L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis (1746-1800)

Also known as
L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis (1746-1800)
Field of activity
Collector; Botanist
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1506782

Biographies

It was Charles L'Héritier who described the genus and named the first eucalypt specimen, , in 1788. This specimen had been collected in Tasmania by botanist David Nelson on Cook's third expedition in 1777 and brought to Kew Gardens, London, where L'Héritier was working at the time. L'Héritier coined the generic name from the Greek roots eu and calyptos, meaning 'well' and 'covered', in reference to the operculum of the flower bud. In 1788, L'Héritier's was published in Paris. This work included the description of . L'Héritier was murdered by an unknown assailant. He left a herbarium of approximately 8,000 species and a large botanic library. The herbarium was added to the French national collections.

Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle was a French botanist and magistrate. The connections of his wealthy upper-class family secured him a position of Superintendent of Parisian Waters and Forests. Starting as an amateur and developing into a self-made scientist, he studied native trees and shrubs, gaining interest in exotic flora. He soon corresponded with other important botanists at the time, among them Joseph Banks and James Edward Smith.

  • Career event - Studied Kew Botanical Gardens collections
  • Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus obliqua L'Herit.
  • Taxonomy event - Described the genus Eucalyptus L'Heritier
  • Career event - Botanist on Australian expedition commanded by Bruni D'Entrecasteaux

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle

Selected resources (6)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. The Study of Australian Eucalypts
    McCarthy, Gavan; Smith, Ailie; Moje, Christine; Rigby, Rebecca
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2013
  3. Sertum Anglicum: Plantae Rariores quae in Hortis Juxta Londinum, imprimis in Horto Regio Kewensi excoluntur, ab anno 1786 ad annum 1787 observata
    L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles
    Published: Project Gutenberg, 2012
  4. Sertum Anglicum 1788 : facsimile with critical studies and a translation
    L'Heritier de Brutelle, Charles-Louis
    Published: Hunt Botanical Library, Pittsburgh, 1963
  5. The History of Eucalyptus
    Brooker, M.I.H, Slee, A. V. and Connors, J.R.
    Published: Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research and Australian National Herbarium, 2002
    Series: EUCLID - Eucalypts of Southern Australia [Online Sample]
  6. Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material
    Hall, Norman
    Published: CSIRO, Melbourne, 1978

Resources by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle (6)

  1. Geraniologia, seu, erodii, pelargonii, geranii, monsoniae et grieli historia iconibus illustrata
    L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles-Louis, 1746-1800
    [ Book : 1787-1978 ]
    Languages: Latin
    At 2 libraries
    Geraniologia, seu, erodii, pelargonii, geranii, monsoniae et grieli historia iconibus illustrata
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 187,701.156)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 187,701.156)

  2. Sertum Anglicum Plantae Rariores quae in Hortis Juxta Londinum, imprimis in Horto Regio Kewensi excoluntur, ab anno 1786 ad annum 1787 observata
    L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis, 1746-1800
    [ Book : 2012-2020 ]
    At UQ Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 185,112.844)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 185,112.844)

  3. On the genus of Symplocos, comprehending hopea and alstonia / by Charles Louis L'Heritier ; read January 5, 1790
    L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles-Louis, 1746-1800
    [ Microform, Book : 1791 ]
    Languages: Latin
    At UNSW Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 180,955.422)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 180,955.422)

  4. On the genus of Calligonum, comprehending pterococcus and pallasia / by Charles Louis L'Heritier ; read January 5, 1790
    L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles-Louis, 1746-1800
    [ Microform, Book : 1791 ]
    Languages: Latin
    At UNSW Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 180,955.422)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 180,955.422)

  5. Sertum Anglicum 1788 : facsimile with critical studies and a translation / Charles-Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle
    L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles-Louis, 1746-1800
    [ Book : 1963 ]
    Languages: English;Latin, [1 other]
    At 16 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 135,027.641)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 135,027.641)

  6. Sertum Anglicum, seu Plantae rariores quae in hortis juxta Londinium, imprimis in horto regio Kewensi excoluntur, ab anno 1786 ad annum 1787 observatae
    L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles-Louis, 1746-1800
    [ Book : 1788-1792 ]
    Languages: Latin
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 106,293.438)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 106,293.438)

Resources about Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle (9)

  1. Item 10: Letter from Joseph Banks to Charles Louis l'Heritier de Brutelle, 4 December 1787
    [ Unpublished : 1787 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 202,445.062)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 202,445.062)

  2. Item 11: Letter from Joseph Banks to Charles Louis l'Heritier de Brutelle, 5 June 1789
    [ Unpublished : 1789 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 198,260.984)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 198,260.984)

  3. Series 73.024: Copy of a letter received by Charles Louis L'Heritier de Brutelle from Banks, 29 April 1788
    [ Unpublished : 1788 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 73.024: Copy of a letter received by Charles Louis L'Heritier de Brutelle from Banks, 29 April 1788
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 161,976.75)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 161,976.75)

  4. Series 73.015: Copy of a letter received by Charles Louis L'Heritier de Brutelle from Banks, 30 September 1786
    [ Unpublished : 1786 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 73.015: Copy of a letter received by Charles Louis L'Heritier de Brutelle from Banks, 30 September 1786
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 124,827.148)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 124,827.148)

  5. Series 73.016: Copy of a letter received by Charles Louis L'Heritier de Brutelle from Banks, 9 October 1786
    [ Unpublished : 1786 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 73.016: Copy of a letter received by Charles Louis L'Heritier de Brutelle from Banks, 9 October 1786
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 123,058.211)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 123,058.211)

  6. Series 72.160: Letter received by Banks from James Edward Smith, 5 October 1787
    [ Unpublished : 1787 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 72.160: Letter received by Banks from James Edward Smith, 5 October 1787
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 96,903.641)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 96,903.641)

  7. Series 72.157: Letter received by Banks from James Edward Smith, 13 September 1786
    [ Unpublished : 1786 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 72.157: Letter received by Banks from James Edward Smith, 13 September 1786
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,775.898)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 94,775.898)

  8. Series 72.146: Letter received by Banks from John Sibthorp, 20 October 1783
    [ Unpublished : 1783 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Series 72.146: Letter received by Banks from John Sibthorp, 20 October 1783
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 76,940.383)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 76,940.383)

  9. Letters written by Sir Joseph Banks to various people, 1789-1818, together with biographical extract, 1857
    Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820
    [ Unpublished : 1857 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 67,770.32)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 67,770.32)

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  1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (1759-)
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  1. Sir Joseph Banks - Letters received by various people from Sir Joseph Banks, 1768, 1774, 1779-1820
    Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820
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  2. Sertum Anglicum, seu, Plantae rariores quae in hortis juxta Londinum : imprimis in horto regio Kewensi excoluntur, ab anno 1786 ad annum 1787 observatae /Car. Lud. L'Heritier
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