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  • doug.butler 29 Oct 2013 at 10:46
    "Our special Commissioner" was C. E. W. BEAN

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(by our special commissioner.)  


Towards the end of August work BUrWit   . one of the largest sheds on the DaX

Sir Samuel M'Caughey's static äffe?

.Shearing began'on the flrst of the mom?. ¡Dunlop, the great shed just below ST **

time the teams have been bringle ,/£ !°n! ron, the Paroo; and camels are now strtrT) in towards Bourke with two balelorj f°i hump, from stations further out than S£ The shearers have begun to eat their W like an army of grasshoppers, from theim,*' west in towards the Pacific anTtrTv* They have even reached as far in as G "ncï on the North-western railway. Ä*T month the wool sales for this year 111 ».'.î

AUSTRALIA'S MAKING ^ It a man 'from ,Mars were to duran M». .'.

in Sydney in these days, whentherÏÏ much talk of closer settlement and of faT.,

-of the growing of apples and potat e^ï cauimowcrs and (he making of hutarT. would probably recognise that thero were *! people up the country who did do loTeS else as well, because he would see "Z square brown packages of some other st«« "

which people did not talk so much but ^,1 still was carried In a continuousT* down castlereagh-stroet and Macquarie-^,

to the wool stores and hoisted into »hiT What probably ho would not realisei Is lhrt he was watching the last process In an Indu

try that has been for a hundred years Ti still is heyond all comparison the most im. portant ,, the land. And perhaps there I, some little danger that oven tho people 1» the land Itself may bo inclined, In their etnl noss to do the beat tor Australia by settlln» it as closely as may bo with farmers and fruitgrowers, to overlook the fact that, aft« all there Is no Industry in Australia yet which brings to it the wealth which come! to it, in return, for its wool,'and tint such as Australia is, it is the wool Industry ( that has made it, |s making It still, <anj

must always make a great part of it, ?


Wool is making not only tho country-car,. Ing it block by block out of the virgin bush and making It habltablo for men; It I» mak- ing also the men themselves, it cams out whole classes of Australians. It Is no exag. goratlon to say that each branch-almost , each process-of the wool Industry has mid»

and moulded somo entirely separate and JU tlnct typo of Australian. In the days beton fences the lonely men whoso work It waa ta shepherd the sheep became a class apart, a i class entirely and obviously different from

other Australians. In those days tho bound ary rider, on "outside" runi at any rate, win doos in some sort the work of tho old shep- herd, is n typo by himself. The work In tin paddocks makes one man, the work at th« ? homestead makes another, the work on to»

roads and stock routes makes another. Tt« wool of Australia, from the moment it begin» to lengthen on the lamb's back to the tims when it is on the floor of the sheds or packej on tho river barges with a steamer parting down tho gleaming streak ahead of it and th» old river skipper fondling his big black Iron

steering wheel .on the' broad bridge in tt«, deep shade of the deckhouse, is not merely ! making the wealth of Australia. It Is making

the Australian-the ono sort of Australia« ; which US really unmistakably Australian. ' ¡ FROM BACK TO BACK.

, In this series of articles it is proposed to

follow the wool-right through from the sheep'» bock to tho back of the man In tho street

, The "Sydney Morning Herald" has accordingly -

despatched a representative to follow tho pro- cesses of the industry In the north and the far west, on the rivers, and in tho towns wherever, indcod, there Is any interest In to» processes or those connected with thom. Er« ccpt for occasional alterations In tho setting

the facts and yarns related In the course ol' these articles aro the actual facts and yarns as they were seen by, or told to, tho ^"Herald*

representative during the past few months '

It Is not enough to hal o followed the wal , I out In the back blocks; for It Is not onljtli ] country that Is kept going by tho wool In- dustry. Probably there are every bit as mjij, people In tho tow ns who carn their living al- together out of wool as In the country. -On tho railways, on the carts, in the stores, la the offices, on tho quays, in the big scouring aid fellmongcring and soapmaklng works at Botany, at the combing machines and In las wool factories, there are thousands upon thousands of men, and women, too, making their living out of wool. It Is hard to a« what part of the people of tho State Is not . mainly supported by wool. Even pastrycooks

from the tbwns who often go out and oler I themselves ns cooks for the shearers, anJ Ifarmers and thoir sons who go shearing to íuí

Iplemont their earnings, cut out some of thei* ' biggest cheques in the wool Industry.


Australia might have been a country when

thoy grew something olse. It might hare bean ' a' country whero thoy grew potatoes; and lb» Australian might havo been a potato grow. But ho Is not. Such as It Is, Australia has boen mado by wool. And so has the Aus- tralian. It may bo that the country will «till come to grow something else. Australians ma flnd something else better suited to the peculiar, [nature of the country. For about half of Aus-

tralia has a certain quite astonishing oiialit-, which only those who have seen It can realise. It Is a quality gradually developed In Um plant life of Iho country through con- tinual trial by drought and by Ure. Drought and fire havo como upon Australia so rogalarl for so many aeons of time that no plant whoa» seed could not icslst them had any chance of surviving. Consequently it the country bi-

cornes a desert above them tho seeds that art > below the surface of the desert will Hw «« 15 or 20 years at least, walting for a tsnv nblo rain or goodnci.3 knows what other con- ditions to turn ,that desert into country al well grassed, for tho time, as England itself. Af tor the last flood grass grow on Boolaboolka Lnko, cast of Monlndle, which had t'l:en°"" mant first under drought and then under Boo«

for lBVcars; and an Bourke at this momea . thore aro some who hope to see or. the cora mon nftcr theso spring rains, at leas' som» sign of Mitchell or other grasses wblcni nar. not boon seen thero since 1894-or, somo safe

since tho flood In 1890.


If tho people in Mars aie watching Uf earth through telescopes just now. *' T¡ are close to it, the place that must. »tua» them will bo Australia Bjcauso »»«» '"" tlioy wore close to the earth-two years aj« -Australia was pink. Now it is S'f "'M,J If they could walch it thoy would see K chango almost every year In «?»°JH the centre ort It does nctuaUy £«»»?

desort-a rod sandy dosort, wltli tb» s»r»

blown off it and piled in «.ndl. U,W¿* «

wind that comes along. And inca

comes the rain in the proper part, ot '

month, and the partícula, «««" *" ' Au8. oven iroe, which this oxtrnordlnary au tralhw nature has marked up on her «J» dar against that partIcular day or two, c

up and turns the land Into a *"°;ailDewri . is ns though England and ''«ashing u. 'got mlxod-and ono was nlw,»ys0,?"rSU for tho timo and effacing the other.


Well, so far thoy have found 'batT dliglf, 'tlculnr cnuntry-thc IiUorlor-l» o«eoT ^j. well suited to tho growing of Uno w°"

may bo that they will somo **rj*fi', ,

something olso to suit It, andI«"«» bleat ? country where people Brow somo kind or » or fruit, which Is very noll kely, M t w

probably bo tor tho "»tier.T«« ?° m whero men Iwvoto work In factories.

would probably bo for the worse. ^ It for better or for ,w°rs°' 'rth°vo0,a pop».-, industries aro changed so will Iboj»" (.", lation bo changed. The. ».* h^,S3w, good ones-sturdy. «°a7-"m,5ad_J£ri or healthy fruit picker» and '«>lt paçkôta,

they may bo nervous narrow, cityDta no{ tory folk. But, ß°°/> °'br0' ZZ ma«w. bo tho old types. It °vo'J?0*T/, supple of Australia wot o to bo not moro Ja trlel( mentod, but supp atitcd, by othnr im. tho old typos of th« Australian, sucn

aro, would go with It. b "¡g

And there aro fO"»o th«' woum sorry to say good-byo to them.

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