School training of defective children / by Henry H. Goddard Goddard, Henry Herbert 1866-1957

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Goddard, Henry Herbert 1866-1957
Children with mental disabilities - Education.; Exceptional children; Children with mental disabilities.
"Whether the problems to be solved in the recognition and appropriate treatment of mentally defective children are medical, educational, or custodial, or all three combined, is a question worthy of serious consideration. It has hitherto been quite generally assumed that mentally defective children should be and could be cared for satisfactorily by the public school system. In many school systems they are now provided for in special classes; in many others such children are still found in the regular classes for normal children. Hence, for the present at least, the problems involved in the care and training of mental defectives are practically public school problems and must be dealt with from the public school point of view. Unfortunately there is a notion widely prevalent within and without the teaching profession that special attention- sometimes a little of it, sometimes a good deal-bestowed by the regular teachers, will solve the problem and will make these mentally defective children normal. How completely erroneous this notion is Dr. Goddard makes plain in the present volume. Even when mentally defective children are segregated in separate classes-as in the interest of the normal children as well as in their own interest they should be-the notion just referred to is often responsible for the régime to which they are subjected; namely, the régime, usually with some modifications, to be sure, appropriate to normal pupils. And, what is even more serious, as little care is bestowed on what happens to the defective child after he is old enough to be released from school by the compulsory attendance law as on what happens to the normal child, and this is bad enough. How serious a problem from every point of view-hygienic, social, educational-is the appropriate care of mentally defective persons, from childhood on, is strongly stated in this volume. The book consists of Dr. Goddard's report-with some additions-on the "ungraded classes" of the New York City public school system. Like the other volumes of the School Efficiency Series, it is therefore in large part a portion of the report submitted to the Committee on School Inquiry of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment of the City of New York, in July, 19I2. In its present form we hope the book will be found useful by all who are seeking help toward the solution of the important problems with which it deals, outside of New York City as well as within it"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
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