STUDY OF CHEMICAL BATH DEPOSITION OF ZnS THIN FILMS WITH SUBSTRATE VIBRATION
Z. Q. BIAN
X. B. XU
J. B. CHU
Y. W. CHEN
S. M. HUANG
An improved chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique has been provided to prepare zinc sulfide (ZnS) thin films on glass substrates deposited at 80â82Â°C using a mixed aqueous solution of zinc sulfate, ammonium sulfate, thiourea, hydrazine hydrate, and ammonia at the alkaline conditions. Both the traditional magnetic agitation and the substrates vibration by hand frequently were done simultaneously during the deposition. The substrates vibration reduced the formation and residence of gas bubbles on the glass substrates during growth and resulted in growth of clean ZnS thin films with high quality. Ammonia and hydrazine hydrate were used as complexing agents. It is found that hydrazine hydrate played an important role in growth of ZnS films. The structure and microstructure of ZnS films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-vis spectroscopic methods. The XRD showed a hexagonal structure. The formed ZnS films exhibited good optical properties with high transmittance in the visible region and the band gap value was estimated to be 3.5â3.70 eV.
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