Grimwade, Russell, (Sir) (1879-)

Also known as
Grimwade, Russell, (Sir) (1879-1955)
Grimwade, Russell (1879-)
Grimwade, W. Russell, (Sir) (1879-1955)
Grimwade, W. Russell (1879-)
Grimwade, Wilfred Russell, (Sir) (1879-)
Grimwade, Wilfrid Russell, (CBE, FRACI) (1879-1955)
Grimwade, Wilfrid Russell, (Sir) (1879-1955)
Grimwade, Wilfrid Russell, (Sir Wilfrid Russell) (1879-)
Grimwade, Wilfrid Russell (1879-)
Field of activity
Chemist; Business executive; Pharmaceutical manufacturer; Businessman; Benefactors; Company directors
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an36069177
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-612762

Biographies

GRIMWADE BROTHERS: Edward Norton (1866-1945), Harold William (1869-1949), and Sir Wilfrid Russell (1879-1955), businessmen, were sons of Frederick Sheppard Grimwade and his wife Jessie Taylor, née Sprunt,...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Sir Russell Grimwade was a partner and research director in Felton, Grimwade & Co, which later went on to become Drug Houses of Australia. He was a keen botanist who served as the official botanical adviser to the Army Department during World War II. Grimwade was also a philanthropist who donated large sums of money to numerous scientific and heritage organisations and was heavily involved in the advancement of science research in Australia. His name was commemorated by the Western Australian orchid Prasophyllum grimwadeanum, now called Prasophyllum giganteum. Grimwade was the son of Frederick Sheppard Grimwade who was a co-founder of Felton Grimwade & Co. - Australia's biggest drug house during the 1800s - and founder of many other manufacturing companies including the Melbourne Glass Bottle Works.

After graduating with a Bachelor of Science (BSc) from the University of Melbourne, (Sir) Wilfrid Russell Grimwade went to England to observe new advances in chemistry. On his return he joined his family run firm of Felton, Grimwade & Co as director of the newly established research laboratory. Grimwade was made a partner of the in 1907 and in 1929 the firm amalgamated with Duerdin & Sainsbury to become Felton Grimwade and Duerdins Pty Ltd (later known as Drug Houses of Australia (Victoria) Pty Ltd).

Grimwade was also a keen botanist, especially of the eucalypts and was the Official Botanical Adviser to the Army Department during World War II. When drugs were in short supply during this period, he grew and processed a number of important plant sources at his country home "Westerfield" in Victoria; he also developed a process for extracting fixed oil from apricot kernels to replace olive oil and manufactured hyoscine.

A generous philanthropist, Grimwade gave £50,000 to the University of Melbourne towards the building of the Russell Grimwade School of Biochemistry; £20,000 to the Commonwealth Forestry and Timber Bureau (£5,000 in 1929 and £15,000 in 1954) for the Russell Grimwade Prize for "the encouragement of scientific forestry"; £10,000 to equip the Forest Products Laboratory in Victoria; and in 1934 donated Captain Cook's Cottage to the Fitzroy Gardens and the people of Melbourne.

Sir Wilfrid Grimwade was also heavily involved in many societies and organisations including being President of the Society of Chemical Industry of Victoria in 1909 and 1910, Chairman of the Australian Chemical Institute (1946-47), Chairman of the Trustees of the National Museum of Victoria; President of the Australian Forest League, Fellow of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute; and a member of the advisory committee for the Botanic Gardens. He is commemorated by the Russell Grimwade Lecture of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute.

  • Education - Bachelor of Science (BSc) completed at the University of Melbourne
  • Career position - Toured chemical works in London
  • Career position - Joined the family business of Felton, Grimwade & Co. as director of the new research laboratory
  • Career position - Became a partner in Felton, Grimwade & Co.
  • Career position - President, Society of Chemical Industry of Victoria
  • Career position - Chairman of Australian Oxygen and Industrial Gases Pty Ltd
  • Career position - Felton Grimwade and Duerdins Pty Ltd established
  • Career position - Donated Cook's Cottage (located in the Fitzroy Gardens) to the people of Victoria as a centenary gift.
  • Career position - Board member of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
  • Award - Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
  • Career position - Member of the Board of Drug Houses of Australia Ltd
  • Award - Fellow of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute (FRACI)
  • Career position - President of the chemistry section of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Career position - Official Botanical Adviser to the Army Department during World War II
  • Career position - Chairman of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
  • Career position - Chairman, Australian Chemical Institute
  • Award - Knighted
  • Award - Honorary member of the British Medical Association

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Russell Grimwade was born in Caulfield, Victoria on 15 October 1879, son of the Hon. Frank Sheppard Grimwade, MLA, and was educated at Melbourne Grammar School and the University of Melbourne. Graduating in Science in 1901 he entered the family chemicals firm of Felton Grimwade & Co. as director of the research laboratory. An innovator, he pioneered large-scale oxygen production in Australia and experimented with the extraction of oils and compounds from indigenous plants, amongst many other scientific improvisat- ions. He was an early champion of forest conservation as well as a skilled cabinet-maker and amateur photographer. Grimwade began taking photographs in early 1896 at the age of 16 and soon became an accomplished amateur. Over the following 40 years he filled 35 albums with photographs covering subjects ranging from family and friends to travel and his general interests. He published 'An anthography of the Eucalypt' in 1921. He sat on the boards and committees of a diverse range of organisations, including the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, the National Museum of Victoria, the Melbourne Botanic Gardens, the Felton Bequest Committee and the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science. In 1934 he donated Captain Cook's cottage to the people of Victoria. He was appointed CBE in 1935 and knighted in 1950. In 1909 he had married Mabel Kelly and in 1910 they bought 'Miegunyah' in Orrong Road, Toorak, where they lived for the rest of their lives.

View the full record at University of Melbourne

Russell Grimwade was born in Caulfield, Victoria on 15 October 1879, son of the Hon. Frank Sheppard Grimwade, MLA, and was educated at Melbourne Grammar School and the University of Melbourne. Graduating in Science in 1901 he entered the family chemicals firm of Felton Grimwade & Co. as director of the research laboratory. An innovator, he pioneered large-scale oxygen production in Australia and experimented with the extraction of oils and compounds from indigenous plants, amongst many other scientific improvisat- ions. He was an early champion of forest conservation as well as a skilled cabinet-maker and amateur photographer. Grimwade began taking photographs in early 1896 at the age of 16 and soon became an accomplished amateur. Over the following 40 years he filled 35 albums with photographs covering subjects ranging from family and friends to travel and his general interests. He published 'An anthography of the Eucalypt' in 1921. He sat on the boards and committees of a diverse range of organisations, including the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, the National Museum of Victoria, the Melbourne Botanic Gardens, the Felton Bequest Committee and the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science. In 1934 he donated Captain Cook's cottage to the people of Victoria. He was appointed CBE in 1935 and knighted in 1950. In 1909 he had married Mabel Kelly and in 1910 they bought 'Miegunyah' in Orrong Road, Toorak, where they lived for the rest of their lives.

View the full record at University of Melbourne

Russell Grimwade was born in Caulfield, Victoria on 15 October 1879, son of the Hon. Frank Sheppard Grimwade, MLA, and was educated at Melbourne Grammar School and the University of Melbourne. Graduating in Science in 1901 he entered the family chemicals firm of Felton Grimwade & Co. as director of the research laboratory. An innovator, he pioneered large-scale oxygen production in Australia and experimented with the extraction of oils and compounds from indigenous plants, amongst many other scientific improvisat- ions. He was an early champion of forest conservation as well as a skilled cabinet-maker and amateur photographer. Grimwade began taking photographs in early 1896 at the age of 16 and soon became an accomplished amateur. Over the following 40 years he filled 35 albums with photographs covering subjects ranging from family and friends to travel and his general interests. He published 'An anthography of the Eucalypt' in 1921. He sat on the boards and committees of a diverse range of organisations, including the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, the National Museum of Victoria, the Melbourne Botanic Gardens, the Felton Bequest Committee and the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science. In 1934 he donated Captain Cook's cottage to the people of Victoria. He was appointed CBE in 1935 and knighted in 1950. In 1909 he had married Mabel Kelly and in 1910 they bought 'Miegunyah' in Orrong Road, Toorak, where they lived for the rest of their lives.

View the full record at University of Melbourne

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Resources for Russell Grimwade

Selected resources (10)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Grimwade, Wilfrid Russell
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Oxygen and its use in engineering (Lecture & Discussion)
    Grimwade, Russell
    Published: 1910
    Series: Proceedings of the Victorian Institute of Engineers vol. X, 45-49, 77-81
  3. The Study of Australian Eucalypts
    McCarthy, Gavan; Smith, Ailie; Moje, Christine; Rigby, Rebecca
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2013
  4. An Anthology of the Eucalypts
    Grimwade, Russell
    Published: Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1920
  5. Grimwade, Sir Wilfred Russell (1879-1955)
    Poynter, J. R.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1983
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 9, 126-128
  6. Duboisia myoporoides : the Medical Career of a Native Australian Plant
    Foley, Paul
    Published: 2006
    Series: Historical Records of Australian Science, 17, 1, 31-69
  7. Victor Martin Trikojus, 1902-1985
    Legge, J. W. and Gibson, F.
    Published: 1987
    Series: Historical Records of Australian Science, 6, 4, 519-531
  8. John Stewart Turner 1908-1991
    Ashton, D. H.; Ducker, S. C.
    Published: 1993
    Series: Historical Records of Australian Science, 9, 3, 278-290
  9. Science and the making of Victoria
    Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre
    Published: 2001
  10. Technology in Australia 1788-1988
    Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
    Published: Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 2000

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  1. Grimwade, Harold William (1869-1949)
    Businessman; Pharmaceutical manufacturer; Manufacturer; Pharmacist; Company director
    ... Grimwade, Wilfrid Russell (1879 - 1955) ... Grimwade, Geoffrey Holt (1902 - 1961) ... GRIMWADE BROTHERS: Edward Norton (1866-1945), Harold William (1869-1949), and Sir Wilfrid Russell ... (1879-1955), businessmen, were sons of Frederick Sheppard Grimwade and his wife Jessie Taylor, née ...
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  2. Grimwade, Mabel Louise (1887-1973)
    Philanthropist
    ... Grimwade, Mabel Louise (1887-19731231) ... Russell Grimwade (1879-1955). They were to have an enduring impact on the University which from which ... Russell Grimwade had taken his BSc in 1901. Mab Grimwade's enormous support of the Russell Grimwade ...
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  3. Grimwade, Edward Norton (1866-1945)
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    ... Grimwade, Wilfrid Russell (1879 - 1955) ... Grimwade, Geoffrey Holt (1902 - 1961) ... GRIMWADE BROTHERS: Edward Norton (1866-1945), Harold William (1869-1949), and Sir Wilfrid Russell ... (1879-1955), businessmen, were sons of Frederick Sheppard Grimwade and his wife Jessie Taylor, née ...
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  1. [Photograph albums] [Russell Grimwa ...
    Grimwade, Russe ...
    [ Photograph : 1896-1937 ]
  2. [Interiors of the Physical Laborato ...
    Sievers, Wolfga ...
    [ Photograph : 1958 ]
    [Interiors of the Physical Laboratory, University of Melbourne]
  3. Album of photographs :
    Lindsay, Joan, ...
    [ Photograph : 1920-1930 ]
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  1. AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY National Memorials Ordinance 1928 DETERMINATION
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. Special (National : 1977 - 2012) Friday 7 November 1986 p 1

    Government Gazette Proclamations And Legislation Illustrated

    ... Gnmwade (1866-1945) Sir Wilfred Russell Gnmwade C B E (1879-1955) brothers HEFFERNAN STREET James Patrick ... and origin DIVISION OF MITCHELL DARLING STREET John Darling (1852-1914) GRIMWADE STREET Edward Norton ... 790 words
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  2. AUSTRALIAN MUTUAL PROVIDENT SOCIETY.—Notice
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 30 September 1960 [Issue No.116] p 3153

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... the said Society are:— Sir Cecil Harold Hoskins; Septimus Godolphin Rowe, Esquire; The Honourable ... Thomas Alfred John Playfair, M.L.C.; George Gordon Gray Russell, Esquire; Clifford Gordon Crane, Esquire ... 106 words
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  3. AUSTRALIAN MUTUAL PROVIDENT SOCIETY.—Notice
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 13 January 1961 [Issue No.5] p 123

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... the said Society are:—Sir Cecil Harold Hoskins; Septimus Godolphin Rowe, Esquire; The Honourable ... Thomas Alfred John Playfair, M.L.C.; George Gordon Gray Russell, Esquire; Clifford Gordon Crane, Esquire ... 106 words
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  1. Records of Sir Wilfred Russell Grimwade and Lady Mabel Grimwade, 1867-1966
    [ Data set : 1966 ]
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  2. Records of Sir Wilfrid Russell Grimwade, 1918
    [ Data set : 1918 ]
    At Uni of Melbourne
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  3. Records of Sir Wilfrid Russell Grimwade and Lady Mabel Grimwade, 1936
    [ Data set : 1936 ]
    At Uni of Melbourne
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  4. Russell Grimwade forestry prizes
    Wriedt, Ken
    [ Article : 1973 ]
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  1. GRIMWADE, WILFRID RUSSELL, SIR (1879-1955) GRIMWADE, MABEL, LADY (d. 1973)
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  1. Sir R. Grimwade In Hospital
    The Herald (Melbourne, Vic. : 1861 - 1954) Friday 23 June 1950 p 8 Article
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    The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Monday 14 December 1953 p 4 Article
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  3. SIR R GRIMWADE LEFT £948,000
    The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 31 March 1956 p 1 Article
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  2. The Grimwade collection : a selection of works from the bequest of Sir Russell and Lady Grimwade : University Gallery, the University of Melbourne, 22 July - 4 September 1987
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    [ Book : 1987 ]
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