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The recommendation of the Public Works Committee to proceed at once with the rebuilding of Parliament House by in- stalments Is one that will not meet willi general approval. There is no Immediate reason why we should begin to spend £140,000 on this undertaking, and there are many reasons why we should post- pone It to a more convenient season. Such necessary Avork as is required on the pre- sent building* to keep Hiern clean and habitable should be doue. Some attention needs lo be paid to ventilation and light- ing. The Hansard staff and some other officials should be housed in rather more civilised nl\le, and something further might be done to minimise lire risks lu the older ¡nation of the hi mot me. But there is no reasonable excuse for setting to work on a grandiose scheme. It must not be forgot- ten that diiriug the last eight or ten years there has been perennial tinkering with these buildings, some of It of a very ex- pensive kind, until'now the accessories to Parliamentary comfort must be regarded as pretty complete. At all events, they are as completa as the State is prepared to pay

for at present. This incessant building and alteration seems, however, to have had no other effect than to whet the appetite for more, and if the present scheine is Indulged lu It Is bound In the end to prove a much more costly luxury than even the archi- tect's estimates disclose. Our point Is, (hat Just now there Is vital need for economy, especially for economy lu nou-reprodnctive works. We do not know how we shall come out of the Federal financial scheme until we have liad experience of its actual working. Al) the ' evidence points lo rapidly Increasing Commonwealth expendi- ture, and even if our definite per capita return is secured to us, we shall not be immune from further Commonwealth taxa- tion. The whole problem of (he relation between Commonwealth and States Is so far from being finally solved that It must b.' a matter of the gravest concern for years lo come. So far as the im- mediate concerned, at any rate, we should indulge in no expenditure that cun be avoided without endangering the effl ciency of Stale enterprises; and a more or less gorgeous building will probably add nothing at all to the dignity or value of Parliamentary debate. The project Is one with which the Parliamentarian naturally sympathises, but the public can view the matter in a more dispassionate nnd disin- terested fashion, and It will see no reason for the proposed expenditure. We must remember, too, that the State Parliaments, lu (he natural progress of political evolu tiou, will become numerically smaller thin they are now. The process of reduction of members Is not complete. Sooner or later it will be pushed a good deal further. Weare therefore not planning accommo- dation for a growing Parliament, but rather for one destined to diminish both in per- sonnel and Importance. In-such circum- stances the question of entering upon a great building scheme can very xsell be left over. We have no lack of much more pressing needs that ought to be satisfied first _ '

Saturday's "Herald."-On account ot the large amount ot advertising matter which has to be dealt with tor Saturday's issue of the "Herald," advertisers and agents are re- quested to send in their advertisements as early as possible to-day, in order to facilitate


Parliamentary Courtesy.-Mr. Griffith asked the Premier yesterday whether, in view of what was said on the previous day in an ex- amination before the Victorian Public Works Committee on the Daylight Saving Bill, he would Instruct the Government Whip Dot to object to a motion on the business paper for

leave to Introduce a Daylight Saving Bill' be-

ing allowed to go as a formal motion. Mr. Wade replied, "This brings home to one very distinctly tho advantages of mutual courtesy." "Hear, hear," cried Mr. M'Qowen in loud tones. The Premier proceeded, "At the re- quest of the hon. member for Sturt (Mr. Griffith). I asked the Whip ten days ago to allow thla motton to go as formal." "He never did It," said Mr. Griffith. "Yes, I have," retorted Mr. Nobbs. "Hon. members on that side of the House," continued the Premier, "object to motions from members sitting be- hind the Government going as formal, with the resnlt that hon. member« , on this aide object to their motions "

A Slight Misconception.-Mr. Fleming, M.L.A., is determined that Ministers shaft not lose sight of the proposed Muswellbrook to Merriwa raliway. During the time for ask- ing questions In the Legislative Assembly yes- terday, he propounded no fewer than three queries to Ministers on the subject, mainly calling on them to say whether they recol- lected making certain promises to local peo- ple in connection with the raliway named. The Minister for Works was not in a posi- tion to say wheo the work would be ready for reference to the Public Works Committee, and then the Premier was asked whether he recol-

lected promising the secretary of the Railway

League that the work should be referred to the Public Works Committee this session. "I can only say I am astounded," was Mr. Wade's reply. Then Mr. Fleming came up with another question: "Does the Premier recollect having promised the president of the league that he would call the attontlon of the Minister for Works to this work, nud ask the president to write to him if he forgot it?" Mr. Wade answered: "I am afraid there Is a misconception The president of the league asked me to do a certain thing, and has writ- ten to me since to remind me of that promise. My recollection «as that It was to address a public meeting at Merriwa."

The) Apprentice Question.-"If the future of this country is to be considered at all," said one of the paragraphs of the annual re- port of the Employers' Federation Counoll, presented at the annual meeting of that body yesterday, "th* apprentice question is and al- ways will be one of the most Important sub- jects of the day. Whether it should be dealt with by tho wages boards or by separate and distinct legislation Is a matter which calls for much thought. The present tendency Is to limit the Introduction or apprentices In a manner which threatens the extermination of some of the industries, unless the supply of skilled workmen is kept up by Immigration, which certainly does not point to the build- ing up of an industrial nation. Employees claim that In some of the Industries the ten-

dency Is to, overload the workshops with ap- prentices to the displacement of the journey- men, but such an argument is scarcely tenable, as the employer has not only to see to the production of the perfect article. In view of the competition of others, but he also has the binding obligation of teaching the1 apprentice

his trade "

! Labour'b High-water Mark -Senator Walker,

when mdvlng a vote of thanks to the retiring officers of the Employers' Federation yester- day, referred to the1 political prospects of the Labour party "The advices we have receiv- ed," he said, "show that Labour haB reached high-water mark, and If we only pull to- gether 1 believe1 the next election will show a different complexion of affairs. In the Senate three Labour senutois will retire next year for Queensland, and w*1 expect to gain two of their seats; in N. S Wales we will not proie other- wise than faithful to the way In which we have been acting for years; and In Western Australia we at leaBt hope to hold our own." He did not say anything about Victoria, South Australia, or Tasmania, so it Is not known whether those Slates are going to return their old members or whether they will return all Labom lepresentatives. He, howeve'i, said that It was hoped In this State to min one 01 two other seat» from the other Bide In «lec- tions for the Hoime of Representatives.

Play the Game -Speaking at the annual dis- tribution of prises yesterday at the Church of England Giammar School, North Sydney, the Gove.nor (Lord Chelmsford) advised the boys among other things to always "play the game, play It fairly, and obey the umpire." By playing unfairly they would soon be dis- credited. Recently ho bad witnessed n foot- ball match In Sydue>, and ho nhtlced that one man who hnd hardly done anything could attempt nothing without the crowd hooting him, and this, he learned, «as on account of lila reputation for playing off-side. The crowd could not trust him If that man had learni the lesson of "playing the game," he would not have been subjected to that hostile demon- stration. In public life they came across men of brilliant attainments, and they asked why such men did not succeed. The answer was that it wa» because of some social blemish which led everyone to distrust them. He trusted that they would remember his advice, and avoid the pitfalls around them.

Resuming Barren Jack Lands,-Mr. Brlner, In the Legislative Assembly yesterday, asked the Minister for Work« whether the Govern- ment intended to resume any lands within the sphere of influence of the Barren Jack irri- gation scheme, and, if so, would that resump- tion be made before the land became much mora Increased in value because of the scheme. The Minister answer«« that obviously land resumptions wars inevitable, but there would be very littls foraslfht exhibited if they were resumed years before they «m required. The

work» wer« being carried out. and the re- sumptions would be effected at the opportune time. Valuations were now being made, and the fullest information being collected, bul it was inadvisable at this stage to state what lands were likely to be resumed, for the rea- son that to make lliat Information public would lead to speculation. Therefore the Government must act without making any pub-

lic display.

Managing Clerks In Court.-The Registrar In Bankruptcy Interrupted proceedings yester Say to expiées a decision he had come to as to right of audience. He said that so far as he was aware It had not yet been decided that the practice of solicitors not on the re- cord appearing was improper in the Bank- ruptcy jurisdiction, though heliad doubted'its propriety. Mr. Justice Street had declared in the Probate Jurisdiction on February 22 thal the practice of managing clerks who Avere themselves solicitors appearing In court In matters in which their employers acted ia solicitors was improper, and he had announc- ed that In future he would not hear managing clerks. The Chief Judge lil Equity, in April last, had also announced the same determina- tion. The right of audience in the Bankruptcy jurisdiction rested upon the Legal Practition- ers Act, 3198, just the same as In the other Jurisdictions of the Supreme Court. Follow- ing the rulings referred lo, the Registrar said he would In future refuse to hear managing clerks or other solicitors who appear for soli-

citors on the record.

The Public Debt.-The New South Wales public debt stands at £90,307,41$. The ser- vices on which tbia money has been expend- ed are shown by the Government Statisti- cian under three beads-reproductive Avorks, £71,423,742; partly productive, £7,856,411; and unproductive, £11,027,254. The Interest paid on these for the year ended June .10 amounted to £3,039,638, distributed thus under the respective headings:-reproductive works, £2,401,i67; partly productive, £265,423; and unproductive, £372,548. The net receipts (revenue less expenditure), were: Railways and tramways, £2,260,053; water supply and sewerage, £362,258; Darling Harbour re- sumptions, £31,904; and Sydney Harbour Trust, £230,486. The surplus,' after paying expense» and Interest, gave a total of £483,134, viz., railways and tramways, £434,117; water supply and sewerage, £6314, Darling Harbour resumptions, £8663; and Sydney Harbour Trust, £51,366.

Manly School.-Dr. Arthur wns at the head of a deputation to the Minister for Public In- struction yesterday representing the Manly Parents and Citizens' Association. The depu- tation asked for additional buildings at the Manly Superior Public School, more play- ground, and sufficient equipment for manual training and science class roomB. Mr. Hogue, replying, said he had already approved ot plans for four additional rooms, to accommodate 216, at a cost of £2660. If the additional accom- modation provided for ordinary class work proved Insufficient he wished it to be under- stood that the manual training and science rooms Included In the scheme would be used for ordinary class purposes. He promised to consider the proposal for the acquirement of additional playground.

Rational Prison Methods.-It has now been definitely decided that Captain Nettenstein will relinquish his office of Controller-General ot Prisons on October 31. In a letter to Cap- tain Nettenstein tho Earl of Jersey points out that the reduction of the number of prison- ers, the remedial effect of useful work on character, and the advantages of a system of

reformat{on have been the distinguishing fea- tures of' his administration of the Prisons Department, and his work constitutes a noble record, of which he might well be proud. "I must adji one other point. You have suc- ceeded in making the public realise that you have been right in your way of dealing and discriminating with crime and mistakes. There must be hundreds and thousands bless- ing your name." Mr. Thomas Holmes, the famous London police court missionary, and now secretary of the Howard Association, which has been responsible for many reforms in the English prison system, has also writ- ten to Captain Neltenateln congratulating bim upon the resulta of his administration. He says:-"The methods you have adopted seem to be so human and so sensible that one does not wonder at your success." .

For the Surf-bather.-The Randwick Coun- cil has been reminded of the proximity of the surf-bathing season by several corres- j pondent«, who forwarded application forAper

mtsslon to bring into being certain schemes | which, it was suggested, would make Coogee : Beach tho Mecca of the surfer. One appli- cant sought the council's permission to con- struct 105 .bathing-boxes, which, after a lease of five years, would become the property of the council. Another aaked leave to erect a tent on the sands, where bathers could have their phrenological peculiarities interpreted, while there were also applications for leave to run donkeys and ponies. One suggested that he should be allowed to erect tenta In which the comfort ot the surfer would be considered by the provision of looking glasses, mats, seats, etc. Each tent would tia 4ft square, and artistically tinted so as to harmonise with the surrounding landscape, possibly red and blue stripes. The applicant assured the council that the tents would be pretty to look at. The council also received a suggestion from the Coogee and District Progress Association that sun-bathing on the beach be strictly prohibited. It was Anally decided that the parks and baths committee consider the various suggestions

Scarcity of Surveyors.-The development of the closer settlement polloy of the Govern- ment has caused a demand for licensed sur- veyors. Young men of the required ability and experience have not always been available when wanted. It has been noted, therefore, with some satisfaction in the Lands Depart- ment that the number of candidates now pre- senting themselves tor examination is on the Increase. An examination by a board, of which the Under-Secretary. Mr R. McDonald, is the chairman, has been In progress since Monday, 22 candidates having presented them- selves. Mr. McDonald says this Is the great- est number for some years, being about three times the usual average. Thoae who pass will be available for employment in the De- partment of Lands either by tees or in some other way. The department could do with some vigorous young men for rough country


Poultry and the Plague.-Last July the city health officer. Dr. W. G. Armstrong, suggested that the city solicitor's opinion should be ob- tained as to the feasibility of framing a by- law which would prohibit the keeping of poultry in Lang and Gipps wards, except for the purposes of Immediate sale. These parts of the city, it was urged, were especially lia- ble to Invasion by the plague, and the keeping of poultrv in them was dangerous, since rats were likely lo be attracted. The city solicitor advised that the only objection to the law would bo Its partiality. This might, however, be met by the fact of the existence of special circumstances. If the Attorney-General ap- proved of the b>law be did not think it would be questioned. The proposed bylaw was framed accordingly, but the City Council's health committee came ° to the conclusion yesterday that it would be sufficient to en- force the present sanitary bylaws.

Rall and Tram Revenue.-The raliway re- venue for the week ended September IS amounted to £100,089, as against £97,7J. for the corresponding week of last year, an In- crease of £2297. The tramway revenue amounted to £20,681, as against £18,280 for the corresponding week of 1908, an Increase of


Schnapper near Beaches.-It is often said that schnapper are fish which arc caught only in comparatively deep water where reefs abound, but the experience of fishermen of Poit Stephens goes to prove that there are occasions when the magnificent red fish come close to the beaches, and may.there be caught In wide-meshed nets. Inspector E. J. Paton reported lo the Fisheries Board this aeek thal the keeper of the inner lighthouse had noted large shoals of schnapper near the beach, where they could have been taken in nets. The fish were said to be of «treat size, ranging from 151b to nearly 401b, and all were full-roed and in the pink of condition. Last year the inspector noted great schnapper shoals entering Port Stephens itself in June, and during that month the fish were caught la nets on th» beach». Thii year the fish

are nearly three months later, and a curious feature of their presence is that 30 miles north or south of ihe port other schnapper are In poor condition. This visitation is one from a new travelling shoal desirous of spawning clone to the shore.

Moral Value of Sport.-lu the head mas- ter's report read at the 'distribution of prizes yesterday at the Church of England Grammar School It wns said that the moral value of games In teaching self-sacrifice for the com- mon good enthusiasm, patience under rever- ses, and the like virtues, had often been cited in answer to those who attacked them as oc tupylng too much attention. Although their value was great, It was Idle to preteud that no danger lay in that direction. A recent lec- turer on the decline of the Roninn' Empire pointed out that one of .the contributing cau- ses WHs the absorption of men's.minds In mat- ters of no real inuniçul, and he feared that games over-estimated could not conduce to the building up of a strong nation. The blumc of over-estimating them was, however, laid on the shoulders of the public, und not on the schools, where the danger was lecogulscd.

A Huge Prawn.'-A splendid specimen of the tiger prawn Is included in ihe exhibit of the Fisheries Department at the Royal Exchange. It Is 111 luches In length, and lias attracted ul moHt as much attention as the "Ally Sloper" schnapper und the magnificent oysters. One prawn of the sl.e of the'one in the collection makes a good meal, lind the flesh Is of first class quality. -This particular crustacean wus raught in local waters, and exceeds any hitherto exhibited in ihe State. It is larger than most of the giant king prawns which bring high prices in the fish markets. The flesh of these large prawns much resembles that ol the crayfish, but It Is distinctive in flavour, and Is somewhat sweeter than that of other of our crustaceans.

Tramway Extension.-The M'Mahon's Point Lane Cove-road tramway »111, subject to a satisfactory trial, be opened for traffic on Monda) ; und the Cleveland-slieet line (a distance of 63 chains) will be opened on Oc-

tober 2.

The postal authorities «tate Out a report that « letter pouted at Helensburgh on Saturday evening would not lie delivered in -jdnej until the afternoon of Monda.* in incorrect, as maila cloie at Helensburgh for Hjdury on Saturday at 4..0 p.m. and 0.1 i p.m., reaching Hie (¡entrai Post Office the same day al 6.20 and 11.45 p.m. respective)), and being- delivered by the am delivery on Monday. AA'itli the view of providing improved mail communi- cation between Helensburgh and Clifton, a direct eti lunge of mails has hern arranged between these places, whereby a mnil will be despatched from Helensburgh by the ».ti a.m. train, due at Clifton at 10.1.1 a.m., and from Clifton hy the 4.18 p.m. train, due at Helensburgh at 4.4. p.m.

To-morrow the combined rall and river excursions to the .Nepean River (Penrith) will be resumed, and cheap tickets to coier Journey by train, conch, and steamer will he issued by trains leaving Sjdney at 8.28 a.m.

«nd 1.25 vi-in.

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