Slater, Patricia Violet (1918-1990)

Also known as
Slater, Patricia Violet, (OBE) (1918-1990)
Field of activity
Nurse; Nurse educator; Nurse Educator; Army Nurse
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1473718

Biographies

Patricia Violet Slater (1918-1990), nurse educator, was born on 16 December 1918 at St Kilda, Melbourne, second child of Victorian-born parents Edward Brunton Slater, civil engineer, and his wife Violet,...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Patricia Slater began her nursing training at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, in 1937. She subsequently undertook additional training in adult nursing at the Alfred Hospital, followed by a midwifery certificate at the Royal Women's Hospital (1942) and an infant welfare certificate at the Karitane Home, Sydney (1947). Patricia served as a lieutenant in the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) from 1943 until 1947. She worked in hospitals in Victoria and Queensland and from 1945 to 46 she worked at the 2/4th Australian General Hospital and 2/1st Casualty Clearing Station on Morotai and Labuan islands, Netherlands East Indies. After the war Patricia worked and travelled, before returning to Melbourne to teach nursing at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. In 1956 Patricia completed a diploma in nurse education from the Melbourne-based College of Nursing and in 1959 she was awarded a Centaur war nurses' memorial scholarship to study in Seattle, United States of America, at the University of Washington (B.Sc. Nursing, MA, 1961). While overseas, she also won a Rockefeller fellowship (1961) to visit university nursing schools in North America and Europe. Patricia became a fellow (1960) and a part-time lecturer (1963) at the College of Nursing in Melbourne, before taking over as director in 1965. In 1974 the college established Australia's first undergraduate nurse-education course. Patricia was instrumental in transforming nurse education from a hospital-based system to instead include undergraduate courses within tertiary institutions. With the amalgamation of the College of Nursing and the Lincoln Institute of Health Sciences in 1977, Patricia became the inaugural head of the school of nursing; a position which she held from 1977 to 1983. Patricia was appointed OBE in 1975 and a fellow of the Australian College of Education in 1977.

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

Patricia Violet (Pat) Slater gained her General Nursing Certificate at the Royal Children's Hospital and the Alfred Hospital, Victoria. She went on to train in both midwifery and infant welfare. After working and studying in several counties, including the USA and UK, Slater became a leader in nurse education. She played a role in the progression towards tertiary-based nurse education.

Patricia Violet Slater moved with her family from Melbourne to Geelong in the 1920s. Pat was sent to school at the Hermitage in 1926. She left the school in 1936 and commenced her basic nurse education at the Royal Children's Hospital in 1937. She was awarded the second prize of the Dr Jeffreys Wood Prize at the Royal Children's Hospital for academic excellence. A required component of adult nursing education was undertaken at the Alfred Hospital. After completing her basic education, Pat undertook midwifery training at the Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, and Infant Welfare training at Karitane Home for Mother's and Babies, Sydney. From 1943-1947 Pat served in the Australian Army Nursing Service in Australia and in Borneo. The years from 1947 to 1952 were spent travelling and working in Victoria, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and in Queensland.

She travelled and worked in the UK and Europe from 1952 to 1955, returning to Australia in 1955 to take up her first teaching appointment at the Royal Melbourne Hospital, District School of Nursing. She completed a Diploma in Nurse Education, with the aid of a Florence Nightingale Scholarship, the first of many post basic qualifications she was to gain.

Assisted by a Centaur Scholarship, Pat studied at the University of Washington, USA, in 1959, gaining a BSc (Nursing). At 43 years of age she acquired her Master of Arts degree in 1961, also from the University of Washington. This was followed a study tour of nursing education facilities in Canada, USA, UK and Scandinavia, assisted by a Rockerfeller scholarship.

From 1961-1965 Pat was a consultant for the Florence Nightingale Committee and the Victorian Nursing Council, working on issues related to the future of nurse education in Australia. At the same time she was a part time, later full time, lecturer in the College of Nursing, Australia's post basic education program. She was appointed director of the College in 1965 and oversaw the development of the new College building that replaced the mansion on the site of 431 St Kilda Road, Melbourne. The new building was opened in 1970 and was later sold when the College moved to the ACT in 1994.

In the position of director of the College, Pat was well placed to bring about the changes in education that she saw as essential for the future of the nursing profession. In 1974 she implemented the first undergraduate college-based nursing course in Australia, ten years before it became government policy to move all undergraduate nurse education to the tertiary sector. She is recognised for her pioneering efforts in the transformation of nurse preparation. This was achieved by refocusing nurse education on the sound educational principles that were lacking in the traditional service/apprenticeship style of training that had existed in Australia for over a century. Her citation for honorary fellowship of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia, sums up the qualities characteristic of her leadership. Patricia Violet Slater has had a profound and lasting influence in the qualitative improvement of nursing education in Australia. Her enthusiasm, vision, tenacity of purpose, courage and insight ensure her place amongst the distinguished nurses of Australia.

Pat Slater retired in 1983 and turned her attention to ethics, writing a number of papers before her untimely death, in August 1990. A mark of the high regard in which she was held by many, especially in education matters, was the renaming of Arthur Street, the street in which the College stood, to Slater Street in March 1984.

  • Education - General Nursing Certificate completed at the Royal Children's Hospital and Alfred Hospital, Victoria
  • Education - Midwifery Certificate completed at the Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne
  • Career position - Served in the Australian Army Nursing Serving in Australia and Borneo
  • Education - Infant Welfare Certificate completed at the Karitane Home for Mothers and Babies, Sydney
  • Career position - General work in Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and Victoria in variety of roles including charge positions
  • Education - General and midwifery nursing in London
  • Career position - Nurse Educator at Royal Melbourne Hospital District School of Nursing
  • Award - Florence Nightingale Committee Scholarship received
  • Education - Diploma in Nurse Education completed at the College of Nursing, Australia
  • Career position - Nurse Educator at Royal Melbourne Hospital District School of Nursing
  • Education - Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Nursing completed at the University of Washington
  • Life event - Travelled to the USA
  • Award - Centaur War Nurses Memorial Scholar
  • Award - Fellow of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
  • Education - Master of Arts (MA) thesis title "A study of the growth of hospitals and the development of the nursing profession in the changing society of colonial Australia 1788-1901." completed and graduated
  • Award - Member of the Sigma Theat Tau Nursing Honour Society, USA
  • Life event - Undertook a study tour of Canada, USA, UK and Scandinavia
  • Award - Rockerfellow scholarship received
  • Career position - Consultant for Florence Nightingale Centenary Fund Trustees to study and present a report on nursing education in Victoria
  • Career position - Curriculum Development Officer of the Victorian Nursing Council
  • Career position - Lecturer (part-time, then full-time) at the College of Nursing, Australia
  • Career position - Director of College of Nursing Australia
  • Life event - Opened new college building on the site in Arthur Street (later Slater Street), Melbourne
  • Award - Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services to nurse education
  • Education - World Health Organisation workshop on the Education of Teachers of Nursing and midwifery in the Phillipines
  • Career position - Implemented the first undergraduate college based nursing education program at College of Nursing, Australia
  • Award - Fellow of the New South Wales College of Nursing
  • Award - Fellow of the Australian College of Education (for distinguished services to nursing education)
  • Career position - Visiting Lecturer and study program at the School of Nursing at the University of California, USA
  • Career position - Honorary Director of College of Nursing in Australia
  • Career position - College of Nursing, Australia merges with Lincoln Institute of Health Sciences as a College of Advanced Education. Appointed head of the School of Nursing at the LIHS, in what was to become the School of Nursing at La Trobe University
  • Award - Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
  • Life event - Retired
  • Life event - Begins writing the history of the Royal College of Nursing. Australia and writes in bioethics
  • Career position - Consultant to the Darwin Institute of Technology to advise on nursing courses for the Northern Territory
  • Career position - Secondment to Victorian Post Secondary Education Committee to prepare advice on future arrangements for the transfer of nursing education to institutes of higher education in Victoria
  • Award - ANZAAS Award for Achievement in Medical Education received (Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science)
  • Career position - Consultant in Education Administration to the Faculty of Nursing at Prince Songkla University in Thailand under the sponsorship of the Australian Universities International Development Program
  • Career position - Consultant to the Darwin Institute of Technology to advise on the development of a Diploma in Applied Science Nursing course
  • Career position - Consultant with the South Australian Health Commission to review specialised nursing services in South Australia
  • Career position - Consultant to Victorian Post Secondary Education Commission to negotiate with the College of Nursing, Australia concerning the content of the building at 2 Slater Street in Melbourne
  • Career position - Consultant to the Australian Capital Territory Health Commission to review Community Health Nursing Services
  • Career position - Consultant to Gippsland Institute of Advanced Education to develop a Diploma in Applied Science Nursing course to be implemented at Wodonga and Dookie

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Australian Women's Register

Resources for Patricia Violet Slater

Selected resources (9)

Australian Women's Register

  1. Slater, Patricia Violet
    Published: National Foundation for Australian Women
    Series: IspartOf The Australian Women's Register
  2. Slater, Patricia Violet (1918-1990)
    Trembath, Richard
    [2012]
    Published: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University
    Series: IspartOf Australian Dictionary of Biography
  3. The preparation of the nurse today and in the future
    Slater, Patricia Violet
    [Melbourne, VIC]
    Published: National Florence Nightingale Committee (Australia)
  4. The preparation of nurses to meet the needs of health services
    Slater, Patricia Violet
    [Melbourne]
    Published: College Of Nursing
  5. Review of community nursing within the Australian Capital Territory Health Authority
    Slater, Patricia Violet
    [Canberra, ACT]
    Published: A.C.T. Health Authority (Australia)
  6. A study of the growth of hospitals and the development of the nursing profession in the changing society of colonial Australia, 1788-1901
    Slater, Patricia Violet
    [1961]
    Published: University of Washington
  7. SLATER VIOLET PATRICIA : Service Number - VX133052 : Date of birth - 16 Dec 1918 : Place of birth - ST KILDA VIC : Place of enlistment - MELBOURNE VIC : Next of Kin - SLATER E
    [1939 - 1948]
    Series: National Archives of Australia, National Office, Canberra
    Series B883; Control Symbol VX133052; Item Barcode 6670086

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Slater, Patricia Violet (Pat)
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Where are the Women in Australian Science?
    McCarthy, Gavan; Morgan, Helen; Smith, Ailie; van den Bosch, Alan
    Published: Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, 2003

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  1. Australia. Army. Australian Army Nursing Service (1902-1948)
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    ... to the executors, Ronald Sydney Carpenter and Patricia Violet Boulton. care of H. G. Slater, Loder ... South Wales on 28th March, 198S. H. G. SLATER, UDDER & CO., Solicitors, 442 Parramatta Road, Petersham ... 136 words
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    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973) Thursday 12 September 1940 [Issue No.190] p 1970

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    ... Dwyer, Kathleen .. Hofioway, Frances Patricia Jeffreys, Elizabeth Lilian Smith, Elizabeth Medwell Ellis ... , Viola Florence Guerin, Patricia Florence Richards, Joyce Enid Axton, Jean Thomas, Merle Elizabeth Maffei ... 1001 words
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  2. From Patricia's Diary
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  3. Family Notices
    The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) Monday 21 June 1948 p 1 Family Notices
    ... (Lynette Key). Both well. SLATER: On June 7, to Keven and Eileen —a daughter (Kezia Maud). SMITH: On June ... -in-law of George, Jack. Walter and Violet Dutton. Mabel (Mrs. Dutton-Smith). LANG (Samuel): In sad memory ci ... 4735 words
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  1. The preparation of nurses to meet the needs of health services / P. V. Slater
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  2. A study of the growth of hospitals and the development of the nursing profession in the changing society of colonial Australia, 1788-1901 / by Patricia Violet Slater
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  4. Review of community nursing within the Australian Capital Territory Health Authority / P.Slater for the A.C.T. Health Authority (Australia)
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