1. List: phrase "White Australia"
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    Sir George Reid claimed to have invented the term "White Australia", but was he actually the first to use it?

    Searched up to (inclusive) 16 May 1892
    http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/result?q=%22white+Australia%22&sortby=dateAsc&s=220



    The first located use of the phrase "white Australia" is from 27 April 1886.
    17 March 1896 is the first example located of George Reid using the phrase "white Australia".

    The claim of George Reid for being the first to use the phrase "white Australia" is found in:
    * Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate, 5 February 1901 (in the list below).
    * "My Reminiscences" (1917), by Sir George Houstoun Reid, p. 203 (in the list below).

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    created by: InstituteOfAustralianCulture on 2015-04-16 09:29:57.0
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  1. The Northern Miner. PUBLISHED DAILY. TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 27, 1886.
    The Northern Miner (Charters Towers, Qld. : 1874 - 1954) Tuesday 27 April 1886 p 3 Article
    Abstract: WHEN the cry for Territorial Separation was raised in Townsville half a dozen years ago, it was drowned in ridicule, and the present agitation is thr ... 1687 words
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    2015-04-16 09:52:23.0

    "a putrid corpse tied to the fair living body of a white Australia?"

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  2. THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER (PUBLISHED DAILY.) PROGRESSION, OUR RIGHTS, AND OUR RESOURCES. SANDHURST, FRIDAY, AUG. 19, 1887 MR. BENT'S AMENDMENT.
    Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918) Friday 19 August 1887 p 2 Article
    Abstract: IF the Government had adhered to their expressed intention of not meddling with the tariff until next session they would have come just as well out o ... 5795 words
    • Text last corrected on 16 April 2015 by ellarocks
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    2015-04-16 09:56:23.0

    "But in white Australia, and at the close of the 19th century, we still found crowds of credulous followers of golden chariot medicine"

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  3. Going to Stay White
    The Northern Miner (Charters Towers, Qld. : 1874 - 1954) Monday 22 August 1887 p 3 Article
    Abstract: THE language used by the Chinese Commissioners upon the poll-tax and immigration question is just what was to be expected. They are yellows; we are w ... 231 words
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    2015-04-16 09:57:32.0

    "They are yellows; we are whites; they hardly look at the problem from our side, and as hardly sympathise with us in our ideal of a great and white Australia."

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  4. CABLEGRAMS. LONDON, July 10.
    The Northern Miner (Charters Towers, Qld. : 1874 - 1954) Friday 20 July 1888 p 3 Article
    Abstract: In the cricket match, Australians v Derbyshire, the col[?]nials' first innings closed for 181; D[?]rbyshire second ond inning. 57. W. H. Smith propos ... 2493 words
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    2015-04-16 10:04:23.0

    "And since this is to be feared, the South should absolutely and uncompromisingly refuse separation to the North till such time as the loyal whites stand in no danger of being overborne by those who are at heart traitors to white Australia."

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  5. The Brisbane Courier TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1889.
    The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Tuesday 8 January 1889 p 4 Article
    Abstract: THE local government elections are about to take place, and during the next month some 400 persons in the aggregate will have to be chosen as represe ... 5682 words
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    2015-04-16 10:08:10.0

    "At a juncture when the question of whether Australia is to be from end to end a white Australia is still swaying in the balance, Sir Henry thinks the best means to promote Australian unity would be to split off the Northern parts of Queensland, South Australia, and presumably Western Australia, and leave them to introduce whatsoever type of civilisation shall seem good to them. It is difficult to take an enunciation like this seriously."

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  6. The [?] minor, PUBLISHED DAILY. MONMAY, APRIL 15, 1889.
    The Northern Miner (Charters Towers, Qld. : 1874 - 1954) Monday 15 April 1889 p 3 Article
    Abstract: THE Deane-street Jampot is going round pretty freely. It was nearly emptied over LAUTHER on Wednesday and on Friday AYTON came in for a 1824 words
    • Text last corrected on 20 March 2019 by Windschu
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    2015-04-16 10:09:21.0

    "But it must be a white Australia"

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  7. The Morning Bulletin, ROCKHAMPTON. FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 18[?]. THE SUGAR INDUSTRY.
    Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) Friday 19 April 1889 p 4 Article
    Abstract: The Commissioners appointed to inquire into the condition of the sugar industry have not been able to agree on a joint report. This is probably just 1649 words
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    2015-04-16 10:11:19.0

    "it is a white Australia which is advocated; the exclusion of all coloured races is a primary condition"

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  8. THE BARCOO. [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
    Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) Tuesday 10 September 1889 p 6 Article
    Abstract: Since the light thunderstorms of last week the weather has gradually become warmer, until yesterday the glass scared up into the nineties, To-day's w ... 2205 words
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    2015-04-16 10:12:45.0

    "in short, Australia for the Australians, and a white Australia is their motto"

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  9. Country News. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS.) CHARTERS TOWERS, September 1.
    The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Saturday 14 September 1889 p 486 Article
    Abstract: In mining there have been a few satisfactory items and a little spirit of activity in some shares, but there are arrangements pending which will have ... 5714 words
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    2015-04-16 10:16:25.0

    "Australia for the Australians, and a white Australia was their motto"

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  10. The Morning Bulletin, ROCKHAMPTON. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1889. NOTES OF THE WEEK.
    Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) Saturday 28 September 1889 p 5 Article
    Abstract: All Parliamentary and political news points to the speedy close of the session. It is beyond doubt that the unexpected secession of Sir Thomas M'Ilwr ... 7179 words
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    2015-04-16 10:20:35.0

    "Italians, Germans, and Danes have all been proposed, because they would accept lower wages than the British or Australian labourer, but for that very reason there will be as great an antipathy shown towards them by the "white-Australia" people as to the blackest kanaka ever landed in Queensland."

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  11. Opening of Parliament (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.) BRISBANE, June 24.
    Cairns Post (Qld. : 1884 - 1893) Wednesday 25 June 1890 p 2 Article
    Abstract: Parliament was opened by the Governor to-day, with the usual ceremonies. The outside attendance was not large, but the Legislative Council was crowde ... 1930 words
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    2015-04-16 11:00:46.0

    "The foundation of the Separation movement as it now stood, was the keeping of servile labour in Australia and white Queensland, and white Australia would prevent it being successfully brought to an issue."

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  12. THE SHEARING TROUBLE. ADELAIDE, Saturday.
    Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954) Thursday 26 February 1891 p 4 Article
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    2015-04-16 11:30:58.0

    "The agreement offered ignores the eight-hours system, puts white, yellow brown, and black upon the same footing in white Australia, penalises the bush worker at the pleasure of his squatter employer, and is devised throughout to brush the unions, and enslave the unionist labourers."

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  13. THE EDITORIAL MILL.
    Worker (Brisbane, Qld. : 1890 - 1955) Saturday 28 November 1891 p 1 Article
    Abstract: General Booth is reported by the Duped in (N.Z.) Evening Star to have thus talked to one of its reporters : Reporter : You take it, then, that New Ze ... 2590 words
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    2015-04-16 11:39:19.0

    "Yet here is a man who has ruthlessly and needlessly invaded black states, carrying fire and sword and slavery with him, received and feted and honoured by those whom he tickles by assisting in their nefarious designs upon White Australia."

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  14. THE EDITORIAL MILL.
    Worker (Brisbane, Qld. : 1890 - 1955) Saturday 19 March 1892 p 1 Article
    Abstract: The event pf the month is Ryan's great victory in the Barcoo. , In South Australia, Victoria and Queensland the last by-elections have all gone in fa ... 2380 words
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    2015-04-16 11:42:20.0

    "we may have to fight a bloody war against the slaveholders in which victory may not necessarily perch on the flag of White Australia."

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  15. The Colored Labor Question.
    Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (Qld. : 1868 - 1919) Tuesday 29 March 1892 p 4 Article
    Abstract: The Rev. A. C. Smith, of Mowbraytown, Convener of the Queensland Presbyterian Heathen Mission Committee, has written in reply to Dr. Paton's protest ... 1093 words
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    2015-04-16 11:45:38.0

    "In justice to white Australia, in justice to the verdict of the people taken at the last two goneral elections"

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  16. Correspondence. THE GOVEENOR'S SPEECH. (To the Editor Cairns Post.)
    Cairns Post (Qld. : 1884 - 1893) Saturday 2 April 1892 p 3 Article
    Abstract: SIR,—The present Government of Queensland has made itself remarkable for many extraordinary acts, and amongst the most surprising is the policy laid ... 523 words
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    2015-04-16 12:09:21.0

    "It has been doubted whether or not it is admirable or even faithful to introduce such a measure into a Parliament, whose members have solemnly pledged themselves to "white Australia," in the sense in which the phrase is popularly known."

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  17. AUSTRALIAN SLAVERY
    The Hummer (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1891 - 1892) Saturday 2 April 1892 p 1 Article
    Abstract: PARLIAMENTS in Queensland run five years, instead of three, unless a dissolution takes place sooner. Last year an Act was passed to make all 842 words
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    2015-04-16 12:03:32.0

    2 April 1892 [1901 reprint?]

    "Sir Samuel Griffith, the Premier, was foremost in his advocacy of a White Australia, and stated that, in his opinion, if Black labor was to be a recognised institution, the white folks had better pack up and leave Queensland"

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  18. THE EDITORIAL MILL
    Worker (Brisbane, Qld. : 1890 - 1955) Saturday 23 April 1892 p 2 Article
    Abstract: It is very instructive to note the different amount of publicity which the fair and impartial daily press gives to the Bulimba and to the Baicoo elec ... 1934 words
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    2015-04-16 12:11:56.0

    "being led by the hope of personal profit into a blind assent to the recent betrayal of White Australia and to the unconstitutional reversal of the national policy"

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  19. LABOUR IN POLITICS.
    Worker (Brisbane, Qld. : 1890 - 1955) Saturday 23 April 1892 p 3 Article
    Abstract: It is calculated that nearly 500 absentee votes wore cast in Bulimba last Saturday. THE WESTERN men, electrified by the 1016 words
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    2015-04-16 12:13:40.0

    "Foxton, M.L.A., who also black-legged on White Australia, expresses the opinion that party government is defective."

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  20. Democratic League.
    The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947) Monday 16 May 1892 p 4 Article
    Abstract: On Friday night a successful meeting was held in the Bulimba School of Arts to consider the advisability of forming a branch of the Australian Democr ... 204 words
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    2015-04-16 12:26:33.0

    "The audience appoved the various arguments adduced in support of the several principles contained in the manifesto — namely, one man one vote, a white Australia, settlement on the land, and protection. "

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  21. MR. CRICK'S SPEECH ON THE ADDRESS IN REPLY. The Member for West Macquarie Hits Hard All Round, Especially Castigating the Minister for Mines and the Member for Dubbo.
    Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954) Sunday 18 August 1895 p 5 Article
    Abstract: Mr. CRICK : It is refreshing to hear an hon member of the intellectual calibre of the hon member for Hay (Mr. Ashton) taken to task by a crack with o ... 7936 words
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    2015-04-16 12:57:58.0

    Mr. (William Patrick) Crick uses the phrase "white Australia" in the NSW parliament. The same article shows that George Reid was present.

    "Where is the importance of a land or income tax, or the taking off of Customs duties, compared with the necessity for keeping this a white Australia?"

    Mr William Patrick CRICK (1862 - 1908)
    http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/members.nsf/ec78138918334ce3ca256ea200077f5d/29617217607403bdca256cc400119a0a!OpenDocument

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  22. The Premier in the North A CORDIAL RECEPTION. THE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMME UPPER HOUSE REFORM. "A WHITE AUSTRALIA." | Sydney, Tuesday.
    Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (NSW : 1851 - 1904) Tuesday 17 March 1896 p 2 Article
    Abstract: The Premier reached Hillgrove yesterday and received a hearty reception, bein met on the road by a cavalcade of mei etc. He was presented with an add ... 233 words
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    2017-07-17 05:18:24.0

    George Reid uses the phrase "white Australia":
    "He added that the sooner the colonies, without waiting for Federation, let the world know that they were going to have a white Australia the better."

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  23. THE PREMIER AT HILL GROVE. THE POLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT. REFERENDUM TO BE INTRODUCED. "A WHITE AUSTRALIA." [BY TELEGRAPH.] (FROM OUR SPECIAL REPORTER.) HILLGROVE, Monday.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Tuesday 17 March 1896 p 5 Article
    Abstract: The Premier arrived at Armidale about 7 o'clock this morning and was met at the station by Messrs. Pulsford and Lonsdale, and a number of prominent r ... 2049 words
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    2017-07-17 05:18:30.0

    George Reid uses the phrase "white Australia":
    "The sooner the colonies, without waiting for federation, let the world know that they were going to have a white Australia the better."

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  24. The Pretoria Trials.
    Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931) Thursday 30 April 1896 p 4 Article
    Abstract: FIVE of the members of the Johannesburg Reform Committee-Colonel Francis Rhodes (brother of Cecil Rhodes), Lionel Phillips (presumably an English Jew ... 2961 words
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    2015-04-16 13:15:06.0

    "Still that question of preventing this country from being swamped by Asiatics, and preserving it, to quote Mr. Reid's phrase, as a "White Australia," is certainly a wide one."

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  25. SPEECH BY MR. G. H. REID. REPLY TO MR. BARTON. SYDNEY, Monday Night.
    Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) Tuesday 5 February 1901 p 5 Article
    Abstract: Mr. G. H. Reid addressed the electors of Sydney in the Protestant Hall to-night. Dr. Graham, the Mayor, occupied the chair, among those on the platfo ... 1064 words
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    2015-05-03 00:05:30.0

    "He (Mr. Reid) felt delighted that the Federal Ministry advocated every reform he had been fighting for for years, and that they had even adopted the term "White Australia," which he coined years ago."

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  26. In Race[?]s.
    The Canowindra Star (NSW : 1900 - 1902) Friday 8 February 1901 p 2 Article
    Abstract: The Federal election campaign may now be said to be in full swing. Mr. Reid has delivered his "counterblast" to Mr. Barton's Maitland speech with 1945 words
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    2017-07-27 16:36:42.0

    "There is only one portion of the Federal Prime Minister's declaration of policy that meets with Mr. Reid's unqualified endorsement and that is the determination in favor of a "white Australia," a phrase Mr. Reid claims, with characteristic egotism, to have coined. As a matter of fact the phrase was used years ago by Sir Henry Parkes, long before Mr. Reid was thought of as a serious politician, and even Sir Henry did not claim to be the author of it."

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  27. THE WIDE BAY FEDERAL ELECTION. MR. J. T. ANNEAR'S MEETING.
    Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947) Tuesday 26 February 1901 p 2 Article
    Abstract: MR. J. T. ANNEAR, M.L.A., who is a candidate for the seat in the House of Representatives for the Wide Bay division, opened his campaign by addressin ... 6725 words
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    2017-07-17 05:24:34.0

    "Mr. Barton and Mr. Reid had been having a contention over the first use of the term "White Australia," but neither had any claim to it, as it was first used by the late Mr. John Macrossan 25 years ago."

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  28. MR. BARTON'S CANDIDATURE. BANQUET AND ADDRESS AT SINGLETON. VOTE OF CONFIDENCE CARRIED. SINGLETON, Thursday.
    Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) Friday 15 March 1901 p 5 Article
    Abstract: Mr. E. Barton, K.C., opened his electioneering campaign for the Hunter at Singleton to-night. On his way up he met with demonstrations of welcome at ... 1523 words
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    2015-05-02 23:56:31.0

    Re. Edmund Barton:
    "He then dealt with the question of a White Australia; and claimed that the term was first used by Mr. John M'Crossan, not by Mr. Reid."

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  29. Web page: "My Reminiscences" (1917), by Sir George Houstoun Reid, p. 203
    http://archive.org/stream/myreminiscences00reiduoft#page/202/mode/2up
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    2015-05-02 23:59:16.0

    "The doctrine of a "white Australia" — a term I invented"

    "My Reminiscences" (1917), by Sir George Houstoun Reid, p. 203

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  30. SIR GEORGE REID. Political and Personal Reminiscences.
    The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Saturday 21 April 1917 p 9 Article
    Abstract: The "Reminiscences of Sir George Reid" will be published in Australia at the beginning of May. The book, which consists of 400 pages, is largely made ... 1006 words
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    2015-04-16 09:29:57.0

    "Sir George Reid claims the authorship of the term "White Australia.""

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