Magistrate for next Week — Thomas Bell, Esq.
Ship News. — Arrived on Monday
last from Calcutta, the ship John Bull, Captain B. Orman with merchandize. — Passengers, Mr. A.
M'Cleod, Mr. N. Youngs, Mr. G. E. Hudson, Mrs. Ritchie and two children.
Yesterday arrived the ship Admiral Cockburn, Captain Briggs, from England ; sailed the 13th July, the same day as the Arab, and touched at Madeira and the Cape. — The Admiral Cockburn has a valuable investment on board.
The same day arrived the brig Christiana, Capt. Hall, from London, which she left the 15th July.
On Thursday His Majesty's colonial schooner Waterloo, Mr. Kinghorne, master, sailed for Mac- quarie Harbour.
Sailed on Sunday last for Port Jackson, the transport-ship Caledonia, Captain Carns ; also,
The brig Amboyna, Captain Wilson.
The ship John Bull will sail for Port Jackson on Monday next.
The brig Jupiter will sail for Port Dalrymple
The ship Emerald will positively sail on Wed- nesday for England direct.
Remain in the port and river, His Majesty's colonial brigs Prince Leopold and Duke of York ; the ships Admiral Cockburn, Emerald, John Bull, and General Gates (American) ; the brigs Chris- tiana, Deveron, Minerva, and Jupiter ; and the schooner Elizabeth Mary.
The Admiral Cockburn brings from the Cape the very satisfactory information, that the ship Royal George, which had gone on shore in a vio- lent gale of wind in Table Bay, and was under- stood to have been lost, had been got off, and after being repaired, was about to proceed on her voyage.
The Tiger had arrived at the Cape, and had
sailed for Calcutta.
On Monday last His Majesty's colonial brig Prince Leopold, and the brig Deveron, which proceeded down the river about three weeks ago to assist in saving the cargo and wreck of the ship Achaeon, which lately struck on a reef near the South Cape, returned to Port. — The Deveron, we understand, brings up about 500 barrels of salt pork and beef, &c. — In a gale of wind which was experienced in the night of this day fortnight, the hulk, with such remaining part of the cargo as had not been got out, went to pieces, and before day-light next morning the major part of it was
carried out to sea.
Three seamen belonging to the Prince Leopold, who were employed in bringing off things in a boat from the wreck, were unfortunately drowned by the upsettingof the boat, which was afterwards found buried in the sand on the beach about 40 miles distant from the place where she capsizcd.
Alexander Mills, a convict, servant to a Set- tler near Jericho, was tried before a Bench of Magistrates at Jericho, on the 19th instant, on a charge of indecent assault upon the wife of his employer, during the absence of the latter from home. The prisoner pleaded guilty, and the Court, to mark their sense of the offence, sentenced him to receive 100 lashes, and to be transported to Mac- quarie Harbour.
The two arrivals this week from England bring the following Passengers, 96 in number, viz. : —
Per Admiral Cockburn. — Mr. and Mrs. A. Mackenzie and family, Mr. and Mrs. J. White and family, Mr. & Mrs. Household, Mrs. Martha Corney, Mrs. Dillon and family, Mr. Sutherland,
and Mr. Hardinck.
Per Christiana, — Captain Allison and Lady, with 5 children (one having been born on the passage), Lieut. Slade, R. N. Mr. and Mrs. Oxford and family, Mr. and Mrs. Williams, Mr. Allen, Mr. Robertson, Mr. Mords, Mr. and Mrs. Watts and 2 children, Mr. S. Butcher, Mr, P. Harbourne, Mr. H. Harbourne, Mr. Faber, Mr. and Mrs. Reeves and 5 children, Mr. and.Mrs. Baynton and 3 children, Mr. P. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Guy and 4 children, Mr. and Mrs. B. Guy, Mr. Hey, Mr. Urquhart, Mr. J. Jewell, Mr. A. Fletcher, Mr. and Mrs. J. Fletcher and child, Mr. and Mrs. Pullen and 2 children, Mr. J. Hobbs, Mr. and Mrs. Downward and 8 children, Mrs. Sharpe, Mrs. Houghton and 2 children, Mr. J. Thomas, Mr. James Rush, Mr. Flude, and Mrs. Moss ;
together with several other persons.
We have been requested to insert the following Copy of a Letter, from a respectable Manufacturing House in Yorkshire, to Messrs. Buckles, Bagster, and Buchanan, London, which has been forwarded to a Gentleman of this Settlement, who has paid considerable attention to sheep and wool property for the last four years, and was an extensive shipper per Royal George, and by whom we are favoured with the opportunity of giving publicity to infor- mation, which must, be highly encouraging and
useful in this Settlement: —
" Messrs. Buckles, Bagster, and Buchanan.
" Gentlemen, — We beg to inform you, for the information of your Correspondents in New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, that the wools of both Colonies are much approved by the Cloth- makers of this Country, who are disposed to give every encouragement to the improvement of the wools, which is only to be done by the introduc- tion of the Merino Rams, so that after crossing the wool will become fine and equal in value to a good middling Spanish wool. — The best mode to be adopted in getting the wool to market, is to have it well washed on the sheep, keep them in clean pasture until quite dry, say 2 or 3 days ; then have them shorn, the fleeces rolled up, and packed in bags of 2 to 3 cwt. each. — This simple mode is found to answer best, as the manufactures of York- shire in particular buy every description of wool, with which the whole fleece supplies them, and they prefer buying the entire fleece to sorts. — The main thing to obtain, is fineness of hair, of close body, and a moderate length of staple, say about 2 inches. When the wool is long staple, it is apt to grow coarse and curly, which is not liked by the manu- factures. — The lambs should not be shorn too early, as the wool is more valuable when they are about 8 or 9 months old ; if the season will admit of it, the lambs should be left until the summer is nearly over before they are clipped ; the same mode to be observed in washing and bagging as is done in the
By the brig Christiana we have received a set of Public Ledgers, from which we select the following
heads of information : —
The Confidence sloop of war, of l8 guns, commanded by Captain W. T. Morgan, was unfortunately lost in a tremendous gale of wind off the western coast of Ire- land ; and we are sorry to perceive, that every soul on board perished : her crew consisted of 132 men.
Besides the vessels already mentioned in our Gazette, the brig Wellington (Bryant), and the Lord Liverpool (Coulson), were advertised for these Colonies.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer had announced his intention, that the whole of the tax or the present salt duties should expire in 1824.
Up to the 1st of July, the following supplies of pro- visions had been sent from England to the southern & western parts of Ireland, viz. about 5,000 tons of po- tatoes, 1,000 tons of oatmeal, 450 bags of flour, 2,000 barrels and bags of wheat, 21 tons of barley meal, and 1,000 bags of biscuit ; to relieve the distresses of the poor for the want of food.
The first stone of the New Bridge over the Thames, near to London Bridge, was to be laid with masonic ceremonies some time in July, by His Royal Highness the Duke of York, High Steward of the Borough. — It was expected that His Royal Highness would be at- tended by the Grand Lodge of England, in full cos- tume, assisted by many distinguished Members of the Craft, and the Mayor and Corporation.
The whole of the horses employed at Sheerness Dock-yard had been taken away by order of Govern- ment, in order to give employment to labourers and others, who would have been otherwise discharged.
According to a return laid before Parliament, the total amount of Bank of England notes in circulation up to the 25th of June, was 16,401,450 l. ; of which 13,964,350 l. was in notes of 5 l. and upwards ; 1,431,050 l. in bank post bills ; and 956,050 l. in notes
A mercantile house in Dublin had entered at the Custom-house, in a single ¡tem, a parcel of goods (principally woollens) to the value of .0,881 l. for ex- portation to Baltimore, in the ship Belvidera.
That elegant Grecian structure, St. Pancras New Church, had been consecrated by the Bishop of Lon- don. His Royal Highness the Duke of York, at- tended by several personages of distinction, were at
About 3o,ooo men were employed in cutting a grand canal from the Texel, through North Holland, to Amsterdam. The marshy soil under the water is re- moved by means of nets, and above 1ooo small ves- sels are daily employed in carrying it away. The depth of the canal is fixed at 25 feet, that the largest East or West Indiaman may be able to reach Amsterdam without unloading any part of her cargo in the Texel. The canal will be above ten German (fifty English)
miles in length.