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SUNDAY OPENING OF THE MUSEUM AND ,
FHEE PUBLIC LIBRARY.
A rfitirc meeting was hold last night at the Temporanc» Hill, Pitt stioet to uphold tho resolut ens recently passed hy tho Legislative Assembly, m regard to the opening of tho above iiistitutio-is on S m 1 lys J ho hall was crowded, and among those- on the platform werj tho Hon B JW . V ils r, Mesus Hurl-v, M h V , Wind ver, M L A , M E hone, M L A , O Ceranor, MI A , Waller COODT, Ivrofit, Spnng, Hodgson, Irv rag,' Coleman, Rose, Riley,
ar 1 Ttrovvi
Mr Envi Ann EenNs, having been railed upon to preside, sail the meeting hal been called tot«tlieibv a few working mon, who thought they sboul 1 hivo lakpu a moro pie i in nt part in the quest nu somo tunea o Ihcv now eon«nlered it their duty to help thoso g n leinen in tho legislativo Assembly who wero working eu hird m Ihorbehilf lu rif.nixl to thoopemngof public institutions on Sun aj ha said many mon woro unable to visit the Museum and breo I ibrarv on any other day no possible hann could ariso from their beiug thrown open any more than there was
from the opening of tho Botanic Gardens which was such | a bo nto tlio people Why should impediments bo thronn in the wny of thoso working men whj toik advantage of eiery opportunity to improvo themselves' Tho library was not intended tor tho rich but for thoso who could not afford to form libraries of their own It was stated in a
lotter lo tho Herald that men worked only eight hours a day, that assertion was not true, for he knew that many wero employed ton and twelve ovon seventeen hours daily It was only a comparative few who workid for t>uch short hours Another letter stated that theso who had only eight hours' work could go to tho Museum any time, whilo those wbo had moro should enforce somo arrangement on their employers, which would cnabio thom to go occasionally He (the speaker) would alwavs givo his services and tun» to promote such an object as tho opening of tho Freo
Library and Museum on Sundav
Mr HotiAN, in rising to move tho first resolution, s iid ho felt ho should bo wanting m public duty if ho had not attended tho meering that night lhere was scarcely an inlividual who had not read, either with plcasuro or pain, tho debates and resolutions of the Legislativo Assembly
He for one, considered tho bill ono of the) greatest blessings that had been given to working men It was a well know n fact that England wa3 ono of tho most religious countries in the world, and yet oven there dog tight« took plaie on Sundays, and in Ireland many pasttines wero indulged in, but tho Sibbath did not suffer from tho latter Whatever tended to tho improvement of the mm!, socially or morally, on that day was no desecration, the Sabbath was enhanced by it A man who rosortod to tho Library on that day would bo a law-abiding citizen, because no b id man would ever go thcro to improv o his mind Ho thought thoy had nothing to fear front alarmists those pre ont wcro only anxious to take advantage of tho generosity which tho country had shown by giving them theso institutions Whit was the good ot money bong voted for books and olhcials if tho placo was al way s empty There wera
hundreds of booka which were never taken down from tho ' sb h e«- to b» read It would bo far moro creditable for all
to meet in tho Museum and L brary, nnd shako hands, th in I to grasp each other s throats on Hv do Park, as thoy had done recently Tho o latter people were thos» who tried to closo these institutions Ha luped and trusted that all vould bo found in their places whenever this question was brought forward, and »hat they woulel inoet and meet till thpy enforced their opinions Mr M Flhono was one of thoso honest and idriess gentlemen who hid voted for their just rights, ml tho'O present must stand boldly ferwarl to uphold what bid been dono for them fhov met thit m^ht in hundreds, but Ihev woi Id hereafter meet in thousands if nece sary to strengthen the li rds of Mr Hurley and Mr M Elhone I lu- spciker conclu ed hv moving the first resolution - " fl at in tho c pinion of this meeting it is desirable that the Treo Public I ibrnry and Museum hu opened on Sun-
Mr WUTEII Coor-rn 6a d ho seconded tho resolution with fcreit pi asure, and ho attended tho meeting that night 1 ccau*o lie entirely sy nip ithised with the object tnoy Lal in v i" v Ile did not think it vvis ever intended that ono dav rut of the sei n should bo set apart tor lamentation 1 he> Sabbitinnns were wrong m their idea» as to reverend.
Ile wen, wrong in saving that one day should bo the Lo d s e ay Ile (the sp aker) thought all tho sevendivs wer Hi li csabbitinans were numerous but all nDht
tbinkmP mon would boll thom in conten pt Ihev exercised religion on ono day ou y but their other reh,ion the wor- ship of mammon, occupied six davsot thowhole time Ihev were bid logicians for thev defied tho laws they uphill
Sued iy « as not the day ordered bv tho Scriptures for atnet observ in o thev comm nded baturdiv to be obse-ved But th" o people had substituted a day of their own Asa me-relv huma.i institution ho believed m one day m seven being set apart for rce-reation, and, as it did not trespa s on anv Divine law every man in tho community should insist on their educational institut on« being thrown open to the public on Sundav s Those who tried to uph ild w hat thoy thought religion wero actually degrading it f rue rphgious b»hef bound men together, but ho w ould not degrade religion by any sectarian non-
Alderman O CONN on, in supporting tho resoluhon, said that it was not his intention to make a speech, inasmuch as he ira» anxious to get back to his placo to givo his resistance to a mot on bv Mr Greenwood to omit from tha Estimât s tho sum propos d to defray tho expense of opening tho Public Library and the Museum ou S inday It was with no little prido th t he was in a posit on to say that ho was tho first individual to movo in this direction, by a motion in the Municipal Council to take steps for tho op°mng of theso institutions, soon after which it was taken np and success- fully carried through tho Pailiamcnt by his hon friend, Mr Hurlov Ile considered it was an act of tho h ghest justice to tho vvorking clasoos, to afford thom the opportunity of improving their minds, and making thou better qual'hcd for an mtell gent and honest exercise of tho highest dutv and privilege of tho franchise He put t to tbem-was it possible for a working man vv ho tolled eight or ten cr moro hours a dav, to improve tho r m nds unless it be by such a measure as that ef throwing open the o institut on« (Cries of "\es,"and counter cries of ' No ") But if ho cou d, no man could bettor spend biB Sunday hours in reading the works of the good and the great of all time Ho assured the meeting that he (Alderman O'Connor) and his friends, Mr Hurley and Mr M Elhone, would stand on tho door of tho Houso until tho hmo for voting shall haye pass d, rather than allow the rescission of the resolution for tho opening of
Mr HCRLEV (H) also supported the resolution He had attended, be said, not for the purpose of addressing the meeting but as an act of courtesy to the gentlemen who had muted him Ho introduced the motion for opening; tho L brary on Sunday, not spec ally for the benefit or in the lutsrest of the work ng classes of Sydney, but for tho universal benefit of working men m general Ho had no doubt that the resolutions would hav e vet greater support both in the House and in tho country-tho people of intelligence and progress and of tho highest moril standard everywhere hail it with joy It had been said that, ina. much as no petition had been presented for the opening of those institutions the Parletment had no right to havo meddled with them If the Parliament waited for petitions before moving in anv matter, not much good wuuld be done but be would tef I theru that a great deal of mischief had been done through or bv means of petitions-one if which was now betöre tho House-ho loferred to the Trimway Bill, now being carr ed through Pailiam nt. lhere was no difficulty m în unditmg Parliament with petitions on rfny s îbjeetwhatever Ho attendee! at the Prote-tant Hall meeting as a citUcn, and to protest against the pro eedm_s, But ho was ga ged and n tallowed to bo heard (' Toll ration") Sonic of those gentlemen imposed upon their servants more than his re olution did or. tho employées of the institution It h ¡d been staetd that ho was set on by a number ot freethinkers He denied being influenced bv anv society whatever, but ncled on his ow n opinion of what w 09 right He none d that tho lîcv Mr Bovce at thit me ting said that he (Mr Hurley) was a rebel ind a traitor to Christianity
(Laughter) Ho was no rebel lie would be toe last to opposo the Bible in any way Dr M'Gibbon bad also employ el tomo st- rigaud unjustifiablo !an0uac.e toward* him but ha supposed for peace sake ho must put up with it There was nothing better to ormg ngamst the e Sab bitai ians th in tho books ho held m his hind One w as the Articles of the Blue Laws, Connecticut, to which C iplain Onslow hid alluded, and in which thcic wcro some cunous
re frictions aga n t walking about anl shaving on bun lav, I and for preventing a woman froi i ki sing her child and other thines ot thit 1 ind Ihev know that tho Prcibvto
rrans and Scotchmen generally wet o most 6tnct ni I even preventing, until lately, using any instruments of music in churches Ho also quoted lrom Dr Hcssov 's lecturo in Oxford as to the objection made by the Scotch minister to y oking oxen on a Sunday Some of those mmistors at tho Protestant Hall dd not, however, object to yokiug their hor-o-. to draw them to chuich In Scotland aUo tho ministers objected to all music in housojon fcmndivs, or oven to takinc an) walks (lulentiption from a man in tho lowei end ot the hall) Iho essay went ou to slow that tho ttltn stiictccss of Iho Scotch Sibbath drovo tho lowe- classes to th» whisky shops, as proved ly tho oviuenco of tho keopei llo was fullv decided in favour of clo mg tho public-houses on Sunday, but before supporting that meisu o ho wished to s»o sou othing bettor prov ided toi them A great deal was said about introducing tho lb. u end of tho wedge, but if tho wetlgo was good let ik bo driven home Iho arguments of lus clerical friends vi eut to show that you niifcht as well shut out tho lifrhl of heav cn ns prov enr people from enter ing theso institutions if opened on feunday but they would do good intellectually ns nell as physicillv Ho cited vinous new piper*. which had supported this inovenent, nuil, backed up by tho Pre»s he was not afraid of any atlicks which might bo made against hua by mon with minds as narrow us the razors thoy shaved their ohms with (laughter) It would bo known that opposition would bo mado to tho voto of £500 ou the Sniiplemcntary Estimates for op nmg the Museum With all io peet for Mr Davies, who brought on this resolution, he had not tho courage to fnco it and i come to a vote, for ho and his friends Would havo been 1 beaten by three to one Ihe Government «ere pieparcd to
carry out his or g nal resolution, notw ithBfandine, tho oxoi - tions of half-a do¿en deluded ministers They said that they wero taken by surprise, but six weeks beforo tho Lclto had drawn attention to the notice of motion They said also that ho íatendcd to present himself as a candidate to tho Sydney working men but he had no intention to loav e his own constituency, and tho statement was a libel on lum. AU that ho wished and all that lia had done m respect
to this matter waa Uber&l. honest, and straightforward
Mr. KBEFPT said that practically the Museum had been open on Sundoys for 'some years to anyono who knocked and choso to maho application for admission. Ho had constantly admitted thom. As to gaslight injuring the specimens it was o mistake, for gas light does not do so-it is tho sunlight wheh doe» tho injury. In tho British Museum the most valuable specimen» wero kopt from tlio minlifrht. Tho truth was, that the Mu»eum was not built
for it» present purposes.
Mr. CAUKUUN was one of tboso who had had tho coinage '
to oppos« Mr. Davies'» motion. He wished it distinctly
understood that he had no wish to deprive the working men , of hil Sunday. Ho wished to st« them educated to enjoy ii properly, and with nil respect to some of. theso clerical gentlemen more gool could be obtained fioin studying nalnro than from their scrnoiis. Ile noticed that it was attempted to briug m the question of the
working mon nero. Ho nover know that tho working ' men bud these frii uds before', for their names never ap-
peared in connection with any movement for the good of tho working classes. (Laughter.) Tho question should bo duly weighed, and without rancour or ill-fcebng. It was said that opening thc-e places on Sunday would oinpliy labour and deprive the working man of Ins day of rert. Thoro would bo to some extent an employment of labour, but it waa an abuse to speak of the work dono ns real labour. Talk of labour, ho recently saw tbo carriage of n distinguished ecclesiastic with the coachman on the box waiting for his master outside the church door, ns if tho poor man had not a soul to be saved. (Laughter.) This question stood upon tho broad ground of the greatest good to the greatest number, giving fho least possible work to those who must work. I'rnorically the mosF03 of the people bad not time to visit these institu- tions on the week days. Thoy would not bo opened on tboso times un Snndnys that would interfere with public worship, -for thero was no" intention.to wound truo religious convic-
tions. He noticed that a small Sydney paper had said of him that ho deprecated the Scotch Sabbath. He did not say so, but ho would say now that ho did deprecate it. In Scotland thoy made a burthen of the day, so that peoplo looked forward with pleasure to the Monday. Wo hnd no desire to interfore with religion a» such, but what we did protest against was the idea of the Sabbath being turned into a quise, and robbed of nil that would make it a blessing. AVe wore told wo wero going to havo a Continental Sabbath. No fear of anything of the kind. Thero was sufficient guarantee for this in the good senso of the peoplo. Thc»o gentlemen also told us that tho peoplo have not petitioned for the opining of museums. Perhaps his auditors did not know now theso petitions were got np. Women and children signed them the collectors wera paid S3 much per 100O names. The men who wero getting up this agitation were- not such men of influence as they supposed. Ho congratulated tho meeting that theso institutions wero now opened, and ho trusted they would continuo so and givo tho public their advantages. (Loud cheers.)
Mr. AVIKDEVEB said that tho vote in tho Assembly as to rescinding tho resolution relating to the Museum vv us then on, so that his remarks would be necessarily brief. He was glad to see this largo meeting which supported those members of Parliament who had Toted for opening the Public Library and Museum on Sunday. He beliovcd that if tbo peoplo were po!!»d there wnn'd bo a very largo majority in fuvour of opening these institutions. ("Hear," " No,""and uproar.) The moro this matter was examined historically the moro the religious argument failed. Tho greatest men had always held tho view ho had put forward. Ho believed that ho had sufficiently refuted tho leligious aspect given by the opponents" of this movement, for his last letter on tho_ subject remained un- answered!, so ho supposed it bud been abandoned. They had now treated it from a social point of view hy tho simplo process of starting arguments which had never been used, and knockinsr them down. As to taking away tho working man's Sunday, it was nonsense. They weie per- fectly able to toke care of that themselves. Hcsuvv with satis- faction this largo asseniblaire to suppoit the course taken by members of tho Legislature who" had proposed to make these institutions available to them on the only day when the working classes could have timo to get access to tbein. (Cheers.)
The resolution was then put and carried by a show of hands, only six being held up against it.
The Hon. J. B. WILSON moved,-" Tb.at the thanks of this meeting bo accorded to Mr. Hurley and those members of Parliament who supported him in passing the resolution for open;ng the Freo Public Library and lho Museum on Snndnys, and regrets exceedingly that certain members of the Assembly should toko action to have the resolution
The motion wns seconde! hy Mr. HODGSON ; and on being put was carried-six. hands being held up in opposi-
A vote of thanks was, on tho motion of Mr. DIXON, spcondcd by Mr. Bnowx, passed by acclamation to tho chairman and duly acknowledge, and tie proceedings termi-
nated with cheers for the Queen.
THE KEW GUINEA EXPEDITION.-It . tears from the Courier of the 17th instant that the >w Guinea expeditionary schooner Colonist on the eve-i.uig of the lith instant took the ground after dropping anchor for the night, at an island about nineteeai miles south of Cooktown, but a kedge being got out aft and the passengers having landed with their swags, she was floated off at 4 a.m. on Saturday, without further in iury than the loss of the kedge. The cook, shipped in Sydney, was disabled by burning, the result of a kerosene accident, and perhaps, by the ex- cessive indulgence in fire-water, so that the passengers had to rough it on Saturday, but breakfast was supplied to them at one of the hotels, after their arrival, on Sunday morning, and at th- ship's expense by order of the agents, who immediately procured a Chinese cook and assistant, and had them shipped for the remainder of the voyage. Some of the passengers proceeded on Monday morning to lodge a complaint before the Sub-Collector of Uustoms, with reference to the quality of the beef supplied on the voyage, some of which was alleged to be unfit for use. A cask of the beef was, we understand opened, in the presence of .Mr. Fahey, who proceeded to examine into the cause of the complaint,
but the cask opened for inspection appeared, to be sound and good. The agent, however, to provide against all, for further dissatisfaction on
the same score, immediately procured a supply of j fresh meat. On interviewing some of the passengers yesterday, we were informed that there never weie any grave grounds for dissatisfaction on account of the food, and that at present they are as well supplied and served, as they could wish to be. Ten additional passengers have up to the present been booked in Cooktown. The rumours current in towoi of an early " rush" somewhere north, is no doubt keeping many back, who would otherwise join the expedition. Stalls for nine horses have been erected between decks, immediately under the after hatch. Twelve horses will, we understand,-be taken, if three of the number can be stowed on deck. Each of the men from Sydney is armed with a rifle and revolver, and there
aie besides several fowling pieces amongst the party. They are well provided with " trade " in the shape of tobacco, turkey red cloth, beads, &c, and all express a determination to treat the New Guinea natives fairly; by paying for everything they may require, and otherwise respecting their rights, so as to keep up friendly relations with them. The Argus of the same date states that amongst the party are two English gentlemen, Messrs. Neville and llolme, who are travelling for the pleasure of adventure, and are splendidly equipped. They have joined two practi- cal miners, steady, worthy fellows named Arms-.ron«-', who come from the .Wallsend coal mines, New South Wales. The elder" of the two was one of the early diggers on the Palmer. This party, we understand, take four horses themselves. The 'other passengers take every necessary for six months, and will, if there is gold in New Guinea, give a good account of them-
A NEW FIET/U-GCN.-Tho new 12-pounder field gun, which may be regarded as the product of two years' experiments at the hands of the most skilful British artillerists, has recently been completed at the tloyal Fun Factories, nnd is looked at as the most perfe'Ct field-gun in existence. At present it is pro- posed to make only fifty on the same pattern, and then only after the sample gun is finally approved, but no doubt exists that it yvill hereafter become the service arm of the whole artillery force. The most remark- able feature in its outward form is its length, for it is nearly nine feet long, whereas the 9-pounder of 8 cwt. measures but 6ix feet. The 12-pounder, however, weighs only "| cwt., for every ounce of super- fluous metal has been judiciously shaved off, and save that the contour of the breech end is a little too rigid," the gun' is from' a professional point of view the beau'ideal of a field piece. The bore, like that of the 9-pounder, is 3-inch' calibre, enlarged at the chamber end to 3-15 inches, and the vent is fixed rather forward to isnite tlio cartridge 7 inches from tho bottom of the bore. Sights of tho most delicate and vet serviceable" kind have been proTided for it, the'most approved being the French and the " Orthoptic" systems the principle of the latter being a ¿mall hole' in a disc, and the former a small dot held by wires m the centre of a ring. An improvement o'f the trunnions is also introduced in this gun, consisün" of a collar on each arm to brace up the carriage, and save it from some of the damaging effects wnich it sutters from the shock of discharge. The gun is rifted in ten grooves, the rifling, like every other detail having been the result of long investigation.
THE ENTERTAINMENTS.-Last night, Mrs. ' Scôtt Siddons in response to requests from country visitors
to to .vii, gave a number of dramatic recitations at the I Academy of Art, Ehzabeth-streot.-At the theatres I and other places of entertainment, the programmes
gone through as I