Holtze, Maurice William (1840-1923)

Also known as
Holtze, Maurice William, (ISO, FLS) (1840-1923)
Field of activity
Botanist
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1469018

Biographies

Maurice William Holtze (1840-1923), botanist, was born at Hanover (Germany) on 8 July 1840, son of C. Holtze, chief inspector of orphan houses. Educated at the Academy of Hildesheim and Osnabrück Gymnasium,...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Maurice Holtze was Government Gardener of the Palmerston (later Darwin) Botanic Gardens 1878-1891 and Director of the Adelaide Botanic Garden 1891-1917. He trained in botany and horticulture in St Petersburg, Russia, and worked for a number of years in Europe before migrating to Australia with his family and settling in Palmerston (now Darwin) in the Northern Territory of South Australia. On appointment as Government Gardener in 1878 Holtze designed the Garden drawing on his European experience, although few of his planting survived later cyclones. With his son Nicholas, Holtze continued the work of William Hayes in trialling agricultural crops including sesame, opium, tapioca, arrowroot, bananas, cotton, jute and rice. During his time in the Northern Territory, Holtze collected many plant specimens which he sent to Ferdinand von Mueller in Melbourne, where they remain in the National Herbarium of Victoria. In 1891 Holtze was appointed Director of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens where, despite having fewer resources than his predecessor, he redesigned much of the Garden, developed a considerable collection of aquatic plants, and established a "type orchard" in the Mount Lofty Ranges with over 2000 varieties of apple and pear. The genus (Fabaceae) was named in his honour.

  • Life event - Migrated to Australia with family
  • Career position - Gaol warder, Palmerston, Northern Territory of South Australia
  • Career position - Government Gardener, Palmerston, Northern Territory of South Australia
  • Career position - Forester for the Northern Territory
  • Career position - Fellow, Linnean Society of London
  • Career position - Director, Adelaide Botanic Gardens
  • Award - Imperial Service Order (ISO)

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

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Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for Maurice William Holtze

Selected resources (5)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Holtze, Maurice William
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Holtze, Maurice William (1840-1923), Botanist
    Kraehenbuel, Darrell N.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1983
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 9, 353-354
  3. The Holtze saga
    Ruediger, Wynnis J.
    Published: The author, Morgan, South Australia, 1988
  4. The Study of Australian Eucalypts
    McCarthy, Gavan; Smith, Ailie; Moje, Christine; Rigby, Rebecca
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2013
  5. Remember me kindly: a history of the Holtze family in the Northern Territory
    Bisa, Deborah
    Published: Historical Society of the Northern Territory, Casuarina, N.T., 2016

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  1. Holtze, Nicholas
    Horticultural botanist; Public servant
    ... Holtze, Maurice William (1840 - 1923) ... Holtze, Nicholas ... Nicholas Holtze succeeded his father Maurice as the first official Curator of the Darwin Botanic ... Gardens self-supporting he continued the work conducted with Maurice of trialling crops with agricultural ...
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  2. Darwin Botanic Garden (1886-)
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  3. Kraehenbuehl, D. N., (Darrell N)
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  1. DR. HOLTZE, I.S.O.
    Daily Herald (Adelaide, SA : 1910 - 1924) Wednesday 4 June 1913 p 5 Article
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  2. Dr. M. W. Holtze. LEFTSTATE MORE BEAUTIFUL.
    The Kangaroo Island Courier (Kingscote, SA : 1907 - 1951) Saturday 27 October 1923 p 4 Article
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  3. Obituary. DR. M. W. HOLTZE DEAR. A WELL-KNOWN BOTANIST.
    Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Saturday 20 October 1923 p 53 Article Illustrated
    ... society. Born in Hanover on July 8, 1840, Dr. Holtze was a son of Mr. C. Holtze, Chief Inspector of Orphan ... people at the death of Dr. Maurice Wil-liam Holtze. F.L.S., who was Director of the Adelaide Botanic ... 968 words
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