Central bank independence and monetary policymaking institutions : past present and future / Alex Cukierman Cukierman, Alex

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Cukierman, Alex
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European Journal of Political Economy
Banks and banking, Central.; Central banks; Government expenditures
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2008.07.007 Byline: Alex Cukierman Keywords: E50; E52; E54; E31 Abstract: This is an extensive survey of worldwide developments in the area of monetary policymaking institutions during the second half of the twentieth century and beyond. In addition the last section discusses current open issues and future challenges. Section 2 reviews the changes that have occurred in the area of central bank independence (CBI) during the last twenty years, discusses reasons for those developments and provides an overview of accumulated empirical evidence on the relation between CBI and the performance of the economy. Section 3 discusses lessons from stabilization of inflation, reviews the evidence and implications of asymmetric central bank objectives and considers the issue of CBI within the broader context of choosing a nominal anchor. Section 4 reviews the impact of independence on economic performance in the presence of labor unions. Section 5 considers future challenges facing modern central banks. The discussion presumes that CBI and price stability are here to stay and focuses on issues relating to the conduct of monetary policy by independent central banks in an era of price stability, like the risks associated with flexible inflation targeting and the impact of central bank capital and finances on its independence. Author Affiliation: Berglas School of Economics, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel CEPR, United Kingdom Article History: Received 30 October 2007; Revised 22 July 2008; Accepted 22 July 2008
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