English, Article edition: EFFECT OF ANTIMONY AND FLUORINE DOPING ON ELECTRICAL, OPTICAL AND STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF TIN OXIDE FILMS PREPARED BY SPRAY PYROLYSIS METHOD K. S. SHAMALA; L. C. S. MURTHY; K. NARASIMHA RAO

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/83632
Physical Description
  • article
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • EFFECT OF ANTIMONY AND FLUORINE DOPING ON ELECTRICAL, OPTICAL AND STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF TIN OXIDE FILMS PREPARED BY SPRAY PYROLYSIS METHOD
Author
  • K. S. SHAMALA
  • L. C. S. MURTHY
  • K. NARASIMHA RAO
Physical Description
  • article
Notes
  • Undoped, antimony doped and fluorine doped tin oxide films have been prepared by spray pyrolysis technique. The films were deposited on glass substrates at temperatures ranging between 300°C and 370°C by spraying an alcoholic solution of tin tetra chloride (SnCl4). Dopants used were antimony tri chloride (SbCl3) for antimony doped tin oxide (ATO) films, and ammonium fluoride (NH4F) for fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) films. Among undoped tin oxide films, the least resistivity was found to be 3.1 à 10-3 Ω-cm for a molar concentration of 0.75 M. In case of antimony doped films minimum resistivity value was found to be 7.7 à 10-4 Ω-cm for a film with (Sb/​Sn) =​ 0.065, deposited at 370°C and in case of fluorine doped films it was found to be 1.67 à 10-3 Ω-cm for a doping percentage of 3 at% of fluorine in 0.1 M solution. The corresponding values of the carrier concentrations were found to be 1.8 à 1020/​cm3 and 9.98 à 1020/​cm3, respectively. The electrical and optical properties of these films were studied as a function of both doping concentration and substrate temperature. Doping percentage of antimony and fluorine in the spray solution has been optimized for achieving a minimum electrical resistivity. The dependence of electrical properties such as resistivity, carrier concentration and mobility of doped films were analyzed. Influence of antimony dopant on the optical band gap of the films has been reported on the basis of electron conduction mechanism. Air and argon annealing effects on the electrical properties of antimony doped tin oxide films were also studied.
  • Spray pyrolysis, tin oxide films, antimony and fluorine doping
  • RePEc:wsi:srlxxx:v:13:y:2006:i:04:p:357-364
Language
  • English
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