Etanercept: A Pharmacoeconomic Review of its Use in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Katherine A. Lyseng-Williamson
Greg L. Plosker
Etanercept (Enbrel(R)), which inhibits the activity of tumour necrosis factor-alpha, is indicated in the treatment of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A lifetime cost-utility analysis in patients with severe disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)-resistant RA in the UK suggested that etanercept is associated with acceptable cost-utility ratios relative to traditional nonbiological DMARDs. In a 12-month cost-utility study in Spain, etanercept was predicted to be dominant over infliximab plus methotrexate in patients with active, refractory RA with regards to the cost per QALY gained and cost per American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 response achieved. In short-term cost-effectiveness analyses conducted in the US, the cost effectiveness of etanercept relative to other treatments in patients with methotrexate-naive or -resistant RA depends on whether predicted incremental cost-effectiveness ratios of at least $US41 The relative efficacy and cost effectiveness of etanercept and other biological DMARDs will be clarified when appropriate data from directly comparative clinical and/or long-term pharmacoeconomic studies become available. Etanercept may prevent or delay disability, which may produce reductions in nondrug costs that could help offset its acquisition cost.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.