Dunlop, Mary Paule (1893-1978)

Also known as
Cunningham, Mary Paule (1893-1978)
Field of activity
Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) worker; War Worker; Volunteer
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1665955

Biographies

In 1915 Mary Paule Cunningham travelled to England where she trained with the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) and thereafter worked in military hospitals in southern England.

Mary Paule Cunningham was born on 8 April 1893 to Mary Emily Cunningham (née Twynam) and James Cunningham, pastoralist, at the family homestead 'Tuggeranong' near Queanbeyan, New South Wales. She shared a tutor with Kate Campbell of the Yarralumla homestead before attending Ascham School, a progressive independent girls' school then at Darling Point, Sydney .

At Ascham Mary Paule and her sister were keen cricketers, played polo, acted in dramatic productions and were prefects. Family photographs show that at home Mary Paule enjoyed fancy dress parties, family picnics beside the Murrumbidgee River where it ran through their property, and riding with Kate Campbell.

A Twynam cousin remembered Mary Paule and her sisters Tommy and Peggy as the 'golden girls', blessed with money, good looks and confidence (Horsfield, p. 103). But life was not always easy. In December 1910 their eldest sister, Jane Cynthia, died of appendicitis, casting a pall of grief over the family for some time.

By 1914 Mary Paule had left school and was enjoying the society of the district, including polo, tennis, horse riding and the young cadets from the recently opened Royal Military College (RMC) at Duntroon to whom her mother regularly extended hospitality.

Once war broke out, Mary Paule and her sister Tommy were inspired by male friends who joined the Australian Imperial Force (AIF), and by female friends and family who served overseas as nurses or joined the Voluntary Aid Detachment, in which women with no nursing experience provided assistance in military hospitals. In 1915 Mary Paule left home to travel to Britain to train for the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD). She worked in hospitals in Colchester. On 23 December 1916 in London Mary Paule married William Archibald Shuldham 'Billy' Dunlop (1892-1966) who she had met when he was among the first intake in mid-1911 at the newly opened Royal Military College, Duntroon near the future site of Canberra. Billy Dunlop got a brief leave from the battlefront in order to marry. Mary Paule's maternal aunt, Phoebe Wesche, who was in London helping in the Soldiers Club for Australian troops in London wrote of the wedding to her sister Mary at Lanyon: 'Our dear little Mary Paule was married to William Archibald Dunlop at St Margaret's Westminster. Dear Ned [Mary Paule's maternal uncle who was serving with the Australian Light Horse] had special leave to attend, and helped make the wedding party a success. A wedding is the only festivity that takes place in London now' (Twynam papers cited in Horsfield, p. 116).

With her sister Tommy, Mary Paule had hoped to join the British Women's' Land Army which had been formed by the Board of Agriculture to ensure food production continued in the absence of three million men who were away fighting, but her maternal grandfather, Edward Twynam, had strictly forbidden it as unsuitable work for young ladies (Twynam family papers cited in Horsfield, p. 197) so she continued her VAD work in military hospitals.

Mary Paule and her husband returned to Australia in 1919 and in 1921 moved to Melbourne with their two children. Their marriage later ended. The Australian electoral rolls show Mary Paule living in Wentworth NSW from 1934 to 1936, and then from 1937 to 1954 she was back in the Eden Monaro area. From the late 1950s, apart from a brief time in the early 1960s in the New England area, she lived in Sydney where she died on 6 May 1978.

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

Related people and organisations

Australian Women's Register

Resources for Mary Paule Dunlop

Selected resources (6)

Australian Women's Register

  1. Dunlop, Mary Paule
    Published: National Foundation for Australian Women
    Series: IspartOf The Australian Women's Register
  2. Canberra Women in World War I: Community at Home, Nurses Abroad
    Clarke, Patricia and Francis, Niki
    [2015]
    Published: Australian Women's Archives Project
  3. Mary Cunningham: An Australian Life
    Horsfield, Jennifer
    [Charnwood]
    Published: Ginninderra Press
  4. Letters, 1910-1960 [manuscript]
    [0.02 m : 1910 - 1960]
    Series: National Library of Australia, Manuscript Collection
    Five letters; Mary E. Cunningham to her son Andrew ca. 1910; Peggy Cunningham (later Nimmo) to her brother-in-law William Dunlop, 1917; Edward Twynam to his daughter, Mary Cunningham, 1919; Peggy Nimmo to her aunt Joan Twynam, 1932 and Mary Dunlop (nee Cunningham to her niece Anne Nimmo (later Truman) ca. 1960.
    MS 6748
  5. Papers of Cunningham family, 1834-1902 [manuscript]
    [1834 - 1902]
    Series: National Library of Australia, Manuscript Collection
    Family and business papers relating to John Hamilton Mortimer Lanyon (1834-1863); business records of Lanyon (1834-1902); receipts for rent on runs, licence to occupy waste lands; Correspondence with John Davidson, solicitor of Goulburn, 1884-1886; Mining papers, 1888-1889; Bank records. Business letters and accounts relating to Moothumbil Station (on the Bland), Thomas Herbert and Andrew Cunningham, 1875-1880. Also includes a copy of P.G. Smith sermon and a copy of the Will of Mary Cunningham.
    MS 6734
  6. Group portrait including Mary Cunningham, in nurses uniform, centre, England, 1916
    [1916]
    Series: National Library of Australia, nla.pic-vn4668416 - http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/28441967

No user comments for this person

Add a comment


Show comments and reviews from Amazon users

Possibly related

Digitised newspapers and more

Searching...

Minimise

Diaries, letters, archives

Searching...

Minimise

Archived websites (1996 – now)

view all results

  1. Snapshots of websites, web pages and online publications about Australia and Australians collected since 1996.

    Search archived websites
    Search

Pictures, photos, objects

Searching...

Minimise

Books

Searching...

Minimise

Music, sound and video

Searching...

Minimise

People and organisations

Searching...

Minimise

Journals, articles and data sets

Searching...

Minimise

Maps

Searching...

Minimise

Lists

Searching...

Minimise

Government Gazettes

Searching...

Minimise

Archived websites (1996 – now)

No results

Minimise
  1. Cunningham, Mary Paule (1892-1978)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 38,901.031)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 38,901.031)

  2. Cunningham, Mary Emily (1869-1930)
    Grazier's Wife; Pastoralist Wife; Activist; Poet; War Worker; Red Cross worker
    ... Dunlop, Mary Paule (1893 - 1978) ... Parnell, Ida Mary (1871 - 1950) ... Mrs. Mary Emily Cunningham, of Lanyon and Tuggeranong stations, died in Canberra on Saturday night ... Born to English parents, and daughter of the Surveyor General, Mary Emily Twynam married wealthy ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,106.575)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,106.575)

  3. Davies, Griselda Dorothea (1894-1931)
    War Worker; Volunteer; Ambulance Driver
    ... Dunlop, Mary Paule (1893 - 1978) ... Cunningham, Mary Emily (1869 - 1930) ... regularly extended warm and welcome hospitality. Once war broke out, Tommy and her sister Mary Paule were ... . Griselda Dorothea 'Tommy' Cunningham was born on 24 June 1894 to Mary Emily Cunningham (née Twynam) and ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 30.067)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 30.067)

  1. PACIFIC DUNLOP LIMITED TAKEOVER OF PETERSVILLE SLEIGH LIMITED DISSENTING SHAREHOLDERS UNCLAIMED PROPERTY
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. Periodic (National : 1977 - 2011) Friday 5 January 1996 p 4

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... BALGOWLAH NSW 2093 MRS SUSAN MARY MAURER 4 WOODFIELD AVENUE WARRADALE SA 5046 MR PAUL MAYBERRY 2/54 LAMROCK ... PACIFIC DUNLOP LIMITED TAKEOVER OF PETERSVILLE SLEIGH LIMITED DISSENTING SHAREHOLDERS UNCLAIMED ... 7435 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,121.365)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,121.365)

  2. Government Gazette Notices
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 10 May 1844 [Issue No.44] p 664

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... , Gloucester-street'; Bererstock Mr. J.; Biggers1 Mr,Daniel, Monarpo; Bird George, Balmain ; Birmingham Mary ... ; Bluett Thomas ; Boland Mary, Foit-street; Bontier John or William ; Bourh Mr., Picton ; Bower Esquire ... 2791 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 556.25)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 556.25)

  3. UNCLAIMED MONEYS FOR 1/1/97-30/6/97
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 10 September 1999 [Issue No.104] p 8833

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... DUNLOP ANDREW EDWARD KELLETT ANDREW GORDON ANDREW GREGORY MUNT ANDREW LEIGH JONES ANDREW M SMITH ANDREW M ... ANH NGUYEN ANN MCMAHON ANN PHYLLIS MORKANE ANN VERONICA MACPHERSON ANNABEL MARY WHEELER ANNABEL R ... 60428 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 384.827)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 384.827)

  1. WEDDING WRIGHT—DUNLOP
    The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Friday 30 December 1949 p 3 Article
    ... WEDDING WRIGHT—DUNLOP St. Paul's Church of England, Manuka, was chosen for the wed-ding on December ... 17 of Mary Jean Dunlop, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Dunlop, of New Griffith, Canberra, to ... 227 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,332.803)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,332.803)

  2. WEDDING BELLS Dunlop—Smithers
    The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) Thursday 20 October 1955 p 29 Article Illustrated
    ... , of much interest to Mt Morgan, was celebrated at St Mary'e Church of whan Shirley, only daWhte of l ... WEDDING BELLS. DUNLOP—SMITHERS. Of wide interest to a large circle of friends in the Central ... 1708 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,251.953)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,251.953)

  3. IN DIVORCE. (Before Mr. Justice Gordon.) DUNLOP v DUNLOP.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Friday 28 March 1919 p 5 Article
    ... IN DIVORCE. (Before Mr. Justice Gordon.) DUNLOP v DUNLOP. Ida Marion Dunlop (formerly Crawford ... ) petitioned for a dissolution of her marriage with Roy Howard Doust Dunlop on the ground of desertion by ... 876 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,992.801)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,992.801)

Pictures, photos, objects

No results

Minimise

Maps

No results

Minimise
  1. Faith in the Byzantine world / Mary B. Cunningham
    Cunningham, Mary B., 1914-
    [ Book : 2002 ]
    At 17 libraries
    Faith in the Byzantine world / Mary B. Cunningham
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 347.126)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 347.126)

  2. Wider than heaven : eighth-century homilies on the Mother of God / translation and introduction by Mary B. Cunningham
    Cunningham, Mary Paule, 1892-1978
    [ Book : 2008 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 6 libraries
    Wider than heaven : eighth-century homilies on the Mother of God / translation and introduction by Mary B. Cunningham
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 310.946)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 310.946)

  3. Mary Green, bespoke tailoress : culture, craft and non-conformity in an industrial textile town of North West England, 1880-1920 / Mary Cunningham
    Cunningham, Mary Paule, 1892-1978
    [ Book : 2015 ]
    Mary Green, bespoke tailoress : culture, craft and non-conformity in an industrial textile town of North West England, 1880-1920 / Mary Cunningham
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 299.496)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 299.496)

  4. The Cambridge companion to Orthodox Christian theology / edited by Mary B. Cunningham and Elizabeth Theokritoff
    Cunningham, Mary, (Lecturer in historical theology and orthodox christian studies)
    [ Book : 2008-2019 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 16 libraries
    The Cambridge companion to Orthodox Christian theology / edited by Mary B. Cunningham and Elizabeth Theokritoff
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 292.617)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 292.617)

  1. Moncrieff and Jenkyn Family Papers
    Jenkyn, Amy Lea, 1903-
    [ Unpublished : 1900-1980 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    Moncrieff and Jenkyn Family Papers
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 7.754)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 7.754)

  2. Moncrieff and Jenkyn Family Papers
    Jenkyn, Amy Lea, 1903-1985
    [ Unpublished : 1900-1980 ]
    At State Library of QLD
    Moncrieff and Jenkyn Family Papers
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 5.944)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 5.944)

  3. Papers of David Martin
    Martin, David, 1915-1997
    [ Unpublished : 1937-1996 ]
    At National Library
    Papers of David Martin
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.448)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.448)

  1. Mary St after 21 Nov 1865
    Mary St after 21 Nov 1865
    Created by searcher7764, 430 items.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 114.486)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 114.486)

  2. Paul Tillett
    Paul Tillett
    Created by wpjacobs, 42 items.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 44.24)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 44.24)

  3. JOHN and ROBERT SEVIOR or SEVIOUR
    JOHN and ROBERT SEVIOR or SEVIOUR
    Created by beetle, 1,000 items.

    Brothers John (William) Sevior 1834 Launceston and Robert Sevior 1836 Launceston, were Jockeys, Horse Breeders, Horse Trainers, Freeholders and Farmers. In John Sevior's case he was also a Ploughing M...

    Rating: r5/5
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 15.52)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 15.52)

  1. Guide to the Papers of Sir Edward 'Weary' Dunlop
    [ Data set : 1993 ]
    View online
    At Aust War Memorial
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 180.148)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 180.148)

  2. Advertising (10 March 1976)
    N.S.W. Teachers' Federation;
    Education : journal of the N.S.W. Public School Teachers Federation.
    [ Article : 1969-1979 ]
    View online
    At Trove DigitalLibrary
    Advertising (10 March 1976)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 91.109)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 91.109)

  3. Maiden Voyage of QUEEN MARY A.B.C. CHOIR For Dr. Sargent (29 May 1936)
    Australasian Radio Relay League;
    The wireless weekly : the hundred per cent Australian radio journal
    [ Article : 1936 ]
    View online
    At Trove DigitalLibrary
    Maiden Voyage of QUEEN MARY A.B.C. CHOIR For Dr. Sargent (29 May 1936)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 85.887)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 85.887)

  4. Mount Athos and Byzantine monasticism : papers from the Twenty-eighth Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, Birmingham, March 1994 / edited by Anthony Bryer and Mary Cunningham
    Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies Birmingham, England) 1994 :
    [ Conference Proceedings, Book : 1996-2016 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 12 libraries
    Mount Athos and Byzantine monasticism : papers from the Twenty-eighth Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, Birmingham, March 1994 / edited by Anthony Bryer and Mary Cunningham
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 69.351)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 69.351)

  1. Dance on. produced by Billie Mahoney in association with Dance Films Association, inc
    Dance Films Association
    [ Video : 1981-2010 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 3 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 113.957)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 113.957)

  2. Climate change scepticism
    Williams, Robyn
    [ Sound : 2010 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 22.668)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 22.668)

  3. Australians
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation
    [ Video : 1994-2009 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11.327)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11.327)

  4. Full transcript
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2000-2015 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Full transcript
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 9.77)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 9.77)