Non-ionizing radiation protection : summary of research and policy options / edited by Andrew W. Wood, Ken Karipidis Wood, Andrew W.

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Wood, Andrew W.
Nonionizing radiation - Safety measures.; Radiation, Nonionizing.; MEDICAL - Physiology.
  • Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Contents; List of Contributors; Foreword; Acknowledgments; Introduction; Chapter 1 Overview: The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Nonionizing Radiation; 1.1 What Is Nonionizing Radiation (NIR)?; 1.2 Types of NIR; 1.3 How Dangerous is NIR?; 1.4 Overview Summary of NIR Health Effects Evaluation: Status; Tutorial Problems; References; Part I Hazard Identification and Assessment: What are the Dangers and How are the Sources Dangerous?; Chapter 2 Hazard Identification: Laboratory Investigation; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 The Scientific Method; 2.3 Human Volunteer Experiments.
  • 2.4 Whole Organism Experiments2.5 Studies on Isolated Cells, Organs, or Subcellular Organelles; 2.6 Sources of Artifact and Importance of Independent Replication and Quality Control; 2.7 Difference Between "Effects" and "Harmful Effects": Extrapolation to Human Health Outcomes; 2.8 Role of Mathematical Modeling and Mechanism Studies; Appendix: Statistical Concepts; A.1 Averaging; A.2 Standard Error of the Mean; A.3 When Is a Difference Significant?; A.4 Correlations; A.5 Analysis of Variance; A.6 Statistical Power; A.7 Multiple Comparisons; Tutorial Problems; References.
  • Chapter 3 Hazard Identification: Epidemiological Studies and Their Interpretation3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Causation; 3.3 Incidence and Prevalence; 3.4 Evidence for Causation; 3.5 Types of Epidemiological Study; 3.6 Time Dimensions
  • Prospective, Retrospective, or Cross Sectional; 3.7 Some Other Epidemiological Studies; 3.8 The Results of Epidemiological Studies: Relative Risk, Confidence Limits, and P-Values; 3.9 Assessing Causality: Identifying Noncausal Explanations; 3.10 Conclusion; Tutorial Problems; References; Part II Ultraviolet (UV) Light.
  • Chapter 4 UVR and Short-Term Hazards to the Skin and Eyes4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Sources of UVR: Natural and Artificial; 4.3 Short-Term Hazards to Skin and Eyes; 4.4 UVR Interaction with Biomolecules; 4.5 Eye Transmission and Effects; References; Chapter 5 Ultraviolet: Long-Term Risks and Benefits; 5.1 Hazards: General; 5.2 Benefits: Vitamin D Synthesis; 5.3 Reduction in Sun Exposure; 5.4 Control of Artificial Tanning; Tutorial Problems; References; Chapter 6 UV Guidelines and Protection Policies; 6.1 ICNIRP Guidelines and National Standards; 6.2 General Population versus Occupational Exposures.
  • 6.3 Occupational Exposures to UVR6.4 Measured Occupational Exposures to UVR; 6.5 Awareness Campaigns; 6.6 Protection Measures; References; Chapter 7 UV Measurements; 7.1 Radiometry and Spectroradiometry; 7.2 Solar UVR; 7.3 Solar UVR Broadband Measurements; 7.4 Solar UVR Spectral Measurements; 7.5 Personal Dosimetry; 7.6 Chemical Dosimeters; 7.7 Biological Dosimeters; References; Further Reading; Part III Visible and Infrared (IR) Light; Chapter 8 Laser and Visible Radiation Hazards to the Eye and Skin; 8.1 Intense Sources of Optical Radiation; 8.2 Basic Principles of a Laser.
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