From Joseph II to the Jacobin trials : government policy and public opinion in the Habsburg dominions in the period of the French Revolution / by Ernst Wangermann Wangermann, Ernst

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Author
Wangermann, Ernst
Subjects
Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor, 1741-1790.; Austria - Politics and government - 18th century.; Jacobin trials.
Contents
  • Machine derived contents note: I. CONFLICTS AND IDEAS ENGENDERED BY THE
  • POLICIES OF JOSEPH II
  • I. The Fourth Estate in the battle against the clerical and
  • aristocratic opposition 5
  • 2. Public opinion in the Fourth Estate overtakes enlightened
  • despotism It
  • 3. Discontent and opposition in the Fourth Estate 25
  • 4. Retreat from enlightened despotism 36
  • (i) Police reorganization 37
  • (ii) New policies for old 44
  • (iii) Feudal restoration 50
  • II. LEOPOLD II: ONE STEP BACK, TWO STEPS FORWARD
  • I. Continuation of the retreat from enlightened despotism 56
  • (i) Appeasement of the privileged orders 56
  • (ii) Continuation of Joseph II's later repressive policy 58
  • (iii) Police supervision 6r
  • (iv) Pillnitz 65
  • 2. The Fourth Estate in the battle against the feudal reaction 67
  • (i) The struggle against the reimposition of labour services 68
  • (ii) The struggle against the feudal pretensions of the Estates 70
  • (iii) Opposition to the policy of intervention in France 73
  • (iv) The political programme of the Fourth Estate 75
  • 3. The enlightened despotism of Leopold II 82
  • (i) Encouragement and utilization of Fourth Estate opposi-
  • tion to the privileged orders 84
  • (ii) Ensuring the loyalty of the Fourth Estate 88
  • III. THE END OF ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM
  • I. Reversal of Leopold II's policies io6
  • (i) The abandonment of the projected reforms 1o7
  • (ii) Censorship 1o8
  • (iii) War 1o9
  • (iv) Securing the support of the privileged Estates II
  • 2. Opposition to the 'New Course' 112
  • (i) The demand for further reform I 12
  • (ii) Opposition to the war I 16
  • 3. The re-establishment of the autonomous Ministry of Police 17
  • (i) Rebuilding the organizational foundations 117
  • (ii) Surveillance and suppression 123
  • (iii) Count Pergen and the rule of law 128
  • IV. THE 'JACOBIN CONSPIRACY'
  • I. The activities of the Austrian 'Jacobins' 133
  • 2. The crisis of the summer of 1794 141
  • 3. The arrests 145
  • V. THE JACOBIN TRIALS
  • I. The preliminary investigation-further arrests 153
  • 2. The trials I55
  • 3. The convictions 166
  • VI. THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE TRIALS
  • r. Enhanced prestige and influence of the Ministry of Police 168
  • 2. Genesis of the Formrirz 169
  • (i) Amendment of the criminal law 169
  • (ii) Censorship surrendered to the police 170
  • (iii) Economic restrictionism 171
  • (iv) Education and religion 173
  • 3. In defence of the rule of law 174
  • 4. The end of Austrian 'Jacobinism' 184.
Bookmark
https://trove.nla.gov.au/work/8617582
Work ID
8617582

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