King, Philip Gidley (1758-1808)

Also known as
King, Philip Gidley, (Governor) (1758-1808)
Field of activity
Governor; Science patron; Artist; Draughtsman; Governor of New South Wales; Second Lieutenant; British Navy
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35271903
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-494427

Biographies

Philip Gidley King (1758-1808), governor, was born at Launceston, Cornwall, England, on 23 April 1758. His family had long lived in the district and were not impecunious. His father, Philip, was a draper,...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

King sailed with the First Fleet to Botany Bay in 1788. He established the settlement in Norfolk Island and later became governor of New South Wales. Sketches attributed to King are held in public and private collections.

sketcher, naval officer and governor, was born in Launceston, Cornwall (UK), on 23 April 1758, son of Philip King, a draper. King sailed with the First Fleet to Botany Bay as second lieutenant in the Sirius , later transferring to the Supply under Captain Arthur Phillip. In February 1788 he was appointed superintendent and commandant of Norfolk Island and sent to establish a settlement there. In March 1790 Phillip sent him to England as his emissary. He returned to New South Wales the following year in the Gorgon as lieutenant-governor of Norfolk Island. Before leaving England, King married Anna Josepha Coombe. Six weeks after their arrival on Norfolk Island she gave birth to a son, Phillip Parker , the first of their five children and his only legitimate son. He and the convict Ann Innett, with whom he had lived during his previous Norfolk Island appointment, had had two sons, Norfolk and Sydney; they formed part of the King household. On the grounds of ill-health, King returned to England in 1796. He came back in 1800 as governor of New South Wales, succeeding John Hunter . William Bligh took over in August 1806 and the Kings sailed for England in 1807. Philip Gidley died in London on 3 September 1808. No signed drawings are known but it seems certain that King sketched. Attributed originals, however, are mostly quite crude. They include a pen, ink and wash View of the Entrance of Port Jackson Looking down the Harbour from Maskelyne’s [Dawes] ...

  • 1788 Sailed on the Sirius, then the Supply.

Flourished

  • fl. c.1788 - c.1800

View the full record at Design and Art Australia Online

Philip Gidley King established the settlement at Norfolk Island in 1787 and was lieutenant-governor from 1789. He was Governor of the colony of New South Wales 1800-1806 during which time he promoted exploration and the collection of botanical specimens for Joseph Banks.

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Philip Gidley King (1758-1808) was third governor of New South Wales. Phillip Parker King (1791-1856), son of Philip Gidley and Anna Josepha King, followed a naval and surveying career. The eldest son of Phillip Parker and Harriet King was Philip Gidley King the younger (1817-1904), pastoralist and Member of the Legislative Council

View the full record at Libraries Australia

Related people and organisations

Design and Art Australia Online

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for Philip Gidley King

Selected resources (5)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. King, Philip Gidley
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. 'To Stock and Settle': the Journal of Philip Gidley King, R.N.
    King, P.A.
    Published: Society of the History of Medicine, Brisbane, 1996
    Series: History, Heritage and Health: Proceedings of the Fourth Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of the History of Medicine, Norfolk Island, 2-9 July, 1995, 65-68
  3. King, Philip Gidley (1758-1808)
    Shaw, A. G. L.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1967
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2, 55-61
  4. Reflections of a philosophical voyager: Nicolas Baudin letter to Philip Gidley King, 24 December 1802
    Fornasiero, Jean
    Published: Friends of the State Library of South Australia Inc, Adelaide, 2016
  5. Technology in Australia 1788-1988
    Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
    Published: Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 2000

Resources by Philip Gidley King (107)

  1. Letters and list of appointments
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished : 1792-1801 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 204,027.641)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 204,027.641)

  2. Remarks and journal kept on the expedition to form a colony in NSW
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished, Microform : 1786-1790 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 185,204.406)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 185,204.406)

  3. Autobiography of Philip Gidley King
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Book : 1894 ]
    At UQ Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,933.438)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,933.438)

  4. Letters of Philip Gidley King
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished : 1792-1801 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 163,381.781)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 163,381.781)

  5. Journal and letter of Philip Gidley King
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished : 1791-1796 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    Journal and letter of Philip Gidley King
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 157,930.859)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 157,930.859)

  6. Journal and notes made by Philip Gidley King on the Expedition to form a Colony in His Majestys Territory of New South Wales aboard the Sirius :
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Book : 2017 ]
    At LaTrobe Uni Melb
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 147,190.078)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 147,190.078)

  7. Commission appointing Philip Gidley King as superintendent and commandant of Norfolk Island, 12 February 1788
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 146,485.5)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 146,485.5)

  8. Letter
    Flinders, Matthew, 1774-1814
    [ Unpublished : 1803 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 140,862.891)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 140,862.891)

  9. Letter : Norfolk Island, to Lord Sydney
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished : 1792 ]
    View online
    At National Library
    Letter : Norfolk Island, to Lord Sydney
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 135,851.641)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 135,851.641)

  10. The journal of Philip Gidley King, Lieutenant, R.N., 1787-1790 / edited by Paul G. Fidlon and R.J. Ryan
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Book : 1980 ]
    At 51 libraries
    The journal of Philip Gidley King, Lieutenant, R.N., 1787-1790 / edited by Paul G. Fidlon and R.J. Ryan
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 127,272.875)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 127,272.875)

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Resources about Philip Gidley King (354)

  1. Letters and list of appointments
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished : 1792-1801 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 203,626.984)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 203,626.984)

  2. Remarks and journal kept on the expedition to form a colony in NSW
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Unpublished, Microform : 1786-1790 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 184,525.859)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 184,525.859)

  3. Series 39.097: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, February 1805
    [ Unpublished : 1805 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 39.097: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, February 1805
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 179,265.781)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 179,265.781)

  4. Series 39.082: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 29 May 1803
    [ Unpublished : 1803 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 39.082: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 29 May 1803
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,665.609)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,665.609)

  5. Autobiography of Philip Gidley King
    King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808
    [ Book : 1894 ]
    At UQ Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,483.594)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,483.594)

  6. Series 39.031a: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 12 December 1798
    [ Unpublished : 1798 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,213.203)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 178,213.203)

  7. Series 39.102: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 5 November 1806
    [ Unpublished : 1806 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 39.102: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 5 November 1806
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 177,935.344)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 177,935.344)

  8. Series 39.021: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 2 June 1797
    [ Unpublished : 1797 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 39.021: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 2 June 1797
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 177,656.125)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 177,656.125)

  9. Series 39.027: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 24 September 1798
    [ Unpublished : 1798 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 39.027: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, 24 September 1798
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 177,241.047)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 177,241.047)

  10. Series 39.088: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, April 1804
    [ Unpublished : 1804 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 39.088: Letter received by Banks from Philip Gidley King, April 1804
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 176,199.75)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 176,199.75)

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  1. King, Phillip Parker (1791-1856)
    Hydrographer; Explorer; Artist; ; Draughtsman; Rear Admiral; 7600; Captain; Surveyor; 6922; Naval Officer; Company Manager
    ... King, Philip Gidley (1758 - 1808) ... King, Philip Gidley (the younger) (1817 - 1904) ... Philip Gidley King (1758-1808) was third governor of New South Wales. Phillip Parker King (1791 ... -1856), son of Philip Gidley and Anna Josepha King, followed a naval and surveying career. The eldest ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 52,613.734)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 52,613.734)

  2. King, R. L., (Robert Lethbridge) (Rev) (1823-1897)
    Church of England clergyman; Entomologist; Artist; ; Draughtsman; Principal; 8219; Clergyman; 9540
    ... King, Philip Gidley ... King, Phillip Gidley ... Robert Lethbridge King (1823-1897), Church of England clergyman, was born in February 1823 at sea ... en route to England, fourth son of Phillip Parker King and his wife Harriet, daughter of Christopher ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 51,727.539)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 51,727.539)

  3. King, Philip Gidley (1817-1904)
    Pastoralist; Artist; ; Painter; Draughtsman; Station manager; 01; Midshipman; 7600; Hydrographer
    ... King, Philip Gidley (1758 - 1808) ... King, Philip Gidley ... Philip Gidley King (1758-1808) was third governor of New South Wales. Phillip Parker King (1791 ... -1856), son of Philip Gidley and Anna Josepha King, followed a naval and surveying career. The eldest ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29,306.734)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29,306.734)

  1. WE hereby certify that Philip Gidley King, Esq., was duly elected as Mayor of the Municipality of Tamworth, on the 12th
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 13 October 1876 [Issue No.364] p 4113

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... WE hereby certify that Philip Gl-idley King, Esq., was duly elected as Mayor of the Municipality of ... 28 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,642.351)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,642.351)

  2. In the will of George Bartholomew Gidley King, late of Goonoo Goonoo, in the State of New South Wales, deceased.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Wednesday 8 March 1911 [Issue No.31] p 1525

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... , George McArtliur Gidley King and Arthur Philip Gidley King, the executrix and executors named in the said ... In the will of George Bartholomew Gidley King, late of Goonoo Goonoo, in the Stat© of New South ... 236 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,089.046)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,089.046)

  3. PROBATE JURISDICTION. In the estate of George McArthur Gidley King, late of Tamworth, in the State of New South Wales, gentleman, deceased.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 22 December 1933 [Issue No.216] p 4567

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... , to Amalie Catherine King, Philip Gidley King, Charles McArtliur Gidley King and Arthur James Prentice ... to the said Amalie Catherine King, Philip Gidley King, Charles McArtliur Gidley King and Arthur James ... 320 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,776.726)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,776.726)

  1. PHILIP GIDLEY KING, R.N. AN EARLY SAILOR GOVERNOR. A MEMORABLE CAREER.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Saturday 5 September 1908 p 7 Article
    ... health and a poor man. On September 3, 1808, after on illness of some months, he died and lies buried in ... South Wales, Died Sept. 3, aged 49 years, 1808. ... 2789 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12,212.527)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12,212.527)

  2. Philip Gidley King THIRD GOVERNOR OF NEW SOUTH WALES.
    Sunday Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1926 - 1954) Sunday 21 November 1926 p 28 Article
    ... South Wales, was born at Launceston, Cornwall, on April 23, 1758. He entered the navy as a midshipman at ... England his health broke, down, and he died at Tooting, near London, on September 3, 1808. FIRST ATTSTRAli ... 497 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 8,741.908)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 8,741.908)

  3. PROCLAMATION. PHILIP GIDLEY KING.
    The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sunday 17 March 1805 p 1 Article
    ... PROCLAMATION. PHILIP GIDLEY KING. WHEREAS it appears, that a Spanish Cruiser belonging to the King ... is known whether War did exist at the above period or not. GOD SAVE THE KING! By Command of His ... 333 words
    • Text last corrected on 11 March 2018 by cjbrill
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 7,112.896)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 7,112.896)

  1. [Sydney Cove] / drawn by Philip Gid ...
    King, Philip Gi ...
    [ Art work : 1806 ]
    [Sydney Cove] / drawn by Philip Gidley King
  2. View of the Town Sydney on Norfolk ...
    King, Philip Gi ...
    [ Art work : 1861 ]
    View of the Town Sydney on Norfolk Island
  3. Item 01: Sydney Cove: looking at Da ...
    King, Philip Gi ...
    [ Art work : 1802 ]
    Item 01: Sydney Cove: looking at Dawes Point from Government Domain, ca.1802 / probably by Governor King
  4. Two specimens of hemp brought from ...
    King, Philip Gi ...
    [ Object : 1796 ]
  5. 'History of land grants given by Go ...
    King, Philip Gi ...
    [ Photograph : 1802-1807 ]
  6. Philip Gidley King letters and list ...
    King, Philip Gi ...
    [ Photograph : 1807 ]
  1. Philip Gidley King
    King, Jonathan
    Norfolk Island and its First Settlement, 1788/ 1814
    [ Article, Book : 1981-1988 ]
    At RHSV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,528.24)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,528.24)

  2. Charles Darwin in Australia / by F.W. and J.M. Nicholas
    Nicholas, F. W
    [ Book : 1989-2008 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 127 libraries
    Charles Darwin in Australia / by F.W. and J.M. Nicholas
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,313.253)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,313.253)

  3. Philip Gidley King
    Roe, Michael
    Australian Quarterly
    [ Article, Book : 1958-1963 ]
    At RHSV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,145.98)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,145.98)

  4. The governor's lady : Mrs. Philip Gidley King / Marnie Bassett
    Bassett, Marnie
    [ Book : 1961 ]
    At Monash Uni Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 960.455)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 960.455)

  1. Philip Gidley King
    King, Jonathan
    Norfolk Island and its First Settlement, 1788/ 1814
    [ Article, Book : 1981-1988 ]
    At RHSV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,122.389)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,122.389)

  2. Philip Gidley King
    Tink, Andrew; Macquarie University. Macquarie Law School
    [ Article : 2009 ]
    At MacquariUni Inst Rep
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 938.574)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 938.574)

  3. King, Philip Gidley
    Gondwana To Gold: A Chronological History of Australia
    [ Article : 1996 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 930.622)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 930.622)

  4. Philip Gidley King
    Roe, Michael
    Australian Quarterly
    [ Article, Book : 1958-1963 ]
    At RHSV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 789.024)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 789.024)

  1. King Family
    King Family
    Created by DianeH, 19 items.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 158.925)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 158.925)

  2. King
    King
    Created by ian.pettet, 705 items.

    Keywords: birth martin james gardiner sydney 1893
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 158.222)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 158.222)

  3. Sandalwood - Fiji
    Sandalwood - Fiji
    Created by DulcieStewart, 2 items.

    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.088)

    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.088)

  1. First Fleet diaries enter UNESCO's world memory register
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. News
    [ Sound : 2009 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    First Fleet diaries enter UNESCO's world memory register
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 39.008)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 39.008)

  2. Bede's ecclesiastical history of the English people / edited by Bertram Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors
    Bede, the Venerable, Saint, 673-735
    [ Book, Microform, Audio book : 1100-2019 ]
    Languages: English;Latin;English, Old (ca. 450-1100);Undetermined, [6 others]
    Read online at Hathi Trust
    View online
    At 58 libraries
    Bede's ecclesiastical history of the English people / edited by Bertram Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.116)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.116)

  3. The fatal shore : a history of the transportation of convicts to Australia, 1787-1868 / Robert Hughes
    Hughes, Robert, 1938-2012
    [ Book, Audio book, Government publication : 1986-2019 ]
    Languages: English;Spanish;Dutch;German, [7 others]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 223 libraries
    The fatal shore : a history of the transportation of convicts to Australia, 1787-1868 / Robert Hughes
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.923)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.923)

  4. Australia's history of grog
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2017 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Australia's history of grog
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.021)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.021)