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The Earth Is Getting
By DR. EVERHUIS
SCIENTISTS are gathering
more and more proofs that a chmatological revolution is going on around our globe Very slowly but surely the earth is
Until recently the scientific world has kept quiet about this, but now the phenomenon has even penetrated to the political
Talking of Greenland, the largest island in the world, the Prime Minister of Denmark stated
'During the past generation changes have taken place which will have a decisi\e influence on the entire social life. The climate is changing, and with that the economic outlook This change has already been observed in se\eral parts of the world . . ."
The changes in Greenland ha\e been very noticeable About six centuries ago, at the time of a change for the worse often referred to as the "small ice-period," man and beast had to \\ ithdraw from the advancing masses of ice. Even the Eskimos had to give in when at the beginning of the 19th century-the height of the cold period-Green- land became practically uninhabit-
During the present century, however, this Iaigest island of the world has become milder Glaciers have retreated and »he landscape has changed completely
Tor the first time for centuries some agncultuie is possible while more and more species of fish are being caught. Following the warmer streams the cod has made its appearance off Greenland's shores and has become part of the island
Dr Everhuis, a Dutch scientist here reviews evi- dence which suggests that instead of coohng-ofj, the earth is growing warmer. One result of this is to change the climates of several countries, with potential benefit to some and disaster to others.
diet During the past 27 years this fish has advanced about nine degrees to the north Herrings also are moving northward, while Greenland now knows many birds which hitherto remained far to the south.
These changes arc of the greatest strategical importance Norway s most northern harbour of Spitz bergen, where at the beginning of this century coal could be loaded only for a period of three months, is now ice free for seven months of the >ear The average winter tem- perature of Russian harbours such as Kola and Archangel has risen steadily too.
'pHE entire Northern Ice Sea is
becoming softer When Fnedjor Nansen ploughed his way through the ice with the Fram towards the end of the last century, the average thickness of the ice was 145 inches Members of the crew of the Sowet icebreaker Sedow not long ago found th-it the ice was only 85 inches thick and that floes have become considerably less
The greatest changes ha\e taken place on the American side The huge Muir glacier in Maska has withdnwn 14 miles in the past half
century-at the rate of about 409 yards a year.
These changes would be of the greatest importance in a future war. Permanent ice-free harbours and a reasonable passage through the ice sea would, for instance, give the Soviet , Union a tremendous advan- tage.
CHANGE of climate is not only
noticeable near the poles. Near the equator conditions are becoming hotter. This may prove disastrous.
For example it has been proved that the Sahara is creeping towards the south as well as towards the north at the rate of a mile a year. If this continues, the African natives will have to move to another con- tinent eventually, for the coastal areas will become over-populated. It was the "drying out" of Central Asia, after all, which moved Asiatic peoples in the past to invade Europe.
And so it appears that the world is leaving the so-called small ice period, which started around 1300. In Holland, the first European coun- try to register weather and climato logical conditions at the beginning of the 18th century it is shown by records that the average winter tem- perature has been rising con- tinuously.
The reason is that the sun has apparently opened a new "warmth
It has been known for a long time that the sun has its whims. Other- wise it cannot be explained how
under the masses of ice which cover . Greenland and Spitzbergen, black coal should be found. Obviously there was a time when jungle forests grew in that zone.
Not many icebergs have been siahted in the North Atlantic this year.