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Tîie Sydney Herald.
" THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1833.
" Sworn lo no Master, of no Sect am I. "
Tt would appear that the amount of Colton Wool and Sheep's Wool, used in Britain in 1831, was 443 millions of pounds. The Cotton Wool amounted to 263 millions, and of this was after
wards spun 245 millions of pounds. The Sheep's Wool brought from Foreign parts, including the colony of N S Wales was 20 millions, and that of native growth was 1G0 millions of pounds. Thus it appears that the 20 millions of pounds, to which we generally confine our attention, in estimating the quantity imported into Britain, is only 1.8th part of the whole Wool of British produce. The silk trade of Britain requires three millions of pounds ; while that of Hemp requires 60 millions of pounds. Flax mostly brought from foreign countries was used to the amount of 120,000,000 of pounds. If it were profitable to enter into this trade, there would be ample field for the growth of it in this colony. We are not aware whether it has been successfully cultivated in this country or not, but if it were possible to render it an article of staple growth and export, it would find an open market in the mother country. One cannot but feel astonished at the immense labour required to produce a yearly supply of the above articles to the amount specified. Many hundred thousands of individuals must be engaged in the culture of each, in making tools and machinery for their use, in growing food for the whole, and in transporting the materials by land and water from one place to
another. The Wool trade is now established in
our Island ; and we strongly recommend small experiments to be made on the Flax and Cotton, ,-. !.';> -i^ ?"-; J.';' ..V.!.!-.... 'Üed »u.;^ii;'.ît.-tii tioleo of Colonial growth.
We perceive that the surplus of Government funds in Van Diemen's Land, is somewhat liberally expended on subjects connected with general utility. The following sums have been set apart out of the Revenue for 1834-for the erection of a Custom House, £1,000; for a New Bridge at Ross, £500 ; for a Presbyterian Church at Hobart Town, £625; for a College at Hobart Town, £1,250; for a Government House, £1,400 ; for Church and Schools, £9,903; and for Judicia Establishments, £13,775 ; the last two items pre" sent an increase over 1833, of nearly £2,000 on each. The cheapest establishment in the country appears to be Macquarie Harbour, which is rated at £3 16s. 6d. The Orphan School demands £3,000, an extraordinary large sum for such a purpose ; and the Aborigines require £973. The whole amount of expenditure for 1833, ia £93,945 15s. 7fd.,' and the estimated expense for ¿884, is £84,035 Ps <W.
By the arrival of the Ship Auriga, from Hobart Town, we have received titles of the Journals of Van Diemen's
Land to the 30th October, from which
we extract as follows:
Oct. 21— The schooner Jess, 78 tons, Captain C. Friend, from London, 14th May, and from Rio, where she touched, on the 1st August, with a general cargo.
Oct. 22.— The barque Lady East, 648 tons, Captain Alexander Strachan, from Liverpool, 15th June, with a general cargo, consisting of salt, &c. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Harnett and 3 children, Mr. and Mrs. Higgins, Mr. and Mrs. Lindsay, Miss Murray, Miss M. and Miss C. Murray, Mr. Murray, Mr. Paterson, Mr. McGeichie, Dr. Har-
nett, Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell, and 209 others.
Oct. 22. -- The schooner Currency Lass, 30 tons,
Captain Richards, from Sydney the 12th instant, with a general cargo. Passengers, Mrs. Copies,
and Mr. Parker.— Colonist.
Passengers per the Vibilia:— Dr. Evans, Mr. Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Best and 3 children, Mr. and Mrs. G. Best and four children, Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins, Mr. and Mrs. Shilvetor, Mr. and Mrs. Grant, Mr. and Mrs. Wilmot and three children, Mr. Lyall, Mr. and Mrs. Gregg, Mr. Masters, Miss Best, Mr. Clark, Mr. and Mrs. Boot and sisters, Messrs. Williams, Harvest, Chambers, Shivelton, and son, Mr. and Mrs. Bananhan and child, Mrs. Joley. Among the above are the following tradesmen, viz:— One cooper, one butcher, one tailor, three farmers, one currier, one miller, one linendraper, one innkeeper, and three clerks.— Colonist.
Oct. 23.— The ship Lonach, 400 tons, Captain W. R. Driscoll, from London, 19th June, with a general cargo. Passengers, Messrs. P. Smith, A. Smith, L. Smith, J. C. Walker, and 23 others, besides 48 for Sydney.
Oct. 23.-The ship Medway, 450 tons, Captain Borthwick Wight, from Sydney, the 17th inst. Passengers, Miss Wight, Captain Mackay and lady, Captain Ormston, Lieutenant Seton, 21st Regt., Lieutenant Leckie, 39th Regt., Mr. Gal- braith, 88 rank and file, 15 women and 18chiklren, of the 21st Regiment.
Oct. 23— The barque William Bryan, 302 tons, Captain J. Roman, from London, 4th July. Surgeon Superintendent Dr. Robertson, R. N. with 123 female convicts, 9 free women, and 17 children.
OCT. 24. — Arrived, the ship Countess Dunmore, Captain Millon, from London, 27th May, with merchandize, and the following passengers,— Mas- ter Dowling, Miss Tayspill, Miss Clooke, Mrs. Plummer, Mrs. Bullock, Thomas Foster, Patrick O'Neill, Julia O'Neill, Thomas Bullock, William Emery, Joseph Cummings, ---- Shedwick.—
The bushrangers, Britton, Jeffkins, and Brown, attacked the house of Lieutenant Vaughan, on the river Mersey, last week ; which they robbed of various articles of valuable property. Britton wished to make a " clean sweep ;" but was over- ruled by the others, who would not consent to take anything which was not easily portable. They are said to have appeared much exhausted. The reward of two hundred sovereigns and a free par- don is renewed by the Government for the appre-
hension of Britton.-Colonist.
Cant iron water pipes, nearly one mile in length, have arrived by the numerous late prison ships from England. Each vessel brings out a portion as ballast. They may be seen at the Ordnance Stores, on the wharf. They are intended, we un- derstand, to convey the water from O'Brien's Bridge into Hobart Town.- Colonist.
At Mr. Wise's Corn Market on Wednesday, (Oct. 23.), the demand for wheat was much greater than the supply, with every prospect of a rise. What was sold fetched 6s. 6d. a bushel. Oats and
Cape barley were very dull of sale, the former at 3s. (id., and the latter at 3s. There were many samples of English barley, but no buyers-peas
4s. a bushel.-Colonist
We understand most of the free women, per the Edward Coulston, have have obtained situations, and that many of them have been engaged at wages as high as £12 per annum. This is too
I siro RTA NT."-The Law Reform Bill has passed the Lords, and was read the second time in the Commons, on the 12th June.
Surely it is impossible for the ruinous system now in operation to he longer continued. The Judges cannot su (Ter the Colony to be subjected to evils that Britain has rejected? It is impossible that thesQ oppressions should be longer now con- tinued here. The system of our Supreme Court is a reproach to the Colony.-Austral-Asiatic
The Gazelle has renewed the notice of a reward
of 200 sovereigns and a free pardon, for the appre- hension of the bushranger, Britton.- Tasmanian.
POLICE REPORT, OCTOBER. 11.-John Cluer, of having told his master an infamous lie, relative to the late felony at Mr. Joynes', and thereby defeat- ing the ends of Justice, was ordered two years hard labour at Constitution Hill road party, for the benefit of his health, and the improvement of
Joseph Griffin being found in an improper ser- vice, was returned to the Public Works.- Tas
We strongly urge upon the attention of the Council, the necessity which exists for a Legis- lative Enactment, fixing at a moderate and rea sonable rate, Hie amount of law proceedings for the recovery of money. At present, they are peifectly ruinous both to debtor and creditor.
Since writing the above, on looking through our Sydney Journals, we find that private let- ters have reached that Colony, stating the ap- pointment of a Commission of Enquiry, for these Colonies. This report is also coufirmed by pri- vate letters to this place. Comments on this most important subject in our next.-Colonist.
The following are the names of the thirty fe- males who have arrived by the Edward Coulston: Sarah and Lydia Kemp, Jane Forbes, Eliza and Mary Plunkett, Dilhanly, Mary Ann, Eliza, and Cathyrine Roach, Sarah Ward, Eliza M'Grieth, Mary Ann and Rose Harford, Eliza Egan, Bridget Niel, Esther Ratlidge, Ellen O'Bryan. Margaret Mason, Mary Farrell, Mary Ann Brannan, Bridget Coffey, Mary Smith, Ann Scott, Ann Doyle, Jane Harrington, Jane Walsh, Mary A. Madden, Mary Bronghall, Margaret M'Ginnes, Jane Gilchrist, Sarah and Charlotte Aust, Margaret Barry, Eliza Rice; also the following tradesmen, viz:— three join- ers, one mason, two plasterers, one gardener, one famer, one waiter.— Colonist.
The steerage passengers by the Drummore, are for the most part mechanics and farmers labour- ers, among whom are, one carpenter, two blacksmiths, one cooper, one shoemaker, one harness maker, one tailor, one baker, two farm- ers, one millwright, one tanner, one brass foun- der, one copper-smith, one veterinary surgeon, one shepherd.— Their names are John Dunlop, William Pattison, David Swan, James and Jane Cameron, T. Wightman, Caldaghan, J. Bain, E. and Mary Williard, R. and Euphemia Thomp- son, W. Waugh, Janet Creerat, Catharine Clark, George Limley, W. C. Cunningham, Alexander Struth, Mrs. Kidd and three chil- dren, Jane Ross, Mrs. Miller and five childien, John and E. Merry, and three children, Andrew Paul, James and John Ford, Andrew Halibur- ton, Eliza Paton, W. Proudfoot.— Colonist.
The curions fact of shipping 100,000 bnsliels of bonded wheat, from Loudon to Canada, took place in June last.-.Hobart Town Courier.
It gives us pleasure to offer to our readers, the following return of the black whale fishery for the season now just terminating. It is probable that fish may be taken after the calculation may appear before the public-so that, at all events, the returns may be considered as lather under than over the real product of this important Colonial branch of
Product at Research Bay.
Parties. Imp. Tuns. Messrs. M'Lachlan and Young. 245 -Hewitt and Murdoch. 240 -Wilson and M'Leod. 140 -Mortimer and Gellibrand. 90
Mr. Potchey. 36
Product at Adventure Bay.
Messrs. M'Lachlan and Young. 260 -Kelly and Lucas. 135
Mr. Petchey. 80
Supposed product at Oyster Bay.
Mr. Meredith. 90
Supposed product at Launceston.
Mr. Sinclair. 230
Product by Vessels employed.
Messrs. Hewitt and Smith's Marianne. 231 Mr. Watson's Amity. 23
Total. 1750 If sold on the spot at the present price
of £16 per tun, which is the lowest
quotation. £28,000 Of bone, there is, in all, rather more
than 90 tons, which if taken at til o
lowest quotation, £80, per ton. 7,200
£35,200 The "above, of course, does not include the sperm oil fishery. Price of black oil in London, last quotation, £25 "10s, Bono £110 per ton.- Colo-
The Times of the 14th June, thus speaks of the new Debtor and Creditor Law :-" It appears to
be one of the best and most useful measures that has been submitted to Parliament for some time
past. It enables the Creditors to lay hands on all the property of their Debtors, without trouble or expense, while it saves the latter from the demoral- izing and destructive consequences of incarceration. It gives immediate execution on bonds and bills as they become due, without compelling the creditor to the expensive process of an action." The Times then proceeds to comment on its other excellent effects, the principle of which is, that Lawyers will now cease to fatten upon the distressed. Lord Eldon stated in the House of Lords of the 27th, that " so great arc the changes in the law, effected and contemplated, that no lawyer now need have occasion for his education, and that as for his Library, it was mere waste paper." Lord Brougham asked the venerable Peer whether he considered those grounds sufficient to oppose the great improvements which the changes to which he referred had evidently ef- fected ; to which Lord Eldon candidly admitted that they did not.
THE SOUTH POLE.- The best geographers be- lieve, and recent discoveries confirm the hypothe- sis in the existence of a large southern continent, forming a circle of ten or twelve degrees radius,
the centre of which is the South Pole. This land is of course the abode of all those animals selected
by Providence in the icy regions. An enterpris- ing mercantile house of this town proposes to send a vessel, well calculated and properly equipped, to make the interesting voyage of circumnavigating the above circle, thereby to determine the fact of its existence or otherwise. The command of this vessel is to be bestowed upon the Tasmanian Cook -Captain Stein. If any man has a right to as- sume the mantle ofthat illustrious seaman, it is the gentleman we have named, if alone in respect to his voyage round the world, in a sloop of thirty tons, the whole crew composed of himself and five men, not one of the latter being able to read or write, and without even a close of medicine on board, and himself only 22 years old, his own merits having obtained him the command of a ship at the age of l8. We understand Captain Stein proposes to proceed due south from our lands end ; in which case he will in all probabilily reach the icy region in a week or ten days, and then should he not fall in with the supposed continent, by pro- ceeding eastward, in short degrees of longitude, he will soon be enabled, although of course subject to much peril, and with great deprivations in such a climate, to reach the ascertained land. Was such an expedition as this about to be undertaken at home, all the newspapers, Metropolitan and Pro- vincial, would ring with it, and with the history of the preparations of double bows, furred coats, seven- fold blankets, preserved meats, concentrated soup, &c. &c. Here Captain Stein proceeds with only the common preparation for an ordinary voyage. Austral Asiatic Review.
THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.-Mr. Duterean delivered his second lecture on Tuesday week last. There was a very numerous attendance of members who were highly gratified by the able discourse of the lecturer, and by the diagrams and drawings with which he illustrated his interesting subject. Dr. Ross, proceeded last week, on his course of natural philosophy, with his usual ability. This evening Mr. Hacket will positively deliver his long promised lecture upon the Steam Engine. We have been favored with a sight of his working model of a Steam Carriage, which proceeds at the inconceivable rapid rate of 22 miles per hour. The highest interest is created from the well-known ability of Mr. Hacket on this most important sub- ject. On the next Tuesday, Dr. Ross will close the season with a valedictory address, in which much interesting matter will be embraced.-aus- tral Asiatic Review, Oct. 29.
THE BLACKS.-His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor has much gratification in announcing Mr. Robinson's safe return from the coast with an additional tribe of natives, whom he had after ex-
ceeding much fatigue induced to surrender. His Excellency takes this opportunity in expressing his high sense, of the unwearied enterprise and un- daunted fortitude, which have enabled Mr. Robin- son to contribute in so extraordinary a degree, to the happiness and prosperity of the community, a sentiment in which he conceives every Colonist must in the most unqualified manner paiticipatc, Only one tribe consisting of eighteen individuals, now remains rn the woods. These have lately been seen at Emu Bay, and they are supposed to be roving in the settlement of the Van Diemen's Land Company; they are not it is believed dis- posed to be unfriendly to the settlers ; while there- fore every necessary caution is recommended by tlie local Government, His Excellency trusts he shall not be disappointed in the hope, that where ever they are met with by the white inhabitants, they will be treated with kindness_Colonist.
We have great pleasure in calling public at- tention to the spirited protest of Captain Swan- ston, with the concurrence of Messrs. Willis, M'Lachlan, and Kerr, against the appropriation of the proceeds of the sale of Crown land, for any purposes not local. This protest is an un- answerable document, and must effect one of two objects; the removal of the deprecated po- licy, or a declamation of direct and wilful ty- ranny and oppression, wanton injury and insult' intended misrule and proscription, with refer- ence to this Colony, by the British Government. Captain Swanston has acted a Patriot's part. O si sic Omîtes/-Colonist.
MARTIAL LAW.-The Gazette contains a Pro-
clamation, stating that Martial Law is declared by Proclamation, to be no longer in force against the Aborgines.- Colonial.
i EMIGRATION FHO>I VAN DIEMEN'S LAND1'
I (From a Con espondent.)-The effects of mis I rule are beginmg to shew themselves by driving
fioin lins highly tavoied soil ind culture, someot the most useful of otu population. We aie m fouued that scvei ti i espectable families have enteted into an ai rangement, to unite in an Emi- gration scheme to New Zealand. AH the paities nie man ted pet sons, with laige families, and con sideiable capital amongst them. This project, ofteis many veiy serious points for oin consult- ation , and we may heicafter bung tliem before ourreatleis, both bete and m England. Amongst the intended Emigrants, is Mi. Gilbeit Robeit son, the late Editoi of Uns Joui nal, who has offered loi sale las beautiful, valuable, and highly cultivated Estate of Woodburn, with ciops and tunning stock.-Colonist.
Great complaints arc raking, w th respect to the manner in which the Sjdney beef and poik is cured for this maiket. It appeals, the Sjd- ney curers aie so determined that then meat shall be pieseived, that each joint is cnt into thin pieces, so much so, that the tibs ically aie libs-the meat being cut off so as to allow the salt to penetiate mole îeadily. Unless this plan bp altejed, it will soon lender Sydney br-el (as we should much like to rccoid) unsaleable in our
maiket -Colonial Tunas.
FREE FEMALES— A Government Notice in the Gazette informs the Colonists of the expected arrival of another vessel, laden with female Emi- grants.— Colonist.