Barton, Charlotte (1796-1867)

Also known as
A Lady Long Resident in New South Wales (1796-1867)
Atkinson, Charlotte (1796-1867)
Atkinson, Charlotte (1797-1867)
Atkinson, CharlotteWaring, Charlotte (1796-1867)
Barton, Charlotte (1797-1867)
Lady long resident in New South Wales (1796-1867)
Lady Long Resident in New South Wales (1796-1867)
Lady long resident in New South Wales (1797-1867)
Waring, Charlotte (1796-1867)
Waring, Charlotte (1797-1867)
Field of activity
Artist; Draughtsman; Governess; Author; Feminist; Grazier
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35233853
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-489706

Biographies

Charlotte Barton (1796-1867), governess, feminist and author, was christened on 13 March 1796 at St Mary's, Marylebone, London, third daughter of Albert Waring, barrister, and his wife Elizabeth, née...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Born Charlotte Waring in London in 1796, Charlotte sailed for Sydney in 1826 employed to teach the children of Hannibal Macarthur. On the voyage she became engaged to James Atkinson who was returning to his property at Oldbury, Sutton Forest; they married on 29 September 1827 and had four children. When the youngest, Louisa, was only two months old James Atkinson died aged 34, leaving Charlotte to manage a large holding, run far-flung outstations and control convict labour in a district beset by bushranging gangs. In need of male protection, she married the Oldbury superintendent, George Bruce Barton, who turned out to be violent, unpredictable, a drunkard and mentally disturbed, from whom she made a daring escape with her children. Fiercely independent, Charlotte succeeded in challenging the male-dominated legal system and retaining custody of her children. In 1841 while receiving no money from the Atkinson estate, she wrote A Mother's Offering to Her Children, the first children's book published in Australia. Charlotte died at Oldbury on 10 October 1867.

Charlotte Waring Atkinson Barton (1796-1867), governess, grazier, feminist, author, was baptised in London on 13 March 1796, third daughter of Albert Waring, a barrister of independent means, and his wife Elizabeth Turner, who died when Charlotte was less than two. Reputed to be a child prodigy, from the age of ten Charlotte attended a school in Kent where she was instructed in the 'general branches of polite female education' including music, drawing and French. She studied painting under the celebrated painter, John Glover, then President of the Society of Painters in Water-colours. Immediately after leaving school at the age of about fifteen she was engaged as a governess in the family of John Lochner of London and Enfield, under an arrangement that allowed her to continue her education. After about four years she took a position in the family of Thomas Trafford, of Trafford Park, Lancashire, where she was in charge of five children, the eldest fifteen. Two years later she resigned because of ill health.

At 30 she was engaged by Harriet King, to teach the children of her brother-in-law, Hannibal Macarthur at his property The Vineyard in New South Wales at the very high salary of £100 a year. She sailed for Sydney on the Cumberland in 1826 on the voyage displeasing Harriet King by becoming engaged to James Atkinson, a leading agriculturalist and grazier in New South Wales. Atkinson was returning to his property at Oldbury, Sutton Forest, after publishing his book, An Account of the State of Agriculture and Grazing in New South Wales (1826). Charlotte dismissed Harriet King's criticism of her engagement saying she 'must be mistress of her own actions'.

Charlotte Waring took up her position with the Macarthurs but left after seven months marrying James Atkinson on 29 September 1827 at St Paul's Church of England, Cobbity. Her first child, Charlotte Elizabeth, was born at Oldbury on 22 July 1828; (Jane) Emily on 6 June 1830; James John Oldbury on 7 April 1832 and (Caroline) Louisa Waring on 25 February 1834. Two months after the birth of Louisa, James Atkinson died suddenly at the age of 34. Charlotte was left to manage a large property, run far-flung outstations, control convict labour in a district beset by bushranging gangs where there was a breakdown of law and order, as well as care for her children.

In need of a protector, on 3 March 1836 at All Saints' chapel, Sutton Forest, Charlotte married George Bruce Barton, superintendent at Oldbury. Her remarriage changed her legal position from being custodian of Oldbury to merely the lessor's wife. The executors of Atkinson's will, John Coghill and Alexander Berry, leased the property to Barton, who proved to be violent, unpredictable, a drunkard and mentally disturbed. In 1839 Charlotte fled from him with her children down the precipitous Meryla Pass through the wild gorges of the Shoalhaven River to a coastal outstation at Budgong where she continued their education, particularly inculcating a love of nature. In 1840 the family moved to Sydney and Charlotte applied for legal protection from Barton. In an unrelated matter that is an indicator of Barton's violent disposition, he was tried for murder in February 1854 at the Bathurst Circuit Court and found guilty of manslaughter. Charlotte's relations with the executors deteriorated, Berry referring to her as 'a notable she-dragon'. She became involved in long-running legal battles, Atkinson v. Barton and Others, in which she fought to retain custody of her children and financial support. At one stage the master in equity determined that they should be taken from her and educated in boarding schools but this decision was overturned.

At a time when she was receiving no money from the Atkinson estate, Charlotte published A Mother's Offering to Her Children (1841). The first children's book to be published in Australia, it was a collection of instructional stories arranged in the form of a dialogue between a mother and her four children. The anonymous author was 'A Lady Long Resident in New South Wales', but a contemporary review in the Sydney Gazette, where the book was printed, identified Charlotte Barton. Despite the disruption of continuing legal cases, Charlotte maintained a close-knit family life in an atmosphere of learning and scholarship. In 1846 the family returned to Oldbury. There, and later in Sydney and at Kurrajong, she particularly fostered the talents of her youngest daughter Louisa. Survived by a son and two daughters, Charlotte died at Oldbury on 10 October 1867 and was buried in the family vault at All Saints' graveyard, where her first husband was interred.

Charlotte was a small woman, 5 ft 1½ ins (156 cm) tall, of 'particularly handsome and brilliant' appearance with 'full large black eyes, black hair which curled naturally and fine features', well educated, with artistic talent and a great interest in natural history. Fiercely independent, as an abused wife and sole parent she succeeded in challenging the male-dominated legal system.

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

Charlotte Barton came to Australia upon her father's death to work as a governess. Two of her daughters went on to become well-known artists but Barton is best known as the author of 'A Mother's Offering to her Children', the first children's book to be written and published in Australia.

sketcher, author and governess, was born in London, third of the four daughters of Albert Waring and Elizabeth, nee Turner. Her father, a gentleman of means, apparently had trained as a lawyer but never practised; he amused himself, according to his granddaughter, rearing pet birds and animals and drawing, 'for which accomplishment he had great talent’. Their mother died two weeks after the birth of the youngest child and Charlotte and her two older sisters were brought up by their aunt, Mrs Charlotte Fisher. Their father later remarried and had a second family. When he died his daughters were left impoverished, so Charlotte, then aged 29, accepted the position of governess to the family of Hannibal Hawkins and Anna Maria Macarthur in New South Wales. On the voyage to Australia in the Cumberland in 1826, she met and became engaged to James Atkinson, a prosperous gentleman-settler of Oldbury, Sutton Forest, New South Wales. Hence her career as governess lasted only from 24 January until 29 September 1827, when the two were married in St Paul’s Church, Cobbity. Four children were born to the Atkinsons: Charlotte Elizabeth , Jane Emily, James John and Caroline Louisa Waring . James Atkinson died on 30 April 1834, two months after the birth of Louisa. The widow and children were left in comfortable circumstances, with property valued at £4000, but their inheritance was dissipated by wicked and incompetent executors and guardians. On 3 March 1836 Charlotte married one of them, George Bruce Barton, who, according ...

  • 1826 Arrived NSW aboard the Cumberland

Flourished

  • fl. c.1861 - c.1867

View the full record at Design and Art Australia Online

Related people and organisations

Australian Women's Register

Design and Art Australia Online

  • Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW
  • (see also) Atkinson, Caroline Louisa Waring

    <p>Known as Louisa</p>

  • (see also) Atkinson, James
  • (see also) Hawkins, Hannibal
  • (see also) Macarthur, Anna Maria
  • (see also) Evans, G. W.
  • (see also) Waring, Albert
  • (see also) Waring, Elizabeth
  • (see also) Fisher, Charlotte
  • (see also) McNeilly, Charlotte Elizabeth Waring
  • (see also) Atkinson, Jane Emily
  • (see also) Atkinson, James John
  • (see also) Barton, George Bruce
  • (see also) Atkinson, Caroline Louisa Waring
  • (see also) McNeilly, Charlotte Elizabeth
  • (see also) (Atkinson house and landscape at Oldbury)

Resources for Charlotte Barton

Selected resources (9)

Australian Women's Register

  1. Barton, Charlotte
    Published: National Foundation for Australian Women
    Series: IspartOf The Australian Women's Register
  2. Charlotte Barton: Australia's First Children's Author
    Muir, Marcie
    [Sydney]
    Published: Wentworth Books
  3. Barton, Charlotte (1796-1867)
    Clarke, Patricia
    [2005]
    Published: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University
    Series: IspartOf Australian Dictionary of Biography
  4. A Mother's offering to her children / by a lady long resident in New South Wales
    Barton, Charlotte
    [Sydney]
    Published: George Evans, Bookseller
  5. User list: Barton, Charlotte (1797-1867)
    bremich6
    [2011]
    Series: IspartOf Trove
  6. Literary Links to a nineteenth-century murder
    Clarke, Patricia
    [2008]
    Series: IspartOf Margin: Life and Letters of Early Australia
  7. Pioneer writer: the life of Louisa Atkinson, novelist, journalist, naturalist
    Clarke, Patricia
    [Sdyney]
    Published: Allen & Unwin
  8. Journal kept on board the "Cumberland" bound from England to New South Wales [manuscript]
    Series: National Library of Australia
    MS 8997
  9. Papers of Patricia Clarke, 1887-2010 [manuscript]
    [9.45 m : 1887 - 2010]
    Series: National Library of Australia, Manuscript Collection
    MS 8363 comprises correspondence, drafts and research material relating to Clarke's books The governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882; A colonial woman: the life and times of Mary Braidwood Mowle, 1827-1857; Pen portraits: women writers and journalists in nineteenth century Australia; Pioneer writer: the life of Louisa Atkinson, novelist, journalist, naturalist; Tasma: the life of Jessie Couvreur; Life lines: Australian women's letters and diaries, 1788-1840 (with Dale Spender), and Rosa! Rosa!: a life of Rosa Praed, novelist and spiritualist. Also contains correspondence with Janet Cosh (43 boxes, 1 carton). The Acc06.025 instalment comprises papers relating to Clarke's role as editor of Judith Wright's autobiography, Half a lifetime, published in 1999, including material from Judith Wright, correspondence, notes, drafts, reviews and obituaries, ca. 1997-2000; research material on proposed writing on wartime censorship, ca. 1983; research material, ca. 1984-1988, for the chapter on Government House in Gables, ghosts and governors-general: the historic house at Yarralumla, Canberra (1988); and, papers, articles and talks, ca. 1989-2005 (4 cartons). The Acc11.100 instalment comprises papers reflecting Clarke's activities as a writer, editor, public speaker and member of academic and historical societies. They include material from Judith Wright, correspondence, notes, drafts and reviews relating to Clarke's role as co-editor, with Meredith McKinney, of The equal heart and mind: letters between Judith Wright and Jack McKinney (2004) and With love and fury: selected letters of Judith Wright (2006); papers relating to Steps to Federation (2001), which Clarke edited; Australian dictionary of biography research material, correspondence and drafts; and other papers relating to Clarke's PhD. Thesis, articles and talks. In addition there is correspondence, minutes and other records documenting Clarke's roles in the Independent Scholars Association of Australia, the Canberra and District Historical Society and other organisations, between ca. 1950-2010, and papers relating to her Medal of the Order of Australia (10 boxes).
    MS 8363

Resources by Charlotte Barton (3)

  1. Charlotte Barton - transcription of letters received, 1839, from Alexander Berry and John Coghill
    Barton, Charlotte, 1797-1867
    [ Photograph : 1839 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29,078.057)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29,078.057)

  2. View at Oldbury, [ca. 1826 / Charlotte Atkinson]
    Barton, Charlotte, 1797-1867
    [ Art work : 1826 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 27,459.838)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 27,459.838)

  3. A Mother's offering to her children / by a lady long resident in New South Wales ; with an introduction by Rosemary Wighton
    Barton, Charlotte, 1797-1867
    [ Book, Microform, Government publication : 1841-2003 ]
    View online
    At 46 libraries
    A Mother's offering to her children / by a lady long resident in New South Wales ; with an introduction by Rosemary Wighton
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 16,056.942)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 16,056.942)

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  1. Paterson, Emily Susan (1841-1917)
    Artist; ; Painter
    ... Kater, Eliza Charlotte ... Paterson, Andrew Barton ... , was born on 2 June 1841, the first child of Emily Mary Darvall (1817-1909) and Robert Johnston Barton ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 32,781.008)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 32,781.008)

  2. Barton, Emily Mary (1817-1909)
    Artist; ; Painter; Poet; 9002
    ... Kater, Eliza Charlotte ... Barton, Robert Johnstone ... Emigrating to Australia in 1839 with her parents, Emily Mary Barton married soon after and lived in ... Robert Johnstone Barton in a dual ceremony, Eliza marrying Herman Henry Kater. Emily and Robert spent the ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 32,501.752)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 32,501.752)

  3. McNeilly, Charlotte Elizabeth (1828-1911)
    Artist; ; Painter; School Teacher
    ... Barton, Charlotte ... Atkinson, Charlotte ... Oldbury until Mrs Atkinson (then Mrs Charlotte Barton ) died. Then they moved to Orange (NSW), where for a ... last born in 1867 after Flora was married – although when Charlotte Elizabeth ... ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,119.677)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,119.677)

  1. PURSUANT to a Decree of the Court of Equity, in a cause, Charlotte Elizabeth
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Tuesday 21 June 1842 [Issue No.49] p 902

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... Barton, and Charlotte Barton, his wife, Alexander Berry, and John Coghill, Defendants; the Creditors of ... cause, Charlotte Elizabeth Atkinson* Jane Emily Atkinson, James John Oldbury Atkinson, and Caroline ... 181 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,387.203)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,387.203)

  2. PURSUANT to a Decree of the Court of Equity, in a cause, Charlotte Elizabeth
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 24 June 1842 [Issue No.50] p 912

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... Barton, and Charlotte Barton, his wife, Alexander Berry, and John Coxhiil, Defendants; the Creditors of ... _a cause, Charlotte Elizabeth Atkinson,' Jane Emily Atkinson, James John Oldbury Atkinson, an*I Caroline ... 182 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,385.86)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,385.86)

  3. PURSUANT to a Decree of the Court of Equity. in a cause, Charlotte Elizabeth
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 17 June 1842 [Issue No.48] p 882

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... Bruce Barton, and Charlotte Barton# his wife, Alexander Berry, and Jo!}^ Cog hillr Defendants; the ... cause, Charlotte Elizabeth * * ~ Atkinson, lade. Emily i^tJsiujBon, James John 0 Idbuj-y Atkinsjm, an ... 176 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,366.833)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,366.833)

  1. Papers of Clara Barton
    Barton, Clara, 1821-1912
    [ Published ]
    View online
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 402.198)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 402.198)

  2. Journal kept on board the "Cumberland" bound from England to New South Wales
    Waring, Charlotte, 1795-1867
    [ Unpublished : 1826-1878 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 72.108)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 72.108)

  3. A collection of letters from South Australian settlers
    Watson, Henry
    [ Unpublished, Microform : 1900-1999 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 47.862)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 47.862)

  1. OBITUARY. MRS. CHARLOTTE BARTON FALLS
    The Biz (Fairfield, NSW : 1928 - 1972) Thursday 28 August 1952 p 6 Article
    ... I OBITUARY. At the mature age or 83 years Mis. Charlotte Barton Palls passed aWay at her residence ... 140 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,213.403)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,213.403)

  2. Mount Charlotte Relief Fund.
    The Western Australian Goldfields Courier (Coolgardie, WA : 1894 - 1898) Saturday 24 April 1897 p 18 Article
    ... Mount Charlotte Relief Fund. A public meeting, called by the Mayor for the purpose of organising ... measures for the relief of the sufferers in th* Mount Charlotte mining disaster, was heH in the Council ... 999 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,803.944)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,803.944)

  3. DEATH MRS. CHARLOTTE POWELL
    Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative (NSW : 1890 - 1954) Monday 17 October 1932 p 7 Article
    ... DEATH MRS. CHARLOTTE POWELL The death occurred in the Mud-gee Hospital on Friday night last of Mrs ... . Charlotte Powell, aged 74 years. Her husband predeceased her by about six years. Deceased, who had resided ... 185 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,754.181)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,754.181)

  1. Charlotte Barton: Australia's first writer for children
    Culican-Ward, Diny
    MARGIN: Monash Australiana Research Group Informal Notes
    [ Article : 2001 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 511.578)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 511.578)

  2. Heirs of immortality.(Charlotte Waring)
    Forsyth, Kate
    Reading Time
    [ Article : 2012 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 222.927)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 222.927)

  3. Mathieson, Charlotte. Mobility in the Victorian novel: placing the nation.(Brief article)(Book review)
    Birns, N
    CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries
    [ Article : 2016 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 162.684)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 162.684)

  4. Development Charlotte Street 110/11 kV Substation and a Future High Rise Office Tower
    Hoi, AL; Jones, CJ; Lawson, RA
    Electric Energy Conference 1986: Electric Energy Systems - Today and Tomorrow; Preprints of Papers
    [ Article : 1986 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 143.585)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 143.585)

  1. Mary Barton / Elizabeth Gaskell
    Gaskell, Elizabeth Cleghorn, 1810-1865
    [ Book, Audio book : 1848-2017 ]
    Languages: English;Chinese, [1 other]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
    View online
    At 117 libraries
    Mary Barton / Elizabeth Gaskell
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 145.527)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 145.527)

  2. Qld lobbyists want code of conduct to govern their industry
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. News
    [ Sound : 2009 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Qld lobbyists want code of conduct to govern their industry
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 90.77)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 90.77)

  3. Cousins : our primate relatives
    BBC Worldwide Ltd
    [ Video : 2001 ]
    At 14 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 59.835)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 59.835)

  4. Arlette's story / Angela Barton
    Barton, Angela
    [ Book, Audio book : 2019 ]
    At 19 libraries
    Arlette's story / Angela Barton
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48.904)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48.904)

  1. Barton, Charlotte (1797-1867)
    Barton, Charlotte (1797-1867)
    Created by bremich6, 18 items.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 830.056)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 830.056)

  2. Stevenson Family
    Stevenson Family
    Created by bremich6, 9 items.

    Charles Russell Watson married Charlotte Annie Stevenson after the death of May in 1894

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 84.98)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 84.98)

  3. Sir John SEE and family
    Sir John SEE and family
    Created by Drewy, 139 items.

    Articles relating to Sir John SEE, member for Grafton in the NSW parliament, premier of NSW from 1901 - 1904, mayor of Randwick, president of the Royal Agricultural Society - and members of his family...

    Keywords: smallpox
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 41.281)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 41.281)

  1. Charlotte Barton : Australia's First Children's Author / Marcie Muir
    Muir, Marcie, 1919-2007
    [ Book : 1980 ]
    At 42 libraries
    Charlotte Barton : Australia's First Children's Author / Marcie Muir
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,486.619)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,486.619)

  2. Mary Barton / Elizabeth Gaskell
    Gaskell, Elizabeth Cleghorn, 1810-1865
    [ Book, Audio book : 1848-2017 ]
    Languages: English;Chinese, [1 other]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
    View online
    At 117 libraries
    Mary Barton / Elizabeth Gaskell
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 715.259)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 715.259)

  3. History of the Bartons / [Augustus Purling Barton]
    Barton, Augustus Purling, 1834-
    [ Book : 1911 ]
    View online
    At 4 libraries
    History of the Bartons / [Augustus Purling Barton]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 350.487)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 350.487)

  4. A house of letters, being excerpts from the correspondence of Miss Charlotte Jerningham ... Lady Jerningham, Coleridge, Lamb, Southey, Bernard and Lucy Barton, and others / with M.Betham ..., ed. by E. Betham
    Betham, Matilda, 1776-1852
    [ Book : 1905 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 339.536)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 339.536)

  1. Henry F. Halloran survey roughs, New South Wales, various parishes, approximately 1803-1897
    Halloran, Henry Ferdinand
    [ Map : 1794-1897 ]
    Possibly online
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.051)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.051)

  2. [Newcastle subdivision plans]
    [ Map : 1800-1900 ]
    Possibly online
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.015)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.015)

  3. Robinson's modern school atlas of the world / compiled & published by H.E.C. Robinson Pty. Ltd
    H.E.C. Robinson Pty Ltd
    [ Book, Map : 1940 ]
    View online
    At 3 libraries
    Robinson's modern school atlas of the world / compiled & published by H.E.C. Robinson Pty. Ltd
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.002)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.002)