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? ABOVE, left: What ]l

* the Mascot area will look < >

? like when the reconstruc- J> ' tion project is completed. < [ » A Civil Aviation De- \> 1 partaient picture. <¡ ; RIGHT: The plan up \ ; ? to date. Here is a key to < ¡ ¡ this picture, taken from a < > ¡» "Sunday Herald" Lock- 'I < ; heed at 6,000 feet: 1 ;

< > A: Suction pipes from \ ? ¡ » dredges pump sand from . ' <[ floor of Botany Bay; B: {? ¡> New mouth of Cook's <¡ < |. River; * C: New runway < > )? begins on Ascot Race- <l < 1 course; D: Runway from 1 > \ ? course ends near Cook's ¡ ¡ <¡ River; E: Taxiway for <[ J» new runway; F: Road J> < | around foreshores of Bot- . [ < ? any Bay; G: "The Burma J ? <¡ Road," used by motor <> 3» vehicles engaged on pro- '? < ', ¡cet; H: Railway line < ¡ iy across old runway may ¡>

JÎ be diverted; I: Existing <¡

, | terminal buildings; J: / ¡» Present road to city; K: <¡ ¡¡ Old course of Cook's ¡¡ J> River now partly filled <¡ < ¡ in; L: The Engine Pond. < ¡



FOR THE PAST four years, Mascot has been getting a face-lift, de- J signed to give Sydney a modern airport. Hundreds of thousands of J Sydneysiders who live in the area or travel through it have been ¡ asking why its geography is changing, -why, Cook's River has been J turned into a new course. Here is the full story. !

ANYTHING from £9 -**? million to £15 mil- lion-possibly as much as £.20 million-is involved in the final Mascot plan.

About one million air passengers will use Kingsford Smith Airport during the cur- rent year, compared with 792,956 last year.

But grave problems face Sydney's airport, named after the man who, 23 years ago, together with C. T. P. Ulm, Warner and Lyons, made the first Pacific crossing, and, soon afterwaids, with Ulm, Litch- field and Mcwilliams, initially linked Australia and New Zea- land.

Here are these problems, in a nutshell:- ,

Continually growing air traffic, bigger and faster land planes and flying-boats, with

I turbo-jets and straight jets I just around the corner, a small

international airpoit sur- rounded by brick pits, a river, a shallow bay, sand dunes, race and golf courses and shabby and slow road appioaches.

Monthly aircraft movements at Kingsford Smith Airport

have been averaging about 4,180 - representing 68,680 passengers and 1,500 tons of freight.

These figures exceed the traffic statistics of each of London's two chief airports. At Heathrow monthly aircraft movements are 2,354-51,000 passengers and 955 tons of freight. At Northolt monthly aircraft movements are 3,788 -63,788 passengers and 596 tons of freight.

To-day there arc only three airports in America handling more traffic than Kingsford Smithy Airport.

What is the Civil Aviation Department doing about it?

.It has embarked on a plan

which is completely changing

the face of 1,200 acres of Sydney's suburbia.

. . .

"DEFORE committing them -*-' selves to the "project" Civil Aviation Department experts, Commonwealth and State Government engineers, and representatives of the County of Cumberland and suburban councils gazed into their crystal ball and attempted to envisage Sydney's future aviation requirements.

The plan shown in lr{t-hand picture provides for what many experts foresaw (they won't say when)-25,000 landplane movements, 500,000 passen- gers, monthly. They did not make many predictions about flying-boats.

Before preparing their plan the experts made a comprehen- sive survey of all areas within

30 miles of the G.P.O.

They decided that the present site of Kingsford Smith Airport is the most suitable for Sydney's principal aviation [centre because:

(1) It is the closest suitable I site to the city; (2) it is near

to a possible flying-boat base at Botany Bay; (3) roads from it can link with the proposed Eastern Suburbs Railway and the new Southern Highway; (4) except in south-easterly weather, Mascot's position near the coast and city makes it easy to find; (5) workshops, hangars and other installations at Mascot, worth more than £750,000, can be used while the new scheme is being imple- mented; (6) the general layout fulfils the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Authority.

. The Mascot project in-


. Excavation of a new course for Cook's River, and filling in the old course.

. Construction of a double

bridge along General Holmes

Drive over the new course of Cook's River.

. Building an aqueduct to carry the southern and western ocean outfall sewer over the new course of Cook's River.

. Laying down of new run- ways', the first to be ,8,000 feet long, 200 feet wide, and able to carry 100,000 pounds wheel


. Building a flying-boat i base at Botany Bay.

1N making its choice for Syd * ncy's airport of the future, the Civil Aviation Department chose an area that called for engineering ingenuity in re- claiming much waste land.

I The results so far have by

no means reached the stage en- visaged-runways of great length with blast bays at each end for the running up of jets, full hotel facilities for passen- gers, and crews, post-office, bank, Customs offices, shops for tobacconists, newsagents, florists, barbers, and restau- rants to provide service for the public, cable and telegraph offices, doctor's surgery, offices for airline companies, a news reel thcatrette, an aviation museum housing Kingsford Smith's famous Southern Cross, a modern flying-boat base, and maintenance, aircraft service, and taxi areas covering hun-

dreds of acres.

But the right-hand pictuie shows that much has already been achieved.

It shows how two million cubic ^ards of earth have been


excavated for the new course of Cook's River, where the river now enters Botany Bay, and how the river's old course is being filled in by electric pumps sucking sand from Botany Bay.

The double bridge across General Holmes Driye has been completed.

The southern and western ocean outfall sewer aqueduct has been half completed.

Work has been begun on opposite ends of a new run- way. The centre of this run- way cannot be completed un- til more of the old course of Cook's River is filled in.

The final problems of the southern outfall sewer diver- sion and of the deviations of Blackwater Creek and Ascot Canal arc now being tackled.

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