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THE MEASUBE IN OPERATION.
_ _ MELBOURNE, March. 1.
Tlie Seamen's Compensation Act, 1909, came into force to-day. It pro- vides for the payment of compensation for seamen engaged upon Australian registered ships wherever trading, and, in certain cases, upon British and fpr i eign shins engaged in the coasting
trade who are killed or injured in the course of their occupation.
The measure is an extension to sea- men of the benefits conferred upon workers ashore by the Workmen's Compensation Acts of various States, tho principle in each case being that the industry in which, as a result of acci . dents men are killod or maimed or pre- vented from earning their livelihood Bhall bear the obligation of providing compensation.
There is no obligation upon seamen to prove negligence as a condition pre- cedent to success. Generally speaking, if a. seaman is killed, his family may ob- tain an amount up to the measure of his eornings for about three years, or £2C0, whichever is the larger amount, but not exceeding in any case £500. Compensation for total or pnrtial in capacitation runs up to 50 per cent, of the average earnings during the preced- ing twelve months, but not exceeding 30s. per week. .