Banks, Joseph, (Sir) (1748-1820)

Also known as
Banks, Joseph, (FRS) (1743-1820)
Banks, Joseph, (Sir) (1743-1820)
Banks, Joseph (1748-1820)
Banks, Sir, (Sir) (1748-1820)
Field of activity
Naturalist; Patron Of Science; Explorer; Artist; Draughtsman
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35154307
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-844508

Biographies

Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820), naturalist and patron of science, was born on 13 February 1743 (2 February, O.S.) at Westminster, England, the only son of William Banks (1719-1761) and Sarah, née Bate (1720-1804)....

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Drawings completed on Lieutenant James Cook's voyage to the antipodes from 1768 to 1771 were originally attributed to Joseph Banks but recent scholarship now asserts that his Tahitian guide may have been the artist.

sketcher, naturalist and patron, accompanied Lieutenant James Cook on his voyage to Australia in HMS Endeavour (1768-1771). It has been suggested that Banks, who later became president of the Royal Society (1778-1820), made a number of drawings during this voyage. The argument is based on the fact that two diagrammatic drawings of Tahitian marae (now in the British Library) conform closely to descriptions written by Banks about the marae he visited during a tour of Tahiti which he made with Cook and a Tahitian guide from 26 June to 1 July 1769. Since no artist accompanied Banks, apart from the Tahitian guide to whom they are now attributed, the drawings were originally attributed to Banks. On these grounds, a number of other 'naive’ drawings collected on the Endeavour voyage may also be by the Tahitian guide. Bernard Smith attributed them all to Banks but (rightly) found the evidence inconclusive and preferred the attribution of 'Artist of the Chief Mourner’. This entry is a stub. You can help the DAAO by submitting a

  • c.1768 HMS Endeavour

Flourished

  • fl. 1768 - 1771

View the full record at Design and Art Australia Online

Sir Joseph Banks travelled with James Cook on the in 1768-1771. Afterwards he remained the major sponsor of science in the Australian region for some thirty years.

Born Westminster, England, 13 February 1743. Died Isleworth, 19 June 1820. Baronet 1781, KCB 1795, member of the Privy Council 1797. Educated University of Oxford (did not graduate). Studied and collected rocks, plants and animals in Newfoundland and Labrador on H.M.S. "Niger" 1766; travelled with James Cook on the 1768-71; led expedition to the Isle of Wight, the western islands of Scotland and Iceland 1772; paid for numerous expeditions which provided him with collections of animals and plants; sheepbreeding and farming on his Lincolnshire estate. Fellow, Royal Society 1766; president 1778-1820. Commemorated by Bankstown, a monument at Kurnell, the plant genus "Banksia" and several Australian plant species.

  • Career position - Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)
  • Career position - Naturalist on the HMS voyage to Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Career position - Naturalist on the voyages with James Cook
  • Career position - Led an expedition to the Isle of Wight, the western islands of Scotland and Iceland
  • Career position - President of the Royal Society
  • Award - Baronet
  • Taxonomy event - Description of Metrosideros gummifera Sol. ex Gaertn. (1788) (= Eucalyptus gummifera (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Hochr. (1925)). Banks and Solander collected the type
  • Award - Knight Commander of the Order of Bath (KCB)
  • Career position - Member of the Privy Council in England
  • Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus banskii Maiden was named in his honour

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Design and Art Australia Online

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for Joseph Banks

Selected resources (52)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Banks, Joseph
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Sir Joseph Banks: 18th Century Explorer, Botanist and Entrepreneur
    Lyte, Charles
    Published: Reed, Sydney, 1980
  3. The Endeavour Journal of Joseph Banks: the Australian Journey
    Brunton, Paul
    Published: Angus & Robertson in Association with the State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, 1998
  4. Banks, Sir Joseph (1743-1820)
    Gilbert, L. A.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1966
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 1, 52-53
  5. Sir Joseph Banks, Architect of Science and Empire
    Francis, J.
    Published: 1972
    Series: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 83, 1, 1-19
  6. Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820) and Australian Botany
    Stearn, W. T.
    Published: 1974
    Series: Records of the Australian Academy of Science, 2, 4, 7-24
  7. Joseph Banks and the English Enlightenment: Useful Knowledge and Polite Culture
    Gascoigne, John
    Published: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994
  8. Joseph Banks: a Life
    O'Brian, Patrick
    Published: Collins Harvill, London, 1987
  9. Science, Authority and Enlightenment: Sir Joseph Banks' Role in the Development of Australian Society
    Dunphy, Jocelyn
    Published: Canberra, 1984
    Series: Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, Congress
  10. Short History of the Discovery and Naming of Banksias in Eastern Australia: Part 1, Banks and Solander
    Salkin, A. I.
    Published: 1981
    Series: Victorian Naturalist, 98, 2, 69-71
  11. Cook, Banks and the Gregorian Telescope in The Museum of New Zealand Te Papa, Tongarewa
    Orchiston, Wayne
    Published: 1999
    Series: Journal of the Antique Telescope Society, 18, 1999, 4-9
  12. Sir Joseph Banks and the Transfer of Plants to and from the South Pacific, 1786-1798
    Frost, Alan
    Published: Gaston Renard, Melbourne, 1993
  13. The Scientis as Patron and Patristic Symbol: the Changing Reputation of Sir Joseph Banks
    Gascoigne, John
    Published: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996
    Series: Telling Lives in Science: Essays on Scientific Biography, 243-265
  14. Fellowship of Three: the Lives and Association of John Hunter (1728-1793), The Surgeon; James Cook (1728-1820), The Navigator; and Joseph Banks (1743-1820), The Naturalist
    Beasley, A. W.
    Published: Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, 1993
  15. Records of Australian Botanists - (a) General, (b) New South Wales
    Maiden, J.H.
    Published: 1908
    Series: Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, xlii, 60-132
  16. Papers of Sir Joseph Banks
    Published: State Library of New South Wales, 1997
  17. Joseph Banks and the continuing influence of European colonisation on Australian herbal practice.
    Evans, Sue
    Published: 2009
    Series: Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism, 21, 3, 63-65
  18. The Study of Australian Eucalypts
    McCarthy, Gavan; Smith, Ailie; Moje, Christine; Rigby, Rebecca
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2013
  19. Eucalypts: A Celebration
    Wrigley, J. and Fagg, M.
    Published: Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest Australia, 2010
  20. The Sheep and Wool Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks
    Carter, Harold Burnell
    Published: Library Council of New South Wales, Sydney, 1979
  21. His Majesty's Spanish Flock, Sir Joseph Banks and the Merinos of George III of England
    Carter, Harold Burnell
    Published: Angus & Robertson, London, 1964
  22. Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820)
    Carter, H. B.
    Published: British Museum (Natural History), London, 1988
  23. Sex, Botany & Empire: the Story of Carl Linnaeus and Joseph Banks
    Fara, Patricia
    Published: Icon books, Cambridge, 2003
  24. Sir Joseph Banks, 1743-1820
    Gascoigne, John
    Published: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004
    Series: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  25. History of Science in Australia. Pt. 5. Sir Joseph and the botanists
    Branagan, D. F.
    Published: 1968
    Series: Scan, 1, 5, 17-22
  26. The Journal of Joseph Banks in the Endeavour
    Banks, Joseph
    Published: Rigby, Adelaide, 1980
  27. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1786-1820: volume 5, letters 1798-1801
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering & Chatto, London, 2011
  28. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1786-1820: volume 8, Letters 1810-1821
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering & Chatto, London, 2014
  29. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1786-1820: volume 7, Letters 1805-1810
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering & Chatto, London, 2013
  30. Endeavouring Banks: exploring collections from the Endeavour voyage, 1768-1771
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: NewSouth Publishing, Sydney, N.S.W., 2016
  31. Hibberd, David
    Published: 2009
    Series: Archives of Natural History, 26, 2, 371-371
  32. The Fate of the Bird Specimens from Cook's Voyages Possessed by Sir Joseph Banks
    Medway, David G.
    Published: 2009
    Series: Archives of Natural History, 36, 231-243
  33. Joseph Banks: a "tolerable" botanist
    McGillivray, D. J.
    Published: 1971
    Series: Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 57, 1, 10-6
  34. Sir Joseph Banks F.R.S. and the naming of the kangaroo
    Cilento, Raphael
    Published: 1971
    Series: Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 26, 157-61
  35. Notes on the botanical specimens collected by Banks and Solander on Cook's first voyage, together with an itinerary of landing localities
    Groves, E. W.
    Published: 1962
    Series: Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History, 4, 1, 57-62
  36. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1768-1820, volume 1: Letters 1768-1782
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering and Chatto, London, 2008
  37. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1768-1820, volume 2: letters 1783-1789
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering and Chatto, London, 2009
  38. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1786-1820: volume 6, Letters 1801-1805 London Pickering & Chatto 2013
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering & Chatto, London, 2013
  39. A Letter from Thaddaeus Haenke to Sir Joseph Banks, Sydney Cove, 15 April 1793
    King, Robert J. and Ibáñez, Victoria
    Published: 1996
    Series: Archives of Natural History, 23, 255-9
  40. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1786-1820: volume 3, letters 1792-1798
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering & Chatto, London, 2010
  41. The Indian and Pacific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1786-1820: volume 4, letters 1792-1798
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickering & Chatto, London, 2011
  42. The East Coast of the North Island: Zoological Collections of the Endeavour Voyage
    Andrews, John Robert Haydon
    Published: 2012
    Series: Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 42, 2, 139-44
  43. Scientific Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks, 1765-1820
    Chambers, Neil
    Published: Pickerng and Chatto, London, 2007
  44. Backdrop to Encounter: the 1770 Landscape of Botany Bay, the Plants collected by Banks and Solander and the Rehabilitation of Natural Vegetation at Kurnell
    Benson, Doug and Eldershaw, Georgina
    Published: 2007
    Series: Cunninghamia, 10, 113-137
  45. Joseph Bank's Florilegium
    Gooding, M., Mabberley, D. J. and Studholme, J.
    Published: Thames and Hudson, London, 2017
  46. Visions of Empire: Voyages, Botany, and Representations of Nature
    Miller, David and Reill, Peter
    Published: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996
  47. Hibberd, David
    Published: 2013
    Series: Archives of Natural History, 40, 185-7
  48. A Garden Enclosed: Botanical Barter in Sydney, 1818-38
    Endersby, Jim
    Published: 2000
    Series: British Journal for the History of Science, 33, 313-334
  49. Curious Minds: the Discoveries of Australian Naturalists
    MacInnis, Peter
    Published: National Library of Australia, Canberra, 2012
  50. Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material
    Hall, Norman
    Published: CSIRO, Melbourne, 1978
  51. Technology in Australia 1788-1988
    Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
    Published: Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 2000
  52. First Impressions. The British Discovery of Australia
    Steven, Margaret
    Published: British Museum (Natural History), London, 1988

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  1. Sir Joseph Banks Memorial Fund
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  2. Sir Joseph Banks High School
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  3. Mueller, Ferdinand, (Baron von) (1825-)
    non-artist/designer/curator; ; Botanist; 6910; Naturalist; Botanists
    ... La Trobe, Charles Joseph ... Sir Ferdinand Jakob Heinrich von Mueller (1825-1896), botanist, was born on 30 June 1825 in Rostock ...
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  1. SIR JOSEPH BANKS ESTATE LIMITED.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 18 March 1938 [Issue No.43] p 1189

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... SIR JOSEPH BANKS ESTATE LIMITED. NOTICE is hereby given 'that a Meeting of Creditors of Sir Joseph ... Banks Estate Limited will be held at the registered office of the Company, 6 Wynyard-sti eet, Sydney, on ... 75 words
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  2. SIR JOSEPH BANKS ESTATE LIMITED. Companies Act, 1936.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 8 April 1938 [Issue No.55] p 1495

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... SIR JOSEPH BANKS ESTATE LIMITED. Companies Act, 1936. AT an Extraordinary General Meeting of member ... 104 words
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  3. WYONG SHIRE COUNCIL Renaming of Oval - Sir Joseph Banks Oval
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Thursday 20 April 2000 [Issue No.49] p 3601

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... WYONG SHIRE COUNCIL Renaming of Oval - Sir Joseph Banks Oval NOTICE is hereby given that Council ... , Bateau Bay. Brooke Avenue Oval. New Name Sir Joseph Banks Oval. No objections to the proposed name were ... 71 words
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  1. Correspondence concerning Iceland: ...
    Banks, Joseph, ...
    [ Photograph : 1772-1818 ]
  2. Joseph Banks letters, 1804-1817
    Banks, Joseph, ...
    [ Photograph : 1804-1817 ]
  3. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K.B.: P.R.S ...
    Robinson, H
    [ Art work : 1830 ]
    Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K.B.: P.R.S. / engraved by H. Robinson
  4. East coast discoveries : the flora ...
    Banks, Joseph, ...
    [ Government publication, Poster, chart, other : 1988 ]
  5. Portrait of Sir Joseph Banks / N.S
    N. S
    [ Art work : 1812 ]
    Portrait of Sir Joseph Banks / N.S
  6. The Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Ba ...
    Cousins, Samuel ...
    [ Art work : 1830-1839 ]
    The Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart., G.C.B., president of the Royal Society of London during forty-two years... ... Francis Chantrey sculptor; drawn by H. Corbould; engraved by S. Cousins
  1. Sir Joseph Banks, 1743-1820 / Harold B. Carter
    Carter, Harold B. (Harold Burnell), 1910-
    [ Book : 1988 ]
    At 38 libraries
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  2. Sir Joseph Banks : the "Father of Australia" / by J.H. Maiden
    Maiden, J. H. (Joseph Henry), 1859-1925
    [ Book, Government publication : 1909 ]
    At 59 libraries
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  3. Sir Joseph Banks / by Hector Charles Cameron
    Cameron, Hector Charles, 1878-1958
    [ Book, Audio book : 1952-1993 ]
    At 41 libraries
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  4. Sir Joseph Banks : his relations with Australia / by George Mackaness
    Mackaness, George, 1882-1968
    [ Book : 1936 ]
    At 29 libraries
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  1. Sir Joseph Banks : a global perpective / editors, R.E.R. Banks ... [et al.] ; production editor S. Dickerson
    Royal Society (Great Britain)
    [ Conference Proceedings, Book : 1994 ]
    At 15 libraries
    Sir Joseph Banks : a global perpective / editors, R.E.R. Banks ... [et al.] ; production editor S. Dickerson
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  2. Sir Joseph Banks High School journal
    Sir Joseph Banks High School
    [ Periodical : 1973-2020 ]
    At State Library of NSW
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  3. Papers of Sir Joseph Banks
    Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820
    [ Government publication, Microform, Book, Periodical : 1983-2020 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 2 libraries
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  4. Sir Joseph Banks
    Barton, G. B
    History of New South Wales from the Records
    [ Article : 1980 ]
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  1. Papers of Sir Joseph Banks
    Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820
    [ Unpublished : 1745-1923 ]
    View online
    At National Library
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  2. Sir Joseph Banks
    Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820
    [ Unpublished : 1780-1805 ]
    At State Library S Aust
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  3. Banks, Joseph, Sir
    [ Published ]
    At NGV Library
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  1. The Sir Joseph Banks polka / by John Stevens
    Stevens, John
    [ Printed music : 1880-1986 ]
    View online
    At 2 libraries
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  2. Joseph Banks' florilegium
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2017 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Joseph Banks' florilegium
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  3. The Sir Joseph Banks polka by John Stevens
    Stevens, John
    [ Sound : 1880-1986 ]
    View online
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  4. Joseph Banks - transit of Venus
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2004 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Joseph Banks - transit of Venus
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  1. Sir Joseph Banks Hotel
    Sir Joseph Banks Hotel
    Created by BotanyHistoricalTrust, 21 items.

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  2. Joseph Banks
    Joseph Banks
    Created by dtaylorhar, 11 items.

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  3. Joseph CAHILL1822-1892
    Joseph CAHILL1822-1892
    Created by peterthrupp, 9 items.

    inquest drowning Joseph CAHILL Cashier of Land Credit Bank

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  1. Geology of the islands in the Sir Joseph Banks group / cartography by T. Clisby
    Geological Survey of South Australia
    [ Map : 1970 ]
    At 4 libraries
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  2. Sir Joseph Banks Group Conservation Park : north out of Hundreds / National Parks Wildlife Service
    South Australia. National Parks and Wildlife Service
    [ Government publication, Map : 1974 ]
    At State Library S Aust
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  3. Plan of 39 market garden allotments situate at Botany near the Sir Joseph Banks Hotel / Brownrigg & Roe Surveyors
    Brownrigg & Roe
    [ Map : 1854 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At State Library of NSW
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  1. SIR JOSEPH BANKS HANDICAP.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Friday 31 May 1889 p 5 Article
    ... SIR JOSEPH BANKS I1ANDICAP. Tho following oro lho acceptances for tho Sir Joseph Banks Huudicup, to ... 359 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,243.256)

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  2. SIR JOSEPH BANKS HANDICAP.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Monday 20 May 1889 p 3 Article
    ... I SIR JOSEPH BANKS HANDTCAP.J , I The following are the nominations for the Sir Joseph. Banks 20th ... . Brown, T. Budd, J. F. Byrne, C Banks, S. Bowen, G. Bowen, D.H. Bushell, D. Bljtk, J. P. Bvrne, A. F ... 434 words
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  3. SIR JOSEPH BANKS HANDICAP.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Monday 8 April 1889 p 4 Article
    ... SIR JOSEPH BANKS HANDICAP. The final heat« of the Sir Joseph Banks Handicap «ero run off on ... 641 words
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