Sutherland, William (1859-1911)

Field of activity
Theoretical Physicist; Physical Chemist; Physicist; Physical chemist
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an57065441
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1467146

Biographies

William Sutherland (1859-1911), theoretical physicist and physical chemist, was born on 24 August 1859 at Glasgow, Scotland, son of George Sutherland, woodcarver, and his wife Jane, née Smith. The...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

William Sutherland was a writer for in Melbourne and a private researcher who investigated the viscosity of gases and liquids, molecular attraction, valency, ionization, ionic velocities, atomic sizes and an electronic theory of matter. He wrote an article on Eucalyptus Oil in 1887.

William Sutherland was educated at The University of Melbourne (BA 1979, MA 1883) and University College London (BSc 1881). He worked as a private coach, examiner, and acting lecturer in natural philosophy (1888) then acting professor (1889) at The University of Melbourne. At The University of Melbourne Sutherland undertook theoretical investigations, chiefly in the field of molecular dynamics; the results were published as 78 scientific papers, mostly in major international journals. His model, the Sutherland model, assumed that the particles of which matter is composed exert an attractive force on each other (now known as the 'Sutherland potential') in addition to gravity. He also studied the dependence of the viscosity of a gas on its temperature, developing a formula which included a constant for any particular gas that is now called Sutherland's Constant. In addition to his theoretical work William Sutherland was also a regular contributor to the Melbourne from 1901, especially on scientific topics.

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for William Sutherland

Selected resources (44)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Sutherland, William
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Molecular Refraction
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1889
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 27, 141-155
  3. Further Studies on Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1895
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 39, 1-46
  4. The Attraction of Unlike Molecules. II. The Surface Tension of Mixed Liquids
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1894
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 38, 188-197
  5. The Attraction of Unlike Molecules. I. The Diffusion of Gases
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1894
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 38, 1-19
  6. The Viscosity of Gases and Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1893
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 36, 507-531
  7. Some Corrections to a Paper on the Laws of Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1893
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 36, 150-151
  8. The Laws of Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1893
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 35, 211-295
  9. A Kinetic Theory of Solids, with an Experimental Introduction
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1891
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 32, 31-43, 215-225, 524-553
  10. The Viscosity of Mixed Gases
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1895
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 40, 421-431
  11. On the Law of Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1889
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 27, 305-321
  12. Molecular Force and the Surface Tension of Solutions
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1895
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 40, 477-494
  13. On the Recalculation of Certain Specific Heats at High Temperatures, and the Specific Heat of Water
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1888
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 26, 298-305
  14. Molecular Refraction
    Sutherland, William
    Published: Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, Sydney, 1888
    Series: Report of the First Meeting of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 1, 42-45
  15. On the Law of Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, Sydney, 1888
    Series: Report of the First Meeting of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 1, 39-42
  16. On the Law of Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1887
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S5), 24, 113-134, 168-187
  17. The Law of Attraction Amongst the Molecules of a Gas
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1886
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S5), 22, 81-95
  18. William Sutherland - Australia's First Physical Chemist
    Spurling, T. H.
    Published: 1974
    Series: Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, 41, 12, 313-314
  19. Sutherland, William - Ms 23
    Published: Australian Academy of Science, 1994
    Series: Listing of Adolph Basser Library holdings
  20. Sutherland, William
    Published: Australian Science Archives Project, 1995
    Series: Physics in Australia to 1945
  21. A New Periodic Property of the Elements
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1890
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 30, 318-323
  22. Bemerkungen uber die Thermodynamische Theorie der Kapillaritat von van der Waals
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1895
    Series: Zeitschrift fur Physikalische Chemie, 17, 536-538
  23. Speculating About Atoms in Early 20th Century Melbourne: William Sutherland and the "Sutherland-Einstein" Diffusion Relation
    Home, R. W.
    Published: 2005
    Series: Australian Physics, 42, 2, 53-60
  24. A Response to Intellectual Isolation: the Correspondence of W. A. Osborne and William Sutherland, 1905-1911
    Bolton, H. C.; Rae, Ian D.
    Published: 1995
    Series: Historical Records of Australian Science, 10, 4, 323-335
  25. Sutherland, William (1859-1911), Theoretical Physicist and Physical Chemist
    Home, R. W.
    Published: Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1990
    Series: Australian Dictionary of Biography, 12, 141-152
  26. Two Letters of William Sutherland to T. Brailsford Robertson: Ideas on the Electrical Conductivity of Proteins
    Bolton, H. C.; Coller, B.A.W.
    Published: 1993
    Series: Historical Records of Australian Science, 9, 4, 357-368
  27. William Sutherland: a Biography
    Osborne, W. A.
    Published: Lothian, Melbourne, 1920
  28. Two new pressure-gauges for the highest vacua
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1897
    Series: Philosophical Magazine, 83-99
  29. Thermal transpiration and radiometer motion
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1896
    Series: Philosophical Magazine, 373-391, 52-55
  30. Mechanical integration of the product of two functions
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1885
    Series: Philosophical Magazine, 175-178
  31. The Fundamental Atomic Laws of Thermochemistry
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1895
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 40, 1-56
  32. The law of attraction amongst the molecules of a gas
    Sutherland, W.
    Published: 1886
    Series: Philosophical Magazine - full title: The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 81-95
  33. William Sutherland and the "Sutherland-Einstein" Diffusion Relation: Theoretical Physics in a Colonial Setting
    Home, R. W.
    Published: 2005
    Series: Historia Scientiarum, 15, 125-138
  34. Further Investigations on the Laws of Molecular Force
    Sutherland, William
    Published: Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, Sydney, 1890
    Series: Report of the Second Meeting of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 2, 368-371
  35. Eucalyptus Oil
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1887
    Series: The Chemist and Druggist of Australasia, 2, 21-23, 46-48, 77-78
  36. Cathode, Lenard, and Rontgen Rays
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1899
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 47, 269-284
  37. Latent Heat of Evaporation of Zinc and Cadmium
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1898
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 46, 345-346
  38. The Causes of Osmotic Pressure and of the Simplicity of the Laws of Dilute Solutions
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1897
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 44, 493-498
  39. The Spontaneous Change of Oxygen into Ozone and a Remarkable Type of Dissociation
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1897
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 43, 201-214
  40. Boyle's Law at Very Low Pressures
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1897
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 43, 11-19
  41. High Tensions in Moving Liquids
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1896
    Series: Philosophical Magazine (S.5), 42, 111-115
  42. Mechanical integration of the product of two functions
    Sutherland, William
    Published: 1886
    Series: Philosophical Magazine, 141-143
  43. Chemistry in Australia Bibliography
    Collins, David
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2009
  44. Adolph Basser Library Manuscript Collection
    Smith, Ailie
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre, 2012

Resources by William Sutherland (2)

  1. A possible cause of the earth's magnetism and a theory of its variations / by William Sutherland
    Sutherland, William, 1859-1911
    [ Book : 1900 ]
    At State Library VIC
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 49,064.152)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 49,064.152)

  2. Letters and sketches
    Sutherland, William, 1859-1911
    [ Unpublished : 1877-1910 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,793.195)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 48,793.195)

Resources about William Sutherland (2)

  1. William Sutherland
    Sutherland, Jane, 1855-1928
    [ Art work : 1911 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At State Library VIC
    William Sutherland
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,008.016)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,008.016)

  2. William Sutherland : a biography / by W. A. Osborne
    Osborne, W. A. (William Alexander), 1873-1967
    [ Book : 1920 ]
    At 16 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 51,462.82)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 51,462.82)

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  1. Sutherland, Struan Keith (1936-2002)
    Pharmacologist
    ... Sutherland, Struan K (1936-2002) ... Struan Sutherland was head of the Australian Venom Research Unit, Department of Pharmacology ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,924.453)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,924.453)

  2. Sutherland, Keith Leonard (1916-1980)
    Industrial Chemist
    ... Sutherland, Keith Leonard (1916-1980) ... Keith Leonard Sutherland (1916-1980), industrial chemist, was born on 17 January 1916 at North ... Carlton, Melbourne, son of Victorian-born parents Alexander Philip Sutherland, a clerk in the public ...
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 51,007.938)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 51,007.938)

  3. Sutherland, John W., (John William) (1958-)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 36,000.797)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 36,000.797)

  1. SUTHERLAND SHIRE.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Wednesday 6 October 1909 [Issue No.129] p 5497

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... SUTHERLAND SHIRE. THE Council of the Shire of Sutherland has this day appointed Robert William Cook ... , of Woronora River, Sutherland, to act (without salary or allowances) as Custodian of the Reserve for ... 77 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,797.245)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,797.245)

  2. RE will of WILLIAM SUTHERLAND, late of Bathurst, in the
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 28 February 1975 [Issue No.40] p 795

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... RE will of WILLIAM SUTHERLAND, late of Bathurst, in the i.1. tt r 1 3L<ue ui i>ew aouiii waies ... Harold Paul, the executor of the will of the said William Sutherland, who died on 6th August, 1974 ... 172 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,325.958)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,325.958)

  3. IN BANKRUPTCY. Re William Henry Sutherland, of Coolah, labourer.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Wednesday 16 September 1914 [Issue No.163] p 5676

    Government Gazette Private Notices

    ... ,047) IN BANKRUPTCY. Be William Henry Sutherland, of Coolah, labourer. NOTICE is hereby giren that ft ... 79 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,317.748)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2,317.748)

  1. WILLIAM SUTHERLAND.
    The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Saturday 11 September 1920 p 3 Article
    ... WILLIAM SUTHERLAND. Professor W. A. Osborne, who is now in Brisbane: with the Medical Congress, has ... written a very sympathetic bio-<*> graphy of William Sutherland (Lothian Publishing, Co., Melbourne ... 134 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,621.098)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,621.098)

  2. WILLIAM SUTHERLAND.
    The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930) Saturday 21 August 1920 p 8 Article
    ... WILLIAM SUTHERLAND. Many students outside Melbourne University will welcome the biography of ... William Sutherland. which has been prepared by Professor Osborne. The nature of his scientific work can be ... 207 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,612.24)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,612.24)

  3. WILLIAM SUTHERLAND.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Saturday 28 August 1920 p 8 Article
    ... WILLIAM SUTHERLAND. I At the Instance of several friends of the late William Sutherland, Professor ... ists that Australia has produced William Sutherland was bom in Scotland in 1S59, came | out to ... 304 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,611.826)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4,611.826)

  1. William Moran telling it as it was : Sutherland Shire Council oral history project / [interviewer, Merle Kavanagh]
    Moran, William
    [ Sound : 1993 ]
    At Sutherland Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 391.563)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 391.563)

  2. The art of Joan Sutherland / edited by Joan Sutherland and Richard Bonynge
    Sutherland, Joan, 1926-2010
    [ Printed music : 1985 ]
    At State Library of QLD
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 334.269)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 334.269)

  3. William Mondel telling it as it was / interviewer, Merle Kavanagh
    Mondel, William
    [ Sound : 1994 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At Sutherland Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 333.563)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 333.563)

  4. Bill Barnidge telling it as it was : Sutherland Shire Council oral history project / [interviewer, Merle Kavanagh]
    Barnidge, William James
    [ Sound : 1993 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At Sutherland Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 298.301)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 298.301)

  1. 'Forby Sutherland', ca. 1930, by William McDonald Sutherland
    Sutherland, William McDonald
    [ Unpublished : 1930 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 554.714)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 554.714)

  2. SUTHERLAND, William
    [ Unpublished ]
    At RHSV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 537.799)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 537.799)

  3. Sutherland, William Johnstone, Singapore
    Australian Red Cross Society, National Office
    [ Unpublished : 2017 ]
    View online
    At Uni Melbourne Arch
    Sutherland, William Johnstone, Singapore
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 535.447)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 535.447)

  1. Graham Sutherland
    Sutherland, Graham, 1903-1980
    [ Book : 1943-1993 ]
    Languages: English;Italian;Multiple languages;Spanish, [7 others]
    At 18 libraries
    Graham Sutherland
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 900.937)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 900.937)

  2. With thinking fingers : the story of William Garner Sutherland / by Adah Strand Sutherland
    Sutherland, Adah Strand
    [ Book : 1962 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 565.716)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 565.716)

  3. Unto the Right Honourable the Lords of Council and Session, the petition of William Earl of Sutherland
    Sutherland, William Sutherland, Earl of, 1736-1766
    [ Book, Microform : 1765 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 3 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 490.221)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 490.221)

  4. Unto the Right Honourable, the Lords of Council and Session, the petition and claim of William Earl of Sutherland
    Sutherland, William Sutherland, Earl of, 1708-1750
    [ Book, Microform : 1747 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At 3 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 486.135)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 486.135)

  1. William Sutherland
    William Sutherland
    Created by suthercd, 1 item.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 745.283)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 745.283)

  2. Sutherland
    Sutherland
    Created by bill.phillips, 3 items.

    Court cases for Isaac Sutherland

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 411.227)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 411.227)

  3. Henney, William Henry Sutherland (WW1 soldier) - List of articles in Trove
    Henney, William Henry Sutherland (WW1 soldier) - List of  articles in Trove
    Created by SLQLD, 1 item.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 373.544)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 373.544)

  1. Sutherland township / for private sale by T. Tate & Co
    T. Tate & Co
    [ Map : 1887-1889 ]
    At Sutherland Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 358.039)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 358.039)

  2. Sutherland. part of "C" Riding, Parish of Sutherland, Co. of Cumberland / Valuer-General's Dept
    New South Wales. Department of the Valuer-General
    [ Government publication, Map : 1941 ]
    At Sutherland Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 278.813)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 278.813)

  3. Sandy Point Estate Georges River ; The Victory [Estate Yowie Bay] ; King's Estate No. 1 [Cronulla-Sutherland] ; [Holt-Sutherland Estate subdivisions, Georges River and Illawarra Railway Line. Township of Sutherland] ; Como Estate Georges River
    H.W. Horning & Co
    [ Map : 1884-1920 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At Sutherland Library
    Sandy Point Estate Georges River ; The Victory [Estate Yowie Bay] ; King's Estate No. 1 [Cronulla-Sutherland] ; [Holt-Sutherland Estate subdivisions, Georges River and Illawarra Railway Line. Township of Sutherland] ; Como Estate Georges River
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 278.633)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 278.633)

  1. William Sutherland and the 'Sutherland-Einstein' Diffusion Relation: Theoretical Physics in a Colonial Setting
    HOME, RW
    [ Article : 2005 ]
    At Uni of Mel Inst Rep
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 365.345)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 365.345)

  2. The Red Page William Sutherland (25 November 1920)
    The bulletin.
    [ Article : 1920 ]
    View online
    At Trove DigitalLibrary
    The Red Page William Sutherland (25 November 1920)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 357.925)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 357.925)

  3. Sutherland
    Helen McDonald
    [ Article ]
    At Dictionary of Sydney
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 356.391)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 356.391)

  4. Sutherland, John
    Terri McCormack
    [ Article ]
    At Dictionary of Sydney
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 355.172)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 355.172)