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PANAMA CANAL»

THE MEETING OF THE WATERS

CEREMONY BY PRESIDENT

WILSON.

WASHINGTON, October IO.

Dr. Wilson, tim Piesident of the United States, pressed an electric but- ton at the AVhite House, AVnshington, to-day, and exploded a huge chut go of dyiiamilo under the Gnmbo.i Dyke, in tho Panama Canal, a. distance ol 4,000 miles, thus allowing tho viators of the Gatun Lalee to flow into the Culebra

Cut.

Light draught vowels aro now able to navigate tho greater p.ut of tho Panania. Canal. Tho steam diedges bato started the work of deepenint* tho channel, taking the placo of the steam navvies and the railway.

Tho Pacific Coast cities celebrated tho blbv.ing up of tho dyke by the ringing »f bc'ls, tho blowing of sirens and whistles, and the stoppages of the car

services.

The waters of tho Pacific and tlio Atlantic aro not actually united yet, as tho Culebra Cut is 85 feet over the sea lovcl, but the waters of tho Gatun Lako f«*tond from the Pedro Miguel locks to t.ho Gatun locks, approximately two thirds the entire length of the Csin-al.

AYhile the Panama Canal celebrations wore proceeding Colonel Gulliard, tho director of tho Culebra Cut excavation, lay dying in a hospital near Washing- ton, tho result of :i general breakdown duo to his long labours in tho Canal

zone.

SAN FRANCISCO, October 13.

Advices received in San Francisco stato that until further ordors Hie clause in tho Tariff Bill providing for ii 7 per cent, rebate on goods carried in Ameri- can vessels through the Panania Canal is to bo ignored.

CELEBRATION IN LONDON.

LONDON, October 10.

Many Americans assembled nt the Savoy Hotel in London to-day, and celebrated tho removal of the last hai- rier in the 'Panama Canal separating the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and toasted

success to tho canal.

AMERICAN SHIPPING.

LONDON, October 11. .

It is stated in London that Dr. AVil sou, tho President of tho United States, is asking Cougrcss to abandon the dis- crimination in favour of Araorica-xi ship- ping pasan*", through tlio Patwiiia Canal.

A recent American exchange staled; - The revolution in tho world'« «hipping business that tho opening of the Panama Catiol if ill effect :« approaching rapidly. Bofor» tho end of this year it will be possihlo for ships to pp.ss through the wal-invay, aeeoiding to tlio mo3t recent reports of progroai, although it will not Ijo until souio time in 1915 that tho cannl is formally opened to tho world's com- merce. A'« hilo it is oxpectcd the ce nal will bo ready for shipping by December next, oven earlier than that light draught vessels may bo passing through. As the greater part of the cannl 'prism already hao been put to its final depth, small vosssuls probably will navigate it safely tvithi)! a foiv days after, October 10 next, when the Gambo?, dyke is to bo blown up, thus admitting to the Culebra level the great sroro of water in Gatun lake.

There aro tiiiily-four steam shovels now | in tho cut. They aro iip.nilling only 800,COO cubic, yards of earth and lock per month, tt'hich output will bo greatly re- duced ns tho dopth of the cut increases and the available room for shovelling be- comes less. Colonel Goolhuls, hottoTor, has itc-50'jibîeil fifteen dredgeis, with a monthly capacity of 1,500,000 cubic ynrel3,

.ind lliejp will bo floated into tho cut r.s

soon'a« the dyke is1 destroyed." Not con- tení; with digging away at the baso 'of thu dills, the cnginecrn iu their hosie to open «ip »lae waterway have begun lo r-.ni' away the tops of tho hills with gioul jets of water under high presero, slii;e¡ii5- the earth into the bed of tho conn!, whence it 'is bping sivopt up by li-.icuctatio dredges and pumps and dis- charged inio tho ravines ana valleys so i'-** Away that it can never wash back. Tile ofncittl opening of the canal will bo horalác-l by tho passage through it of the tictii-e United States Navy some limo next

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