Women's Peace Army. (1915-1919)

Function
Social action organisation
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-728075

Biographies

The Women's Peace Army was established on 15 July 1915 at the offices of the Women's Political Association, in an attempt to mobilise the women in Australia who opposed all war, regardless of political party membership. It was to be a fighting body to destroy militarism 'with the same spirit of self-sacrifice that soldiers showed on the battlefield'. 'We war against war' was the motto of the Women's Peace Army. Their flag took the feminist colours of purple, green and white. The most well-known members were Vida Goldstein, president, Cecilia John and Adela Pankhurst. With autonomous branches in Sydney and Brisbane, the Women's Peace Army projected a radical, militant image with its socialist anti-war ideology and attracted large numbers to its sometimes controversial public meetings. Other tactics included participation in peace demonstrations, support for peace candidates at elections, petitions to members of parliament and practical help to those disadvantaged by war. It participated in the anti-conscription campaigns of 1916 and 1917. With the end of the Great War, the Women's Peace Army went into recess on 18 December 1919.

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

Related people and organisations

Australian Women's Register

Resources for Women's Peace Army.

Selected resources (18)

Australian Women's Register

  1. Women's Peace Army
    Published: National Foundation for Australian Women
    Series: IspartOf The Australian Women's Register
  2. Put up the Sword
    Pankhurst, Adela
    [Melbourne, VIC]
    Published: Women's Peace Army
  3. The Women's Peace Army
    Gowland, Patricia
    [Melbourne]
    Published: Fontana/ Collins
    Series: IspartOf Women, class and history: feminist perspectives on Australia 1788-1978Elizabeth Windschuttle
  4. Women in protest movements: the Women's Peace Army and the Save Our Sons Movement.
    Francis, Rosemary
    [Melbourne]
    Published: The University of Melbourne
  5. Worth Fighting For!
    Fryer Library with research by Yorick Smaal
    [2008]
    Published: University of Queensland
  6. Radical Melbourne : a secret history
    Sparrow, Jeff and Sparrow, Jill
    [Carlton North, Vic.]
    Published: the vulgar press
  7. Heroines and heroes: sexual mythology in Australia 1914-1918
    Shute, Carmel
    [1972]
    Series: IspartOf Hecate
  8. Blood votes and the bestial Boche: a case study in propaganda
    Shute, Carmel
    [1976]
    Series: IspartOf Hecate
  9. The unwritten history of Adela Pankhurst Walsh
    Summers, Anne
    [Melbourne]
    Published: Fontana/Collins
    Series: IspartOf Women, class and history: feminist perspectives on Australia 1788-1978Elizabeth Windschuttle
  10. The Goldstein Story
    Henderson, Leslie M. (Leslie Moira)
    [Melbourne]
    Published: Stockland Press
  11. The Woman Voter
    Goldstein, Vida
    [1909-1919]
  12. Papers on various Australian women [19--] [manuscript]
    [267 pages ]
    Series: National Library of Australia, Manuscript Collection
    Manuscript drafts of biographical papers on the following: Anderson, Mary (11 p.); Brennan, Jennie (7 p.); Couchman, Dame Elizabeth May Ramsay (13 p.); Deakin's daughters, Brookes and Ivy Deakin; Rivett, Stella (Deakin) Lady; White, Vera (Deakin) Lady (14 p.); Goldstein, Vida (21 p.); Holman, May (16 p.); James, Britomarte (23 p.); Lyons, Dame Enid (17 p.); Rich, Ruby (19 p.); Rischbieth, Bessie Mabel (36 p.); Sweet, Georgina (22 p.); Waterworth, Edith (16 p.); Woinarski, Gertrude Zichy- (10 p.); Young, Jeanne (10 p.).
    MS 842
  13. Papers of Leslie M. Henderson, circa 1880-1961 [manuscript]
    [0.01 m, 1 folder : c. 1880 - 1961]
    Series: National Library of Australia, Manuscript Collection
    Copies of photographs, ca. 1880-ca. 1945 of Vida Goldstein 1949-1961, including an obituary and a personal impression by L. M. Henderson and a transcript of a radio talk by Margaret Clarke.
    MS 1444
  14. Vida Goldstein 1869-1949 January 1966 [manuscript]
    [0.01 m, 16 pages : 1966]
    Series: National Library of Australia, Manuscript Collection
    Biographical notes by her niece. Two copies both signed, one dated 19 Jan. 1966, the other 27 Jan. 1966.
    MS 1637
  15. The Goldstein chronicle, [between 1950 and 1973]. [manuscript].
    [0.01 m, 168 pages : c. 1950 - c. 1973]
    Series: State Library of Victoria
    History of the Goldstein family, comprising twelve chapters: A very rising settlement; The young man goes west; The Hawkins family; J. R. Y. Goldstein; The Leongatha Labour Colony; Vida Goldstein and the women's suffrage movement; Vida's electoral campaigns and social work; H. H. Champion's "unconventional autobiography"; H. H. Champion in Australia: the maritime strike; H. H. Champion: adventures in journalism; H. H. Champion and Bernard Shaw; Elsie Champion and the Book Lovers' Library.
    Accession no: MS 9392
  16. Press cuttings book presented to Edith How Martyn, 1943. [manuscript].
    [1943]
    Series: State Library of Victoria
    Press cuttings book "presented to Edith How Martyn for Women's Service Library, London, by Vida Goldstein, Melbourne Australia 1943."
    Accession no: MS 11956
  17. Letters, diaries and lectures
    [1902 - 1919]
    Series: State Library of Victoria
  18. [Biographical cuttings on Vida Goldstein, containing one or more cuttings from newspapers or journals]
    Series: National Library of Australia
    Bib ID 1894754

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