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?i)t a>pörop iHonn'ngr ^erafiï.


THE death is announced in England of Mr. F. H. Dutton, an old colonist of South Australia,

THE French expeditionary force in Dahomey, "West Africa, has been defeated by the Danomeyans after a desperate fight of two hours, The French retreated to Porto Novo, and the enemy pursued them half-way.

MB, & H. PARKER, M.L.O., of Western Aus- tralia, and one of the delegates in London in con- nection with the Enabling Bill, has been appointed

a Queen's Counsel.

MR, F. H. COWEX'S newScandinavianoperaentitled " Thorgrim " has been produced at Drury-lane by the Carl Rosa Company. The performance was a brilliant success. The Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh were present

THE voyage of the R.M.S. Liguria from Australia to London has bien delayed by a slight collision which the vessel experienced with a steamer whose

name has not been ascertained.

THE Australian Eleven, who were passengers by the Liguria, landed at Gibralta and played a match against a local team of 16. The Australiana won

the game,

A BILL in favour of the holding of a Universal Exhibition in Chicago in 1892 hu been passed by Congress.

HEBB A. PIETZCKEB hu been appointed Danish

Consul in Brisbane.

SEVENTY, thousand labourers will parade the streets of Chicago on May 1, the labour day in

Europa, in favour of the introduction of the eight hour principle,

MB. S. H. PAUKER, M.L.O.. one of the Western Australian delegates, informed the Seloct Committee of the Iioute of Commons on the Western Austra- lian Enabling Bill that he had no objection to tee Albany converted into another Gibraltar. He con- sidered it imperative that Perth should haye con- trol of the northern landa, unless a new colony was


MR. PARKER further suggested to the Commit <ee that the bill should be amended in too direction of preventing the emigration to Western Australia of Anglo-Chinese subjeots.

THE alterations in the duties on tea, spirits, and currants in the British tariff have been adopted.

Tins Postmaster-General of Great Britain will meet the Agents-General of the Au irai ¡an colonies on Friday next, to discuss with them the proposed reduction of the rates of postage between Britain

and Australia.

THE Colonizing Committee intends to examine on Thursday the Agents-General for the Australian celonies as to the conditions of emigration to


MR, MACKENNA, vice-president of the American branch of the Irmh National League, has resigned his official position in that body, which he asserts no longer exists. He declares that America will not submit to a leadership of assassins.

THE World announces that the Bight Bey. Dr. Barry, who lately occupied the position of Primate of Austialia, has been offered the bishoprio of St. Albans, and that he has declined to accept ii.

MR. F. O. LICIT?, the well-known expert of Magdeburg, estimates that the production of beet sugar for the seven months shows an increase of 807,000 tons. He considers that there will be a surplus of 844,000 tons available at the end of the campaign.

THE consignment of apples by the steamer Ooeana is inferior in size and quality of the fruit to that of last year, but the packing has been better

done. Two thousand' four hundred cases sold at from 15s to 25s per case, and showed an average prion of 17s Cd,.

THE trustees of the Sutherland Memorial Fond waited on the Premier yesterday, and pointed out that only £900 had been raised. They asked that the matter be placed before the Government, Sir Henry Parkes said there was considerable objection to the appropriation of publie moneys for those who had voluntarily given their services to the country. He would place the matter beforo his colleagues.

A CONFERENCE of tho Mayors and aldermen of tbe Newoutle district is to be held next Monday to consider the propriety of taking steps to assist io securing the manufacture of locomotives in the Newcastle district.

A CREEP has occnried in the tunnel of the Wallsend Colliery, which resulted in the fallmg-ia Of the roof over a very large area, crushing out all the mato roads underground at that part of the colliery, and throwing out of employment 240 men who were at work at about 120 places, No casualty

has occurred.

MB. O. O. DAMOAR, M.L.A., says be will sup- port federation in preference to either freetrade or protection.

Tas half-yearly meeting of the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company was held yesterday. A divi- dend of 5s per share was proposed and adopted, and

£430 carried forward.

TBE directors of the United Insurance Company have declared a half-yearly interim dividend of 3s per share.

GOOD coal is reported to have been discovered on tbe Collie River, Western Australia. It is said that it strongly resembles Bulli coal.

TBE Publio Works Committee aro favourable to the line from Kiama to Nowra being constructed as proposed, and in regard to the line from Coota- mundra to Temora, they express it as their opinion that the cost of construction should not exceed £3300 per mile.

THE Messageries Maritimes new steamship Aus- tralien was open to the publio yesterday, and between 1000 and 1500 persons inspected the


LOBD CARRIETON bas consented to open the Cumberland Agricultural and Horticultural Show at Parramatta on May 23.

TEE R.M.S. Orient arrived at Adelaide at 11 a,m. yes'erday. The mails by her will be delivered at about 2 p.m. to-morrow.

THE autumn exhibition of pot plants, chry- santhemums, and other flowers, in connection with the Horticultural Society of New South Wales, was opened in the Exhibition Building, Prince Alfred Park, yesterday. The show is a good ona. Lady Carrington performed the opening ceremony.

AT a meeting of the Bet Bet Shire Council, Vic- toria, on Tuesday, a circular was read from Mr. S. Young, president of the Farmers' Protection Association of Numerkab, asking support for a return to the principles of freetrade, seeing that the protective eyete n had very seriously affected the farmers. The oouncil gave unanimous support to

the circular.

IN the Bankruptcy Court yesterday the certificate of Cyrus Herbert Doyle was suspended for six months. The Registrar said the bankrupt was a olerU in the employ of the Government, in receipt of a salary of £175 per annum, and yet he traded in mining shares in one year to the extent of nearly £4000, and made a loss of nearly £700.

MESSRS. WILLIAMSON, GARNER, AND MUSGROVE, and Mr. A. Dampier appeared in the Melbourne District Court yesterday, to answer summonses, oharging them with employing ohildren under the age of 14 during the hours prohibited by the Neglected Children's Act of 1887. The cases were adjourned.

TENDERS are being called for in Melbourne for embanking the lower portion of Wilcannia. The work will be started almost immediately. The bulk of the flood waters is not expected at the town for fully three weeks.

THE »culling race between Babear and Brown for £100 aside WBB rowed over the championship course, Parramatta River, yesterday afternoon, and was won on a foul by Bubear.

THE Conservator of Forests of South Australia has 844,000 trees available for free distribution

this season.

THE returns of immigration aud emigration of New Zealand for tbe year disclose a remarkable coincidence. Exactly the same number of persons arrived as departed, namely, 16,291.

THE flood at Bourke shows signs of abating, there being a fall yesterday of half-an-inch It is thought, however, that the streets will be navigable by boats fer another week, and it will be a fort- night before the water entirely subsidia.

THE Commercial, Pastoral, and Agricultural Association of New South Wales has issued a circular showing the area of land which has been alienated from the period of the settlement of the colony up to the present date.

The members of the Op ositioa have been naturally talking to their constituents about the prospecta of the next session. Last session the Land Bill took precedence of everything, and party spirit lay in abey-

ance' fer a time while that measure was i considered.' But it was repeatedly affirmed that there would be no necessity to continue that abstinence, and that in the concluding session of this Parliament the Government would be attacked from the outset, and compelled after a Parliamentary defeat either to resign or go to the country and come back with a minority. And now that the time is approaching for the grand assault all along the line, the tone is con- siderably altering. Some, indeed, of the more fire-eating or less experienced members of the party, talk with as much bravado as ever about an immediate

trial of strength, but others more moderate ' or more experienced, or who know the wants of the country as well as the seats of

"the party, are adopting a different ton«.

In view of eventualities they ara already taking their constituents into their confluence and preparing their minda for what may happen. These gentlemen say that as long na a Government is in a majority it is by Parliamentary rules entitled to govern. When tho Opposition could defeat it, it would be fair to do so, but till then opposition, for the mere sake of obstruction, is not in the publio interest

They might go further, and with strict adherence to Constitutional precedent, maintain that if the country was clearly in favour of a change, and if the state of publio business would sanction it, the Government might be forced to receive its mittimus. But this is

exaotly the weak point in the position. There is nothing whatever to indicate that the country is pining for a ohange-nothing whatever to indicate that the country would give the Opposition a majority, while it is quite certain that there are two duties which the present Parliament ought to discharge before it is dissolved. The first of these is the passing of necessary bills for the construction of Buoh public works as are now ripe to be dealt with. We ought, if it is passible, to do so, to keep a reason- able quantity of work always going, BO that

contractors and workmen should have con-

tinuous occupation. Instead of this, we have had too much work thrown into the market at one time, and too little at another. Just at the preaenV moment we are nearly at a standstill; many workmen are unemployed and many others have left the colony in search of work elsewhere. It is of the

first importance, therefore, that such works as have received the imprimatur of the

Publio Works Committee should be sub- mitted to Parliament without delay, and we imagine that the Government will be ready -with some public works bills as soon as the House meets. It certainly would

not do to throw these aside for the sake of a faction fight. It would be an illustration of TALLEY- RAND'S satirically witty criticism-"It would be worse than a crime, it would be a blunder." The country would not stand any unnecessary postponement of theBe works, and would not readily forgive those who threw difficulties in the way. The best freetraders and the best protectionists would alike admit that the interests of the country must take precedence of the interests of party, and that any fight that would lead up to an instant dissolu- tion must be postponed so as to allow the Publio Works' policy to be carried through.

Next in importance is the Local Govern- ment Bill, which the Government had ready last session, and which cannot be less ready now. It would be absurd to contend that the country districts are as eager for this bill as they are for railway extension. Those who have escaped taxation hitherto are not burning to come under the yoke ; but it is admitted by politicians of all classes that an extension of local self-government is one of our crying political needs, and the necessary measure has been promised by every Government to every Parliament for the past ten years. The Government cannot keep this matter in abej'ance, and the Opposition cannot, with any consis- tency, block the progress of the bul.

For it must never be fo gotten that it is the interest of every political party to work for the interest of the country, or at any rate to appear to do so. The aim of the Opposition is to govern, but to govern means to govern the country in its interest. Out of power, therefore, as well as in, each political party must identify itself with the community by always taking its stand on a policy whioh will work for the country's good. A popular Government must rest upon the people's support, and no party can get that by standing in the way of what the people urgently want

Under these circumatanoes the true policy of the Opposition is to wait a little longer. What they think the good time may be coming or it may not, but it cer- tainly will not be at the very beginning of the session. No set of men can go to the constituencies with a clean record if they go boasting that they have forced a disso- lution by delaying measures whioh the country urgently required. The people

would reward that kind of zeal in a rather emphatic, manner.

Meantime the country is entitled to de-

mand of the Government that before the

close of the session the bacal policy should be distinctly put before the country, se that a decisive opinion may be pronounced on it. The proper time for this will be when the Budget speech is delivered ; and the TREASURER is hardly likely to shrink from doing ' what the circumstances require, and what his own words have led both sides of the House to expect. If the

next election ÍB to turn on the fiscal ] question, it ÍB the duty of the Government I to make the issue clear, and furnish the i people with every opportunity for giving a decisive vote. As a free trade Govern-

ment it is not likely to be ashamed of its policy or afraid of it, and will be ready for such steps as a oareful study of the present condition of the country may show

to be wise.

To-night's public meeting to initiate a movement in aid of the sufferers by the Bourke flood will give Sydney an oppor- tunity of practically expressing its sympathy in this matter. The facts of the case are so well known now, and the Btand made by the people of Bourke has won Buch general admira- tion, that the task of the speakers this evening will be an easy one. The charit- able instincts of the city have been appealed to so often in the past, and with such a uniformly generous response, that there need be no misgiving as to the future of the movement Benevolent funds directed towards all sorts

of objects have been opened here from time to time, and our citizens have come forward with lavish liberality on every occasion. There have been times, perhaps, when we have given almost too promptly, and the funds supplied have been found to be actually in excess of what was really required. But in the present ease there is no risk te be run of that kind. The distress at Bourke is only just beginning, and already the necessities «f the people are

making themselves "abundantly"apparu Steps'to wards the formation of 'a fundí already being taken °by towns like Oran, Bathurst, Parkes, Forbes, and others, I from Melbourne and Adelaide contri, tiona are beginning to pour in. All t is now needed is that Sydney should aast* her proper place at the head of this gt movement, and, in that spirit of prot generosity that has always character! her citizens, take a leading part in a

alleviation of our fellow-colonists' -


The state of hardship now existing d not be dwelt upon here at any gt length. Our special reporter, in a' telegraphed reports from day to r, bas made it clear that the floods le already caused immense loss to the li ness people of Bourke by the etoppapf traffic and the suspension of all bus». But this is, perhaps, the smallest part oie disaster. It is the distress amounting alüt to actual privation which has overtakene population generally that immete efforts should be made to relieve. r% read of people who are only saved m starvation by casual relief, and of te families of working-men who have m rendered homeless. Those -who iv hard work and thrift had colled small homes about them find th selves and those dependent on them ft suddenly houseless. Our reporter yesteiy described one section of the town as al st entirely taken up by small cottages owd by the occupiers, and comfortably furniid by them according to their means, is water here was up to balf the heigbjf these dwellings, and the owners may fly reckon on having the results of what tv have been years of labour abat entirely destroyed. The temporary Vn of refuge at North Bourke is peopled th ruined families, among whom the disss must have been great indeed, if we %y judge from the fact that Be'al births have . occurred there in ces that certainly would have en removed elsewhere had the means of tee poor people enabled them to get awtia time. But the misohiefjis not likely tend even here. As a correspondent yesteay pointed out, when the water has subeed approach to the town will be rendad still more difficult by the quagire of liquid mud Burro unding it on all sea. With the railway washed away it ill be a harder matter to provide provims then than now, and this is anaer reason why succour should be fch coming in time. One consoling rec tion the Bourke sufferers have in their distress is suggested by our kiw ledge of their circumstances, how er. It is that-owing to the publicity tbrgh the press that hue been given these our rences-the distressed people of Bourkare placed in touch with the sympathies othe rest of the colony, and, as to-night's rat- ing will probably show, they are not lely

to be left to sutler in silence.

It is right that a movement of this ¡nd should be taken up by the general bor of the public. So far the Governmentina been largely left to take action alone ithis matter. Under the circumstances ofthe case it was probably unavoidable thuthis should be so. What was required ?ora day to day was prompt and icne diate action, and it is highly credible to the Government that in this emergicv it rose to the necessities of the occiioa and of the responsibilities of its wn authority. But there is a point beind

whioh it would not be creditable tothe

publio spirit of our people to tlow the burden of responsibility willy

on the shoulders of the Governnint,

That point has been now attaied.

Mattera at Bourke have reached a

temporarily stationary stage, and the breathing-space thus secured canno be better utilised than by the people o (the colony taking up the relief movementand carrying it on to a successful isue. It is now for the citizens of Sycaey and the colony at large to do what was done in the case of the Hawkesbury ib>d» of twenty-three years ago. A fuud va« raised on that occasion, and a commJ M representing the public appointed to id minister it. Private benevolence should 11»

up the work that the Government began It is just possible that no public moveauen ia Sydney has yet been made because all i iat could have been done was being car led out under the uuthority of the Min» ry. Now that the first necessities huve 1 sen tided over, it will be recognised that the duty of the public is to co-operate heal ¡ily with the action of the Government, fjf does not take up the burden of respt wi

bility altogether.

The example set by his Excellency GOVERNOR and Lady CARRINGTON in

eonally visiting Bourke and encouraging its people in the gallant stand

made during the earlier stages the flood, is one that will be without its influence at

present time. The GOVERNOR has alvays been foremost during the term of hisjrule

in this colony in taking part in movements of a charitable and social character, j The influence of his example in this direction

will make itself once more appureat in this Bourke movement, and the best compliment our people can pay their popular GOVERNOR will be to follow

his lead on this occasion. The committee

appointed by the Government to inquire into the whole matter of these floud» will doubtless aid the citizens' commitue by its advice. It is to be remembered, more-

over, that the towns of Leuth and Brewarrina are also threatened, and that before the .movement for the relief of the > Bourke sufferers »

over there may be other demands on the generosity of the public. Regard should be had to this contingency at the meeting to-night But whatever is done, it .-hould be made quite olear that our people are always ready to assist with liberality those who, like the men of Bourke, can show such a manly spirit of self-help throughout their difficulties. _^^

Referring to the conditions under which wheat becomes rusted, our readers will have bt-en struck with the similarity of the results of recent experiments in the laboratory "» Sydney and of those seen in the wheat fields of the colony. Our observations of the spread of rust in these colonies, and of the conditions of ita outbreak in other countries, as disclosed before the Baa*


the per

Commission in "Victoria, seem to demonstrate ti» fact that great heat following excessive moisture create« ? the conditions under which 'wheat suffers most severely. Mr. ANGUS MACKAT, instructor in agriculture to the Technical College, now telle us that " To get at the life conditions of the rust plant,

infected oats and wheat (the leaves, straw, and ears) were placed in a temperature of 70*, which was giadually increased to 90\ The rust made no headway or active growth at the lower temperature, even when it was kept moist, but as the heat was increased signs of vitality became more visible. In a moist atmosphere of 95- the disease spread very rapidly, and when it had opportunity for reaching wheat in the maturing or milky stage that is, while the sap is flowing through the neck of the straw into the ears, in order to All the grain kernels - it became epidemic." This seems to demonstrate clearly the accuracy of the contention that it is not moisture alone, but moisture accompanied with heat, that developes rust, and that as these are very commonly the prevailing conditions

of the coast districts, it is thus that rust has comm-ted such havoc there. Not to the same extent do these conditions pre- vail on the tablelands of the interior. As we have seen even this year in Mudgee and other places, where rust has done damage, sometimes rain occurs there just at the fatal time. But it is the exception, not the rule. The high and comparatively dry tablelands of Australia ordinarily produce good crops of wheat. If the agriculturists get the plant well into ear, and there is then dry weather, no part of the world will produce better crops from unfertilised soil. Even the uplands of India ordinarily grow good crops. But in the districts .£ India where the climate is moist wheat cannot be grown. In some seasons tbe climate of our coast districts in summer is almost semi tropical in its sultriness. Believing that the weather conditions before October are not favourable to the development of rust, Mr. Mackay urges that the growth of the plant should, if possible, be forced by early sowing, by securing seed which matures early, and by the use of nitrate of soda. In other words, his report gives special prominence to the climatic condi- tions under which the disease is generated, and his suggestions aim specially to secure the growth of the plant when the condi- tions are most favourable. That aspect of the case will doubtless be specially re- garded in the experiments whioh are to be


Our Victorian friends are carrying out with great energy the irrigation schemes which have become part and parcel of the public works policy of the colony. Already a number of reseivoirs have been constructed, and the other day ten- ders were opened by the Water Supply Department for the construction of impounding woiks on an enormous scale at Waranga, in connection with the irrigation of the Goulburn Valley, one of the Victorian wheat districts. The reservoir _ when completed will be the largest in the colony, far larger than that at Yan Yean, from whioh Melbourne obtains its water supply. The area of the reservoir will be eighteen square miles, and it will hold eighty thousand million cubic feet of water, or four hundred and eighty thousand million gallons. The amount of the tenders has not yet been mode known, but it is expected that the work will cost £250,000. This is a large sum of money, and the fact that such a formidable expenditure is cheer- fully incurred shows on the part of the

Government and the water truets which have been formed unbounded confidence in the result of the experiment which is now being tried on such a large scale. It must not be forgottea that the success of irrigation on the lines laid down in Victoria has yet to be proved. No one questions the fact that, in a dry climate, land which has been artificially watered will produce larger crops than land whioh only receives the rain as it falls ; but doubt» have recently been ex- pressed as to whether the revenue received from the use of the water will cover the cost of management and the interest on the large capital absorbed by the Victorian irrigation works. Including what has been expended and what has yet to be spent, the outlay will be at least £4,000,000, the interest on which, at 8J per cent., will be £140,000, a lar^e sum to provide for before coming to the cost of distributing the water. At the conference held lecently in Melbourne words of caution and warning were heard, but the Chief Secretary pooh-poohed them, and spoke of the irrigation experiment as an assured success. It is to be hoped that Mr. DEAKIN is right. In any case the progress

of affairs in Victoria will be watched here with preat interest. We have been slow and dilatory with regard to irrigation matters, but w« ahull derive one advantage from our slowness-we shall have before us the doings of our neighbours, and we shall know what to imitate and what to


It ia to be hoped that the affair in a railway carriage at Bulli, reported in a telegram to-day, will not be allowed to drop. We have had a good many com- plaints of late atbout misconduct in the trains-of insults offered to respectable passengers, and the use of bad language by passengers who ara not respectable-ana with the complaints we have had state- ments to the effect that the railway officials have been slow to take notice of evil behaviour, and have sometimes even declined to interfere. It should be un- derstood by all concerned that laxness in such matters is not to be tolerated. If

persons travelling by rail make use of im-I proper language, or in any way annoy their fellow - passengers, stationmasters, guards, and all other employees of the railway are bound-to do all that is within th ir power for the protection of decent travellers. Any officer who de- clines to act in this direction commits a breach of duty, and is not fit for his position. It is stated that in ; the present case the offenders are. to

he given in charge. This is the pro-

per course -to take, and it is to be

hoped that it will be followed in every instance in whioh there is a prosoeot of

getting a conviction. The Commissioners, who have shown so much anxiety to pro note the comfort of travellers and to raise the standard of the service, would do well to issue instructions in this direction, and, so far as they can, see that their orders

are carried into effect.

A NOMBEB of leading citizens, with the Mayor ' (Mr. a Burdekin) as chairman, met yesterday I afternoon in the Town Hall to arrange prelimi-

naries for the opening of a fund to relievo

the distress and suffering caused by the I floods in the Darling and its tributaries. In order to enliBt the fullest sympathy and to crown the movement with the success it deserves, it was decided to hold a publio meeting to-night in the Town Hall, and to invite the Governor, tho Pre-nier, the President of the Council, the Speaker of the Assembly, Judge Owen, Sir F. Darley, and other prominent citizens to speak to the resolutions. The Maror announced the receipt of £5 from the Governor of South Australia, £10 from Mr. Neville Griffiths, £250 from the Silverton Tramway Company, and the offer of the proceeds of a matinee performance in Her Majesty's Theatre from Mr. George Rignold.

TELEOBAUS ara raaohing the Premier daily from Bourke detailing the state of the waters and the welfare of the population. Among the latest received yesterday was one from the police magis- trate, Mr. O. M'A. King, and which is as follows:-"River stationary all yesterday at 42ft 8in., and falling at all places above. This morning commenced to fall. On rail- way it has cleared off nearly all fettler», I visited North Bourke yesterday, where about 1000 people are located. All their wanto are locally supplied, and they are all happy and contented. Those who are receiving Government assistance are very thankful. I have wired to stop supplies of fresh meat from Dubbo, as it does not leen. The post-office and courthouse hate held out against the water with a bard struggle. Water has como into the gaol through underground drainage. The health of the communitv continues good." In the after- noon Sir Henry Parkes received this message from Mr. E. Fosbery, oo behalt of the Board of Commissioners, who left for Bourke on Tuesday.-"No chance of subsidence of flood for manp days. Over 200horses used in the construction of flood dam congregated with large number of people camped on small area at railway station. Wiil co3t 15s each horse to remove to West Bourka Strongly recommend it to ba done at once, or sickness will follow." The reply was sent :-" You can incur the expense of removing howes. State amount of money and bank, and it shall be placed at credit of board." The Railway Commisùoners have received satisfactory information from the officer in oharge, Mr. Harper, of the arrangements made for the conveyance of passengers from the railway station at Bourke to the head of the road. The Commissioners considered it desirable to send a steam hunch for use in the inundated district, and they made inquiries in Sydney with the object of securing such a vessel and despatching it west Yesterday morning Mr. J. P. Franki, of the Mart's Dock Engineering Company, generously placed at the use of the Commissioners, on behalf of the company, a eteam-launoh free of charge; and further offered to send a competent man to take oharge of the vessel. The launch will be sent on to Bourke to-day.

Tua Governor, Lord Carrington, was waited upon yesterday by Messrs. H. Taylor and R. Ritchie, Ms L. A., and asked to consent to open the Cum- berland Agricultural and Horticultural Show, which will commence on the grounds, adjoining Parramatta Park, on the 23rd May. His Excellency compl ed with the request, and promised to perform the ceremony at 2 o'clock on the day mentioned.

THE Premier will receive the following deputa- tions to-day:-At 10.30, from the committee of the Dr. Lang Memorial Fund ; at 11 o'clock, from tho Borough Council of Waverley for a special grant for the southern» aubutbs on account of the great damage done to the roads during the recent heavy rains, at 12 o'clock, from the Newcastle

Chamber of Commerce with reference to harbour improvement*.

THE recent visit by Mr. Bruoe Smith, Minister for Works, to the Glebe for the purpose of going over the route of the proposed tramway extension, was made in company with his colleague in Parliament Mr. Chapman. Several routes had been suggested in order to tap the traffic of Annandale as well as that of the more western portions of Balmain, and to connect with the Forest Lodge line of tramway. The particular route which Mr. Bruce Smith con- siders merits moat inquiry, because of its directness and economy, is that proposed by Mr. Chapman.

A DEPUTATION, introduced by the Mayor of Sydney (Alderman Burdekin) interviewst! the Premier yesterday, and asked that Parliament should make some provision for the widow of Mr. John Sutherland, for many years Miniater for Works. It was pointed out that the amount raised by subscription was £900, but that this sum was inadequate for the needs of Mra Sutherland. Sir Henry Parkes expressed himself as being opposed on principle to grants of publio money for political services. Hu, however, promised to submit the case to the Cabinet for


THE Hon. R. H. D. White, who las been con- fined to bed athis private apartments, 145 Phillip street, with fever and inflammation of the lungs for the laat 11 days, is progressing satisfactorily and is now able to sit up a few hours each day. During last week, when Mr. White waa seriously indisposed, it wa* erroneously rumoured that he bad suo cumbed to his illness, and much distress was occa- sioned bia friends in the western parts of Kew South Wales by the despatch of telegrams to that


Tns Publio Works Committee held a sitting yeeterday afternoon. The chair was occupied by the Hon. John Laokey, M.L.C. There we»» also present the Hons. Dr. Garran, F. T. Humphery, W. J. Trickett, G. H. Cox, M&.L O.; and Messrs. Jacob Garrard, H. Copeland, J. E. Tonkin, W. S. Dowel, E. W. O'sullivan, J. Hurley, and O. A. Lee, Ms,LA. The committee adopted reports, whioh will he submitted to Parliament rela- tive to the proposed railway from Kiama to Nowra, and the proposed railway from Cootamundra to Temora. The committee are favourable to the line from Kiama to Nowra being constructed as proposed, and in regard to the line from Cootamundra to Temora express it as their

opinion that the cost of construction should not exceed £3300 per mile. At the meeting of the committee this afternoon further consideration will be beBtowed on the general report which is to be forwarded to his Exoellenoy the Governor. It is also expected that Mr. Hickson, Commissioner and Engineer-in-Chief of Roads and Bridges, and Mr. J. A. M'Donald, Engineer tor Bridges, will he examined in relation to the proposed iron bridge at


THE tender of Mr. John Sproule, J.P., ef Hurst- ville, for the erection of a post and telegraph sta- tion opposite the Hurstville railway station, has been accepted by the Postmaster-General.

Tap. English maila, dated London, March 14, by the long-sea route, and 21st via Italy, per Orient Company's steamer Orient will be due to-morrow in time for delivery at about 2 p.m.

FAST work waa done by the Orient, the incoming mail steamer from Albany to Adelaide, the steamer arriving at the Semaphore at 11 a,m. yesterday. Her London dates are up to the 21st ultimo, and the Sydney portion of her mails will be delivered

to-morrow afternoon.

CONSTANTLY are the steam lines to Australia re- ceiving' additions, but still there is business left for

sailing ships, and it was only the other day that a ' Sydney merchant Mr. Dangar, had a fine sailer, the ' Neotsfield, built to carry Sydney cargoes. Letters I have be n received which state that the Gulf line of I the Greenock Steamship Company is to be increased by the addition of a full-powered steamship to be named the Gmlf of Lyons. She is to make her maiden trip to Sydney under com- mand of Captain David Swan, for many years in the Gulf of Mexico.-' A letter under recent date to the Sydney agents, MoBsra, A. M'Arthur and Co., ?tates that the new steamer would likely be ready

to leave for the colonies about the, 15th of this


AT the invitation of the Messageries Maritimes I a large number of ladies and gentlemen went on boaid the company's new steamship Australien yesterday afternoon. The commander, Captain G. Didier, and M. Conil, prinoipal agent in Australia with M. Cochelot, inspector, received tho visitors at the gangways, and welcomed them on board. The ship's officers, who, by the way, all speak English, devoted the afternoon to showing the visitors threugh tbe various parts of the steamer, and the purser, M. Ailliaud, endeavoured to make them feel at home. It has been mentioned tbat the Messageries Mari- times decided some time ago to substi- tute much larger and swifter ships than those which have been employed in the service. The Australien is the first of these new ocean flyers. It was the wish of her owners that upon this her maiden visit Australians should have an opportunity to soo for themselves what description of vessel has been placed on the Australian line. Henoe the invita- tions issued by the company's representative, M. Conil. Among those who went on board were Sir John Hay, Sir John Robertson, the Postmaster General, the Hon. S. A. Joseph, M.L.C., man; members of both Houses of Parliament, the Consuls representing the various nations, the Railway Commissioners, the Bishop of Kew Guinea, and several prominent clergymen. The navy was well represented, many officers from the present large fleet of warships in port being present. Besides these the visitors included num- bers of the influential business men of the port, the banking, shipping, and commercial interests gene- rally, it is estimated that during the time the ship was "open'' there were from 1000 to 1500 visitors on board. Evert one seemed to be delighted with what he saw. Such could scarcely be otherwise, however, for all that can possibly make a floating palace literally, or a floating palace hotel, as some- one described it yesterday, has been introduced in the Australien. The main saloon, in which re- freshments were laid, is a study in itself. The paintings and the artistic panelwork in it are strikingly beautiful. The saloon design was the special werk of M. Jean Girette, a celebrated Parisian architect. Probably there is no ship afloat that has superior state-room accommodation for the first saloon, and the same may indeed be said of the second saloon passenger accommodation. The great length of the Australien was remarked yesterday. It is 502ft, or a foot longer than the famous Atlantic greyhounds Etruria and Umbría, of the Cunard line, and but a few feet shorter than the remarkable Inman linera recently launched, the City of Paris and City of Now York As mentioned elsewhere, from 2 to 4 o'olock this afternoon the Australien will be open. Cards of admission may be obtained at the company's office.

THE Janet Nicoll, the Sydney-owned steamer, which left here the other day for another oruise amongst the islands, has arrived at Auckland, The vessel is chartered hy an Auckland firm, and has made one round trip to the islands returning to Sydney with a full cargo of copra and other products. The present cruise is, therefore, the second she has been engaged upon, and it may be remembered that some correspondence ap- peared in the Herald while the steamer was here to the effect that the Seamen's Union objected to the master having engaged a non-union crew (kanakas), and some trouble occurred in connection with coaling the steamer at Newcastle in con- sequence. The white crew on board during the first cruise were discharged here, and their places taken by the black crew, but this course the master of the steamer affirmed was taken because the white crew wero unsuitable, and objected to the loading work at the unfre- quented islands at whioh the steamer oalled to pick up her carga It now appears from our Auck- land correspondent's cablegram that tbe first and second officers have refused to proceed with the Bteamer on the ground that the black crew ara not sufficiently qualified for their duties. The Seamen's Union at Auckland has taken the matter up, but with what result is not so far stated. It may be mentioned that the Janet Nicoll left here with several passengers on board, inoluding Mr. Robert Louis Stevenson, the famous novelist, and MR. Stevenson, who purposed making a round voyage in the vessel.

THE Colonist, the schooner which collided with the steamer Adelaide, and sank in the middle of the harbour, below Fort Denison, was blown up by dynamite last night. It was intended to have fired the charges at 5 o'clock in the evening; but at that hour the Bunken vessel was so thickly sur- rounded by boats, it was deemed inexpedient to proceed with the work, and 9 o'clock was de ided upon. Tbe knowledge that large numbers of fish would be thrown to the surface stunned by the shock influenced the attendance of small boats to a marked degree in the afternoon, and though there were not nearly so many at night the number was larger than was expected, and caution had to be observed, Three mines were laid, each of 501b., and were successfully fired. A mass of the wreckage was thrown to a great height, tho vessel's mainmast also coming up. An immense volume of water was thrown into the air, and, after matters had subsided, it was seen that vast numbers of fibh of all sises and descriptions were floating on the surface. A grand haul was made by the boats on the spot One of the largest fish pioked up, familiarly known as a jewfish, was found to measure 7ft. in length. It is intended to send the divers down at daylight to-day, and as the mines were so placed as to blow the bottom out of the schooner, and so release the topsidos and the deck, the hull should now be readily floated. The work was oarried out solely by the Naval Brigade gunroom officer», assisted by a few certificated men of the force, under the direc- tion of the gunnery and torpedo instructors, MeBsrg.

Rickwood and Baxter.

THE sculling race between George Buboar and R, J. Brown for £100 aside waa rowed over the championship course, yesterday afternoon, and was awarded to Bubear on a foul From the start Brown took the lead, and until near Gladesville he had nearly four lengths to the good, but he had otossed into his opponent's water, and getting too far m Bubear spurted, cut him off from clearing Gladesville Wharf, and by an apparentl great effort, fouled the colonial. The men then finished the course, rowing easily, and Brown passed the win- ning point about six lengths ahead, the time being 22 minutes 15 seconds. Bubear appealed to tho umpire and was awarded the race ou the foul. He was loudly hooted from the steamers.

' THE principal matter dealt with in bankruptcy yesterday was the application before Mr. Justice Manning for a certificate of discharge on behalf of Sydney Ernest Corderoy. The application was opposed by a creditor named Hutchins, on the ground " that the bankrupt contracted debts with- out having at the time a reasonable and pro- bable ground of expectation of being able to pay the same; (2), that the bankrupt had brought on his bankruptcy by unjustifiable extravagance in living." The objecting creditor appeared in person to support his objections, but, after he had examined the bankrupt, they were over- ruled, his Honor being of opinion that he had elicited nothing to prove them. The Official Assignee, however, raised another objection, in re- gard to the bankrupt's conduct in instituting an aotion for slander against the opposing creditor, and in- curring costs, and his Honor adjourned the case for further consideration of the point, whioh appears to

be somewhat novel.

TBE thirtieth annual show of the Hunter River Agricultural and Horticultural Association, to be held at West Maitland on the SOth proximo and two following days, promises to be one of the most successful ever held in that town ; and in view of the anticipated increase of trafilo on the occasion, - the Railway Commissioners will provide ample facilities for visitors from Sydney and the yariaus stations on the Northern line between Newcastle and Singleton, full particulars of which will be

announced in due course.

THE ministers and delegates of the Congrega- tional Union of Nsw South Wales, presided over by the Rev. J. G. Fraser, M.A., resumed the work of the half-yearly session yesterday afternoon, in

the schoolroom attached to the Pitt-street church. i The Rev. John Fordyce, M.A., of Woollahra,

jin a paper upon "The New Hymnal, after

having ' tested its value," spoke io complimentary terms of the new collection of hymns and tunes, and said he felt confident" that it would become

I exceedingly popular. Similar sentiments were ex | pressed by nearly all who took part in the

discussion. The Rev. B. Rhodes, of Windsor, also contributed a paper, his\ theme being, "'Minister*' and Deacons' Associations." In the evening a religion* service was held in Pitt-street church, at whioh the Rev. F. Hastings of Adelaide and the Rev. H. J. Lewis of Auckland officiated, the former preaching the sermon. To-night a meeting for yonng men and young women will be beld, when the Reva. G. Rayner, of Homebush, and F. Hastings will delivor addresses. This meeting will bring the half-yearly session to a olose.

A LECTURE will be (riven in the Girls' High School, Elizabeth-street, to-night by Mr. W. M. Foote, on the " History of Iron." The Minister for Education

will preside.

AT the meeting to be held in the Globe Town Hall to-night, Messrs. bruce Smith,' G. H. Reid, and M. Chapman, Ms.L.A., will apeale. Dr. Garran will preside._

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