Hunter, John (1737-1821)

Also known as
Hunter, John, (Governor) (1737-1821)
Field of activity
Governor of New South Wales 1795-1800; Admiral; Governor; Artist; Painter; Naval officer; Naturalist
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35214555
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-868402

Biographies

John Hunter (1737-1821), admiral and governor, was born on 29 August 1737 at Leith, the port of Edinburgh, one of at least nine children of William Hunter, a shipmaster, and Helen, née Drummond, whose...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Colonial NSW Governor, as well as watercolourist, sketcher, and naval officer. One of his drawings was the basis for the first published illustration of a wombat, his sketch made in 1798 being engraved in London in 1800 by Thomas Bewick for Bewick's 'A General History of Quadrupeds'.

watercolourist, sketcher, naval officer and governor, was one of the less successful governors of New South Wales. A naval officer, he had accompanied the First Fleet to Port Jackson and later returned to England. Appointed in succession to Arthur Phillip, he reached the colony in September 1795 to find the officers of the New South Wales Corps in an ascendant position. Their activities as farmers and traders created serious problems, as did the development of the liquor trade in what was primarily a penal settlement. That Hunter never overcame these problems was not surprising given his isolated situation, but he made matters worse by failing to act forcibly. A pleasant, honest man, he was, at the age of fifty-eight, lacking in energy and drive and was recalled in 1800. His period in office was marked by considerable economic development which placed the settlement on a more secure footing. His own contribution to these developments, however, was not particularly great. He was not given another appointment but did eventually rise to the rank of admiral. Like many of his fellow First Fleet officers, Hunter kept a journal, published in 1793 as An Historical Journal of the Transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island . It is of considerable historical value. He also preserved a visual record of natural history features that he saw around him. A substantial number of watercolours 'drawn on the spot’, depicting the birds, animals and flowers of New South Wales, have survived, the majority in an album ...

  • 1795

Flourished

  • fl. c.1788 - c.1798

View the full record at Design and Art Australia Online

John Hunter was an Admiral who sailed for New South Wales with the first fleet on board the "Sirius" and returned as Governor in 1795-1800.

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Design and Art Australia Online

Libraries Australia

Resources for John Hunter

Selected resources (6)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Hunter, John
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Hunter, John (1737-1821)
    Auchmuty, J. J.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1966
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 1, 566-572
  3. Haworth, Robert
    Published: 2013
    Series: Journal of Australian Colonial History, 15, 243-4
  4. A Steady Hand: Governor Hunter and His First Fleet Sketchbook
    Groom, Linda
    Published: National Library of Australia, Canberra, 2012
  5. An Unlikely Leader: the Life and Times of Captain John Hunter
    Barnse, Robert
    Published: Sydney University Press, Sydney, 2009
  6. The Hunter sketchbook: birds and flowers of New South Wales drawn on the spot in 1788, 89 and 90 by Captain John Hunter
    Calaby, J.
    Published: National Library of Australia, Canberra, 1989

Resources by John Hunter (219)

  1. An Historical Journal 1787-1792
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Book : 1968 ]
    At Upper Hunter Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 99,043.672)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 99,043.672)

  2. Historical journal, London
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Unpublished, Microform : 1793 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 95,676.898)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 95,676.898)

  3. Letter : Sydney, N.S.W. to Sir Joseph Banks
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Unpublished : 1800 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    Letter : Sydney, N.S.W. to Sir Joseph Banks
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 82,943.234)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 82,943.234)

  4. Letters
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Unpublished : 1811 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 82,379.438)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 82,379.438)

  5. Plan of Lord Howe's group of islands discovered in the Waezamheydt by Capt. John Hunter, 1791 / by John Hunter ; published according to Act of Parliament by A. Dalrymple, March 20th 1794 ; W. Harrison
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Map : 1794 ]
    Possibly online
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 82,196.242)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 82,196.242)

  6. Memorandum
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Book, Microform : 1801-1969 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 81,761.469)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 81,761.469)

  7. CAPTAIN JOHN HUNTER
    Orme, Daniel, 1766?-1802?
    [ Art work : 1792 ]
    View online
    At 2 libraries
    CAPTAIN JOHN HUNTER
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 79,888.5)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 79,888.5)

  8. The First Fleet journal of John Hunter, October 1786 - August 1788 / edited with an introduction by John Currey
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Map, Book : 2006-2010 ]
    At 35 libraries
    The First Fleet journal of John Hunter, October 1786 - August 1788 / edited with an introduction by John Currey
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 74,465.289)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 74,465.289)

  9. Letters
    Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle Upon Tyne
    [ Unpublished : 1798-1799 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 73,302.625)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 73,302.625)

  10. A steady hand : Governor Hunter & his First Fleet sketchbook / Linda Groom
    Groom, Linda
    [ Book : 2012 ]
    At 87 libraries
    A steady hand : Governor Hunter & his First Fleet sketchbook / Linda Groom
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 71,598.781)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 71,598.781)

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Resources about John Hunter (197)

  1. An Historical Journal 1787-1792
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Book : 1968 ]
    At Upper Hunter Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 98,609.922)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 98,609.922)

  2. John Hunter. / Melb., O.U.P., [1968]. 30 p., bibl., illus, maps
    Auchmuty, James Johnston
    [ Book ]
    Languages: Undetermined
    At ANU Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 97,324.148)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 97,324.148)

  3. Series 38.22: Letter received by Banks from John Hunter, 15 January 1802
    [ Unpublished ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 38.22: Letter received by Banks from John Hunter, 15 January 1802
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 96,696.555)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 96,696.555)

  4. John Hunter : a First Fleet naturalist and artist
    Hindwood, Keith, 1904-1971
    [ Unpublished : 1964 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 96,662.258)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 96,662.258)

  5. [Biographical cuttings on John Hunter, containing one or more cuttings from newspapers or journals]
    [ Published : 1900-1990 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 95,888.258)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 95,888.258)

  6. Historical journal, London
    Hunter, John, 1737-1821
    [ Unpublished, Microform : 1793 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,830.68)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,830.68)

  7. Series 38.18: 'Account of Live Stock, belonging to the Crown in His Majesty's Territory of New South Wales, pr the Stock-keepers Returns, and that belonging to Settlers, and other Individuals, with the Quantity of Ground under Cultivation, as Account ...
    [ Unpublished : 1800 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 38.18: 'Account of Live Stock, belonging to the Crown in His Majesty's Territory of New South Wales, pr the Stock-keepers Returns, and that belonging to Settlers, and other Individuals, with the Quantity of Ground under Cultivation, as Accounted for at the General Muster from the 17th day of July to the 15th day of August 1800', 15 August 1800
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,603.992)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,603.992)

  8. Series 38.08: 'Account of Live Stock, & Ground under Crop in New South Wales 19th. August 1797', 19 August 1797
    [ Unpublished : 1797 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 38.08: 'Account of Live Stock, & Ground under Crop in New South Wales 19th. August 1797', 19 August 1797
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,403.609)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,403.609)

  9. Series 38.12: 'Account of Live Stock also Ground now Cropped with Wheat & Barley, & what is prepared for Maize this Season in the Settlement of New South Wales, together with the increase & decrease of Animals within the last Six Months, & of Acres i ...
    [ Unpublished : 1798 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 38.12: 'Account of Live Stock also Ground now Cropped with Wheat & Barley, & what is prepared for Maize this Season in the Settlement of New South Wales, together with the increase & decrease of Animals within the last Six Months, & of Acres in Cultivation since last Season', 23 August 1798
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 93,958.562)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 93,958.562)

  10. Series 38.15: 'An Account of Live Stock, and Ground under Cultivation in His Majesty's Settlement in New South Wales in August 1799', August 1799
    [ Unpublished : 1799 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 38.15: 'An Account of Live Stock, and Ground under Cultivation in His Majesty's Settlement in New South Wales in August 1799', August 1799
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 93,834.844)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 93,834.844)

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  1. Hunter, Robert J., (Robert John) (1933-)
    Physical chemist
    ... Hunter, Robert J (19330626-) ... Bob Hunter is Honorary Associate Professor at the School of Chemistry, University of Sydney where ... and professional pursuits, Hunter is a strong advocate of employing good ethics in science and ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 64,295.16)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 64,295.16)

  2. Hunter, Bill (-2011)
    Actor
    ... . Bill Hunter is an Australian Actor who is mentioned in 12 events in the AusStage database ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,751.191)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,751.191)

  3. Hunter, Evan (1926-)
    ... Abbott, John, 1926-2005 ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 46,786.48)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 46,786.48)

  1. IN the estate of WALTER JOHN SYDNEY HUNTER, late
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Wednesday 24 December 1969 [Issue No.149] p 5352

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... John who Mil tte If A day of May, iflE inMM th>» rrartltnri others fttavint mv riiltn gr «* rim aetata ... 110 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,699.951)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,699.951)

  2. IN BANKRUPTCY. Re John Blackburn, of Hunter-street, Newcastle, jeweller.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 23 December 1892 [Issue No.894] p 10171

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. (5,630) IN BANKRUPTCY. Be Joliii Blackburn, of Hunter ... 105 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,698.799)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,698.799)

  3. IN BANKRUPTCY. Re John Brown, of Hunter-street, Parramatta, labourer.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 26 September 1890 [Issue No.530] p 7503

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... .857) IN BANKRUPTCY. Re Jobn Brown, of Hunter-street, Parramatfa, Jabourer. NOTICE is hereby given that a ... 65 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,697.77)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,697.77)

  1. [Collared sparrowhawk (Accipiter ci ...
    Hunter, John, 1 ...
    [ Art work : 1788-1790 ]
    [Collared sparrowhawk (Accipiter cirrhocephalus)] [John Hunter]
  2. [Sacred kingfisher (Todiramphus san ...
    Hunter, John, 1 ...
    [ Art work : 1788-1790 ]
    [Sacred kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus)] [John Hunter]
  3. [Crested shrike-tit (Falcunculus fr ...
    Hunter, John, 1 ...
    [ Art work : 1788-1790 ]
    [Crested shrike-tit (Falcunculus frontatus)] [John Hunter]
  4. [Glossy black-cockatoo (Calyptorhyn ...
    Hunter, John, 1 ...
    [ Art work : 1788-1790 ]
    [Glossy black-cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami)] [John Hunter]
  5. [Blue-faced honeyeater (Entomyzon c ...
    Hunter, John, 1 ...
    [ Art work : 1788-1790 ]
    [Blue-faced honeyeater (Entomyzon cyanotis)] [John Hunter]
  6. Woman of New South Wales [John Hunt ...
    Hunter, John, 1 ...
    [ Art work : 1788-1790 ]
    Woman of New South Wales [John Hunter]
  1. John Hunter
    John Hunter
    Created by caseycummings, 1 item.

    death of John. Ann living 15 South Terrace. son? George living Northcote

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 658.396)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 658.396)

  2. Hunter, Cecil John (WW1 Soldier) - List of articles in trove
    Hunter, Cecil John (WW1 Soldier) - List of articles in trove
    Created by SLQLD, 2 items.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 304.653)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 304.653)

  3. Hunter, John William Crawford (WW1 Soldier) - List of articles in Trove
    Hunter, John William Crawford (WW1 Soldier) - List of articles in Trove
    Created by StateLibraryQLD, 9 items.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 304.512)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 304.512)

  1. John Hunter / Jessie Dobson
    Dobson, Jessie
    [ Book : 1969 ]
    At 17 libraries
    John Hunter / Jessie Dobson
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 923.425)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 923.425)

  2. John Hunter / by S. Roodhouse Gloyne
    Gloyne, S. Roodhouse (Stephen Roodhouse)
    [ Book : 1950 ]
    Languages: English;Undetermined, [1 other]
    At 14 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 838.758)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 838.758)

  3. John Hunter, 1728-1793 / George Qvist
    Qvist, George
    [ Book : 1981 ]
    At 17 libraries
    John Hunter, 1728-1793 / George Qvist
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 776.699)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 776.699)

  4. The John Lennon letters / edited and with an introduction by Hunter Davies
    Lennon, John, 1940-1980
    [ Book, Audio book : 2012-2016 ]
    Languages: English;Polish, [1 other]
    Possibly online
    At 74 libraries
    The John Lennon letters / edited and with an introduction by Hunter Davies
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 767.338)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 767.338)

  1. The works of John Hunter, F.R.S. : with notes. John Hunter ; edited by James F. Palmer
    Hunter, John, 1728-1793
    [ Book, Map, Microform : 1835-2015 ]
    Read online at Hathi Trust
    View online
    At 8 libraries
    The works of John Hunter, F.R.S. : with notes. John Hunter ; edited by James F. Palmer
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 343.075)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 343.075)

  2. Hunter [William Henry Wells] ; J. Allan, Lith
    Wells, William Henry, 1817?-1860
    [ Map : 1848 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    Hunter [William Henry Wells] ; J. Allan, Lith
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 321.943)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 321.943)

  3. Plan of the River Hunter from Port Hunter to the falls at West Maitland / G.B. White surveyor, J. Allan. lithographer
    Allan, John, active 1848-1857
    [ Map : 1844 ]
    Possibly online
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 253.21)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 253.21)

  1. Hunter, John
    [ Published ]
    At NGV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 580.133)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 580.133)

  2. Hunter, John, QX13842
    [ Unpublished : 2017 ]
    View online
    At Uni Melbourne Arch
    Hunter, John, QX13842
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 494.96)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 494.96)

  3. Papers of John George Hunter
    Hunter, John George, 1888-1964
    [ Unpublished : 1911-1964 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 426.55)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 426.55)

  1. Governor John Hunter
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2012 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Governor John Hunter
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 533.06)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 533.06)

  2. John Templeton, Global Treasure Hunter
    Teaching Company
    [ Video : 2016-2018 ]
    Possibly online
    At 3 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 453.893)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 453.893)

  3. John Hunter on the World Peace Game
    [ Video ]
    Possibly online
    At QLD Uni of Tech
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 323.333)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 323.333)

  4. Sidney Nolan interviewed by Lois Hunter
    Nolan, Sidney, Sir, 1917-1992
    [ Sound : 1980 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    Sidney Nolan interviewed by Lois Hunter
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 296.643)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 296.643)

  1. John Hunter news
    John Hunter Hospital. Public Relations Department
    [ Periodical : 1900-2019 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 676.971)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 676.971)

  2. JOHN HUNTER
    The bulletin.
    [ Article : 1938 ]
    View online
    At Trove DigitalLibrary
    JOHN HUNTER
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 469.125)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 469.125)

  3. John Hunter
    Tink, Andrew; Macquarie University. Macquarie Law School
    [ Article : 2009 ]
    View online
    At MacquariUni Inst Rep
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 463.01)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 463.01)

  4. Hunter, John
    Gondwana To Gold: A Chronological History of Australia
    [ Article : 1996 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 459.502)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 459.502)

  1. CAPTAIN JOHN HUNTER SECOND GOVERNOR OF NEW SOUTH WALES.
    Sunday Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1926 - 1954) Sunday 7 November 1926 p 27 Article
    ... CAPTAIN JOHN HUNTER SECOND GOVERNOR OF NEW ?? -..-. SOUTH WALES.. Captain John Hmiter (1737-1821 ... . When the Sirius was wrecked at Norfolk Island, Hunter was held responsible for the disaster. In 1792 ... 360 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 5,065.826)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 5,065.826)

  2. JOHN HUNTER.
    Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931) Wednesday 16 December 1896 p 3 Article
    ... JOHN HUNTER. John Hunter's duiable goods always bear .the impress it good -workmanship and the ... 253 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,406.41)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,406.41)

  3. JOHN HUNTER.
    Wagga Wagga Advertiser (NSW : 1875 - 1910) Thursday 23 December 1897 p 2 Article
    ... JOHN HUNTER. In every country town of importance in New South Wales, Mr. John Hunter, the Sydney ... 112 words
    • Text last corrected on 11 July 2015 by anonymous
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,406.41)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,406.41)