Krefft, Gerard (1830-1881)

Also known as
Krefft, Johann Louis Gerard (1830-1881)
Krefft, Johann Ludwig (1830-1881)
Krefft, Johann Ludwig Gerard (1830-1881)
Krefft, Johann Ludwig Gerhard (1830-1881)
Krefft, Louis (1830-1881)
Field of activity
Zoologist; Artist; Draughtsman; Naturalist; Scientist; Assistant curator; Museum curator
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an36555510
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-635809

Biographies

Johann Ludwig Gerard (Louis) Krefft (1830-1881), zoologist, was born on 17 February 1830 in the Duchy of Brunswick, son of William Krefft, confectioner, and his wife Johanna, née Buschhoff. He attended...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

On an expedition of the Murray and Darling rivers, Krefft made over 500 drawings of specimens and Aboriginal subjects. Later he became assistant curator at the Australian Museum, where he published numerous scientific articles and wrote two books on snakes and mammals of Australia.

sketcher and naturalist, was born in Brunswick, Germany, on 17 February 1830, son of William Krefft and Johanna, nee Buschhoff. In 1850 he migrated to the United States, then came to Melbourne in the Revenue in November 1852. After working on the goldfields for five years, Krefft joined William Blandowski 's expedition to the Murray and Darling rivers, on which he made over 500 drawings of natural history specimens and Aboriginal subjects. Examples are in the Mitchell Library. As a professional painter of 7 Cardigan Street, Melbourne, Krefft showed examples of his expedition drawings at the 1858 Victorian Industrial Society Exhibition. One reviewer commented: 'Mr Krefft’s drawings have a special interest as they are illustrations from the life of some of the more curious animals &c. of the country … the most striking is that of a native corroboree, at Gall Gall, and of a rare animal, the chaeropus, about which there has of late been so much controversy.’ In 1860 Krefft was appointed assistant curator of the Australian Museum on the recommendation of Governor Denison. Over the following decade, he built up an international reputation as a scientist. He was one of the few Australian scientists to accept Darwin’s theory of evolution and disseminate it in the 1860s. He published over 200 articles, as well as a book, The Snakes of Australia (1869), for which Harriet and Helena Scott drew the plates. In 1871 Krefft published The Mammals of Australia , again with illustrations by the Scott sisters. The ...

  • November 1852 Arrived Melbourne, Vic. aboard the Revenue

Flourished

  • fl. c.1857 - c.1874

View the full record at Design and Art Australia Online

Johann Krefft was naturalist to the Victorian Government Collecting Expedition to northern Victoria under Wilhelm Blandowski 1857-1858, and was Assistant Curator of the Australian Museum, Sydney 1860-1864 and then Curator 1864-1876.

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Design and Art Australia Online

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for Gerard Krefft

Selected resources (9)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Krefft, Johann Ludwig Gerard
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Gerard Krefft and His Bibliography
    Witley, G. P.
    Published: 1967
    Series: Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
  3. Krefft, Johann Ludwig Gerard - Ms 21
    Published: Australian Academy of Science, 1994
    Series: Listing of Adolph Basser Library holdings
  4. Gerard Krefft: a Singular Man
    Nancarrow, Nan
    Published: 2009
    Series: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 121, 146-54
  5. Observing Mondellimin, or When Gerard Krefft "Saved Once More the Honour of the Exploring Expedition"
    Kean, John
    Published: 2009
    Series: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 121, 109-28
  6. Native Companions: Blandowski, Krefft and the Aborigines on the Murray River Expedition
    Allen, Harry,
    Published: 2009
    Series: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 121, 129-45
  7. Krefft, Johann Ludwig (Louis) Gerard (1830-1881), zoologist
    Whitley, G. P.; Rutledge, Martha
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1974
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 5, 42-44
  8. The Life and Work of Gerard Krefft
    Whitley, G. P.
    Published: 1958
    Series: Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, 21-34
  9. Adolph Basser Library Manuscript Collection
    Smith, Ailie
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2012

Resources by Gerard Krefft (52)

  1. Autobiographical notes and report
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Unpublished : 1874 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 136,136.281)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 136,136.281)

  2. Gerard Krefft - Letters from Charles Darwin, 1872-1876
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Unpublished : 1876 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 115,402.211)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 115,402.211)

  3. Gerard Krefft further papers, ca. 1864-1881
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Photograph : 1881 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Gerard Krefft further papers, ca. 1864-1881
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 107,613.539)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 107,613.539)

  4. Exploration of the caves and rivers of New South Wales : [minutes, reports, correspondence, accounts)
    New South Wales. Parliament
    [ Book, Government publication : 1882 ]
    At 8 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 69,729.359)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 69,729.359)

  5. Die Haie der sieben Meere : Arten, Lebensweise u. sportl. Fang / von Kuno Sch. Steuben [i.e. K. Schmutnig], Gerhard Krefft
    Schmutnig, Kuno
    [ Book : 1978 ]
    Languages: German
    At ACT Public Library
    Die Haie der sieben Meere : Arten, Lebensweise u. sportl. Fang / von Kuno Sch. Steuben [i.e. K. Schmutnig], Gerhard Krefft
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 67,285.852)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 67,285.852)

  6. Gerard Krefft correspondence, 1859-1881
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Unpublished : 1859-1881 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 63,218.578)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 63,218.578)

  7. [Kangaroo Head] / by Gerard Krefft, 1861
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Art work : 1861 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    [Kangaroo Head] / by Gerard Krefft, 1861
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 60,755.898)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 60,755.898)

  8. Gerard Krefft manuscript and pictorial collection, ca. 1856-1895
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Photograph : 1895 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 59,275.508)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 59,275.508)

  9. In the Gol-Gol Ranges River Darling / [watercolour by] Gerard Krefft, 1860[?]
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Art work : 1860 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 58,167.664)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 58,167.664)

  10. Series 02: Gerard Krefft album of watercolour drawings, ca. 1857-1858, 1861, 1866
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Art work : 1866 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 02: Gerard Krefft album of watercolour drawings, ca. 1857-1858, 1861, 1866
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 58,128.203)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 58,128.203)

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Resources about Gerard Krefft (27)

  1. The life and work of Gerard Krefft, 1830-1881 / by Gilbert P. Whitley
    Whitley, Gilbert P. (Gilbert Percy), 1903-1975
    [ Book : 1961 ]
    At UON Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 141,692.172)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 141,692.172)

  2. Autobiographical notes and report
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Unpublished : 1874 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 136,854.359)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 136,854.359)

  3. Gerard Krefft - Letters from Charles Darwin, 1872-1876
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Unpublished : 1876 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 115,046.922)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 115,046.922)

  4. Gerard Krefft further papers, ca. 1864-1881
    Krefft, Gerard, 1830-1881
    [ Photograph : 1881 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Gerard Krefft further papers, ca. 1864-1881
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 107,244.164)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 107,244.164)

  5. Letters & testimonials from distinguished men of science : addressed to Mr. Gerard Krefft, Curator and Secretary of the Australian Museum
    [ Book : 1876 ]
    View online
    At State Library VIC
    Letters & testimonials from distinguished men of science : addressed to Mr. Gerard Krefft, Curator and Secretary of the Australian Museum
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 98,120.359)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 98,120.359)

  6. The Prince Alfred Ray, Ceratoptera Alfredi, Gerard Krefft
    [ Photograph : 1860-1869 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    The Prince Alfred Ray, Ceratoptera Alfredi, Gerard Krefft
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88,911.117)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88,911.117)

  7. Gerard Krefft : a singular man / Jenny Nancarrow
    Nancarrow, Jenny
    [ Book : 2009 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 84,759.805)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 84,759.805)

  8. Hyla Krefftii, ca. 1860
    [ Art work : 1860 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 81,728.234)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 81,728.234)

  9. Portrait of Gerard Krefft [2]
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    Portrait of Gerard Krefft [2]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 77,712.078)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 77,712.078)

  10. Portrait of Gerard Krefft [1]
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    Portrait of Gerard Krefft [1]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 77,351.492)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 77,351.492)

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  1. Krefft, Annie
    ... Krefft, Johann Ludwig Gerard (1830 - 1881) ... Krefft, Annie ... Annie Krefft was the wife of Johann Ludwig (Louis) Gerard Krefft. Angus and Robertson have a ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21,877.475)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21,877.475)

  2. Scott, Harriet (1830-1907)
    Artist; Naturalist; ; Printmaker; Draughtsman; Painter; Illustrator; 6924
    ... Krefft, Johann Ludwig Gerard ... Scott, Harriet (1830-1907) ... 22 March 1830 in Sydney, to Harriet Calcott, a seamstress, and Alexander Walker Scott, a grazier ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 436.815)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 436.815)

  3. Blandowski, William (1822-1878)
    Zoologist; Naturalist
    ... Wilhelm Blandowski was Zoologist at the National Museum of Victoria from 1854, and was the first museum ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.216)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.216)

  1. Gerard Krefft further papers, ca. 1 ...
    Krefft, Gerard, ...
    [ Photograph : 1881 ]
    Gerard Krefft further papers, ca. 1864-1881
  2. [Kangaroo Head] / by Gerard Krefft, ...
    Krefft, Gerard, ...
    [ Art work : 1861 ]
    [Kangaroo Head] / by Gerard Krefft, 1861
  3. Series 02: Gerard Krefft album of w ...
    Krefft, Gerard, ...
    [ Art work : 1866 ]
    Series 02: Gerard Krefft album of watercolour drawings, ca. 1857-1858, 1861, 1866
  4. [Corroboree on the Murray River] / ...
    Krefft, Gerard, ...
    [ Art work : 1858 ]
    [Corroboree on the Murray River] / by Gerard Krefft, 1858
  5. Gerard Krefft manuscript and pictor ...
    Krefft, Gerard, ...
    [ Photograph : 1895 ]
  6. The Prince Alfred Ray, Ceratoptera ...
    [ Photograph : 1860-1869 ]
    The Prince Alfred Ray, Ceratoptera Alfredi, Gerard Krefft
  1. IN INSOLVENCY. In the Insolvent of Gerard Krefft, of Stanley-street, Sydney, naturalist. FIRST AND ONLY MEETING.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 11 June 1880 [Issue No.214] p 2810

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... In Iho Surname Oourr, of Now South Wales. (15,749) IN INSOLVENCY. In tlio Intjolronl of Gerard K ... 277 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,579.917)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,579.917)

  2. IN INSOLVENCY. In the Insolvent Estate of Gerard Krefft, of No. 71, Stanley-street, Sydney, naturalist. SPECIAL MEETING FOR PROOF OF DEBT.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Tuesday 3 August 1880 [Issue No.313] p 4028

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... Iu the Supreme Court of New South Wales. (15,749) IN INSOLVENCY. Ill the Insolvent Estate of Gerard ... Krefft, of No. 71, Stanley street, Sydney, naturalist. SPECIAL MEETING FOE PROOF OF DEBT. I HEREBY ... 120 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,081.771)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,081.771)

  3. RETIREMENTS.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 13 July 1934 [Issue No.126 (SUPPLEMENT)] p 2584

    Government Gazette Appointments And Employment

    ... being indicated within, brackets:— Colonial Treasurer's Department. Mr. Gerard Krefft, Cutter ... 74 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 70.367)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 70.367)

  1. 'Savages, fossils and recent': Gerard Krefft and the production of racial knowledge, 1869-1873
    Turnbull, Paul
    2000 History and Sociology of Eugenics Conference (2000: Newcastle, NSW). A Race for a Place: Eugenics, Darwinism and Social Thought and Practice in Australia: Proceedings
    [ Article : 2000 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 530.671)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 530.671)

  2. Notes on the fauna of Tasmania
    Krefft, Gerard
    [ Article : 1868 ]
    View online
    At Uni of TAS Open Rep
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 114.881)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 114.881)

  3. PERSONAL ITEMS. (26 March 1881)
    The bulletin.
    [ Article : 1881 ]
    View online
    At Trove DigitalLibrary
    PERSONAL ITEMS. (26 March 1881)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 92.56)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 92.56)

  4. PERSONAL ITEMS. (29 January 1881)
    The bulletin.
    [ Article : 1881 ]
    View online
    At Trove DigitalLibrary
    PERSONAL ITEMS. (29 January 1881)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 91.66)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 91.66)

  1. AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM. (Report from Trustees.)
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Monday 30 June 1862 p 2 Article
    ... , GERARD KREFFT, acting curator and secretary. ... necessary for this purpose, they have appointed Mr. Gerard Kreffc, Acting Cura-tor and Secretary. 8. Two ... 862 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 23,634.691)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 23,634.691)

  2. EXPEDITION TO THE LOWES MURRAY, UNDER THE CONDUCT OF M. BLANDOWSKI. (From the Age, October 6.)
    Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875) Tuesday 13 October 1857 p 6 Article
    ... to tho end of 1 arduous journey. Mr. G. Krefft, and an old and true servant named James Manson ... left the camp in charge < Krefft and Manson, and proceeded towards Melbourn with bis valuable ... 2968 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 19,116.928)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 19,116.928)

  3. Obituary. MR. GERARD KREFFT.
    Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907) Saturday 26 February 1881 p 23 Article
    ... that name, North Gormany, February 17, 1830,. attd odticatod in bia native Iowa, where ho attondod tho ... Obituary. MR. GERARD KREFFT. Mr. Gerard Krefft, the distinguished naturalist, whose disputes with ... 1266 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17,230.906)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17,230.906)

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  1. Gerard Krefft
    Gerard Krefft
    Created by gwnunn, 25 items.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,348.289)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,348.289)

  2. 01-An Ancient Land
    01-An Ancient Land
    Created by peter-macinnis, 7 items.

    Chapter 1 sources for a volume with the working title 'Big History Book'.

    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.077)

    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.077)

  3. snakebite cures
    snakebite cures
    Created by kmaglen, 3 items.

    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.037)

    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.037)

  1. Early scientific photography in Australia
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2019 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Early scientific photography in Australia
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 31.682)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 31.682)

  2. The curious minds who made our science Australian
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2012 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    The curious minds who made our science Australian
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 10.339)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 10.339)

  3. Blandowski's specimens / a film by Malcolm McKinnon
    McKinnon, Malcolm
    [ Video : 2007 ]
    At 4 libraries
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.04)

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  4. Museums and Leadership
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2000 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Museums and Leadership
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  1. The mammals of Australia / John Gould ; with modern notes by Joan M. Dixon
    Gould, John, 1804-1881
    [ Book, Microform : 1845-1998 ]
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    At 46 libraries
    The mammals of Australia / John Gould ; with modern notes by Joan M. Dixon
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 40.766)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 40.766)

  2. Catalogue of the described diurnal Lepidoptera of Australia / by George Masters
    Masters, George, 1837-1912
    [ Book, Microform : 1868-1873 ]
    At 9 libraries
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    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.245)

  3. Antiquity of man in Australia
    Etheridge, R. (Robert), 1846-1920
    [ Book : 1916 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
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  4. Curious minds : the discoveries of Australian naturalists / Peter Macinnis
    Macinnis, Peter
    [ Book, Government publication : 2012 ]
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    Curious minds : the discoveries of Australian naturalists / Peter Macinnis
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