Austin, Colin Russell, (FAA) (1914-2004)

Field of activity
Embryologist
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1772576

Biographies

Colin Austin was considered by many to be the founder of the modern study of embryology. His outstanding contributions in field of mammalian reproduction include: co-discovery of the phenomenon of sperm capacitation; the first description of the acrosome reaction of mammalian spermatozoa; the discovery of the zona reaction; and the first detailed description of normal and abnormal fertilisation. His early career was with the CSIR Division of Animal Health where he started his research on fertilisation and early embryonic development in rats and rabbits. After working on army diet and nutrition during WWII, and one year at the Medical Research Council Laboratory at Mill Hill, United Kingdom, Austin joined the staff of the National Institute of Medical Research. For five years he held posts in the United States studying liquefaction of primate semen, preservation of primate spermatozoa by freezing and the use of human postmenopausal gonadotrophin to stimulate ovarian follicular and oocyte development in monkeys. In 1967 he became the Charles Darwin Professor of Animal Embryology at the University of Cambridge, where he collaborated with Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe on human in vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer. Austin published landmark works, being the author of (1961) and senior editor of (1972-1980; 2nd ed (982-1986).

  • Education - BVSc, University of Sydney
  • Education - BSc, University of Sydney
  • Education - MSc, University of Sydney
  • Career position - Research officer, CSIR Division of Animal
  • Career event - Seconded to Dried Fruits Section, CSIR Division of Food Preservation and Transport
  • Career position - Research officer, Medical Research Council Laboratory, Mill Hill, United Kingdom
  • Career position - Research officer, National Institute for Medical Research, United Kingdom
  • Education - DSc, University of Sydney
  • Career position - Head of Laboratory Animals Division, National Institute for Medical Research, United Kingdom
  • Career position - F. R. Lillie Memorial Teaching Fellow, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
  • Career position - Professor of Embryology, Medical School, Tulane University, New Orleans
  • Career position - Charles Darwin Professor in Animal Embryology, Department of Physiology, University of Cambridge
  • Life event - Retired
  • Career position - Fellow, Australian Academy of Science

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

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Selected resources (2)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Austin, Colin Russell (Bunny)
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Colin Russell Austin 1914-2004
    Short, Roger V.
    Published: 2014
    Series: Historical Records of Australian Science, 25, 264-72

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  1. Family Notices
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Saturday 21 April 1923 p 14 Family Notices
    ... Strathfield, the wife of Colin Clunn, Cooktown, North Queensland —a son. COATES (nee Ruby Hoskins ... . Austin IJiud-a daughter (Joyce). HOOPER.-April i, at Comerang, Wahroonga,,the wife of A. L. Hooper ... 5877 words
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    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973) Thursday 15 January 1970 [Issue No.3] p 333

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    ... .G, M.Sc., Ph D., Dip Ed (Birm ), FRSA, FAA, Professor of Nuclear Physics since 1950 and Dean of ... , Australian Meat Board, since 1946 For public service Dr Douglas Frew Waterhouse, FRS, D Sc (Syd), FAA, F R A ... 3725 words
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    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Wednesday 30 January 1918 [Issue No.11 (SUPPLEMENT)] p 469

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    ... . TINGHA DIVISION. 1332 2004 2392 2420 2432 244S 2166 8658 8739 10135 10247 10473 10514 10804 Malacca ... ., 1914. I Oct., 1916 27 June, 1916. 14 Feb., 1917 28 June, „ 13 Sept., „ BARRABA DIVISION. 8—18 11—39 12 ... 80878 words
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    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Thursday 23 January 1919 [Issue No.10 (SUPPLEMENT)] p 323

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    ... .. TINGHA DIVISION. 1932 2004 2466 8658 8739 10804 Malacca Diamond Mines (Limited)... Do do ... George ... 21 Jan., 1913 21 Fob., „ , 1 July, „ . 7 Aug, „ . 12 Aug., 1914. 1 Oct., 1915. 27 June, 1916, 14 Feb ... 86004 words
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