English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis on the Relation Between Fertility and Female Employment. Henriette Engelhardt; Alexia Prskawetz

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/104195
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • A Pooled Time-Series Analysis on the Relation Between Fertility and Female Employment.
Author
  • Henriette Engelhardt
  • Alexia Prskawetz
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • Various authors nd that in OECD countries the cross-country correlation between the total fertility rate and the female labour force participation rate turned from a negative value before the 1980s to a positive value thereafter. Based on pooled time series analysis the literature seems to agree that this change is due to unmeasured country and time heterogeneity with respect to female employment. However, the role of female employment for time and country heterogeneity remains unclear. Using data of 22 OECD countries from 1960-2000 we estimate pooled time series models of fertility and female labour force participation by applying random effects and xed effects panel models as well as Prais-Winsten regressions with panel-corrected standard errors and autoregressive errors. Proceeding with Prais-Winsten regressions our empirical ndings reveal substantial differences across countries and time periods in the effects of female employment on fertility. Initial increases in female employment strongly lowers fertility, but continued increases have a progressively less negative effect. The country heterogeneity in the effect of female employment can also be conrmed for different regions as well as for varying welfare and gender regimes.
  • RePEc:vid:eudgrp:0501
Language
  • English
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