Thomas, William (1791-1867)

Also known as
Thomas, William (1793-1867)
Field of activity
Assistant Protector; guardian of Aboriginals; Teacher; Protector of aboriginals; Artist; Draughtsman; Assistant protector of Aborigines; Schoolmaster
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1467164

Biographies

William Thomas (1793-1867), assistant protector and guardian of Aboriginals, was born in Westminster, England, of Welsh parents. His father and brother were army officers. His education was rounded...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

A sketcher who during the 1840s worked as a protector of Aborigines, who form the subject of his work.

sketcher and schoolmaster, a Londoner of Welsh parents, was a Wesleyan schoolteacher who came to Melbourne from England via Sydney in January 1839, having been appointed one of four initial assistant protectors to the Port Phillip Aborigines under Chief Protector G.A. Robinson . The most sympathetic and understanding of the officials within this system, Thomas drew many pencil sketches of the Aboriginal people in his districts – the Melbourne, Westernport and Gippsland areas – such as a portrait of Windberry (shot October 1840), Nerenunnin Throwing a Spear , the crudely executed Regular Row, or Fight Between Themselves (c.1840) and the more developed pen and wash Billy Billy – alias Urquor . His view of Robinson talking to a group of Aborigines in a bush camp is dated 5 April 1843. Although his headquarters were officially at Narre Warren, Dandenong, Thomas moved around and lived (in a tent) with the local Aboriginal people, often accompanied by his wife and family. A bark-and-slab hut he had erected near the junction of Merri Creek and the Yarra River in 1845 became his school in 1846-51. After the protectorate was abolished at the end of 1849, Thomas was appointed guardian of the Aborigines. Having fought for reserves and supply depots, he was appointed official visitor when these were established in modified form in 1860, but his health failed soon after his appointment and he was only able to continue as adviser. He died on 1 December 1867. A large collection of Thomas’s journals, reports ...

  • 1839

Flourished

  • fl. 1840 - 1843

View the full record at Design and Art Australia Online

William Thomas was assistant protector of aboriginals in the Port Phillip, Westernport and Gippsland districts of Victoria from 1839 to 1849. He was then appointed guardian of the Counties of Bourke, Mornington and Evelyn from 1850-1860. Thomas was known to the aborigines as Marminata (Good Father). His recommendation to the select committee of the Legislative Council on Aborigines to establish reserves and supply depots throughout Victoria was accepted in a modified form and in 1860 became policy for the new Central Board for the Protection of Aborigines.

  • Career position - Assistant Protector of Aboriginals in the Port Phillip, Westernport and Gippsland districts of Victoria
  • Career position - Guardian of Aborigines for the Counties of Bourke, Mornington and Evelyn in Victoria
  • Career position - Official visitor to supervise the work of all stations and depots of the Central Board for the Protection of Aborigines

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Design and Art Australia Online

  • Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW
  • La Trobe Collection, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne, VIC
  • (see also) Billy Billy - alias Urquor
  • (see also) Nerenunnin Throwing a Spear
  • (see also) Regular Row, or Fight Between Themselves

Resources for William Thomas

Selected resources (2)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Thomas, William
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Thomas, William (1793-1867)
    Mulvaney, D. J.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1967
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2, 518-519

Resources by William Thomas (6)

  1. The Journal of Assistant Protector William Thomas 1839-67
    Stephen, Marguerita
    [ Book : 2014 ]
    At 3 libraries
    The Journal of Assistant Protector William Thomas 1839-67
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 53,967.863)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 53,967.863)

  2. A cloud of hapless foreboding : Assistant Protector William Thomas and the Port Phillip aborigines 1839-1840 / edited and with commentary by Richard Cotter
    Thomas, William, 1791-1867
    [ Book : 2005 ]
    At 17 libraries
    A cloud of hapless foreboding : Assistant Protector William Thomas and the Port Phillip aborigines 1839-1840 / edited and with commentary by Richard Cotter
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,877.027)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,877.027)

  3. The journal of William Thomas : assistant protector of the Aborigines of Port Phillip & guardian of the Aborigines of Victoria 1839 to 1843 / Marguerita Stephens
    Stephens, Marguerita
    [ Book, Government publication : 2014 ]
    At 20 libraries
    The journal of William Thomas : assistant protector of the Aborigines of Port Phillip & guardian of the Aborigines of Victoria 1839 to 1843 / Marguerita Stephens
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,449.93)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,449.93)

  4. William Thomas, protector of Aborigines, pictorial material
    Thomas, William, 1793-1867
    [ Photograph : 1832-1875 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    William Thomas, protector of Aborigines, pictorial material
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 32,546.863)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 32,546.863)

  5. William Thomas papers, 1834-1868, 1902
    Thomas, William, 1793-1867
    [ Unpublished : 1902 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 31,727.855)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 31,727.855)

  6. Aborigines : burial of the dead, ca. 1847-1849 / William Thomas
    Thomas, William, 1793-1867
    [ Unpublished : 1849 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 30,478.738)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 30,478.738)

Resources about William Thomas (5)

  1. The last days of the Bonurong [Book Review]
    Murray, Robert
    Quadrant
    [ Article : 2012 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 54,417.586)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 54,417.586)

  2. The Journal of Assistant Protector William Thomas 1839-67
    Stephen, Marguerita
    [ Book : 2014 ]
    At 3 libraries
    The Journal of Assistant Protector William Thomas 1839-67
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 53,494.934)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 53,494.934)

  3. A cloud of hapless foreboding : Assistant Protector William Thomas and the Port Phillip aborigines 1839-1840 / edited and with commentary by Richard Cotter
    Thomas, William, 1791-1867
    [ Book : 2005 ]
    At 17 libraries
    A cloud of hapless foreboding : Assistant Protector William Thomas and the Port Phillip aborigines 1839-1840 / edited and with commentary by Richard Cotter
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,376.734)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,376.734)

  4. The journal of William Thomas : assistant protector of the Aborigines of Port Phillip & guardian of the Aborigines of Victoria 1839 to 1843 / Marguerita Stephens
    Stephens, Marguerita
    [ Book, Government publication : 2014 ]
    At 20 libraries
    The journal of William Thomas : assistant protector of the Aborigines of Port Phillip & guardian of the Aborigines of Victoria 1839 to 1843 / Marguerita Stephens
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 47,721.477)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 47,721.477)

  5. I succeeded once : the Aboriginal Protectorate on the Mornington Peninsula, 1839-1840 / Marie Fels
    Fels, Marie Hansen, 1938-
    [ Book : 2007-2011 ]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
    View online
    At 28 libraries
    I succeeded once : the Aboriginal Protectorate on the Mornington Peninsula, 1839-1840 / Marie Fels
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11,768.381)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11,768.381)

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  1. Afford, Thelma (-1996)
    Artist; ; Designer; Theatre / Film Designer; Textile Artist / Fashion Designer; Costume designer; 9002; Art teacher; 8022; Costume Designer
    ... Thomas, William James ... Thomas, Ethel ... at Broken Hill in December 1908, daughter of William James Thomas, an engineer, and Ethel, nee ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 52,014.805)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 52,014.805)

  2. Thomas, William (1554-)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 43,883.875)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 43,883.875)

  3. Thomas, A. W., (Anthony William) (1949-)
    Physicist
    ... Thomas, A W (1949-) ... Anthony William (Tony) Thomas has been Professor of Physics at the University of Adelaide since ... the Special Research Centre for the Subatomic Structure of Matter 1997 1997 Award - Thomas Ranken ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 42,968.477)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 42,968.477)

  1. WILLIAM CRANE alias THOMAS.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 8 August 1856 [Issue No.120] p 2162

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... Government Immigration. Office, j Sydney, 6th August, 1856. ■) WILLIAM CRANE alias THOMAS. ENQUIRY ... Laving been made from Home, relative to William Crane alias Thomas, a native of St. John's, Horslydown ... 88 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,968.684)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,968.684)

  2. William Thomas Joseph Curtis v. Thomas Power.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Tuesday 7 July 1891 [Issue No.431] p 5123

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. Sheriff's Office, Sydney, 7th July, 1891. "William Thomas ... Joseph Curtis v. Thomas Power. ON Saturday, the eighth day of Auguit, in the year of our Lord one ... 657 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,707.209)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,707.209)

  3. IN BANKRUPTCY. Re William Thomas.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 6 September 1889 [Issue No.463] p 6172

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... ,572) IN BANKRUPTCY. Re William Thomas. NOTICE is hereby given that a Sequestration Order has this day been ... made against the abovenamed William Thomas, of Broken Hill, on his own petition.—Dated at Sydney, this ... 65 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,592.296)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,592.296)

  1. William Thomas, protector of Aborig ...
    Thomas, William ...
    [ Photograph : 1832-1875 ]
    William Thomas, protector of Aborigines, pictorial material
  2. THOMAS, William Makin
    Unknown
    [ Photograph ]
    THOMAS, William Makin
  3. Thomas William Bouchard
    Unidentified
    [ Art work : 1915 ]
    Thomas William Bouchard
  4. Thomas William Lyons
    [ Photograph : 1882 ]
    Thomas William Lyons
  5. [Portrait of Thomas William Andrews ...
    Dwyer, L. J., 1 ...
    [ Photograph : 1950 ]
    [Portrait of Thomas William Andrews] L. J. Dwyer
  6. Thomas William Connah
    Mathewson, P
    [ Photograph ]
    Thomas William Connah
  1. Speech of William Thomas Esquire January 1641
    [ Periodical : 1900-2019 ]
    At UQ Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 364.982)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 364.982)

  2. Angove, William Thomas
    Jones, David; Aitken, Richard; Looker, Michael
    [ Article : 2002 ]
    At Deakin Uni Inst Rep
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 364.167)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 364.167)

  3. Cecil William Thomas
    [ Article ]
    View online
    At Hornsby Shire LIS
    Cecil William Thomas
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 363.86)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 363.86)

  4. William Thomas Williams 1913- 1995
    Clifford, H. T. (Harold Trevor)
    Historical Records of Australian Science
    [ Article : 1998 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 334.342)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 334.342)

  1. Volume 22 Item 04: William Thomas maps, ca. 1838-ca. 1867
    [ Map : 1867 ]
    View online
    At State Library of NSW
    Volume 22 Item 04: William Thomas maps, ca. 1838-ca. 1867
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 336.4)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 336.4)

  2. Volume 22: William Thomas language and customs of Australian Aborigines, ca. 1838-ca. 1867
    [ Art work, Map : 1867 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 259.37)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 259.37)

  3. Prince William County, the Thomas Guide street guide & directory
    Thomas Bros. Maps
    [ Map, Book : 1999 ]
    Prince William County, the Thomas Guide street guide & directory
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 237.553)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 237.553)

  1. Thomas, William
    Thomas, William
    Created by rodneyvc, 7 items.

    Son of William James Thomas

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 745.862)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 745.862)

  2. Poole, William Thomas
    Poole, William Thomas
    Created by jpalmer, 6 items.

    William Thomas Poole, MLA. This is not our William Thomas Poole(1856 - 1919), son of Thomas and Tabitha,

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 653.688)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 653.688)

  3. Thomas, William James
    Thomas, William James
    Created by rodneyvc, 15 items.

    Husband of Sarah Ann Griffin, father of William Thomas

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 608.627)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 608.627)

  1. William Thomas Rawleigh papers
    Rawleigh, William Thomas, 1870-1951
    [ Published ]
    View online
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 531.83)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 531.83)

  2. Owen, William Thomas
    [ Published ]
    At NGV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 453.998)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 453.998)

  3. Thomas, William, NX21431
    Australian Red Cross Society, National Office
    [ Unpublished : 2017 ]
    View online
    At Uni Melbourne Arch
    Thomas, William, NX21431
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 448.23)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 448.23)

  1. [Interview with William Thomas Newbold] [interviewed by Jim Trevaskis]
    Newbold, William Thomas, 1921-
    [ Sound : 2003 ]
    Possibly online
    At WA State Library
    [Interview with William Thomas Newbold] [interviewed by Jim Trevaskis]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 434.754)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 434.754)

  2. The cloths of heaven / Thomas F. Dunhill, words by William Butler Yeats
    Dunhill, Thomas F., 1877 - 1946
    [ Printed music : 1911 ]
    View online
    At Monash Online
    The cloths of heaven / Thomas F. Dunhill, words by William Butler Yeats
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 433.388)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 433.388)

  3. The cloths of heaven / Thomas F. Dunhill, words by William Butler Yeats
    Dunhill, Thomas F., 1877 - 1946
    [ Printed music : 1911 ]
    View online
    At Monash Online
    The cloths of heaven / Thomas F. Dunhill, words by William Butler Yeats
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 431.321)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 431.321)

  4. [Interview with Robert William Thomas] [interviewed by Colin Puls]
    Thomas, Robert William, 1913-2000
    [ Sound : 1977 ]
    Possibly online
    At WA State Library
    [Interview with Robert William Thomas] [interviewed by Colin Puls]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 429.442)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 429.442)

  1. 'Bill' Thomas outback pioneer : autobiography of William Hubert 'Bill' Thomas / compiled by Kevin Thomas
    Thomas, William Hubert
    [ Book : 2000 ]
    At 37 libraries
    'Bill' Thomas outback pioneer : autobiography of William Hubert 'Bill' Thomas / compiled by Kevin Thomas
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 734.149)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 734.149)

  2. Selected poems of Thomas Gray and William Collins / Edited by Arthur Johnston
    Gray, Thomas, 1716-1771
    [ Book : 1967-1970 ]
    At 11 libraries
    Selected poems of Thomas Gray and William Collins / Edited by Arthur Johnston
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 613.784)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 613.784)

  3. William Blake's water-colour designs for the poems of Thomas Gray / with an introduction and commentary by Geoffrey Keynes, Kt
    Blake, William, 1757-1827
    [ Book : 1971-1972 ]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
    View online
    At 20 libraries
    William Blake's water-colour designs for the poems of Thomas Gray / with an introduction and commentary by Geoffrey Keynes, Kt
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 581.799)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 581.799)

  4. Thomas William Allies / by Mary H. Allies
    Allies, Mary H. (Mary Helen), 1852-1927
    [ Book : 1907 ]
    At 4 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 581.595)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 581.595)

  1. THOMAS,
    News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) Wednesday 24 June 1953 p 18 Article Illustrated
    ... THOMAS, l HE message on the the muddy streets All the streets were placarded with them. They were ... the large key. They were disappointed though, for all they found was Thomas Farmer earnestly lecturing ... 877 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,073.016)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,073.016)

  2. THOMAS [?]
    Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) Friday 26 June 1925 p 10 Article
    ... .-, .lohn. Mi-'hnel. Thomas (Dr. i, Ivlnatd, and William, aid peraaps .mc oilier. Mis. Hubert langland, a ... THOMAS KELLY.     The first information the writer ha-       «¡iii ... 763 words
    • Text last corrected on 11 February 2016 by srekcarc
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,066.859)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3,066.859)

  3. THOMAS WILLIAM WILSON.
    Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) Thursday 4 November 1948 p 5 Article
    ... THOMAS WILLIAM WILSON. MOSSMAN, Nov. 2.-The death occurred In the Mossman District Hospital on ... Sunday evening, after a lengthy illness, of an old resident! of the district in the person of Mr. Thomas ... 140 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,978.799)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,978.799)