2001, English, Article, Working paper edition: Macroeconomic effects of regulation and deregulation in goods and labor markets Olivier Blanchard [and] Francesco Giavazzi [electronic resource] Olivier Blanchard

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Physical Description
  • 43 p., [5] p. of plates :
Published
  • Cambridge, MA Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Economics 2001
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Macroeconomic effects of regulation and deregulation in goods and labor markets Olivier Blanchard [and] Francesco Giavazzi
Author
  • Olivier Blanchard
Other Authors
  • Giavazzi, Francesco
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Economics
Published
  • Cambridge, MA Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Economics 2001
Medium
  • [electronic resource]
Physical Description
  • 43 p., [5] p. of plates :
Series
Summary
  • Product and labor market deregulations are fundamentally about reducing and redistributing rents, leading economic players to adjust in turn to this new distribution. Thus, even if deregulation eventually proves beneficial, it comes with strong distribution and dynamic effects. The transition may imply the decline of incumbent firms. Unemployment may increase for a while. Real wages may decrease before recovering, and so on. To study these issues, we build a model based on two central assumptions: Monopolistic competition in the goods market, which determine the size of rents; and bargaining in the labor market, which determines the distribution of rents between workers and firms. We then think of product market regulation as determining both the entry costs faced by firms, and the degree of competition between firms. We think of labor market regulation as determining the bargaining power of workers. Having characterized the effects of labor and product market deregulation, we then use our results to study two specific issues. First, to shed light on macroeconomic evolutions in Europe over the last twenty years, in particular on the behavior of the labor share. Second, to look at political economy interactions between product and labor market deregulation. Keywords: Macroeconomics, regulation, deregulation, rents, bargaining, labor share, unemployment, labor market, product market.
Notes
  • Title from cover. "January 2001." "January 22, 2000 [sic]"--Added t.p. Includes bibliographical references (p. 42-43). Abstract in HTML and working paper for download in PDF available via World Wide Web at the Social Science Research Network.
Language
  • English
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