English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Skill Upgrading in Developing Countries: Has Inward Foreign Direct Investment Played a Role? Matthew J. Slaughter

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/86064
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Skill Upgrading in Developing Countries: Has Inward Foreign Direct Investment Played a Role?
Author
  • Matthew J. Slaughter
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • How do multinational firms affect both the demand for and supply of skills in host country labour markets? On the demand side, inward FDI can stimulate demand for skilled workers in host countries through several channels. Most empirical evidence indicates that these channels work mainly within multinationals themselves, rather than through knowledge spillovers to domestic firms. On the supply side, the question of how inward FDI influences the development of human capital is much more difficult to answer. There are two different modes by which multinational enterprises (MNEs) can facilitate investments in human capital. One involves short-term, firm-level activities by which individual firms interact with host country labour markets. The other involves longterm, country-level activities by which MNEs collectively contribute to an overall macro environment where fiscal policy can support and drive education policy ... Comment les firmes multinationales affectent-elles l’offre et la demande de compétences sur les marchés du travail des pays dans lesquelles elles s’installent ? Du côté de la demande, l’investissement direct étranger peut accroître la demande de maind’œuvre qualifiée dans les pays d’accueil, par plusieurs canaux. Il ressort de la plupart de données empiriques que ces canaux sont à l’œuvre à l’intérieur des firmes ellesmêmes, plutôt que par une diffusion des connaissances vers les entreprises nationales. Du côté de l’offre, il est beaucoup plus difficile de savoir comment l’IDE modifie le développement du capital humain. Les firmes multinationales peuvent faciliter de deux manières l’investissement dans le capital humain. La première se manifeste via les activités à court terme, au niveau de la firme, par lesquelles chaque entreprise interagit avec le marché du travail du pays d’accueil. L’autre se manifeste via les activités à long terme, au niveau du pays, par lesquelles ...
  • RePEc:oec:devaaa:192-en
Language
  • English
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