Drummond, James (1787-1863)

Also known as
Drummond, James (1786-1863)
Field of activity
Botanist; Plant Collector; Naturalist
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1469957

Biographies

James Drummond (c.1787-1863), botanist and plant collector, was born in Inverarity, Angus, Scotland. His brother, Thomas, was a well-known collector of North American plants. In June 1808 James was appointed...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

James Drummond was an avid botanist and plant collector. He was curator at Ireland's Cork Botanical Gardens from 1808, before migrating to Australia in 1829. Drummond worked as the Western Australian Government's naturalist. He was also appointed superintendent of the government gardens. He went on numerous expeditions across Western Australia where he collected thousands of seeds and plants for export to England. Today his plant specimens are found in herbaria across the world. He named several of Western Australia's native species and 119 specimens have been names after him. His father Thomas Drummond, was a gardener on the Fotheringham estate at Inverarity.

Prior to arriving in Australia, James Drummond was curator of the Cork Botanical Gardens, an associate of the Linnean Society and had published several papers on Irish plants. In 1829 he, together with his wife and six children, accompanied Captain Stirling to Western Australia on the ship . Drummond was appointed Government Naturalist, but worked more in the role of botanist. The position was without pay. He was also appointed superintendent of the government gardens, and received a salary of £100. From 1835, Drummond began collection plant specimens and seeds to export to England. Hundreds of new species were named from his collections. These expeditions lead him to travel much of Western Australia's southern lands. Together with his sons, especially Johnston, and other botanists (including John Gilbert) he collected over 3500 specimens. Drummond also discovered that some local plants were in fact poisonous to livestock resulting in large stock losses.

In July 1845 Drummond's son Johnston was killed during an expedition at Moore River. This caused James Drummond to give up collecting. However 15 months later he was awarded an honorarium from the Queen's Bounty for his services to botany. This inspired Drummond to begin collecting again until 1855 when he was too old to continue.

  • Life event - Baptised on 8 January 1787
  • Career position - Curator of the Cork Botanical Gardens, Ireland
  • Career position - Associate of the Linnean Society
  • Life event - Arrived in Australia (Western Australia) on the
  • Career position - Expedition for 1st collection at Rottnest Island
  • Career position - Expedition for 2nd collection at Albany and Cape Riche
  • Career position - Pioneered the Victorian Plains
  • Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus macrocarpa Hook.
  • Career position - Expedition for 3rd collection at Sterling Ranges and Albany
  • Award - Queen's Bounty Honorarium awarded for services rendered to botanical science
  • Career position - Expedition for 4th collection at Sterling Ranges, Cape Riche, Salt River and West Mount Barren
  • Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus goniantha Turcz.
  • Career position - Expedition for 5th collection at Mount Caroline and Albany
  • Career position - Expedition for 6th collection at Champion Bay
  • Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus erythronema Turcz.
  • Taxonomy event - Honoured with Eucalyptus drummondii Benth. Drummond collected the type
  • Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus leptopoda Benth.

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for James Drummond

Selected resources (13)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Drummond, James
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. James Drummond, bap.1787-1863
    Fisher, Clemency Thorne
    Published: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004
    Series: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. Drummond, James (1784-1863), botanist and plant collector
    Erickson, Rica
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1966
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 1, 325-326
  4. In the Footsteps of James Drummond with Charles Austin Gardner
    Perry, D. H.
    Published: 1971
    Series: Western Australian Naturalist, 11, 8, 178-180
  5. The Study of Australian Eucalypts
    McCarthy, Gavan; Smith, Ailie; Moje, Christine; Rigby, Rebecca
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2013
  6. James and Thomas Drummond: their Scottish origins and curatorships in Irish botanic gardens (ca 1808­ca 1831)
    Nelson, E. Charles
    Published: 1990
    Series: Archives of Natural History, 17, 1, 49-65
  7. Retracing some of the expeditions by Moore and Drummond in south-west Western Australia
    Olde, Peter
    Published: 2014
    Series: Australasian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter, 161, 54-7
  8. "There are Greater Things in Life Than Cricket": Tetratheca aphylla (Elaeocarpaceae), James Drummond and the Exploration of the Helena and Aurora Range
    Gibson, Neil and Butcher, Ryonen
    Published: 2013
    Series: Nuytsia, 23, 95-9
  9. Explorers Routes Revisited: Moore Expeditions 1836; Drummond Expeditions 1841-1842
    Brooker, Leslie
    Published: Lesley Brooker; Hesperian Press, Kalamunda, W.A.: Carlisle, W.A., 2012
  10. James Drummond of the Swan River Colony
    Sherwood, B. R.
    Published: 2010
    Series: The Linnean, 26, 3, 19-26
  11. The impact of James Drummond on Western Australian botany
    Marchant, N. G.
    Published: Department Environmental Biology, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, 2005
    Series: The Drummond Symposium: a review of the work of James Drummond, the first Government Botanist in Western Australia, 15-26
  12. The greater prize than gold: Augustus Oldfield, nineteenth century botanical collector and ethnographer
    Henderson, M. Helen and Henderson, William G.
    Published: The Book Reality Experience, Perth, W.A., 2018
  13. Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material
    Hall, Norman
    Published: CSIRO, Melbourne, 1978

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  1. IN BANKRUPTCY. Re James Drummond, of Albury, contractor.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Tuesday 20 January 1891 [Issue No.49] p 507

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  3. IN BANKRUPTCY. Re James Drummond of Plattsburg, miner.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Wednesday 30 January 1907 [Issue No.13] p 663

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  1. DRUMMOND.
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    ... DRUMMOND. Lecture. — On Tuesday^ evening there was a fair attendance, in spite of the inclement ... night, at S:t. Janies' Church of England. Drummond, when the Rev. Mr. Constable, of St. John's, j ... 190 words
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  2. DRUMMOND.
    Kyneton Guardian (Vic. : 1870 - 1880; 1914 - 1918) Saturday 23 October 1915 p 2 Article
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  3. MR. JAMES DRUMMOND LEONARD
    The Northern Champion (Taree, NSW : 1913 - 1954) Wednesday 1 May 1929 p 3 Article
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  1. Robert James Drummond papers, 1916-1919
    Drummond, Robert James
    [ Unpublished : 1916-1919 ]
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  2. Item 02: Robert James Drummond correspondence, 6 January-22 September 1918
    [ Unpublished : 1918 ]
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  3. Item 01: Robert James Drummond correspondence, 28 November 1916-23 December 1917
    [ Unpublished : 1917 ]
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  1. The Drummond Symposium : a review of the work of James Drummond, the first Government Botanist in Western Australia. Held at Toodyay, Western Australia, by the Toodyay Naturalists' Club, August 27 2004 / edited by S.J.J.F Davies
    Drummond Symposium Toodyay, W.A.) (2004 :
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    At 20 libraries
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  2. Touch of mystery as Drummond steps down.(Business)
    The Age (Melbourne, Australia)
    [ Article : 2009 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
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  3. 'There are greater things in life than cricket'
    Gibson, Neil; Butcher, Ryonen
    [ Article : 2013 ]
    At UWA Res Repository
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  4. Life B'long Ali Drummond: A Life in the Torres Strait [Book Review]
    Fuary, Maureen
    Aboriginal History
    [ Article : 2009 ]
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  1. James Drummond / Nature Advisory Service, Education Department of Western Australia
    Western Australia. Education Dept. Nature Advisory Service
    [ Book, Government publication : 1969 ]
    At WA State Library
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    Simpson, James Young 1873-1934
    [ Book : 1901 ]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
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  3. Letters of James Drummond to Sir William Jackson Hooker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 1839-1852
    Drummond, James
    [ Book : 1970 ]
    At DPaW Library
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  1. Interview with Sir John Drummond, festival director, broadcaster and author / interviewer, James Murdoch
    Drummond, John, 1934-
    [ Sound : 1999 ]
    At National Library
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  2. Bulldog Drummond escapes / directed by James Hogan ; screenplay by Edward T. Lowe
    DIVA.AG (Firm)
    [ Video : 1937-2010 ]
    Possibly online
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  3. The future of the book with James Gleick
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2011 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    The future of the book with James Gleick
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  4. Bulldog Drummond's bride / Congress Films, Inc. presents ; directed by James Hogan ; screen play by Stuart Palmer and Garnett Weston
    Congress Films, Inc
    [ Video : 1939-2004 ]
    At Auburn Library
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