Freie Berufe- Europäische Entwicklungen; Liberal Professions - European Development
The suggestion of the EU Commission concerning the deregulation of liberal professions from 2003 plans to regulated occupations into one category. Various occupations, which have not fulfilled the conditions of independence and scientific qualification, yet, should be thereby being joined with the liberal professions. The Viennese study about liberal profession rights in Europe of 2002 by Ogus et al. has confirmed that not only considerable differences of the regulation density exist, but that there are also deregulation-trends as they were already proved in the Lüneburg-study from 1996 with correspondence. Newer results of this trend research should be introduced in the connection of topical theories of the so-called system competition. The former commissioner Monti has initiated an initiative for the abatement of cartel-illegal regulations of free professions. It is continued, but is weakened by the fact that modern compliance strategies are taken into consideration.
Liberal Professions; Deregulation; liberal occupation rights in Europe; Viennes study; system competition
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