From QASC to QASCIP:Successful Australian translational scale-up and spread of a proven intervention in acute stroke using a prospective pretest/post-test study design Lydtin, Anna; Middleton, Sandy; Lydtin, Anna; ...

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Lydtin, Anna ; Middleton, Sandy ; Lydtin, Anna ; Comerford, Daniel ; Cadilhac, Dominique Ann-Michelle ; McElduff, Patrick ; Dale, Simeon ; Hill, Kelvin ; Longworth, Mark ; Ward, Jeanette Elizabeth ; ...
OBJECTIVES: To embed an evidence-based intervention to manage FEver, hyperglycaemia (Sugar) and Swallowing (the FeSS protocols) in stroke, previously demonstrated in the Quality in Acute Stroke Care (QASC) trial to decrease 90-day death and dependency, into all stroke services in New South Wales (NSW), Australia s most populous state.DESIGN: Pre-test/post-test prospective study.SETTING:36 NSW stroke services.METHODS: Our clinical translational initiative, the QASC Implementation Project (QASCIP), targeted stroke services to embed 3 nurse-led clinical protocols (the FeSS protocols) into routine practice. Clinical champions attended a 1-day multidisciplinary training workshop and received standardised educational resources and ongoing support. Using the National Stroke Foundation audit collection tool and processes, patient data from retrospective medical record self-reported audits for 40 consecutive patients with stroke per site pre-QASCIP (1 July 2012 to 31 December 2012) were compared with prospective self-reported data from 40 consecutive patients with stroke per site post-QASCIP (1 November 2013 to 28 February 2014). Inter-rater reliability was substantial for 10 of 12 variables.PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of patients receiving care according to the FeSS protocols pre-QASCIP to post-QASCIP.RESULTS: All 36 (100 ) NSW stroke services participated, nominating 100 site champions who attended our educational workshops. The time from start of intervention to completion of post-QASCIP data collection was 8 months. All (n=36, 100 ) sites provided medical record audit data for 2144 patients (n=1062 pre-QASCIP; n=1082 post-QASCIP). Pre-QASCIP to post-QASCIP, proportions of patients receiving the 3 targeted clinical behaviours increased significantly: management of fever (pre: 69 ; post: 78 ; p=0.003), hyperglycaemia (pre: 23 ; post: 34 ; p=0.0085) and swallowing (pre: 42 ; post: 51 ; p=0.033).CONCLUSIONS: We obtained unprecedented statewide scale-up and spread to all NSW stroke services of a nurse-led intervention previously proven to improve long-term patient outcomes. As clinical leaders search for strategies to improve quality of care, our initiative is replicable and feasible in other acute care settings.
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