Barak, William, (Yarra Yarra chief) (1824-1903)

Also known as
Barak, (William), (King) (1824-1903)
Barak, William (1824-1903)
Barak (1824-1903)
Bearack (1824-1903)
Berak (1824-1903)
Beruk (1824-1903)
BerukKing William (1824-1903)
King Billy (1824-1903)
King William (1824-1903)
Field of activity
Aboriginal spokesman; Artist; Draughtsman; Painter
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an36589998
NLA Persistent Identifier
https://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1308870

Biographies

William Barak (1824-1903), Aboriginal spokesman, variously called 'King William, last chief of the Yarra Yarra tribe' or 'Beruk (white grub in gum tree) belonging to the Wurundjeri Willum horde whose country...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Wurundjeri Ngurungaeta (headman) and artist, William Barak created over fifty distinctive charcoal drawings with natural ochres and water colour of purely Aboriginal subjects. A politician and leader of his people at the Victorian settlement of Corranderrk, Barak was descended from the Aboriginal 'Chiefs' from whom the Port Phillip Association 'purchased' 600,000 acres of tribal lands in June 1835.

William Barak, Wurundjeri Ngurungaeta (headman) and artist, remembered the arrival of John Batman and other members of the Port Phillip Association in 1835 and its 'treaty’ with his people. Barak was about eleven years old at the time. His father Bebejan was the leader of Wurunjeri clan of Woiwurung speakers who lived around the Yarra River area near present day Melbourne. With four other clan groups the Wurundjeri formed the Kulin nation. Barak’s mother, Tooterrie, came from the Ngurailum balluk clan on the Goulburn River. In 1837 Barak attended the new government’s Yarra Mission School, begun by George Langhorne, and in 1844 he joined the Port Phillip Native Police. In 1845 he accompanied Chief Protector, GA Robinson, on an expedition from Melbourne to Lake Hindmarsh in western Victoria. Barak stayed with the Native Police until it was disbanded in 1853. By the early 1840s, the situation for Aboriginal people in Victoria was desperate. Police Magistrate and amateur anthropologist AW Howitt, who later became a confidant of Barak, described the advancement of European settlement as being “marked by a line of blood”. Surviving Aboriginal groups were also devastated by increasing alienation from their food resources and susceptibility to exotic diseases introduced by the colonists. From 1860 Barak became associated with the Coranderrk Aboriginal reserve situated on Badger Creek near the Yarra River. He worked closely with both ex-Protector and 'Guardian’ for the local Aboriginal people, William Thomas, and with John Green, the first superintendent of Coranderrk, to make the small farming ...

Flourished

  • fl. 1885 - 1901

View the full record at Design and Art Australia Online

Related people and organisations

Design and Art Australia Online

  • Museum of Ethnography, Neuchatel, Switzerland
  • State Library of Victoria, Melbourne, VIC
  • National Museum of Australia, Canberra, ACT
  • National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, ACT
  • National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, VIC
  • Remembering Barak
  • Aboriginal Artists of the Nineteenth Century
  • Aboriginal Australia
  • (see also) Figures in possum skin cloaks
  • (see also) Dancing scene/ Ceremony

Resources for William Barak

Resources by William Barak (5)

  1. [William Barak : Australasian Art & Artists File]
    Barak, William, Yarra Yarra chief, 1824-1903
    [ Book ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 183,144.734)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 183,144.734)

  2. Remembering Barak / [Judith Ryan, Carol Cooper, Joy Murphy-Wandin]
    Barak, William, Yarra Yarra chief, 1824-1903
    [ Book : 2003 ]
    Possibly online
    At 58 libraries
    Remembering Barak / [Judith Ryan, Carol Cooper, Joy Murphy-Wandin]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88,458.305)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88,458.305)

  3. [Aboriginal ceremony, with wallaby and emu]
    Barak, William, Yarra Yarra chief, 1824-1903
    [ Art work : 1880-1890 ]
    View online
    At State Library VIC
    [Aboriginal ceremony, with wallaby and emu]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 70,383.32)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 70,383.32)

  4. [Aboriginal ceremony]
    Barak, William, Yarra Yarra chief, 1824-1903
    [ Art work : 1880-1890 ]
    View online
    At State Library VIC
    [Aboriginal ceremony]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,699.578)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,699.578)

  5. [Dancing scene]
    Barak, William, Yarra Yarra chief, 1824-1903
    [ Art work : 1880-1890 ]
    View online
    At State Library VIC
    [Dancing scene]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,257.695)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66,257.695)

Resources about William Barak (120)

  1. [William Barak : Australasian Art & Artists File]
    Barak, William, Yarra Yarra chief, 1824-1903
    [ Book ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 183,519.984)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 183,519.984)

  2. William Barak : artist file
    Barak, William
    [ Book ]
    At Nat Portrait Gall
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 150,636.391)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 150,636.391)

  3. [Barak throwing boomerangs]
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    Languages: No linguistic content
    Possibly online
    At State Library VIC
    [Barak throwing boomerangs]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 120,650.523)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 120,650.523)

  4. William Barak : portrait sitter file
    Barak, William
    [ Book ]
    At Nat Portrait Gall
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 116,175.172)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 116,175.172)

  5. Barak : last chief of the Yarra Yarra Tribe of Aborigines / AF Fuller
    Fuller, Florence Ada, 1867-1946
    [ Art work : 1885 ]
    View online
    At State Library VIC
    Barak : last chief of the Yarra Yarra Tribe of Aborigines / AF Fuller
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 107,471.484)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 107,471.484)

  6. William Barak, known as King Billie, on horse back, Healesville, Victoria, ca. 1900 / Sarah Chinnery
    Chinnery, Sarah Johnston, 1887-1970
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    Languages: No linguistic content
    View online
    At National Library
    William Barak, known as King Billie, on horse back, Healesville, Victoria, ca. 1900 / Sarah Chinnery
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 104,445.992)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 104,445.992)

  7. King Billie, William Barak on horse back, Healesville, Victoria, ca. 1900, 2 / Sarah Chinnery
    Chinnery, Sarah Johnston, 1887-1970
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    Languages: No linguistic content
    View online
    At National Library
    King Billie, William Barak on horse back, Healesville, Victoria, ca. 1900, 2 / Sarah Chinnery
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 104,075.812)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 104,075.812)

  8. William Barak at Coranderrk reserve, near Healesville, Victoria, approximately 1900
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    Languages: No linguistic content
    View online
    At National Library
    William Barak at Coranderrk reserve, near Healesville, Victoria, approximately 1900
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 103,882.406)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 103,882.406)

  9. [Barak standing in yard]
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    Languages: No linguistic content
    Possibly online
    At State Library VIC
    [Barak standing in yard]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 103,836.859)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 103,836.859)

  10. William Barak
    Marcard, Patricia
    [ Book : 1969 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 103,452.773)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 103,452.773)

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  1. Barak, William, (Yarra Yarra chief) (-1903)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 25,989.266)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 25,989.266)

  2. Barak, William, (Yarra Yarra chief) (-1903)
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 25,428.676)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 25,428.676)

  1. KING BARAK.
    The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 28 November 1931 p 7 Article Illustrated
    ... portrait of Barak, last of the chiefs of the Yarra Yarra tribe of aborigines. A ... KING BARAK.—Illustrating an article by Mrs. A. F. Bon in the literary pages to-day is this ... 31 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 14,065.663)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 14,065.663)

  2. DEATH OF KING WILLIAM BARAK
    Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1862 - 1918, 1935) Saturday 22 August 1903 p 36 Article
    ... , at the age of 85, King William Barak, the last survivor of the Yarra tribe. Barak suc-ceeded King ... DEATH OF KING WILLIAM BARAK At the Aborigines' Station, Coranderrk, there passed away on Saturday ... 337 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12,220.503)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12,220.503)

  3. KING WILLIAM BARAK: CHIEF OF THE YARRA TRIBE, And last survivor. Died at Coranderrk Aboriginal Station Auguat 15; aged 85.
    The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 22 August 1903 p 32 Article Illustrated
    ... KING WILLIAM BARAK : CHIEF OF THE YARRA TRIBE, And last survivor. Died at Coranderrk Aboriginal ... 21 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11,179.877)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11,179.877)

  1. [Aboriginal ceremony, with wallaby ...
    Barak, William, ...
    [ Art work : 1880-1890 ]
    [Aboriginal ceremony, with wallaby and emu]
  2. [Dancing scene]
    Barak, William, ...
    [ Art work : 1880-1890 ]
    [Dancing scene]
  3. [Aboriginal ceremony]
    Barak, William, ...
    [ Art work : 1880-1890 ]
    [Aboriginal ceremony]
  4. [Barak throwing boomerangs]
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    [Barak throwing boomerangs]
  5. William Barak at Coranderrk reserve ...
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    William Barak at Coranderrk reserve, near Healesville, Victoria, approximately 1900
  6. William Barak, known as King Billie ...
    Chinnery, Sarah ...
    [ Photograph : 1900 ]
    William Barak, known as King Billie, on horse back, Healesville, Victoria, ca. 1900 / Sarah Chinnery

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  1. King Barak
    Ross, Richard
    Walkabout.
    [ Article : 1935 ]
    View online
    At 2 libraries
    King Barak
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 467.717)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 467.717)

  2. Barak in the National Gallery of Victoria
    Ryan, Judith
    Gallery (Melbourne)
    [ Article : 1995 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 354.81)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 354.81)

  3. Aboriginal artists of the 19th century. -National Gallery of Victoria exhibition, 1995.-
    Ryan, Judith
    Antiques and Art in Victoria
    [ Article : 1995 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 85.748)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 85.748)

  4. Coranderrk Aboriginal Station / remarks of the Board for the Protection of the Aborigines on the report of the Board appointed to enquire into and report upon the condition and management of the Coranderrk Aboriginal Station
    Board for the Protection of the Aborigines in the Colony of Victoria
    [ Article, Book : 1882 ]
    View online
    At 7 libraries
    Coranderrk Aboriginal Station / remarks of the Board for the Protection of the Aborigines on the report of the Board appointed to enquire into and report upon the condition and management of the Coranderrk Aboriginal Station
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21.697)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21.697)

  1. Barak's Headstone
    Barak's Headstone
    Created by PeggyAeschlimann, 46 items.

    The history of William Barak's memorial goes over several decades.

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 156.876)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 156.876)

  2. Stolen Generaration
    Stolen Generaration
    Created by SameulRasmussen, 18 items.

    Primary and secondary historical evidence has been collected to demonstrate the importance and primacy surrounding the Protection and Management of the Aboriginal Natives of Victoria Act 1869. In this...

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.86)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.86)

  3. Blacktrackers
    Blacktrackers
    Created by PeggyAeschlimann, 11 items.

    Occasions where the use of blacktrackers were recorded.

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.187)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.187)

  1. When the wattles bloom again : the life and times of William Barak, last chief of the Yarra Yarra tribe
    Shirley W Wiencke
    [ Photograph, Book ]
    View online
    At VACL
    When the wattles bloom again : the life and times of William Barak, last chief of the Yarra Yarra tribe
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,168.423)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1,168.423)

  2. When the wattles bloom again
    Wiencke, Shirley W
    [ Book : 1984 ]
    At RHSV Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 287.117)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 287.117)

  3. Drawing in Australia : drawings, water-colours, pastels and collages from the 1770s to the 1980s / Andrew Sayers
    Sayers, Andrew, 1957-2015
    [ Book, Art work : 1989 ]
    At 70 libraries
    Drawing in Australia : drawings, water-colours, pastels and collages from the 1770s to the 1980s / Andrew Sayers
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 73.753)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 73.753)

  4. Coranderrk Aboriginal Station / remarks of the Board for the Protection of the Aborigines on the report of the Board appointed to enquire into and report upon the condition and management of the Coranderrk Aboriginal Station
    Board for the Protection of the Aborigines in the Colony of Victoria
    [ Article, Book : 1882 ]
    View online
    At 7 libraries
    Coranderrk Aboriginal Station / remarks of the Board for the Protection of the Aborigines on the report of the Board appointed to enquire into and report upon the condition and management of the Coranderrk Aboriginal Station
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 73.365)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 73.365)

  1. VICTORIA
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. Periodic (National : 1977 - 2011) Thursday 15 December 1977 p 155

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... , Geoffrey William. Ainsworth, William Charles. Gude, lan John. Ainsworth, William Charles, 117 Yarra Street ... , 130 Yarra Street, Geelong 3220. Boswell, William Peter George, 3 Chatham Avenue, Ferntree Gully 3156 ... 70994 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.908)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.908)

  2. VICTORIA
    Australian Government Gazette. Periodic (National : 1974 - 1977) Tuesday 28 June 1977 p 149

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... , Bairnsdale 3870. Biggart, Rae Gordon, 19 Portland Place, South Yarra 3141. Biggs, Roger William, 34 ... bourne 3000. Nominees— Boltman, Colin. Wilson, Clifford William Plumpton. Abish, Armin, 267 Hawthorn Road ... 69702 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.896)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.896)

  3. Index page
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973) Wednesday 31 December 1952 [INDEX Jan 1952-Dec 1952] p 30

    Government Gazette Index And Contents

    ... .. 2170 Baragwanath, D. R., 2539 Barakat, E., 3368 Barakate, L., 3217 Baratgin, E. R., 2872 Barber, A. W ... 146165 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 8.123)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 8.123)

  1. Full transcript
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2000-2015 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    Full transcript
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.933)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.933)