English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Virtuous Circles? Human Capital Formation, Economic Development and the Multinational Enterprise Ethan B. Kapstein

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/85945
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Virtuous Circles? Human Capital Formation, Economic Development and the Multinational Enterprise
Author
  • Ethan B. Kapstein
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • In recent years, academics and policy makers have emphasised the role of human capital formation in economic development. By creating human capital, countries become more attractive to private investment, both domestic and foreign. And through such investment, countries grow and prosper. Yet the empirical evidence in support of this theory remains elusive. While foreign direct investment (FDI) has multiplied in many countries around the world since the 1980s, its effects on growth are uncertain. Why is that the case? In this paper I argue that political economy pathways exist that may lead countries away from sustained growth. In countries that lack well-developed capital and education markets, many otherwise qualified citizens may be denied the basic skills they need in order to contribute fully to the nation’s economic development. As societies become divided, they become more conflicted, and this conflict dampens growth, irrespective of the level of foreign direct investment ... Au cours des dernières années, chercheurs et décideurs ont insisté sur le rôle de la formation du capital humain dans le développement économique. En créant du capital humain, les pays deviennent plus attractifs pour l’investissement privé, qu’il soit national ou étranger. Et cet investissement apporte croissance et prospérité. Les données empiriques à l’appui de cette théorie sont toutefois ambiguës. Bien que l’investissement direct étranger se soit fortement accru dans nombre de pays depuis les années 80, son effet sur la croissance n’est pas très bien établi. Pourquoi ? Ce Document technique met en évidence des orientations d’économie politique susceptibles d’éloigner les pays d’une croissance durable. En particulier, dans les pays qui n’ont pas un marché bien développé des capitaux et de l’éducation, beaucoup d’individus qualifiés ne trouvent pas les compétences de base dont ils ont besoin pour participer pleinement au développement économique national. A mesure que les sociétés ...
  • RePEc:oec:devaaa:191-en
Language
  • English
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