" wa« proposed by Sir Littleton Groom (Speaker of the House of Reprr-esnta lives), «"ho paid tribute to tho efforts of tho voluntary band of workore who not only had built the roa.l, but bad shouldered the gi cater part of the expenso incurred in its construotion. He went on to detail the «*onde-i'tul progress «hieb had been made during the past century bv Australia, and more espfci allv hi- the State of QiiecnslanJ, stating that this Stale's present prosperity could bo pliu-cd to a great extent to the credit of Allan Cunningham, whose historical dif-eovcry of the Darling Downs was the
first greNit step in the settlement of tile
AN EXAMPLE TO OTHER8.
Tlifi Acting Premier (Mr. W, Forgan SniUn), in declaring Uie road open for I raffle, complimented those concerned in the: devolopiiient of Ibu road, and the voluntary workers \vho had sacrificed mouths of (spare lime in the actual build- ing. Au example had been set ivhlch should be followed by others in an en- deavour to secure a road suited to riiodern ttafflç conditions. Ho stressed the fact tll-it the now Toad brought Warwick tvith iirg DO pules of Brisbane, and that on tins'oecount" it shoiikl appeal not only to tourist« .bul ulfw to those concerned in the transport of goods. In outlining
the difficulties with which tho Main Roads ComnnVsion tvus faced 'in' iU en- deavour to build a network of good roads, ho pointed out tim I, on acuount pf its acuttereel population, Qucotitdaiid wai very severely handicapped, even with liberal assistance, which had been avail- able by the Federal Uovermncnt. H« pointed out that a £1,000,000 programme had been embanked upon by the boarel, ami by far the major portion of thjs Mini ifould have to be borne by State
The Acting Premier trus then convey- ed over the rond in the first car, ivliieh ivas driven by Mr. It. C. Brett, The cur «as piocccded to the top of tho Gap by a procession of the voluntary work- ers. The other passengers in the lead- ing cans «ere: Alderman Connolly, Sir Littleton Groom, Messrs. V. Davoney, G. It. Kt-n*i> (Chairman of the Main Roads Comin!6t>ion), and G. P. Barnes, M.L.A. The following carn joined the procession:-No. 2 car, occupied by MchSis. M. C. P. White (driver), D. A. Cunvfordi A. G. Maddox, Alderman J I). Annand (Mayor of Toowoomba), and .1. U. England (fcce-rotary. Main Roads Hoard); Xo. .1 ear, oe-ciipicel bv Mo-sra. A. C. licdgu-nll (driterl, H. Eizcnbcrg, T. W. Webber, P. M'Muhou, and J. J. Kidncr; Xo. 4 car, occupied by Mr-sstv. li- i\ Etheridge (driver), S. D. Galletly, I1. (J. Xoibling, W. Deacon, and T. O'Shea ¡ Xo. 5 ear. occupieel by Mr. L. 1$. H. Reid (driver), Mojor Costcl'o, Mft-srs, T. Eather, Eckersley, and T. A. Howe}!.
UNVEILING THE CAIRN.
Tile caro iveut dntvn tile Gap-road and ascended again, followed by several cant which bad como from Brisbane with the iiitcutiou of tihing tho ne«* road for a trip to Warwick. Upon the return to the summit the crowd assembled around tho memorial cairn, which Aldenpau Con- nolly called upon the Acting Premier to unveil. Before the ceremony, Alderman Connolly briefL'y outlined tho activities of the comwittco responsible for the building of the road. The nrst prae
(Contlnued on page IS.)
THE GAP ROAD,
(Continued from pago 13.)
tical stop was taken by Meters. F. Dave ney and H- C. Brett, who 6"rveyed the road from both sides, and reported their progress to Mc. G. 1'. Barnes. M.L.A. and that gentleman lost no time in organ- ising a committee. That body carno into being at Easter, 11)26, and the following office-bearers were appointed:-Chairman, Aid. D. Connolly (Mayor of Warwick); treasurer, Mr. J. J. Kielner; secretary, Mr. M- P. G. .White; committee, Messrs. G. P. Barnes, B. C. Brett. II. Eizenborg, S. D. Galletly, and T. W. Webber, with Mr. Neibllng looking after the commibtee'ö in- terests from the other sido of the moun itain. Quick progress was maele, and in
a, little over a year it was possible to opeu tie road, and thus fittingly commemorate the centenary of Cunningham's discovery of the Down6.
In proposing' the toast, "To the Memory of Allan Cunningham, Botanist and Ex- plorer, tho Centenary of the Discovery of the Darling Down', and of this Mountain Highway," immediately after unveiling the memorial cairn, winch has been erected at the highest point of the road over the Gap, the Acting Premier outlined the his- tory of tho discoveries of Cunningham, und their far-readiing effect on the de- velopment of tho country. It was the ox Elord's mouicutoii,, discovery où the
lowns which <-avcd Queensland from be- coming a penal settlement, and which made beparation possible. He dwelt upon the noble courage of the man in whose honour the cairn had been erected and the road over the mountain built, and ap- pealed to Australians to follow the ex- ample set in those distant times by this great mau. Australian history was taught in our schools with tho object of encour ogma; growing Australians to follow the works of the pioneers, to glory in theil exploits, and to emuItUe Ide spirit of self sacrifice and patriot'sm which made them endure untolel harelships for the sake of their country's welfare. "This occasion," ho said, "might be taken as opportune for an appeal for a finer appreciation of Australia's horitagc, which would fit us the better to tako our place amongst th» great nations of tfie world."
The following toast list was then hon- oured:-"Commonwealth and State Parlia- ment of. Queensland," proposed' by Mr. J. J. Kidncr; "Voluntary Workers, Donors and Contractors," proposed by Mr.^-G. P. Barnes, M.L.A. ; "Local Authorities," pro posed^by Mr, T. W-. Webber, ai)d respond-1* ed to by Aid. J. D. Andana (Mayor of Toowoomba); "The Visitors," proposed by Cr. P. M'Mahon, Chairman, Glengallan .Shira Council;-"'The'Tress," proposed by Mr. R. C. Brett; "The Chairman," pro- posed by Mr. H. Eizenberg.
The Royal Automobile Club was repre- sented at tho ceremony by the president (Mr Goo. Rees), while others present nt (he gathering included:-Messrs. E. T. Bell (M.L.A. for Fassifern) and Major E Costello (M.L.A. for Cunningham). About 50 car« from Brisbane, Ipswich^ Boonah,
Kalbar, and other towns in the Fassifern district assembled at the foot of the range, being parked under the care of an R.A.C.Q. patrol, while a similar ntiuibtir of care were parked «t the summit, under the supeuvifiion of Superintendent Rich- mond, of the R.A.C.Q. car attendant ser-