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WOMEN TO WOMEN.

OUR MILK SUPPLY.

QUESTION FOB WOMEN.

By VESTA.

The article on .the milk question -which]

appeared in "The Argus" of Saturday last, January 20, on page 7, should be road by every woman in the State. It reveals a condition of affairs in regard to our milk supply which can only ho described as astounding, and in view of that condition of affairs, the indifference of our State and municipal politicians is nothing short of cri- minal. And the full extent of the dangers due to our extraordinary lack of interest in the matter is not revealed even in that article. Some years ago, when the supply of good mills was a vital one to me, because

my children were small, I had an interest-1 iiig conversation on the subject with a dairy-

man. The question of the single delivery on I holidays was my chief concern, and I asked |

what happened to the milk from the Wed- nesday and Sunday morning milkings which wai» not delivered on that day. Is it mixed with the next lot of milk and delivered as fresh? The reply was positively startling, "No; it is put into cold Btorage in one of the laigc dairymen's refrigerating establish- ments, and left there until the following Sunday or Wednesday. A double snpply of milk is not required on the morning after a holiday, hut on the morning before Con-

sequently Sunday's milk is used to stipple-1 mont the follotving Wednesday's and Wed- nesday's the following Sunday's."

This matter was taken up by the National Council of Women, and in the 'conference held with the Dairyman's Association it was' discussed tit length. The majority of ellie' dairymen strongly defended the _>ractice,nnd some'of-them even asserted that, the milk woul.drbc',perfcçtly safe to deliver after a fortnight of"súch storage. They hod, of

course, a certain amount of reason .for tlicir^ contention,¿because if themilk were per-, fccllyclcan.and chilled immediately after milking.it would be- all right so'long as it was kept at ice température. But after being lint into earls and carried around the city, and .being kept .in the ordinary" pantry,'it deteriorates much »more rapidly than the fresh ..pille. » -And it was significant that.the, mon.who'defended the practice refused toi answer'the question whether, as fathers,' tli'ey would be prepared to.uso this milk for their' own babies. One fact, however,-was insisted on by many of the dairymen-the' fact that it'was.diiiicnlt,.if,not impossible, to"get their jnen to undertake any delivery of milk, even« for, sick babies, . on Sunday

afternoons.

I,nm .hopeful that the investigation which has' been sot on foot by the State Govern- ment to ascertain the best way to ensure a supply of milk for the sick babies of the poor will result, in '. some, helpful sugges- tions ns' to'our milk supply generally. But if a satisfactory'scheme is proposed, it must have behind pt the,full weight of tlio sup- port of .the womcn> of ."the State. This is pre-eminently a 'Woman's question. The average man .knows .notliing ahout it, and therefore' takes very little interest in' it. He expects his wife to be endowed with a heaven-sent ability to keep her children alive and healthy.. Women have got'.to see Ihht the men who, can control these affaire should take the lives of our little children into consideration. This is one of the occasions on which is is advisable to lemind our legislators and municipal coun- cillors that women have votes. Women's franchise has not done mnch for Australia, but if it helped ns to get a healthy milk supply, it would have gone a long way lo justify itself.

In the meantime the whole onus of saving the babies' lives rests troon the mothers and the doctors. We can nnd no fault with the doctors: their efforts are splendid nnd un- remitting. But the mothers have a great deal to learn. Scrupulous cleanliness is the first thing. To keep the babies themselves exquisitely clean; to wash and boil before every meal cyery. vessel and spoon used for the babies' food; to.boil every day the jugs and'hasinV and cans in which.milk is kept; to keen the milUjalways' on ice; or in an any place with fepcoial cooling :.arrançc. nient«: never to let the sim shine on it; to treat flies as if one could see the typhoid, gasliiti,-, and colitis germs with which they an» luden-these arc some of the things that motiléis must learn to do if they are to make sute of their babies' lives. And their vigilance must never be relaxed, for the most dangerous thing about milk is that wo cannot discover, cither by taste .or smell, whether it is in that condition when it-is poisonoiiB to babies. It,may seem perfectly sweet, and vet hc'deadly. Ice should be proem ed during the'summer whenever pos- sible. The inoiiey'spent on picture theatres in many homes where there, are, babies would moro than pay for ile! If ice is un- procurable, the jug of milk .may stand, in a small tub of water, with two or three thicknesses of damp, butter-cloth over it, but the tub must be placed in a cool, airy place, and it must be well scoured every day. The butler-cloth must be well boiled every day. JCvcn with the freshest of milk these prcoautions aro all required if.the milk

is to be kept, «afe through the hot days' of summer. If the milk is just the ordinary supply, it should be sterilised by boiling in a closely covered vessel,' and should be kept boiling for 20 minutes. Then it should be allowed to cool, and be kept in the man- ner described. And if sterilised-milk, be used the baby should be ¡rivett a, little fresh orange juice daily. A little fresh butter added lo the milk or given in u teaspoon occasional!v is also, I think, a good thing when sterilised milk or condensed milks arc used. , ,

AUTUMN "CLOTHES.'

THE NEW COATEES..

Tile first ou the autumn and'winter goods nre being shown in Melbourne already, although, of course, to most women they appear absurd at this time of the year.

Coat frocks of very attractive design- are prominent amongst the dtesscs, and this fuct will bo gratifying to those few people

who have already adopted the fashion here.

All the new dresses will hang straighter j than they have done lor Booie time, but

otherwise there seem to he no pronormced cl)ai_gt__ Amongst the new ideas there is one which will pIciiKc many people .This is the little conti.«., of which one or two de- signs are lcproduted It is intended as a FiiOHtitute for the rigid ir co.it of the coat and skirt costume and may he inadc^ either to match the dart, or of contrasting colour or material 1 or wear with thin dresses it may be made of taffeta IïhcK or dirk blue or nigger brown taffet i could he worn with a blick or biscuit coloured skiit, or with i frock of patterned -\oilc With a cloth uepc de chine, or serge filcirt the coitee might be of tiffeta or \el\et Irimminga of fur and of tmtvl galon ue being used on the winter coite_s m I-nglund, but for our summer wear the little taffeta coatee with a tucked fichu collar of georgette would be moic appropmte Hie phort, full basque of these little coats is vcr> becoming to plump aa well as to blender people, but it is important to note that the waist of the coatee must be wide, and not close fit ting On a plump figure the tightl) girdled waist is vcrj uglj, accentuating the size of both bust and hips

RED CROSS AND PATRIOTIC WORK

Soldier's Appreciation.

*TTT" (Melbourne) forwards Uie following ex- tract from a letter irora Lieutenant J r Pascoe \Yebbe on acti.e service - * Tlie days are short nnd dark at half past _ p m , and the ni gb ta are long, wet, and drearj The mud is índcscribablo. The men in the trenches have to wear rubber boots, which come rieht up to the thigh, but fctill the water gets In The feet arc rubbed daily with whale oil to prevent trench feet and frost bite, Thanks to the lied Cro», every man changes Ina rack- each morning- fhe dirty Bocks arc then tent to tlie divisional baths to be washed This ellinging of socks bo frequently is the best pre icntUc there is, and it is a god send so far as comfort is concerned to get do, clean socks otcry

dav "

_ mii-take Is made la attributing thcpc com forts to the lied Cross. The lied Cross cares for the sick and wounded only It is important +to remember this, because the lied Oro1« Society rn joys special privileges bv reason of its devotion to the Bick and disabled, and to use it as an agency for increasing the clTectivciicss of the net uni comlntants would be a distinct breach of the International Convention under which it rn jojs those privileges The Germans have been all too ready to accuse us of using the lied Cro__ in this wai, bo we must be careful not to do or say anvtlung which wonld give colour to such a wiggcstiqn The comforts supplied to the men in the trenches oro furnished by the "War Office and Defence authorities and by the Australian Com forts Fund, of which our own Lady .Mayoress a Patriotic league is a branch.

Sock Competition.

In- connection with the comforts fund of the <ïrd Divisional'a Sojïply Column Motor Transport a sock competition lias been arranged, to close on the first Tuesday In April A pnsjc ef one guinea will be awarded for the best pair of socks entered Pntrlc. will be received nnd particulars given nt the depot room, Sa.oy Cafe, on ruesdays and lb ural ay s .

Wool Wanted. '

"V Higginson" (Ambleside, __ Ma (hourn road, Toorak) osl-s if any of my readers would be good Miough to^wnd her oddments of wool to be made into crocheted blankets for the soldiers She has just tinlshcl her third blanket, and is anxious to

bonn another

Hie Parkville ind Roval Park branch of the Red CroM Society ni*» ask for donations of scraps of wool suitable for 1 nitting into quilts Parcels ihmild t>e Rentólo the honorary Kccretarv, Miss Coulfon, ti Hoya! parade, Parkville

Women and Munitions

"Volunteer" (Dennnllum) asks if the authorities will in lie inexperienced womtn to work in tlie mimi lion factories in 1 ngltuul

>o women are being sent from Australia to do munition work in Intrlind Men arc being sent both by the authorities and bl munition finns, liut plcnt> of women seoni to be mallabie m 1 ng land Most of Hie women who i ol untrer for the work there arc sent to do n short course of train ing in some school or workbhop /

, Kid Gloves.

"IjWT" Ofaryhorougli) has a ftw piirs of old lad gloves which fhe would send lo anyone who desires' thun for making soldiers' vests.

GENERAL HOTS.

STRAWRniUtT CUT.TUIin.

1 Gibbie** (Geelong Vient) would be vcrv grateful to any of my readers who could give her advice or information about the eultHatiou of straw bernes

VST ron _tï.k irANBKuncinrr

' _.yndc" (Caulfield) asks mc to suggest an artistic war of utilising a white Mik handkerchief, embroidered with pink and jellow ro^s, which has

been sent as a Bomenir from France

I ohould not dream of putting it to any use, but should Veep it in lavender When the war is over som cn ira of this sort will be doubly precióos to all of u<\ and we shall get the grcate*-. enjoyment out of^them by keeping thom to. hand on to our children, witl^the story of bow they

came to us <- ~

1 " a, ¡.j, DUES^nnSIGNTNO \

*fT#-v* (Port Canrnlwll) asks about- openings for tiri"*» designer.«. She bag pni-sed her junior public and done a course in drawing at *i technical Behool und would be prepared to do furtlier tram

*ng.

I am afraid that there nre nofc rtmny openings fur dress designers in Victoria. So far as I can- dis- cover, the slroi« do not employ designers, bat are content to use the frshion journals. If the technical schools arc to be effective thoy should 1« able to advise students on matters of this sort, and to train directly for «pedal avcnijca_of work.

TO WASH FLANNELS. ' r "Iras" (H. Malvern) rays:-"My'experience in washing woollens is-that the cold water ami soft Foap does not suit when wool is worn next tlie »tkin, or by men who perspire freely. Flannels in this case ¡should be^washed in hot water if they are to smell fresh after wadiiuç."

, Excesdvc perspiration is very damaging to woollen clothes, but I think it probable that the use of a little ammonia with the soft soap and borax mixture would help to soften and .sweeten the flannels. 1 have used the cold water method lor twelve yearn for all the Hannels worn in my house, and everyone wears thom next the skin,

USEFUL UINTS.

"M.M." (Apollo Bay) recommend«» a polish made of equal parta of raw linseed oil, turpentine, vinegar, and methylated spirits for darkening and Improving linoleum and furniture. " Tlie in- gredient*, should be mixed" well and bottled, and the bottle should be well shaken before using. Linoleums-become slippery if the mixture "Is used too freely, but it is splendid for improving shabby linoleum. "M."M." used it when her linoleums had been spoiled by carpenters and plar-tcrers working in the house, and found tli^t it restored the linoleums, removing the grey tinge and hiding nil rcrutches. It should be put on sparingly, and

rubbed well in.

Another good hint sent hy tina correspondent is _r> use insectibanc on shelves" and, in cupboards to keep ante away. It does not seem to»kill, them, but they will-.not come near it.' It in also a good tiling to use for gelling rid of cockroaches. "If used freely it* will soon rid~a\housc of this post. It knocks them over on their backs, and they^can be swept up and burned, '.

TO STAIN FLOORS.

"F.ÏJ.TÏ." (East st- Kilda) asks what is the most satisfactory way to stain floors. .'She wants one with a blackwood stain and ", one with a Jacobean oak offert.

If special effects of this sort are wanted, it is much better to have the floors done by a compe- tent tradesman. In any case, it will be necessary to get r special stains from > a paintshop. Tlie stains must not be "varnish" stains. Before applying the'stain, scrub the floor well Apply the stain whilst the floor is, still, damp- The stain penetrates'better if .this is done. 'Some tradesmen use a little caustic soda with their stains, as they say this helps the stain to work in well. It would be advisable, however, to consult the paint-dealer nbout this, as it might not answer with the'special stain. When doing a whole floor, the simplest way to apply the "stain * is a with a long-handled brush, using a sweeping" sort of movement. When the floor is Btaíned all mer and quite dry, apply boiled oil evenly with a soft cloth, nibbing the oil well in. Let this dry thoroughly, allowing two or three dava for the drying, then give a second co.it of oil, and let that also dry thoroughly. Then apply beeswax nnd turpentine, and polish well, lllx the beeswax and turpentine thin enough t to leave only a soft film ir dropped on the floor.- Take a soft cotton cloth, nnd dip one corner of it into the mixture, lîoll the cloth up tightly and squcc7c it to distribute the wax evenly through it. Put this cloth on the floor, and with a stiff straw broom push the cloth up nnd down eaeh board, u«ing a good deal of pressure. Then take a clean old flannel cloth, and .in tlie same way rub up every board with this, until a nice polish is obtained. Tlie floor will not be in really good condition until it has been polished a good many times.

BUGS.

"Completely Cured" (ITawkFbnro) «ya that she has been successful in getting rid of tlie bug peat She burned formalin cones in the room. A cone costs eightcenpence. It is difli- cult. to «et the cone on fire, nnd it is not burned out'*until reduced to, a white ash. This must be' done pretty frequently until the pest is got rid of. Liquid formalin tJiould also be sprinkled freely everywhere.

COPPER STATES.

"Spoilt Clothes" (Lyndhurst) asks why a cop per which has been in use for three" or four years without causing any trouble should now stain some of the clothes yellow.

., Tlie trouble is, more than probjblv, dne to the action of the soap on the copper. Probably there is some chongo in the composition of the mn\\. The only remedy is thorough scouring of the cop- per before each wash.

CAKE OF HAIR.

"M.II." (St. Kilda) ai-ks what is the cause of hair splitting at the ends, and how to pi event it.

Tlie hair will always split at the nuls ir it is not cared for, and especially if it is drv luir. Once every month or six weeks the h."r should be care- fully clipped and Btnged bv a competent pen-on. If this in done it will look infliiitelv bitter tiun if this is neglected. It is an l-jsv matter to e.irrv out the process for another per-on, but almost impossible to do it for onesclr. Kegutar d.iilv bru-di ing will aUo help to keep tlie bair from »splitting.

. ' ltAIIIDILESSINU.

''Leonora" (Melbourne) is about to put up her hair, and usks me to suggest a suitable style.

. .There arc, for tlie time being, no fashions in hair- dressing, w> that one iimv choose urn- stjle tlial ___ becoming. The hair may lie parted in ti« middle or at one ride, and arranged floítly on the forehead, tlir back portion being arranged either in coils or rolls, and either on the crown of the head or above the nape of the neck. The simplest way is to separate the front portion of the hair from the back, und comb it forward. Then comb up the back hair, and tie it securely either on top or at thcJmck of tlie brad. Then arrange the front hair, secur- ing it with hairpins. Then divide and coil up the luck hair. If a stamped and addressed em elope is forwarded and the question roi>catcd, 1 will send one or two pictures of attractive styles.

"Neat" (Benalla) asks how often oily hair should be washed, and what is a pretty style of hairdress- ing for a girl of sixteen.

Once a fortnight should' he often enough to wa* the hair. ' Mont girls ol sixteen pari tbeir baie, »and

arrangr the front portion eoftly about tbf forehead, i securing it with one or two neat da*p*. Thcn¡ tbej ' brush the baue part neatly, and tie it with a rib Ixra bow at the nape of the neck. Somctimca inst-ad of clasps a \olvct band from lin to 2ln wide is worn to hold the front hair in place Tins Íb a plain hand kent tight by joining the two «ids that come under the bair with a short length

of clastic

DYrmo

"I&nûc" (endfield) asks what can be done with a tablecloth which has been dyed at home and has gone jiateliv She also asks for advice as to djo ing a light coloured carpet.

It l8 I think, the «grcatcs possible mistake to attempt an> home dicing just now,_For a good manj jears before the war we were entirelj dependent upon Gcrmanv for most of our best dies. Sow those dvea arc unobtainable, and al

though research work and experimenting in dve ntnilfl arc goinj on vigorously in Lngland, some ot the d>c3 at present in use can be guaranteed In niiv cage, tablecloths and carpets arc difficult things to manage owing to their weicht, and it is more economical in the long run to eena them to a

competent tradesman

MAGNLSIA 0\ WOOD

"Youth" (Mathoura) asks how to remove tbo marks causwl by spilling magnesia on the oak frame and glass of a picture

If sponging with clean warm water will not remen c the marks, I should try the effect of add- ing lemon juice to tlie water

CARE OF COMPLEXION

"Afflicted One" (Melbourne) and "In Despair** (lialtland) ask for ad.ice as to the care of the

skin

If stamped and addressed cnvrlopei are for- warded, and the questions repeated, 1 will Bend the

information asked for by pott,

"W St " (Alphington) a-sks how to steam the

face

This is u-aially done by laying very hot wet doth* öd the ince and leaving them on for a few minutes Cooler cloths are then substituted, and finally cold one..; rhc finishing touch is gil en by using a little ice, or by laving the face with very cold water to which a little hazcllno has been added The cold treatment after the steaming ia important in order to close tlie pores again

isnvr \ATIUN RING

"Kubla Khan" (Albury) asks about a new shape in napl in nngs which aie is told c .n be obtained

in Melliourne **

The ring meant Íb probably that of which a iketch is given. Its advantage He» in the fact that it cannot roll It is made in electroplate, and is

inexpensive Several of the eitv Jewellers stock it, and if my correspondent desire? to know where to bil) it she should forward a stamped and addressed

envelope.

ADDRESSING ENVELOPES

"Ignorant" (Cressy) UEks if, in acknowledging a letter of svmpathy from husband and wife, the note should be addressed to both husband »and

wife

Übe envelope should be addressed to the wife.

CARE OF 1IAND?

"M M " (Apollo Bay) saya that after peeling onionifa cut raw potato rubbed over the hands, without vritcr will remove the smell of the onions

completely It is important not to wash the hands before using the potato A little bit of sorrel nibbed on the hinds will help to remove stains when a lemon is not available A pood soapj lather from common Foap, with half a teaspoonful of sur ir, rubbed gently over the hands until the sugar is dissolved, will make the hands delightfully smooth Gentle friction is required or the sugar will moke the hinds sore for a time. This hint came orlpmalh from a worker in u sill factory, who said tint it was the only means of keeping the bandi* smooth enough to handle the silk Sifted oatmeal or powdered starch dusted lightly over tlie hands gives "the final touch "

CARE Ot RACQUET

"Tennis" (Melbourne) has a good tennis racquet which lins become warped, owing to not having been I ept in a press Site oaks what can be done to re^tifj this

If tlie warping is ovir slight, it may be rectified hy keeping the racquet in a press now It would Iwj a good plan to take it to the Sports Depot and consult them about it. They have a great deal oí experience with nil sports materials

MEALING or K-unx

"D " (Sale) asks if any reader can tell her the nnning of "Lathella "

wail srrAMrits .

"In Bc-spair" (Maitland) asia a question about mail steamers for England

Tlie mail steamers Have fnirlj regularly

stamped and addressed envelope should be for warded for the rcplv to the other question oeked, lind the question should be repeated

THE WARDROBE.

l^VENTNG DRESS,

"Iras" (E. Malvern) asks what kind of dress it w worn in the evening at public receptions and tit homes. What would lie the best material for a

rnrm evening coat to last two or titree seasons

There arc few big evening functions now that de- mand elaborate dre-wing Full evening dress would be worn on any such occasion Brocades nnd tulle mer silk are tim stutp» mostly used for euch frocks. Tlie'ncwest skirts are plain and lull, the only trim ming being gold or silver Ince or --tinsel, nnd coloured embroideries on the underskirt showing through the tulle Bodices vnrv vçrv little the tulle frocks lulling transparent sleeves of any length lit e*lt and the tulle draped over a silk foundation, with the skirt trimming repeated. If "Inis ' cares to send a stomped and addressed envelope, I can let her have some pictures 1 have not seen a new evening coat for eighteen months. Fvcrvonc who possesses a. fur coat wears that A full coat of vel

vet or brocaded material lined with silk, with fur col Lar would be up to date, and if made hnnging straight and wide from the shoulders, would be capable of alteration

GABARDPTE COSTUME

"Gabardine" (Geelong) asks what would he the best stjlc of coat and skirt costume for'winter, wear? How ore the pleats, arranged in the new pleated skirts? What is the width round the bot

tom?

If mr corrcmondent will send me a stamped and addressed envelope and repeat her question, J «¡hall lie glad to send her some pictures of suitable costumes. There is much variety in the pleated s arts, and the width ranges from under three yards to over four The simplest and most ceo nom jeal pleated skirt that I hnve seen haB three box pie its in the front and three more at the Hack The side scams are gored Tlie skirt takes ?inlv two widths of material for a fairly slender person small pieces ^ 1 cing introduced at the lower end of the side scams to give greater width st the foot. Tlie pleats are stitched down for «bout two thirds of the way in front and one-third at the back. Pleats whieh are loose from the waist require much more material Tlie quantity of material required for a costume depends very largely on the st}le chosen. Irom 0 to 74 yards

. ill be needed

B-ÍBTS CTOTnES

'Castlemaine" asks what it the best kind of 1 matcnal for nightdresses and nightgowns for - voung baby in Augu«t She docs not care fe

nun's veiling ^

Viyella would make nice warm nlgbtgowns but

I do not like it for dresses. Cashmere would be' nice for dresses but allowance would have to be made for shrinking One's choice of cream woollen stuffs is very limited nowadajs

"Castlemaine" also asks whether miall pieces

of old tablecloth or white towels wonld be useful I

to the lîed Cross

All pieces of soft white cotton stuff, if properly clean, can be made we of bv the lied Crofs socic ' tica. lions and roams need not be removed

wroow s a i ib

h 'S1?J " (Maryborough) as-itwbat sort of veil I is suitable for a widow * I

llic old traditional widow's veil of crepe

other dense black stuff has f¡one out of use. I Widows gencrallj wear an orduiary v di of plain black tulle nowadavte

DRiDAL vnr*

'linde" (Queenscliff) asks what would be thei be«rt material to get for a bridal veil How muchf would bo required? Should it be s piare or oblong,

id voull it bo more attractive if embroidered? ' Mott bndai veils are made of tulle A Rood un .oarible tulle it sold now by all the shop. It looks Iwtter with a silk run hem, but unless the embroidering is ycry well done I prefer it without embroidery The quantit} of tulle required depends upon the arrangement decided upon and the height of the wearer A long veil looks much better than a short one. It would be advlfnblc to decide

i the style and then to consult the person who ill make the veil about the quantity

TO Sl-FtFV MUSLIN

"Correspondent" (Kew) says that ehe finds that I gelatine it the best thing to use for stiffening fine muslin collars "Break into small pieces about

quurter of a sheet of gelatine put it into a jar, ".id cover It with water Stand the jar in a sauce

pani containing w iter, and heat over the fire until I the gelatine melts Stir the gelatine frequently In this way the tehtine dissolves more quickly and evenly than by pouring boiling water over " Thw quantity will do three or four collars,

wording to size Place a clean cloth over the col

The dark blue I rints and cambrjc?, which

"pt In go streaki if stiffened with starch may t

be stiffened with gelatine About a sheet of gela _quart of water should be enough to give cambric its ora,mai stiffness In this case the pnnti or cainbrict should he dried and damped

r- the ordimrj \\a\ I

io sur STOCKINGS

"M P * (Geelong) Biys that for some time paßt ¡Oie lins uccd a mithod suggested in these columns for paving stockings from tcanng at. the tops, ami find* it ven sueci* ful Tlie method is to sew Uirce loops of tape to the top of each stocking -one at each side and one in front-and to fasten the clips of the Expenderá In these loops instead of in tlie stocking Intelj fho has/subs'ti tilted _la<*tic for tape, and finds It better Three inches make one loop

V Ml R M\RK ON ASS \M SIT,K

.CSW" (South _arra) asks howVo remove a water mark from Assam silk

I nin afraid Uiat the m irl will only disappear when the whole costume is vi allied I should tr>»

bowel cr, gently nibbing the spot between the j Innis ami afterwards ironing ihc silk must not j 1e dimpc 1 before ironing

10 WASH I ACE

Doubtful * (Mcome Pond.) «Fits how to wash n I fin luce with silk net foui dation It is soiled j where if touches the hair ind i

I should wash Hil lace if it is very soiled using

winn water and «up Df&olve a little *oap iii | boiling w iter and ad 1 cold water to make It warm onlv Jut the lie. into thU an I .sinkt, it about

It will not -lund rubbing If very decoloured it I i.u> be t-oiked in (liealvptus /or a few minutes before washing After wa litng rinso very tho roughly in several w iter«, foil in a clem towt!

ind iron on the wror^, «id when half drv If too j

soft it maj be stiffened willi wc ik gelatine water I have not used 1 uji rall: at all, but I am told

tint it needs io 1 l iroi ed bl c Japanese hilk when I thoroughly dan) It is Advisable not to dry I white idlk at iIL but to roll it when wet in a towel and to inn it when ti e towel has absorbed a good deal of the moisture from it If allowed to dry in the air it Is apt to go yellow

MJCAIAPTDS FOR STAINS

A successful little experiment which 1 made last week may be of interest to some of my readers. I was out during the whole of Friday evening's

duststorm, and on removing my blouse of thin, white miH'1 found that pco>pir*tion Mid. dust

had combined to leave a line almost brick coloured along the edge o( Uic neck. The ma- terial was too thin to stand severe nibbing, so I decided to try the effect of eucalyptus on the stain. J soaked it in the eucalyptus for ten minutes, then washed the bloucc with warm water nnd soup, and

ringed it thoroughly. Every vestige of the slain had disappeared without boiling. The' smell of the eucalyptus evaporates rapidly, and when the blouse was dry not a trace of smell remained.

RASPBERRY STAINS.

"Cherriton" (Coimadai) asks how to rcmoTe raspberry ttains from white silk. She had a white silk costume sent by rail in a cardboard box. When it arrived the box was much stained with what seem to be raspberry stains, and there arc rome spots on both coat and skirt.

Fresh fruit stains may often be removed by rubbing a little salt into Uic sUiIub and pouring boiling water through them. Stretch the stained part over the top of a basin to pour the water through. Salts of sorrel are sometimes recom- mended for removing fruit stains, but 1 have not tested Ibcm myself.

KITCHEN AND PANTRY.

BAKED FLOUR. !

"iLTxSL** (Kew) asks how to prepare baked flour for infants' and invalids' food.

Put the flour into an earthenware bowl or jar. Cover it with a ltd or plate, and put it into a slow oven. From time to time take out, the jar and stir up the flour well from the bottom end sides, breaking up any lumps that may form. Continue the baking for five or six hours, or until the flour is of an even, deep bisadt colour throughout. Tlie flour should be used with milk in preparing food, and the food may be sweet- ened with extract of malt instead of sugar. This makes it more digestible. Dr. Philip Muskctt re- commends the use of a whole whea£ flour instead of white flour when making this food for infants. His recipe for preparing the food for a baby is ns foUows:-"Rub up one tcuspnonful of the baked flour with a tablespoonful of cold milk info a smooth paste. Then add another tablespoonful of milk gradually, making the mixture smooth and creamy. Then add a quarter of a pint of boiling milk, stirring briskly. The food-Js then ready for lite, nnd may be sweetened to to^te with extract of malt or sugar." If I were making the food, I should boil it for a few minutes after mixing it lilla will not take from the value of the food iii any way, ' and'' will. ensure

sterilisation.

CASSEROLE C00KHÍG.

"C.T.U" (Clifton IU11) asks for hints about casserole cooking. She nlwi asks .why Uic fat eomctimes froths when brains arc fried.

Ko special recipes are necessary for casserole

cooking. Any kind of stew is improved by being, cooked in a casserole. The long, slow cooking is the secret of success. H vegetables aro used they tJiould be as young as possible. Baby tur- nips, onions, nnd carrots arc delicious cooked with meat in a casserole. It is worth while to

grow them oneself in order to be able to use, them in this way. Fat will not froth if it is i quite clean and free from moisture. A good plan, when one wants* to use fat in a hurry, is io peel n potato and slice it into the fat. Leave it in until the fat is hot enough to use, Uicn strain the fat into a fresh vesseL This, his a wonderful clearing effect.

GOOD COFFEE MILU

The best type of coffee mill that I have seen for Uic ordinary'housc is shown in the accompany- ing sketch. It has a covertyl glass container for

tabîespoonfuls Different degrees of fineness in

grinding" con be secured by regulating the dinl screw A coffee mill of this type, without the measurement marks on the grading arrangement,

> obt unable in Melbourne.

GLM CAKES

'Mary Musk" (Melbourne) sends the folkmmg recipe for gems, to be cooked in hot gem irons - ' 1} cupfuls plain flour sifted three times, . tea spoonful salt 1 tcaspoonful sugar, J cupful cold water, J cupful fresh milk, 1 egg Put all the ingredients in a jug, and beat thoroughly until quite smooth Have the oven hot enough for scones. Put the gem irons into the oven, and make them very hot Butter them well, and pour in the mixture. Bike for half an hour Wien cooked the¿ should be round like balls "

PLAIN CAKE.

**M C " (Clifton lilli) asks for a recipe for rich

plain cake

One breakfast cnprul butter, 2 brcakfart cupfuls flour, li breakfast cupfuls soft sugar, & eggs. Crcim the butter nnd suptr well together Add the eggs one at a time, ai(d beat each one in thoroughly before adding tlie next- Add the flour very l'ghtly Pour into a prepared tin, nnd bake in a moderate oven fór^about nn hour Tlie thorough beating of the butter and sugar until the sugar is dissolved is the secret of success in this cake A little essence of lemon or a very little grated vel low lemon rind or grated candied peel may be uecd to flavour this cake.

TO BOTTLE FRUIT

A number of inquiries have been received for instructions for bottling fruit according to the method followed bv Miss Knight, the Government expert This method waa described fully in the "Women b Realm" column of "The Aittus* of Saturday a few weeks ago, and as I cannot afford space for repetition I shall be glad to forward the directions by port to nnj readers who care to send stamped and ûddreoçd envelope for tlie pur

pose.

JAM RECIPES

Anxious to Learn" (N Melbourne) asks for recipes for jams.

Ab space is very precious it is not possible for mc to repeat recipes frequently I shall be glad therefore if those who ask for recipes for jam, or for the repetition of other recijxs which have appeared recently, would forward stamped and addressed envelopes with their inquinen m that I may answer by post

BOTTLE CAPPER

The "American housewife ia lucky enough to be able to cover her bottles of sauce with one of the closcl) fitting caps which are used on man)

aerated water bottles nowadaya. The caps au. sold by hardware dealers in \nicric_, ruad tlie little! machine shown in the accompanying picture is used to lit tnem on the Iwttk«

RECII>1_ WANTED

"Thirsty" (Jlaryboroeieh)-Hop beer without ycist "Anst-iellan" (li unghnn)-Tomato Jam, fiai oared with casenco of lemon, green tomato Juna

THE MILK PROBLEM

TO THE EDITOR Or TIIE ARGUS .

Sir-The article in "The Argus" of 8aturdny on tlie milk supply of Melbourne finishes Tilth the remarl. thnt "the State ¿Uinistry should gnpple uith the milk problem " Our National Council of Women have been urging this trappling of the milk problem on buccessivc Governments for B-vcral icars We Ind a deputation ns lately asjNovemlier, 1010, anil put tlie same details as mentioned by you before the Chief Secretary, and lie promised us sin cerely that he would cause the question of a double daily milk dejivcn for the coming summer to brought before the C ibinet But here ne nre in tlie. midst of a summer, and nothing has been done toivaids ensuring flesh milk for our babies

About fne j cars ago our council got the Jlilk Suppliers' Associition to meet us in conference I think neil li 70 m i iter milk- men met ui Thev udiniltod 111 it it meant 1 question of expense to hue double dill j (leinenes lim -would have to keep i\(ra nun Lhcj also acknoiilcilged tint milk not delivered on Sunday ifternooni lient into the ice houses, anil ii as eleliverrd some dajs later (not next daj) -In« milk would be. allright when it caine out of the ice- house, but, after being a few liours in the consumer's house iiheie (here ire no cool conveniences, what about its «ecping quail

ties' '¡o our baines tip -utclieieel to nnkp i mill ni ill's holiday "

] should like to take our St ite Ministry and otu lnuiucipil louncils on a holiday jaunt," after one of our hot (lavs, into some of the closely pacl ed houses in the indus trial suburbs and let them tiste the milk which has been delnerel at 5 a in and Ins to elo foi the children until nctt dai's eichler} Why do lit nomon stand tks "hi mellier of the innocents'' We ought To mike an election question of the milk Mipplj if ne cannot get it rectified in any

other li ii -^ ours _c

Al"! \ MclNTÏRNY,

Vice-president Nilional Council of Women

of \ letona

Lorne, Jan 2_ _

Farm one! Dairy Bee special »rtide by "Hickory" in ' nie Australasian " Satuntay,

I'ouiilry Holes, by ' Chanticleer " A_äU_l_ti__," S-taajiiay, Juiuary 30.

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