2012, English, Book edition: From X-rays to Quarks [electronic resource] : Modern Physicists and Their Discoveries. Segr e, Emilio.

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From X-rays to Quarks : Modern Physicists and Their Discoveries
 
Bookmark: https://trove.nla.gov.au/version/218368339
Physical Description
  • 1 online resource (531 p.)
Published
  • Newburyport : Dover Publications, 2012.
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • From X-rays to Quarks : Modern Physicists and Their Discoveries.
Also Titled
  • ProQuest Ebook Central.
Author
  • Segr e, Emilio.
Published
  • Newburyport : Dover Publications, 2012.
Medium
  • [electronic resource]
Content Types
  • text
Carrier Types
  • online resource
Physical Description
  • 1 online resource (531 p.)
Subjects
Summary
  • A leading figure in twentieth-century physics offers impressions and recollections of the field's development. Nobel Laureate Emilio Segrè (1905-89) knew and worked with many of modern physics' preeminent scientists. In this simple but elegant history, he offers compelling views not only of the milestones of scientific discovery but also the personalities involved-their attitudes and politics as well as their trials and triumphs. Highlights include a profile of Albert Einstein, from his unconventional youth to his role as science's elder statesman; the wonder year of 1932, which witnessed the discoveries of the neutron, positron, and deuterium; and the first steps in building particle accelerators.A student and colleague of Enrico Fermi, Segrè made numerous important contributions to nuclear physics, including participation in the Manhattan Project. Segrè is further renowned for his narrative skills as a historian. This book is a companion to the author's From Falling Bodies to Radio Waves: Classical Physicists and Their Discoveries, also available from Dover Publications.
Contents
  • Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Preface; Chapter 1 - Introduction; The Physicists' World in 1895; New Horizons; Pieter Zeeman; Joseph John Thomson; Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen; Chapter 2 - H. Becquerel, the Curies, and the Discovery of Radioactivity; Becquerel's "Predestined" Discovery; The Curies and a Great Leap Forward; Chapter 3 - Rutherford in the New World: The Transmutation of Elements; Rutherford's Early Career; Investigations in Radioactivity; Disciples and the Discovery of Transmutation; Chapter 4 - Planck, Unwilling Revolutionary: The Idea of Quantization.
  • The Theoretical Pillars of PhysicsAn Encompassing Problem: The Blackbody; Max Planck; Chapter 5 - Einstein-New Ways of Thinking: Space, Time, Relativity, and Quanta; An Unconventional Youth; Relativity; Grains of Light and Molecular Hits; From Patent Office to World Fame; The World Order Collapses and Space Is Curved; The Later Years and Einstein's Solitude; Chapter 6 - Sir Ernest and Lord Rutherford of Nelson; Back to England; New Light on Alpha Particles; The Atomic Nucleus; The Planetary Atom; Same But Different: The Concept of Isotopism; The Disintegration of the Nucleus.
  • Director of the Cavendish LaboratoryChapter 7 - Bohr and Atomic Models; The Young Bohr and the Hydrogen Atom; X-rays Come Into Their Own; The Quantized Atom Established; Weimar and Copenhagen Physics. The Exclusion Principle; Chapter 8 - A True Quantum Mechanics at Last; Louis de Broglie: Matter Waves; Werner Heisenberg and Wolfgang Pauli: Magic Matrices; Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac: Abstraction and Mathematical Beauty; Erwin Schrödinger; The Meaning of the Equations; A New Look at Reality: Complementarity; Mysteries Explained, But Doubts Remain.
  • Chapter 9 - The Wonder Year 1932: Neutron, Positron, Deuterium, and Other DiscoveriesThe Discovery of the Neutron; The Discovery of Deuterium; The Positron; The New Nuclear Physics; Chapter 10 - Enrico Fermi and Nuclear Energy; Discoveries at Rome; The Discovery of Fission; The Steps to the Atomic Bomb; Transuranic Elements; Physics Mobilized; Consequences of the Bomb; Fermi's Final Work; Chapter 11 - E. O. Lawrence and Particle Accelerators; Large-Scale Physics; The First Accelerators; Lawrence and the Cyclotron; Policies and Personalities; Racing for Ever-Higher Energies.
  • Chapter 12 - Beyond the NucleusThe Elementary Particles; The New Science in Japan; Discovery of the Pion; A Horde of New Particles; Antinucleons; The Downfall of Parity; The Bubble Chamber; Order in the Wilderness; Chapter 13 - New Branches from the Old Stump; Quantum Electrodynamics; Laser and Maser; Nuclear Physics; The Mössbauer Effect; Superconductivity; Other Macroscopic Quantum Effects; At the Boundaries of Physics: Astrophysics, Biology; The Perplexed Scientist; Chapter 14 - Conclusions; Future Trends; The Innards of Physics; Appendix 1 - Stefan's Law; Wien's Law.
  • Appendix 2 - Planck's Hunt for the Blackbody Radiation Formula.
Notes
  • Description based upon print version of record.
  • ProQuest Ebook Central Rental.
Other Form
  • Print version 9781306354073
  • Print version Segrè, Emilio From X-rays to Quarks : Modern Physicists and Their Discoveries Newburyport : Dover Publications,c2012 9780486457833.
Language
  • English
ISBN
  • 1306354072
  • 9781306354073
  • 9780486141039 :
Dewey Number
  • 530.09
Libraries Australia ID
Contributed by
Libraries Australia

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