English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Priorities in Global Assistance for Health, Aids and Population (HAP) Landis MacKellar

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Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Priorities in Global Assistance for Health, Aids and Population (HAP)
Author
  • Landis MacKellar
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • In this paper, trends in official development assistance (ODA) for Health AIDS and Population (HAP) are analysed to gain information about revealed priorities. The major findings are as follows: HIV/​AIDS is clearly the top priority in international health assistance. While the share of HAP in total ODA has increased significantly over the last decade, however, if HIV/​AIDS is excluded, health assistance is actually losing, not gaining share in total ODA. Even more striking, apart from HIV/​AIDS, the health sub-sectors generally considered pro-poor are losing share in health ODA. These trends, inconsistent with the emphasis placed on health as a key sector in development and with growing recognition of the links between health and poverty, are true both for aid-recipient countries as a whole and for least-developed countries. They help to explain and underscore the urgency of warnings emanating from the international public health community that international support for health development is insufficient. They also raise the issue of whether HAP assistance is being effectively allocated to address the needs of the poor....Ce document se propose d’analyser l’évolution de l’aide publique au développement (APD) consacrée à la santé, au sida et à la population (HAP) afin de collecter des informations sur les priorités identifiées. Plusieurs conclusions s’imposent. Le VIH/​sida apparaît clairement comme la première priorité de l’aide internationale en matière de santé. Si la part globale de l’aide HAP dans le total de l’APD a sensiblement augmenté au cours des dix dernières années, l’assistance à la santé perd en fait du terrain dès lors que l’on exclut les données relatives au VIH/​sida. Mais il y a plus : les sous-secteurs de la santé (hors VIH/​sida), qui sont en général considérés comme « favorables aux pauvres », perdent en importance dans l’APD en matière de santé. Ces évolutions — qui contredisent la place officielle accordée à la santé en tant que secteur primordial du développement et la reconnaissance croissante des liens entre santé et pauvreté – se retrouvent autant chez les pays bénéficiaires de l’aide pris dans leur ensemble que chez les pays moins avancés. Elles permettent d’expliquer et de souligner l’importance des mises en garde de la communauté internationale chargée de la santé publique, qui estime que l’aide internationale en matière de santé reste insuffisante. Elles soulèvent également une interrogation quant à l’efficacité de l’allocation de l’aide HAP par rapport aux besoins des pauvres...
  • RePEc:oec:devaaa:244-en
Language
  • English
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