IN-SITU SYNTHETIC TiB2 PARTICULATE REINFORCED METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE COATING ON AA2024 ALUMINUM ALLOY BY LASER CLADDING TECHNOLOGY
In order to improve the wear resistance of aluminum alloy, in-situ synthesized TiB2 and Ti3B4 peritectic composite particulate reinforced metal matrix composite, formed on a 2024 aluminum alloy by laser cladding with a powder mixture of Fe-coated Boron, Ti and Al, was successfully achieved using 3-KW CW CO2 laser. The chemical composition, microstructure and phase structure of the composite clad coating were analyzed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), SEM, AFM and XRD. The typical microstructure of the composite coating is composed of TiB2, Ti3B4, Al3Ti, Al3Fe and Î±-Al. The surface hardness of cladding coating increases with the amount of added Fe-coated B and Ti powder which determines the amount of TiB2 and Ti3B4 peritectic composite particulate. The nanohardness and the elastic modulus at the interface of the TiB2 and Ti3B4 peritectic composite particulate/matrix were investigated using the nanoindentation technique. The results showed that the nanohardness and the reduced elastic modulus from the peritectic composite particulate to the matrix is a gradient distribution.
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