Begg, Percy Raymond (1898-1983)

Field of activity
Orthodontist
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1469592

Biographies

Percy Raymond Begg (1898-1983), orthodontist, was born on 13 October 1898 at Coolgardie, Western Australia, and registered as Raymond Percy, eldest of three children of English-born parents Percy William...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Percy Raymond (Raymond) Begg revolutionized the field of orthodontics with his introduction of the 'Light Arch Wire Technique' in 1961. He also made tooth extraction an integral part of the treatment. Previously teeth straightening was a long and painful process which involved the use of headgear and highly costly gold or platinum wires. Begg's method involved the use of lightweight, low force braces which were more affordable, less painful and required less manipulation and fewer visits to the dentists. This method was adopted across the world and was the forerunner of today's orthodontic techniques and braces. Raymond Begg received many honours and including the naming of two societies (The Begg Society of Orthodontists and the European Begg Society) and the Begg Orthodontic Unit at the Adelaide Dental Hospital after him.

Born in the Western Australian goldfields and educated in Adelaide, Percy Raymond Begg (Raymond) first worked as a jackaroo in the Australian outback. He then joined the Australian Imperial Force, but after contracting influenza was invalided out of the army in c.1918. Begg moved to Melbourne and graduated in Dentistry from the University of Melbourne in 1923. Having acquired an interest in orthodontics he wanted to learn from the expert in the field so applied to the Angle School of Orthodontia in Pasadena, USA. Raymond Begg was one of the lucky few to be accepted and remained at the School from March 1924 to November 1925.

Upon his return to Australia, Begg established Adelaide's only orthodontic practice and completed a Doctorate of Dental Sciences at the University of Adelaide where he studied the skulls of Aborigines to see how diet and normal grinding processes affected dentition. For 25 years Begg's practice remained the only one in Adelaide and he continually came up with new designs for orthodontics. He acquired the services of metallurgist Arthur J Wilcock to produce stainless steel and other wires, including titanium, for his braces. This collaboration resulted in the creation of the Begg Light Arch Wire appliance which made orthodontics more affordable, simpler and less painful and obtrusive.

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for Percy Raymond Begg

Selected resources (4)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Begg, Percy Raymond (Raymond)
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Raymond Begg (1898-1983). Obituary
    Simms, Milton R.
    Published: 1983
    Series: American Journal of Orthodontics, 83, 5, 445-446
  3. Lifework: Heroes of Australian Health
    Murray, James
    Published: Focus Publishing for [Medical Benefits Fund of Australia Ltd], Edgecliff, NSW, 1997
  4. Begg, Percy Raymond (1898 - 1983), orthodontist
    Sims, M. R. and Jenner, J. D.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 2007
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 17, 79-80

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  1. Superannuation Act 1922-1948.
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973) Thursday 26 January 1950 [Issue No.5] p 187

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... . Meredith, Alfred Charles. Stephenson, Joseph Vipond. Seabrook, Raymond Theodore Begg, Sidney Albert. Sydney ... meaning of section 4 of the Superannuation Act 1922-1948: — Department of the Navy. McGovenon, Percy Allen ... 163 words
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  2. AUCTIONEERS' LICENSES.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 28 April 1916 [Issue No.72] p 2399

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... ' Licensing Act of 1898," and which expire on the 31*t December, 10X6, is published for general information ... . .. Begg, Thomas E. Gegg, John Wells, Percy A. Wolfe, Samuel Boss, William D, Campbell, Alexander B Hogan ... 346 words
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  3. AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCE. APPOINTMENTS, ETC.
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973) Thursday 29 March 1917 [Issue No.49] p 564

    Government Gazette Appointments And Employment

    ... . Percy Lloyd Hart. Walter Raymond Boss. Hector Ferguson. Kenneth Sanders Thompson. The undermentioned Non ... Lieutenants, dated 16th March, 1917 :— Percy Harold Sandford. Douglas Kenneth Painb. James Irvine Graham ... 373 words
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  1. Begg Orthodontic theory and technique
    Begg, Percy Raymond
    [ Book : 1965 ]
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  2. Studies on certain aspects of the aetiology of malocclusion of theteeth and concomitant jaw anomalies
    Begg, Percy Raymond
    [ Thesis : 1935-2007 ]
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  3. Mans diminishing jaws
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    [ Book : 1837 ]
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  4. Expression of runt related transcription factor 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor in the pulp, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone: an immunohistochemical study using a rat ankylotic model
    Stewart, Trudy Ann
    [ Thesis : 2013-2014 ]
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  1. Stone age mans dentition : with reference to antomically correct occlusion, the etiology of malocclusion and a technique for its treatment
    Begg, Percy Raymond
    [ Unpublished : 1954 ]
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  2. [Collection of biographical information]
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  1. Family Notices
    Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Thursday 4 January 1945 p 14 Family Notices
    ... . of Mount Compass — a bonny daughter. Both well. Thanking Dr. Shlpway and hospital staff. BEGGS (nee ... Temple). — On Dec. 29, 1944, at Calvary, to Mary, wife of Sap §er Jack Beggs (R.A.E., A.I.F.) — a ... 11100 words
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  2. MILITARY Soldiers to Make Their Wills.
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  3. Family Notices
    The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 11 December 1926 p 13 Family Notices
    ... , to Dr. and Mrs. Percy Shelton, Elsternwick —a son. SHORT (nee Isabel Fairweather). —On the 7th ... . - On the 18th September, 1926, at the Methodist Church, Violet Town, by the Rev. Raymond S. Williams ... 9280 words
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  1. LEGAL DIRECTORY OF N. S. WALES. (1 January 1898)
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