Labour Market Problems in the Hotel and Restaurant Business
The availability of an adequate pool of suitable labour is a key location factor for the labour-intensive hotel and restaurant business. Yet, in spite of high unemployment (jobless rate: 17.3 percent) and schemes to attract seasonal workers from abroad, the sector still encounters considerable difficulties in filling job vacancies. Of the many approaches towards elucidating the mystery of high levels of unemployment concurrent with a perceived scarcity of workers, key contributions are the high seasonal fluctuations in demand and the mismatch theory. The phenomenon of seasonal unemployment may be understood as a special aspect of demand scarcity. The seasonal dependence of tourism demand generates variations which in turn cause personnel to be set free at a grand scale at the end of a season. The mismatch theory goes a long way towards explaining a large part of the problems encountered in filling job openings while sectoral unemployment remains high. Key elements of the structural imbalance are qualifications and age, availability in terms of geography and time, and earnings expectations (including working conditions and career options). Overall, it appears that the future supply of an adequate number of qualified labour is a growing problem, because the need for operations to position themselves in the quality segment will raise the labour and qualification threshold.
Arbeitsmarktprobleme im Beherbergungs- und Gaststättenwesen; Österreich
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