BIOMIMETIC DEPOSITION OF APATITE ON SURFACE CHEMICALLY MODIFIED POROUS NiTi SHAPEMEMORY ALLOY
S. L. WU
X. M. LIU
C. Y. CHUNG
PAUL K. CHU
Y. L. CHAN
K. W. K. YEUNG
C. L. CHU
Porous NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) with 48% porosity and an average pore size of 50â800 Î¼m was synthesized by capsule-free hot isostatic pressing (CF-HIP). To enhance the surface bioactivity, the porous NiTi SMA was subjected to H2O2 and subsequent NaOH treatment. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses revealed that a porous sodium titanate (Na2TiO3) film had formed on the surface of the porous NiTi SMA. An apatite layer was deposited on this film after immersion in simulated body fluid at 37Â°C, while no apatite could be found on the surface of the untreated porous NiTi SMA. The formation of the apatite layer infers that the bioactivity of the porous NiTi SMA may be enhanced by surface chemical treatment, which is favorable for its application as bone implants.
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