English, Article edition: The Effects of Type 1 Diabetes and its Long-Term Complications on Physical and Mental Health Status Jarmo Hahl; Helena Hamalainen; Tuula Simell; ...

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Physical Description
  • article
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • The Effects of Type 1 Diabetes and its Long-Term Complications on Physical and Mental Health Status
Author
  • Jarmo Hahl
  • Helena Hamalainen
  • Tuula Simell
  • Olli Simell
Physical Description
  • article
Notes
  • Objective: To analyse how type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) and the symptoms of its chronic long-term complications correlate with health status domains in the adult population in Finland. Methods: A representative sample of patients with type 1 DM was selected randomly from the Finnish drug reimbursement registry. Participants reported symptoms, diagnoses and treatments indicating the presence and time of appearance of long-term complications, and completed the RAND 36 questionnaire. A principal component analysis was performed to compress the eight RAND 36 dimensions into composite domains of health status. The results were validated with split-sample analysis. Regression analyses were used to estimate the effects of age, sex, symptoms of long-term complications and comorbidities on the component T-scores. Results: Of the 752 (70.8%) responders, 592 fulfilled the criteria of type 1 DM. Of these, 82.6% fully completed the RAND 36 questionnaire. Principal component analysis of our data supports the theory of the 2-factor model of health, as physical and mental health domains were reflected unambiguously by different RAND 36 dimensions. The regression results show that the symptoms of long-term complications correlate more strongly with the physical than the mental domain of health status. Conclusion: Type 1 DM, and especially the symptoms of its long-term complications, correlate mainly with the physical domain of health, although the mental domain is also affected. The prevalence of long-term complications with type 1 DM is sufficiently high within the Finnish population to substantially influence the health status of people with type 1 DM.
  • Quality-of-life, Type-1-diabetes-mellitus
  • RePEc:wkh:phecon:v:24:y:2006:i:6:p:559-569
Language
  • English
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